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TOTAL VALUE OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS.-CONTINUED.

MERCHANDISE.

SPECIE.

MDSE. AND SPECIE COMBINED. Exc'ss of

Excess of FISCAL YEAR.*

imports Imports, Exports,

Total Total

imports Imports. Exports. ((rom.) or gold and gold and

silver.
imports.

(roman) or exports

exports. silver.

exports (italics).

(italics). 1870.

$435.958,408 $392.771,768 $4.3186,640 $26,419,179 $58,155,666 $462,377,587 $450,927,434 $11,450,153 1871.

520,223,684 442.820.178 77.403,506 21,270,024 98,441,988 541,493,708 541,262,166 231,542 1872.

626,595,077 444,1777,586 182.417,491 13,743,689 79,877,534 640,338,766 524,055,120 116,283,646 1873.

642,136,210 522,479,922 119,656.288 21,480,937 84,608,574 663,617,147 607,088,496 56,528,651 1874.

567,406,342 586,283,010 18.876.698 28.454,906 66,630,405 595,861,248 652,913,445 57,052,197 1875.

533,005,436 513,442,711 19.562.725 20,900,717 92,132.142 553,906,153 605,574,853 51,668,700 1876.

460,741, 190 510,384,671 79.643,481 15,936,681 56,506,502 476,677,871 596,890,973 120,213,102 1877.

451,323,126 602.475,220 151,152,094 40,774,414 56,162,237 492,097,540 658,637,457 166,539,917 1878.

437,051,532 694,865,766 257,814,234 29,821,314 33,740,125 466,872.846 728,605,891 261,733,045 1879.

445.777.775 710,439,441 264,661,666 20,296,000 24.997,441 466,073,775 735,436,882 269,363, 107 1880.

667,954,746 835,638,658 167,683.912 93.034,310 17,142,919 760,989,056 852,781,577 91,792,521 1881.

642,664,628 902,377,346 259,712,718 110,575,497 19,406,847 753,240,125 921,784,193 168,544,068 1882

724.639,574 750.542,257 25,902,683 42,472,390 49,417.479 767.111.964 799,956,736 32.847,772 1883.

723,180,914 823,839,402 100.658,488 28,489,391 31,820,333 751,670,305 855,659.735 103,989,430 1884.

667.697.693 740,513,609 72.815,916 37,426,262 67,133,383 705,123,955 807,646,992 102,523,037 1885..

577,527,329 742,189,755 164,662,426 43,242,323 42.231,525 620,769,652 784,421,280 163,651,628 1886..

635,436,136 679,524,830 44.088.694 38,593,656 72,463,410 674,029,792 751,988,240 77.958,448 1887.

692,319,768 716,183,211 23.863,443| 60,170,792 35.997,691 752,490.560 752,180.902 309,658 1888.

723,957,114 695,954,507 28,002,607 59.337,986 46,414,183 783,296,100 742,368,690 40,926,410 1889.

745, 131,652 742,401,375 2,730,277 28,963,073 96,641.533 774,091,725 839,042,908 64.948, 183 1890.

789,310,409 857,828,684 68,518,275 33.976,326 52,148,420 823,286,735 909,977,104 86,690,369 1891.

814,916,196 881,480,810 39,564,614 36,259,417 108,953,642 881,175,613 993,434,452 112,258,809 1892.

827,402,462 1,030,278,148 202,875,686 69,654,540 83,005,886 897,057,002 1,113,284,034 216,227,032 1993.

866,400,922 847.665,194 18,735,728 44.367,633 149,418,163 910,768,555 997,083,357 86,314,802 1894.

654,994,622 892,140,572 237,145.950 85,735,671 127,429,326 740,730.293 1,019,569,898 278,839,605 1895.

731,969,965 807,538, 165 75,568,200 56,595,939 113,763,767 788,565,904 921,301,932 132,736,028 1896.

779,724,674 882,606,938 102,882.264 · 62,302.251 172,951.617 812.026.925 1.055,558,555 213,531.630 1897.

764,730,412 1,050,993,556 286,263,144 115,548,00: 102.308,218 880.278.419 1,153,301,774 273,023,355 1898..

616,049,654 1.231,482,330 615.432.676 151.319.455 70,511,630 767.369,109 1.301,993.960 534.624.851 1899.

697,148,489 1,227,023,302 529,874,813 119,629,659 93,841,141 816,778,148 1,320,864,443 504,086,295 1900.

849,941,181 1,394,483,082 544,541,898 79,829.486 104.979,034 929,770.670 1,499,462,116 569,691,446 1901.

823,172,165 1,487,764,921 664.592.826 102,437.708 117,470,357 925,609,873 1,605,235, 348 679,625,475 1902.

903,320,948 1,3-1,719,401 478,398,453 80,253,508 98,301,340 983,574,456 1,480,020,741 496,436,285 1903.

1,025,719,237 1,420.141,679 394,422.442 69,145,518 91,340.851 1,094,864.755 1,520,482,533 425,617,778 1904.

991,087.371 1, 460.827,271 469,739,900 126,824,182 130,932,688 1,117,911,553|1,591,759,959 473,848,406 1905.

1,117,513,071|1,518,561,666 401,048,595 81,133,826 141,442,8361,198,646,897 1,660,004,502 461.357.605 1906.

1,226,563,843 1,743,864,500 517,300,657 140,664,270 103,442,654 1,367 228,113 1,847,307,154 520.079,041 1907.

|1,434,421,425 1,880,851,078 446,429,653 157,456,873 108,138,2491,591,878,298 1,988,989,327) 397,111,029 *Fiscal year ended Sept. 30 prior to 1843; since that date ended June 30.

otelu Merchandisit and tapeeteoarele combined in showinges the totais inward and outward movement

the columns of purpose of values by years.
GOLD AND SILVER.

TONNAGE.
METAL.
1905. 1906

1907
VESSELS.

1905. Gold-Imports

$53,648,961 $96,221,730 $114,510,249 Entered-Sailing.. 3,182,929 Exports. 92,594,024 38,573,591 51,399,176 Steam

27.800,2881 Bilver-Imports.. 27,484,865 44,442,518 42.946,624 Cleared-Sailing... 3,277,289 Exports... 48,848,812) 65,869,0631 56,739,073 Steam....

27.880.252 DISTRIBUTION OF WORLD'S SHIPPING.

[blocks in formation]

.........

Only vessels of more than 100 tons included.

[From Lloyd's Register for 1906-1907.]
Flag.
Number. Tonnage. Flag.
Number. Tonnage. Flag.

Number. Tonnage. British

Chinese
48 63,736 Peruvian

41 20,836 United kingdom. 9,408 16,381, 850 Cuban

59 56,641
Portuguese

195 100,839 Colonies 2,003 1,229,246 Danish 835 660,301 Roumanian

21 22,889 Dutch 522 719,295 Russian

1,355 913,133 Total .11,411 17,611,096 | French 1,508 1,741, 195 Sarawak

5.

3,715 United States-Sea 2,988 2,672,042 German

2,027 3,810.353 Siamese

4

1,829 Northern lakes*. 479 1,519,050 Greek

424 426,769 Spanish

579 722,517 Philippines 123 50,497 Haitian

7 4,219 Swedish

1,558

856,698 Total 3,590 4,241,589 Honduran

8 18,014 Turkish

346 157,707 Argentine 249 122,927 | Italian 1,181 1,204,428 Uruguayan

66 50,660 Austro-Hungarian. 312 630,477 Japanese

782 1,000,093 Venezuelan

19

5,403 Belgian 122 172,071 | Mexican

59 27,064 | Other countries.. 66 29,522 Brazilian 356 188,224 Montenegrin

23 5,704 Chilean 126 126, 194 Norwegian

2,190 1,837,879

Total

.30.094 37,554,017

The total gross tonnage of the steamer vessels.in | 1907 was 31,744,904, and of sailing vessels 5,809,113.

for 1906

*Wooden vessels included.

HIGHEST OCCUPIED BUILDING IN THE WORLD,

The Singer building in New York city is the tallest occupied building in the world, and with the exception of the Eiffel tower in Paris is the highest structure of any kind. It is built of steel and masonry, is forty-seven stories in height and

612 feet from the level of the sidewalk to the top of the pinnacle. The total weight of steel and masonry in the building is 18,365 tons, resting on the solid bedrock ninety feet below the sidewalk level.

UNITED STATES CUSTOMS DUTIES.

are

Following is a list of the existing tariff rates The abbreviation n. s. p. signifies “not specially on articles in common use or of extensive impor- provided for." The amounts given in dollars and tation, with especial reference to such as

cents are specific and the percentages are ad made or dealt in by the leading American trusts. valorem duties: Agricultural implements, 20%. Clothing, cotton, 50%; fur, 35%; Gold, manufactures, 45%; jewAlcohol, amyl or fusel oil, 140 lb. rubbe", 50%; silk, 60%; wool, elry, 60%. Animals, n. s. p., 20%; for 110 lb. and 60%.

Grass fibers, n. s. p., 45%. breeding, free; cattle, less Coal, free; coke, 20%.

Gutta-percha, manufactures of, than 1 year old, $2 per head; Coffee, free,

n. s. p., 35%. value under $11, $3.75 head; Combs, 33% to 60%.

Hair, human, unmanufactured, value over $14, 2742%; hogs, Copper, manufactures of, 45%; 20%; manufactures of, 33%. $1.50 head; horses and mules, ingots, ores, free.

Hats, caps, bonnets and hoods, Value under $150, $30 head; Cork, bark, 8c lb.; manufactures, from 35% to 60%, according to value over $150, 25%; sheep, 1 25%.

material. year or older, $1.50; under 1 Corn, 15c bu. of 56 lbs.

Hay, $1 per ton. year, 750 head. Cornstarch (food), 20%.

Hemp, hackled, $10 per ton; not Apples, green, 25cbu.; dried, Cotton, raw, free; cloth, from 1c hackled, $20, manufactures, n. 20 lb.

to 8c square yard and 43%; 8. p., 45%.
Art, works of, such as paint- duck, 35%; articles made of, Hides, raw, 15%.

ings and statuary, 20%; by without silk, 45%; with silk, Honey, 200 gal.
American artists, free.
50%.

Hops, 12c lb.
Cotton-seed meal, 20%; oil, 4C Horn, manufactures, n. S. p.,
Bacon and hams, 50 lb.
gal.

30%. Barley, 30c bu. of 48 lbs.; Cotton thread on spools, 6c doz.

India rubber, manufactures of, malt, 450 bu. of 34 lbs. Barrels, casks, empty, 30%.

Diamonds, cut but not set, 10%; n. s. p., 30%; vulcanized, -35%. Baskets, 33% to 60%.

rough, free; set, 60%.

Ink, 25%. Beaded fabrics, not wool, 60%; Drugs, crude, free; refined or

Iron and steel, common sheets, wool, 50c lb. and 60%. ground, 140 lb. and 10%.

various specific rates, accordBeads, not strung, 35%; in Dyewoods, crude, free; extracts, ing to value per lb., average jewelry, 60%. Vse lb.

45.43% ad val.; manufactures

of, n. S. Beans, edible, 45c bu. of 60 lbs.

p., 45%;

beams, Beef, fresh, 2c lb.

Earthenware, plain, 25%; deco- girders, etc., 420 lb.; hoop,

rated, 55% to 60%. Bindings, 45% to 60%.

band or scroll, n. s. p., 5-10c Birds, free; dressed for ornaEggs, n. s. p., 50 doz.

to 8-10c lb.; round iron or Embroideries, 60%. ments, 50%.

steel wire, average 10.22% ad Biscuit and crackers, 20%. Engravings, 25%.

val.; wire nails not less than Blankets, 220 lb. and '30%; value

Envelopes, plain, 20%; other, 1 inch long, etc., 120 lb.; iron 400 to 50c, 330 lb. and 35%; 35%.

or steel tubes, etc., 2c lb. or value over 50c, 330 lb. and Fans, palmleaf, free; all other, 35%; cast-iron pipe, 4-10c lb.; 40%; over 3 yards long. 33c 50%.

rails, 7-200 lb. Feathers, for beds, 15%; plain,

Ivory, to 440 lb. and 50% to 55%.

unmanufactured,

free; Bone, manufactures of, n. s. p., 15%; colored, etc., 50%.

manufactured, 35%. 30%. Felt, roofing, 10%.

Jet, manufactures of, n. S. P., Books, pamphlets, 25%; printed Felts. not woven, n. s. p., 440 50%. 20 years, free. lb. and 60%.

Jewelry, 60%. Boots and shoes (leather), 25%. Fertilizers, free.

Jute, manufactures of, n. s. p.. Bottles, glass, ornamented, 61%; Fish, American fisheries, free,

45%. plain, empty, 10 to 112c, but anchovies, sardines and the not less than 40%. like, i 420 to 10c per pkg., ac

Knit wearing apparel, 60%. Braids, cotton, linen, rubber,

Knives, pocket, 10% to 200 each

cording to size; smoked, dried, silk, 60%; grass, straw, 30%. 340 lb.; halibut. lc lb.; her."

and 40%, according to value;

other knives, 15%. Bronze, manufactures, 45%.

rings, pickled, 1c lb.; fresh, Brushes, 40%.

1/c lb.; lobsters, free; mack- Lace, articles of, n. s. p., 60%. Buggies, carriages, 45%.

erel, salmon, 1c lb.

Lamps, 45% to 60%. Butter and substitutes for, 6c Flax, inanufactures of, n. s. p., Lard, 2c lb. lb 45%.

Laths, 250 per 1,000. Buttons, sleeve and collar, gilt, Flaxseed, 250 hu of 56 lbs.

Lead.' manufactures of, n. 8. p., 50%. Flour, wheat, 25%.

45%; in any form, n. S. p., Flowers, artificial, 50%.

21 lb. Cameras, 45%.

Fruits, green,

n. S. p.. free; Leather, n. S. p., 20%; manuCanvas, sail, cotton, 35%.

dried, 20 lb.; cherries, 250 turés, n. s. p., 35%. Carbons, for electric lights, 900 bu.; cranberries, 25%; dates, Linen, manufactures,

45%; per 100; pots, 20%. Carpets, 2-ply

clothing, 60%.
ingrain, 18c

120 lb.; figs, 2c lb.; jellies,
35%; preserved, n. s. p.,

10 Linseed, 250 bu. square yard and 10%; Brus

of 56 lbs.; lb. sels, 416 square yard and 40%;

and 35%; prunes, 2c lb.; meal, 20%; oil cake, free; oil, Axminster,

20c gal. of 712 lbs. 600

raisins, 2120 lb. square yard and 10%; Wilton, ditto; rugs, Furniture (wood), 35%.

Liquors, ale, porter and beer, Fur, manufactures, n.

s. p., 50 to 100 square yard and 35%

in bottles, 400 gal.; brandy,

n. 35%; skins, undressed, free.

S. p., $2.25 to 40%.

prf. gal.; Cement, Portland, hydraulic, 8c Glass, n.

cordials, whisky, gin, $2.21

s. p., 45%; polished lbs.; per 100 india rubber, plate, from 8c

prf. pal.; champagne and all

to etc., 20%. square foot, according to size;

sparkling wines, in bottles of Charcoal. 20%. polished and silvered from 116

1 pint to 1 quart, $8 doz. Cheese, 6c lb.

to 380 square foot; common Macaroni, etc., 1966 lb. Chemical compounds, n. S. p.,

window glass, 13;c to 43sc per Manila cordage, lc lb. 25%. square foot.

Mantels, slate: 20%; marble, China, plain, 55%; decorated, Glass, articles of, ornamented, 50%; wood, 35%.

60%; manufactures, n. S. P., Maple sirup, sugar, 4c lb. Chocolate and cocoa, value not 15%.

