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5. Neither house, during the session of the Legisla. ture, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting.
6. All bills and joint resolutions shall be read three times in each house, before the final passage thereof; and no bill or joint resolution shall pass, unless there be a majority of all the members of each body personally present, and agreeing thereto; and the yeas and nays of members voting on such final passage shall be entered on the journal.
7. Members of the Senate and General Assembly shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and paid out of the Treasury of the State ; which compensation shall not exceed the sum of three dollars per day, for the period of forty days from the commencement of the session; and shall not exceed the sum of one dollar and fifty cents per day for the remainder of the session. When convened in extra session by the Governor, they shall receive such sum as shall be fixed for the first forty days of the ordinary session. They shall also receive the sum of one dollar for every ten miles they shall travel, in going to and returning from their place of meeting, on the most usual route. The president of the Senate and the speaker of the House of Assembly, shall, in virtue of their offices, receive an additional compensation, equal to one third of their per diem allowance as members.
8. Members of the Senate and of the General Assembly, shall, in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the sitting of their respective houses, and in going to and returning from the same : and for any speech or debate, in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place.
Sec. V.-1. No member of the Senate or General Assembly shall, during the time for which he was elected, be nominated or appointed by the Governor, or by the Legislature in joint meeting, to any civil office under the authority of this State which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased, during such time.
2. If any member of the Senate or General Assembly shall be elected to represent this State in the Senate or House of Representatives of the United States, and shall accept thereof, or shall accept of any office or appointment under the government of the United States, his seat in the Legislature of this State shall thereby be vacated.
3. No justice of the Supreme Court, nor judge of any other court, sheriff, justice of the peace, nor any person or persons possessed of any office of profit under the government of this State, shall be entitled to a seat either in the Senate or in the General Assembly ; but, on being elected and taking his seat, his office shall be considered vacant; and no person holding any office of profit under the government of the United States shall be entitled to a seat in either house.
Sec. VI.- 1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Assembly ; but the Senate may proposé or concur with amendments, as on other bills.
2. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but for appropriations made by law.
3. The credit of the State shall not be directly or indirectly loaned in any case.
4. The Legislature shall not, in any manner, create any debt or debts, liability or liabilities, of the State, which shall singly, or in the aggregate with any previous debts or liabilities, at any time exceed one hundred thousand dollars, except for purposes of war, or to repel invasion, or to suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be authorized by a law for some single object or work, to be distinctly specified therein : which law shall provide the ways and means, exclusive of loans, to pay the interest of such debt or liability as it falls due, and also, to pay and discharge the principal of such debt or liability within thirty-five years from the time of the contracting thereof, and shall be irrepealable until such debt or liability, and the interest thereon, are fully paid and discharged; and no such law shall take effect until it shall, at a general election, have been submitted to the people, and have received the sanction of a majority of all the votes cast for and against it at such election ; and all money to be raised by the authority of such law shall be
applied only to the specific object stated therein, and to the payment of the debt thereby created. This section shall not be construed to refer to any money that has been, or may be deposited with this State, by the government of the United States.
Sec. VII.-1. No divorce shall be granted by the Legislature.
2. No lottery shall be authorized by this State ; and no tickets in any lottery not authorized by a law of this Slate, shall be bought or sold within the State.
3. The Legislature shall not pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or depriving a party of any remedy for enforcing a contract, which existed when the contract was made.
4. To avoid improper influences which may result from intermixing in one and the same act, such things as have no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace but one object, and that shall be expressed in the title.
5. The laws of this state shall begin in the following style : “ Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey."
6. The fund for the support of free schools, and all money, stock, and other property, whieh may hereafter be appropriated for that purpose, or received into the treasury under the provision of any law heretofore passed 10 augment the said fund, shall be securely invested, and remain a perpetual fund; and the income thereof, except so much as it
may be judged expedient to apply to an increase of the capital, shall be annually appropriated to the support of public schools, for the equal benefit of all the people of the State ; and it shall not be competent for the Legislature to borrow, appropriate, or use the said fund, or any part thereos, for any
purpose, un der any pretence whatever.
7. No private or special law shall be passed, authorizing the sale of any lands belonging in whole or in part 10 a minor or minors, or other persons who may at the time be under any legal disabiliiy to act for themselves.
8 The assent of three-fifths of the members elected to each house shall be requisite to the passage of every aw for granting, continuing, altering, amending, or re
newing charters for banks, or money corporations; and all such charters shall be limited to a term not exceeding twenty years.
9. Individuals, or private corporations shall not be authorized to take private property for public use, with out just compensation first made to the owners.
10. The Legislature may vest in the Circuit Courts, or Courts of Common Pleas, within the several counties of this State, Chancery powers, so far as relates to the foreclosure of mortgages, and sale of mortgaged premises.
Sec. VIII.-1. Members of the Legislature shall, before they enter on the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation:
“ I do solemnly swear, (or affirm, as the case may be,) that I will support the constitution of the United States, and the constitution of the State of New Jersey, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of senator (or member of the General Assembly, as the case may be,) according to the best of my ability.”
And members elect of the Senate or General Assembly, are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said oath or affirmation.
Executive. 1. The executive power shall be vested in a Governor.
2. The Governor shall be elected by the legal voters of the State. The person having the highest number of votes shall be the Governor; but if two or more shall be equal, and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen Governor by the votes of the majority of the members of both houses in joint meeting. Contested elections for the office of Governor shall be determined in such manner as the Legislature shall direct by law. When a Governor is to be elected by the people, such election shall be held at the time when, and at the places where the people shall respectively vote for members of the Legislature.
3. The Governor shall hold his office for three years, to commence on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing the election for Governor by the people, and to end
on the Monday preceding the third Tuesday of January, three years thereafter ; and he shall be incapable of holding that office for three years next after his term of service shall have expired; and no appointment or nomination to office shall be made by the Governor during the last week of his said terın.
4. The Governor shall be not less than thirty years ol age, and shall have been for twenty years, at least, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of this State seven years next before his election, unless he sha}} have been absent during that time, on the public business of the United States, or of this State.
5. The Governor shall, at stated times, receive for his services a compensation which shall be neither increased por diminished during the period for which he shall have been elected.
6. He shall be the commander-in-chief of all the military and naval forces of the State ; he shall have power to convene the Legislature, whenever, in his opinion, public necessity requires it; he shall communicate, by message, to the Legislature at the opening of each session, and at such other times as he may deem necessary, the condition of the State, and recommend such measures as he may deem expedient; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and grant, under the great seal of the State, commissions to all such officers as shall be required to be commissioned.
7. Every bill which shall have passed both houses, shall be presented to the Governor: if he approve, he shall sign it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal
, and proceed to re-consider it; if, after such re-consideration, a majority of the whole number of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by whom it shall likewise be re-considered, and if approved of by a majority of the whole number of that house, it shall become a law; but in neither house shall the vote be taken on the same day on which the bill shall be returned to it: and in all such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas