Sidebilder
PDF

A Governor, Deputy-Governor, and u Assistants to be elected from time to*' time.

-First Governor, DeputyGovernor & Assistants appointed.

Governor & Deputy-Governor's power to call a Gen. Assembly.

Two General Assemblies in a year, viz. in May and October.

Power {0 alter their days of meeting.

To appoint freemen, and constitute officers.

Power to ehuse new officers in cafe of the death or removal of others.

and their Successors/there shall be One Governor, One Deputy-Governor;
and Twelve Ajliltarits, to be fqom Time to Time constituted, elected and
chosen out'.'c'f-'jthe Freemen of the said Company for the Time being, in such
Manner/and'Form as hereafter in these Presents is expressed, which said
OfRc'efa '(hall apply themselves to take Care for the best disposing and order-
. ing •'of the general Business and Affairs of and concerning the Land and
.."Hereditaments herein after mentioned to be granted, and the Plantation
thereof, and the Government of the People thereof: And for the better
Execution of Our Royal Pleasure herein, We do for Us, Our Heirs, and
Successors, assign, name, constitute and appoint the aforelaid John Winthrop
to be the first and present Governor of the said Company, and che said John
Mason to be the Deputy-Governor, and the said Samuel Wyllys, Matthew
Allyn, 'Nathan Gold, Henry Clarke, Richard Treat, John Ogden, John Tappings
John Talcott, Thomas Wells, Henry Welcott, Richard Lord, and Daniel Clarke,
to be the Twelve present Assistants of the said Company, to continue in the
said several Offices respectively, until the second Thursday which shall be in
the Month of October now next coming. And further, We Will, and by
these Presents for Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, Do ordain and grant, That
the Governor of the said Company for the Time being, or in liis Absence
by occasion of Sickness, or otherwise by his Leave or Permission, the
Deputy-Governor for the Time being, shall and may from Time to Time
upon all Occasions, give Order for the assembling of the said Company,
and calling them together to consult and advise of the Business and Affairs
of the said Company, and that for ever hereafter, twice in every Year,
That is to fay, On every Second Thursday in Oflcber, and on every Second
Thursday in May, or oftner in case it shall be requisite; the Assistants, and
Freemen of the said Company, or such of them (not exceeding Two Persons
from each Place, Town, or C'ty) who fliall be from Time to Time thereunto
elected or deputed by the major Part of the Freemen of the respective
Towns, Cities, and Places for which they fliall'be elected or deputed, fliall
have a General Meeting, or Assembly, then and there to consult and advise
in and about the Affairs and Business of the said Company: and that the
Governor, or in his Absence the Deputy-Governor of the said Company
for the Time being, and such of the Assistants and Freemen of the said
Company as shall be so elected or deputed, and be present at such Meeting
or Assembly, or the greatest Number of them, whereof the Governor or
Deputy-Governor, and Six of the Assistants at least, to be Seven, shall be
called the General Assembly, and shall have full Power and Authority tq
alter and change their Days and Times of Meeting, or General Assemblies,
for electing the Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Assistants, or other
Officers, or any other Courts, Assemblies or Meetings, and to choose, no-
minate and appoint such and so many other Persons as they (hall think fit,
and (hall be willing to accept the fame, to be Free of the said Company,
and Body Politick, and them into the same to admit; And to elect and
constitute such Officers as they fliall think sit and requisite for the ordering,'
managing and disposing of the Affairs of the said Governor and Company,
and their Sccessors: And We do hereby for Us, Our Heirs and Successors,'
establish and ordain, That once in the Year for ever hereafter, Namely, the
said Second Thursday in May, the Governor, Deputy-Governor, and
Assistants of the said Company, and other Officers of the laid Company, or
such of them as the said General Assembly shall think sit, shall be in the laid
General Court and Assembly to be held from that Day or Time, newly
chosen for the Year ensuing, by such greater Part of the said Company for
the Time being, then and there prelcnt ■, and if the Governor, Deputy-
Governor, and Assistants by these Presents appointed, or such as hereafter
be newly chosen into their Rooms, or any of them, or any other rhe Officers
to be appointed for the said Company shall die, or be removed from his or
their several Offices or Places before the said general Day of Election,
whom We do hereby declare for any Misdemeanor or Default, to be re-
movable by the Governor, Assistants, and Company, or such greater Part
of them in any of the said public Courts to be assembled, as is aforesaid, thac