Marble, in blocks, 650 cub. ft.; over 150 lb., 2120 lb.; value Gloves, cotton, 50%; fur, 35%; manufactures, n. S. p., 50% 150 to 240, 2120 lb. and 10%; linen, 50%; leather, from $1.73 Marmalade, 1 lb. and 35%. value 210 to 35c, 50 lb. and to $1.75 per doz. pairs, ac- Matches, friction, 8c gross, in 10%; value over 35c, 50%. cording to length.

boxes of 100 each; not in Cigars, cigarettes, $1.50 lb. and Glucose or grape sugar, 1120 lb. boxes, lc per 1,000. Glue, less value than 100 lb., Matting, floor, n.

s. p., value Clocks, n. s. p., 40%. 2420; over 10c, 25%.

not over 100 square yard, 3c

350 per

60%.

25%.

square yard; over 10c, square yard and 30%. Meats, prepared or preserved,

n. S. p., 25%; in carcasses. except beef, pork, mutton or poultry, 10%. Meerschaum, crude, free; pipes,

60%. Milk, fresh, 2c gal. Mineral waters, 20c to 30c doz.

bottles. Mirrors, 45%. Molasses (see "Sugars''). Musical instruments, 45%. Mutton, fresh, 2c lb. Nails, cut, 6-10c lb.; horseshoe,

2440 lb.: wire, 1 inch and over, 120 lb. Naphtha, 20%. Needles, n. s. p., 25%; darning.

free. Nickel manufactures, 6c, lb. Nuts, n. s. p., 1c lb.; almonds,

not shelled, 4c lb.; shelled, 6c Ib.; filberts, shelled, 50 lb.; not shelled,' 3c lb. ; walnuts, shelled, 50 lb.; not shelled, 3c lb. Oats, 150 bu. Oilcloth, for floors, n. S. p.,

8c square yard and 15%. Oils, n. S. p., 25%; castor, 350

gal.; cod liver, 150 gal.; olive,

n. s. p., 40c gal. Onions, 10c bu. Opium, crude, $1 lb.; prepared

for smoking, $6 lb. Ore, iron, 400 ton; lead bearing,

1120 lb.; antimony, ground, 20%; other, free. Oysters, free! Paints, colors and pigments, n.

s. p., 30%. Palm leaf, manufactures, 30%. Paper, n. s. p., 25%; manutac

tures of 35%; boxes, 45%; photographic, 3c lb. and 10%; printing, 3-100 lb. to 15%; stock, crude, free. Paper, writing, from 2c lb. and

10% to 3720 and 25%. Pencils, lead, 450

gross and 25%. Pens, except gold, 12c gross. Pepper, unground, free; other,

2160 to 30 lb. Perfumery, nonalcoholic, 50%;

alcoholic, 600 lb. and 45%. Pewter, manufactures of, 45%. Phosphorus, 18c lb. Photographic lenses, slides, negatives,

plates or filins, 25%. Photographs, printed for more

than 20 years, free; on glass, 45%; paper, 25%.

Pickles. n. S. p., 40%.
Pins, not jewelry, 35%.
Plants, nursery stock, n. S. P.,

25%.
Plaster, court, etc., 35%.
Porcelain, 53% to 60%.
Pork, fresh, 2c lb.
Potatoes, 60 lbs. to bu., 25%.
Poultry, live, 3c lb.; dressed,

5c ib. Powder, gun, 40 to 6c lb.;

tooth, 50%. Precious stones, not set, 10%; set, 60%; imitations, not set,

20%. Proprietary articles and med

cines, 25% to 50%. Pulp, wood, n. s. p., 35%; me

chanically ground, 1-12c lb. Rabbits, live, 20%; dressed,

10%. Rags, wool, 100 lb.; other, free. Railroad ties, wood, 20%. Rattan, in rough, free; manu

factured, 10% to 35%. Reapers, 20%. Rice, cleaned, 2c lb.; uncleaned,

144c lb. Rubber boots and shoes, 44c lb.

and 60%. Rye, 100 bu. Salt, in bags, 12c per 100 lbs.;

in bulk, 8c per 100 lbs. Sausages, bologna, German,

free; other, 20% to 237. Scissors, 150 doz. and 15% to

750 doz. and 25%. Screws, 4c to 12c lb. Seeds, n. s. p., 30%. Sewing machines, 35% to 43%. Shingles, 30c per 1,000. Silk, carded and combad. 40C lb.; manufactures, 50%; ppliqued articles, 60%; cocoons, free; fabrics, from 500 lb., but not less than 50%. to $4.50 lb., but not less than

