PENCE TABLE. This Table is of great practical utility in all money calculations. It simply consists of the division of any number of pence by 12; and this gives their equivalent value in the current money of account, viz., pounds, shillings and pence. Thus 100, divided by 12, is 88. 4d. ; and 200 is 16s. 8d., as shown in the annexed Tables. Is the simple division of any number of farthings by four; thus the fourth of 24 farthings is 6d. A farthing is marked id; 2 farthings, td.; 3 farthings, d. Far. s. d. Far. s. d. By Hundreds. Far. d. Far. d. 07 68 1 5 TABLES OF MONEY, WEIGHTS, AND MEASURES IN COMMON USE. For weighing gold, silver, jewels, and certain liquids. 1 Pound (lb.) The Pound Troy contains 5760 Grains. The standard gold coin of this realm is made of a metal of which 22 parts in 24 are pure gold, and 2 parts alloy (a mixture of silver and copper). From a pound Troy of this metal are coined 4628 sovereigns. The standard silver coin is made of a metal of which 37 parts in 40 are pure silver, and 3 parts alloy (copper). From a pound Troy of this metal are coined 66 shillings. AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT. Used for weighing all articles except gold, silver, etc. THE NEW APOTHECARIES' Weight is the same as Avoirdupois. From a pound Avoirdupois of copper used to be coined 24 pence; but in the bronze coinage a pound of metal is made into 40 pence, 80 halfpence or 160 farthings. Standard bronze consists of 95 parts of copper, 4 of tin and 1 of zinc. LINEAL, OR LONG MEASURE. Used for Measuring Lengths or Distance without regard to Mechanics have the inch divided into halves, quarters, and eighths; scientific men divide it into tenths, hundredths, etc. Land surveyors, in measuring distances, use a chain which is 4 poles, or 22 yards long, and is divided into 100 links. (See Gunter's measure.) SUPERFICIAL, OR SQUARE MEASURE. Used for Measuring Surfaces, or Areas. A rod of brickwork, 1 brick thick = 272 A sq. of flooring 100 sq. ft. = 1 acre of land a square of 69 yds. 1 ft. 8 in. or 70 yds. nearly. |