then,

then, and in every such Case, it shall and may be lawful to and for the Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Assistants, and Company aforesaid, or such greater Part of them so to be assembled, as is aforesaid, in any of their Assemblies, to proceed to a new Election of one or more ot their Company^ in theRoomor Place,Rooms or PlacesofsuchGovernor,Deputy-Governor, Assistant, or other Officer or Officers so dying or removed, according to their Discretions, and immediately upon and after such Election or Elections made of such Governor, Deputy-Governor, Assistant or Assistants, or any other Officer of the said Company, in Manner and Form aforesaid, the Authority, Office and Power before given to the former Governor, DeputyGovernor, or other Officer and Officers so removed, in whose Stead and Place new shall be chosen, shall as to him anjl them, and every of them respectively, cease and determine. Provided also, And Our Will and Pleasure is, That as well such as are by these Presents appointed to be the present Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Assistants of the said Company, as those that (hall succeed them, and all other Officers to be appointed and chosen, as aforesaid, shall before they undertake the Execution of their said Offices and Places respectively, take their several and respective corporal Oaths for the due and faithful Performance of their Duties* in their several Offices and Places, before such Peson or Persons as are by these Presents hereafter appointed to take and receive the fame; That is to fay, The said Job* Wintbrop, who is herein before nominated and appointed the present Governor of the said Company, shall take the said Oath before One or more of the Masters of Our Court of Chancery for the Time being, unto which Master of Chancery, We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to administer the said Oath to the said John Wintbrop accordingly: And the said John Mason, who is herein before nominated and appointed the present Deputy-Governor of the said Company, shall take the said Oath before the said John Wintbrop, or any Two of the Assistants of the said Company, unto whom We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to administer the said Oath to the said John Mason accordingly: Anc! the said Samuel Wyllys, Henry Clarke, Matthew Allyn, John Tapping, Nathan Gold, Richard Treat, Richard Lord, Henry Wolcott, John Talcott, Daniel Clarke, John Ogdeni and Thomas Wells, who are herein before nominated and appointed the present Assistants of the said Company, (hall take the Oath before the said John Wintbrop, and John Mason, or One of them, to whom We do hereby give full Power and Authority to administer the same accordingly: And Our further Will and Pleasure is, that all and every Governor, or DeputyGovernor to be elected and cholen by Virtue of these Presents, shall take the laid Oath before Two or more of the Assistants of the said Company for the Time being, unto whom We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to give and administer the said Oath accordingly; and the said Assistants, and every of them, and all and every other Officer or Officers to be hereafter chosen from Time to Time, to take the said Oath before the Governor, or Deputy-Governor for the Time being, unto which Governor* or Deputy-Governor We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to administer the fame accordingly. And further, Of Our more ample Grace, certain Knowledge, and meer Motion, We have given and granted* and by these Presents for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, do give and grant unto the said Governor and Company of the English Colony of Connecticut* in New-England, in America, and to every Inhabitant there, and to every Person and Persons trading thither, and to every soeh Person and Persons as are or shall be Free os the said Colony, full Power and Authority from Time to Time, and at all Times hereafter, to take Ship, Transport and carry away for and towards the Plantation and Defence of the said Colony, such of Our loving Subjects and Strangers, as shall or will willingly accompany them in, and to their said Colony and Plantation, except such Person and Persons as are or shall be therein restrained by Us, Our Heirs and Successors; and also to ship and transport all, and all Manner of Goods, Chattels, Merchandizes, and other Things whatsoever that are or shaft be ukful or neces&ry for the Inhabitants of the said Colony, and may lawfully

be

Former officers power to cease, upon . the choice of new ones.