50%; laces. 60%. Silver, manufactures, n. S. P.,

45%; bullion. free. Skins, hide of cattle, 15%; of

all kinds, n. s. p., free; bird,

15% to 50%. Slate, manufactures, n.

s. p., 20%. Smokers' articles, n. s. p., 60%. Snuff, 550 lb. Soap, castile, 1140 lb.; fancy,

150 lb.; laundry, 20%. Spices, n. s. p., 3c lb. Sponges,

20%;

manufactures, 40%. Starch, 110 lb. Stoves, 45%. Straw, manufactures, n. 8. p.,

30%; Abers, n. s. p., 45%; un

manufactured, $1.50 ton. Sugars, not above No. 16 Dutch

standard, .950 lb.; above No. 16 Dutch standard, 1.95c lb., molasses, 3c to 6c gal.; confectionery, n. S. p., value 1.5c or less per lb., 15%; value more

than 150 lb., 50%. "allow, 340 lb. Tea, free. Thread, cotton, on spools, 6c

doz. Thrashing machines, 20%. Tiles, plain, 4c square foot; ornamented, 8c to 10c square

foot and 25%. Tin, in bars

or ore, free; in plates. 1420 lb.; manufactures of. 45%, but not

less than 11c lb. Tobacco, wrapper,

unsteminel, $1.85 lb.; stemmed, $2.50 lb.: liller, n. S. p., unstemmed. 350 lb.; stemmed, 500 lb.; ali other manufactured or unman

ufactured, n. s. p., 550 lb. Twine, binding, free; cotton,

43%; manila, 43%. Vegetables, n. S. p.. 25%; pre

served, n. s. p., 10%. Vinega:, 7120 prf, gal. Waterproof cloth, 10c

square yard ani 20%. Wax, manufactures, n.

p.. 25%. Whalebone manufactures, n. s.

p. 30%. Wheat, 25c bu. Willow, manufactures, 40%. Wire, brass, copper, iron, steel,

n. s. p., 45%; rods, 4-10c to 340 lb. Wood, manufactures, n. 3. P.,

35%; all wood unmanufac. tured, n. S. p., 20%; saved lumber, n. s. p., $2 per

1,000 feet, board meas'ire. Wool, first class, unwashed, 11c

lb.; washed, 22c lb., and scoured, 330 lb.: second class, washed or unwassed 12c lb.: scoured,

360 lb.; wools of third class, 4c to 70 lb.; blankets, 2c lb. and 30% to 410 lb. and 55%. according to value and size: manufactures. n. s. p., 33c lb. and 50% to 440 and 5570. according to value; yarns, value not over 300 lb., 2714.0 lb. and 40%; value over 300 lb., 38120 lb.

and 40%. Zinc, manufactures of, n. s. p.,

45%.

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45%;

DUTIES COLLECTED ON IMPORTS (1904, 1905, 1906).

On principal articles or groups of articles imported into the United States for consumption. Articles.

1904.

1905. 1906. Animals

$360,488 $358,224 $419,062 Breadstuffs

793,234 1,437,964 1,296,068 Chemicals

6,389,267 5,138,259 6,770,870 Cotton

26,300,007 26,559,679 33.349 342 Earthenware

6,963, 622 6,824,783 7,542,252 Fiberst

.., 402,237

315,827 342,859 Fiberst

.15, 625,034 15,754,570 18,899,305 Fish

1,438,452 1,505,400 1,699.184 Fruits

6,198,757 5,773,985 6,550,426 Furs*

1,185,014 1,431, 155 1,780,673 Glass*

3,918,283 3,311,715 3,837,641 Iron and steel* 9,651,240 8,108, 498 9,437,918 Jewelry

590,512 428,067 508,384 Leatber*

4,020,221 3,967,660 5,073,905 Malt liquors.... 1,241,512 1,320,475 1,507,960

[blocks in formation]

WEATHER FORECASTS AND SIGNALS.