Governor, D; Governor, & Assistants to be sworn to a faithful performance of their duty St office.

Power to' transport inhabitants into the Co'ony, & gooJsy merchandizes, fcc.

The king's subjects in this colony to enjoy all the privileges of free and natural subjects.

Power to administer the oath of supremacy and obedience.

To erect judicatories.

To ordain & establish laws for settling the forms of government, Sec.

To impose fines, mulcts, Sec.

Laws to be published.

be transported thither; Nevertheless, not to be discharged of Payment ffl Us, our Heirs and Successors, or'the Duties, Customs and Subsidies which are or ought to be paid or payable for the fame. And further, Our Will and Plealure is. and We do for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, ordain, declare, and grant unto the said Governor and Company, and their Successors^ That all, and every the Subjects of Us, Our Heirs, or Successors, which shall go to inhabit within the said Colony, and every of their Children, which shall happen to be born there, or on the Seas in going thither, or returning from thence, shall have and enjoy all Liberties and Immunities of free and natural Subjects within any the Dominions of Us, Our Heirs Op Successors, to all Intents, Constructions and Purposes whatsoever, as if they and every of them were born within the Realm of England; And We do authorise and impower the Governor, or in his Absence the Deputy-Go* vernor for the Time being, to appoint Two or more of the said Assistants at any of their Courts or Assemblies to bs held as aforesaid, to have Power and Authority to administer the Oath of Supremacy and Obedience to all and every Person and Persons which shall at any Time or Times hereafter go or pass into the said Colony of Connecticut, untn which said Assistants so to be appointed as aforesaid, We do by these Presents give full Power and Authority to administer the siid Oath accordingly. And We do further of Our especial Grace, certain Knowledge, and mere Motion, &ive, and granc unto the said Governor and Company of the English Colony of Ce»netticut, in New-England, in America, and their Successors, That it shall and may be lawful to and for the Governor, or Deputy-Governor, and such of the Assistants of the said Company for the Time being as shall be Assembled in any of the General Courts aforesaid, or in any Courts to be especially summoned or assembled for that Purpose, or the greater part of them, whereof the Governor, or Deputy-Governor, and Six of the Assistants to be always Seven, to erect and make such Judicatories, for the hearing, and determining of all Actions, Causes, Matters, and Things happening within the laid Colony, or Plantation, and which shall be in Dispute, and Depending there, as they shall think Fit, and Convenient, and also from. Time to Time to Make, Ordain, arid Establish all manner of wholtsome, and reasonable Laws, Statutes, Ordinances, Directions, and Instructions, not Contrary to the Laws of this Realm of England, as well for settling the Forms, and Ceremonies of Government, and Magistracy, fit and necessary for the said Plantation, and the Inhabitants there, as for Naming, and Stiling all Sorts of Officers, both Superior and Inferior, which they shall find Needful for the Government, and Plantation of the said Colony, and the distinguishing and setting forth of the several Duties, Powers, and Limits of every such Office and Place, and the Forms of such Oaths not being contrary to the Laws and Statutes of this Our Realm of England, to be administred for the Execution of the said several Offices and Places aa also for the disposing and ordering of the Election of such of the said Officers as are to be annually chosen, and of such others as shall succeed in case of Death or Removal, and administring the said Oath to the newelected Officers, and granting necessary Commissions, and for Imposition of lawful Fines, Mulcts, Imprisonment or other Punishment upon Offenders and Delinquents according to the Course of other Corporations within this our Kingdom of England, and the fame Laws, Fines, Mulcts and Executions, to alter, change, revoke, annul, release, or pardon under their Common Seal, as by the said General Assembly, or the major Part of them shall be thought fit, and for the directing, ruling and disposing of all other Matters and Things, whereby Our said People Inhabitants there, may be so religiously, peaceably and civilly governed, as their good Life and orderlyConversation may win and invite the Natives of the Country to the Kr.owlege and Obedience of the only true GOD, r.nd the Saviour of Mankind, and the Christian Faith, which in Our Royal Intentions, and the Adventurers free Possession, is the only and principal End of this Plantation ; willing, commanding and requiring, and by these Presents for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, ordaining and appointing, that all such Laws, Statutes and Ordinances, Instructions, Impositions and Directions as shaji be lo made by the