The weather bureau of the United States depart- tion by means of telephones and railroads from ment of agriculture publishes daily more than established centers, so that there are compara100,000 weather bulletins, not counting the fore- tively few accessible places which do not now recasts in the newspapers. Most of these bulletins ceive daily weather forecasts within a very short are in the form of postal cards printed by post- time after the observers have completed their masters from telegraphic reports and sent by them work. The old system of conveying information to outlying, towns for display at suitable points. about the weather by means of flag displays is There is also an elaborate system of redistribu- also in general use.

EXPLANATION OF WEATHER FLAGS.
No 1.
No. 2.
No. 3.
No. 4.

No. 5.
White tlag.

Blue flag.
White and blue

Black triangu- White flag with flag.

lar flag.

square in center.

[blocks in formation]

Clear or
Rain or snow.
Local rain or
Temperature.

Cold wave. fair weather.

snow. When No. 4 is placed above No. 1, 2 or 3 it about stationary. During the late spring and early indicates warmer; when, below, colder; when not fall the cold-wave flag is used to indcate antici. displayed, the temperature is expected to remain pated frosts.

EXPLANATION OF STORM-WARNING FLAGS.

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Northwest winds. Southwest winds. Northeast winds. Southeast winds. "Hurricane” signal

A red flag with a black center indicates that a and a white light above a red light westerly wincs. storm of marked violence is expected. The pen- Two red flags, with black centers, displayed one nants displayed with the flags indicate the di- above the other, indicate the expected approach rection of the wind: Red, easterly (from northeast of tropical hurricanes, and also of those extremeto south); white, westerly (from southwest to ly severe and dangerous storms which occasionnorth). The pennant above the flag indicates that ally move across the lakes and northern Atlantic the wind is expected to blow from the northerly coast. Hurricane warnings are not displayed at quadrants; below, from southerly quadrants. night. By night a red light indicates easterly winds

THERMOMETERS COMPARED. There are three kinds of thermometers, wiin Fahrenheit to Reaumur-Subtract 32, multiply by varying scales, in general use throughout the world four-ninths. --the Fahrenheit, Reaumur and centigrade. The

Fahrenheit to Centigrade-Subtract 32, multiply freezing and boiling points on their scales com

by five-ninths. pare 28 follows:

Reaumur to Fahrenheit-Multiply by nine-fourths, Thermometer,

Freezing pt. Boiling pt. add 32. Fahrenheit

...32 degrees 212 degrees Reaumur to Centigrade--Multiply by five-fourths. Reaumur

....zero

80 degrees Centigrade to Fahrenheit-Multiply by nine-fifths. Centigrade

...zero

100 degrees add 32. The degrees on one scale are reduced to their Centigrade to Reaumur-Multiply by four-fifths. equivalents on another by these formulas:

UNITED STATES LIFE-SAVING SERVICE.

The life-saving establishment at the close of the fiscal year ended June 30, 1906, comprised 378 stations, of which 200 were on the Atlantic and gulf coasts, 61 on the coasts of the great lakes, 17 on the Pacific coast and 1 on the Ohio river at Louisville, Ky. The crews numbered in all about 300 men.

Statistics of the service for the year ended June 30, 1906, and from Nov. 1, 1371, when the system was established, to June 30, 1906, follow:

1906. 1871-1906. Disasters

848

16,479 Value vessels

$10,482,365 $171,505.865 Value cargoes

$4,558, 775 $71,177.834

1906. 1871-1906. Property involved

$15,041,140 $242,683,699 Property saved

$12,266,100 $192,024,612 Property lost

$2,775,040 $50, 659,087 Persons on board

5,320 116,442 Persons lost

29

1,127 Persons succored

811

19,741 Days' succor given...

.1,727 47,555 The total number of disasters on the lake coasts in the course of the year ended June 30, 1906, was 351; value of property involved, $5,472,745; property saved, $4,736,755; property lost, $735,970; persons on board, 2,235; persons lost, 19; persons succored at stations, 123; days' succor afforded, 158.