—- Governor,

[graphic]
[ocr errors]

"Governor, Deputy-Governor, and Assistants as aforesaid, and published in "Writing under their Common Seal, shall carefully and duly be observed, kept, performed, and put in Execution, according to the true Intent and Meaning of the lame, and these Our Letters Patents, or the Duplicate, or Exemplification thereof,shall be to all and every such Officers, Superiors and Inferiors from Time to Time.for the putting of the fame Orders, Laws, Statutes, Ordinances, Instructions,and Directions in due Execution, against XJs> Our Heirs and Successors, a sufficient Warrant and Discharge. And We do further for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, give and grant unto the said Governor and Company, and their Successors, by these Presents, That ic shall and may be lawful to, and for the Chief Commanders, Governors and Officers of the said Company for the Time being, who shall be resident in the Parts of New-England hereafter mentioned, and others inhabiting there, by their Leave, Admittance, Appointment, or Direction, from Time to Time, and at all Times hereafter, for their special Defence and Safety, to Assemble, Martial-Array, and put in warlike Posture the Inhabitants of the said Colony, and to Commissionate, Impower, and Authorize such Person or Persons as they shall think fit, to lead and conduct the said Inhabitants, and to encounter, expulse, repel and resist by Force of Arms, as well by Sea as by Land, and also to kill, flay, and destroy by all fitting Ways, Enterprizes, and Means whatsoever, all and every such Person or Persons r.s shall at any Time hereafter attempt or enterprize the Destruction; Invasion, Detriment, or Annoyance of the said Inhabitants or Plantation, and to use and exercise the Law Martial in such Cases only as Occasion lhall require; and to take or surprize by all Ways and Means whatsoever, all and every such Person and Persons, with their Ships, Armour, Ammunition and other Goods of such as shall in such hostile Manner invade or attempt the defeating of the said Plantation, or the hurt of the said Company and Inhabitants, and upon just Causes tb invade and destroy the Natives, or other Enemies of the said Colony: Nevertheless, Our Will and Pleasure is, and We do hereby declare unto all Christian Kings, Princess and States, that if any Persons which shall hereafter be of the said Company or Plantation, or any other by Appointment of the said Governor and Company for the Time being, shall at any Time or Times hereafter rob or spoil by Sea or by Land, and do any Hurt, Violence, or unlawful Hostility to any of the Subjects of Us, Our Heirs or Successors, or any of the Subjects of anyPrince or State being then in League with Us,OurHeirs or Successors' upon Complaint of such injury done to any such Prince or State, or their Subjects, We, Our Heirs and Successors will make open Proclamation •wichin any P; ;s of Our Realm of England fit for that Purpose, that the Person or Persons committing any such Rdbbery or Spoil, shall within the Time limited by such. Proclamation, make full Restitution or Satisfactions of all such Injuries done or committed, so as the said Prince, or others sci complaining may be sully satisfied and contented; and if the said Person, or Persons who shall commit any such Robbery or Spoil shall not make Satisfaction accordingly, within such Time so to be limited, thit then k shall and may be lawful for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, to put such Person or Persons out of Our Allegiance and Protection; and that it shall and may .be lawful and free for all Princes or others to prosecute with Hostility such Offenders, and every of them, their, and every of their Procurors, Aiders, Abettors and Counsellors in that Behalf. Provided also, and Our express Will and Pleasure is, and We do by these Presents for Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, Ordain and Appoint, that these Presents shall not in any Manner hinder any of Our loving Subjects whatsoever to use and exercise the Trade of Fishing upon the Coast of New-England, in America, but they and every or any of them shall have full and free Power and Libert/, tp continue, and use the said Trade of Fishing upon the said Coast, in anv of the Seas thereunto adjoining, or any Arms of the Seas, or Salt Water Rivers where they have been accustomed to fish, and to build and set up on the waste Land belonging to the said Colony of Connecticut, such Wharves, Stages, and Work-Houses as shall be necessary for the salting

<|r«?

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

'Grant os the lands within the limits expressed to the governor and company, with the cornmodi ties *thcreof> &c.

to be held in free and common soccage.

The patent to have the most ikvorafele construction for the benefit of the govrnor and company.

'drying, and keeping of their Fish ro.be taken; or gotten upon that Coasts any Thing in these Presents contained to the contrary notwithstanding. And Know Yc further, That We, of Our abundant Grace, certain Knowledge, and mere Motion, have given, granted, and confirmed, and by these Presents for Us, our Heirs and Successors, do give, grant and confirm unto the said Governor and Company, and their Successors, all that Part of Our Dominions in New-England in America, bounded on zbeEast by NarragansetRiver,commonly called Narraganset-Bay, where the said River fallcth into the Sea •, and on the North by the Line of the Massachusetts-Plantation; and qn the South by the Sea ; and in Longitude as the Line of the MoljacbufettsColony, running from East to Weft, That is to fay, From the said Narraganset-Bay on the East, to the South Sea on the Weft Part, with the Islands thereunto adjoining^ together with all firm Lands, Soils, Grounds, Havens, Ports, Rivers, Waters, Fishings, Mines, Minerals, precious Stones, Quarries, and all and singular other Commodities, Jurisdictions, Royalties, Privileges, Franchises, Preheminences, and Hereditaments whatsoever, within the said Tract, Bounds, Lands, and Islands aforesaid, or to them or any of them belonging. To have and to hold the sam: unto the said Governor and Company, their Successors and Assigns for ever, upon Trust, and for the Use ancl Benefit of Themselves and their Associates, Freemen of the said Colony, their Heirs and Assigns, to be holden of Us, Our Heirs and Successors, as of Our Manor of East Greenwich, in free and common Soccage, and not in Capite,.nor by Knights Service, yielding and paying therefore to Us, Our Heirs and Successors, only the Fifth Part of all the Ore of Gold and Silver tohich from Time to Time, and at all Times hereafter, shall be there gotten, bad, or obtained, in Lieu of all Services, Duties and Demands whatsoever, to he to Us, opr Heirs, or Successors therefore, or thereout rendered, made, or paid. And lastly. We do for Us, our Heirs and Successors, grant to the said Governor and Company, and their Successors, by these Presents, That these Our Letters Patents, shall be firm, good and effectual in the Law, to ail Inieots, Constructions, and Purposes whatsoever, according to Our true Intent and Meaning herein before declared, as shall be construed, reputed and, adjudged most favourable on the Behalf, and for the best Benefit, and Behoof ofthe said Governor and Company, and their Successors, although, express Ment'ion of the true Yearly Value or Certainty of the Premises, or of any of them, or of any other Gifts or Grants by Us, or by any of Our Progenitors, or Predecessors, heretofore made to the said Governor and Company of the English Colony of ConneSiicut, in New-England, in America, aforesaid, in these Presents is not made, or any Statute, Act, Ordinance, Provrsion, Proclamation, or Restriction heretofore had, made, enacted, prdained, or provided, or any other Matter, Cause, or Thing whatsoever, {to the contrary thereof, in any wise notwithstanding. In Witness whereof, "We have caused these Our Letters to be made Patents. Witness Ourself at Westminster, the Three and Twentieth Day of April, in the Fourteenth Year of our Reign.

By Writ of Privy Seal,

HOWARD;

« ForrigeFortsett »