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[blocks in formation]

Values. Quant's. $3,337,454

50,951) 1.739,235 314,332 7,091,318 3,996,066

1,106

[blocks in formation]

Animals...
Antimony-Ore.

Regular or metal.
Art works..
Automobiles..

Parts of..
Books, music, etc....
Breadstuffs..
Bristles...
Brushes...
Cement....
Chemicals, drugs and dyes..
Clays and earths.
Clocks and watches and parts of.
Coal.......
Cocoa or cocao (crude).

Prepared...
Coffee....
Copper-Ore...

Pigs, bars, etc.

Manufactures of.
Cork and manufactures of..
Cotton-Unmanufactured.

Manufactured..
Diamonds, precious stones.
Earthen, stone and china ware.
Feathers, natural and artificial..
Fertilizers...
Fibers-Unmanufactured..

Manufactured..
Fish, fresh, cured and preserved..
Fruits and nuts.
Furs-Unmanufactured..

Manufactured..
Glass and glassware..
Grease and oils.....
Hair, unmanufactured.
Hats, bonnets and hoods..
Hides and skins..
Hide cut:ings, raw.
Hops.....:::
Household effects, wearing apparel.
India rubber-Cnmanufactured.

Manufactured.
Iron-Ore....

Pig iron, manufactures, etc.
Ivory, animal and vegetable.
Jewelry.
Lead..
Leather and manufactures of..
Manganese...
Marble and stone.
Matting and mats.
Meat and dairy products..
Metals and manufactures of.
Musical instruments.
Nickel ore and matte....
Oils of all kinds..
Paints, pigments and colors.
Paper stock, crude.
Paper and manufactures of.
Perfumeries, cosmeti etc..
Pipes and smokers' articles..
Plants, trees, shrubs, vines.
Platinum.
Plumbago.
Rice,
Salt..
Sausage casings..
Seeds..
Shells and manufactures of.
Silk-Unmanufactured..

Manufactured..
Soap.
Spices...
Spirits-Malt liquors.
Spirits distilled..

Wines....
Sugar.
Sulphur ore.
Tea....
Tin...
Tobacco-Unmanufactured..

Manufactured....

$3,914,422

53,487 3.053,082 795,398 8,810,207 4,141.819 3,814,505 1,176

400.514 5,599,918 4.513,667 2,695,746 3,445,561 1,357, 114

1.302 2391,123,763,604 74,452,664

1,483,278 276,389 3,105,136 4.367.750 1.689.869 8,697.515 92,249,819

299,141 1,267,733 73,256.134 983,321,473

6,727,861 278.488 25,764,545 198,4+2,715

70,957 3,313,306 1,356,012 22,954,676 63,013.322 40,380,762 12,877,528 6,988,612 4,446,360 39,360,290 312,983 51,437,581 11.607.602 28,915,747 13,116,716 8,738,966 7,507,823 1,002,487 3,704,987 4,571,181 83,882,167 370,983,815 1.160,683 2,326,982 6,211.893 3,941.875 4,757,363 2,200,585

2,728,854 1.096,717 29.053,987

1,995,544 17,249,224 1,739,953 4,302,307 159,686,168 15,140,9261 1,785,662 207,008 1,636,788 3,831,436 44,2 16.485 5.117,054 8,032,519 1,277,435

1,673.879 13,723,948 1,696,808 4,374,464 6,998,761 1.051.426

809,950 1.599,0521 2,678,5461 8.691 1,291,166 20,767 3,082,203 209.603,190 490,986 321,721.291

874.293 5,388.043

1,368,156 54.080.501 32.910,590

903.039 5,188,116 53,562.991 2,738,855 7,207,617 5,524,767 4,053,665 10,993,968 85,460,089 4,391,839,975

1,954,517 629.625 14,580.878 86,362, 490 30,932.998 96.013,005 22.447,514 39,510,321 4.143.1921

$4,344,282

217,004 1,915,362 5.160,569 4,041,025

801,251 6,451.309 5.892,968 3,261,877 1,586,556

3,669,926 82,997,914

1,846,289 3,593, 173 4,184,511 13,376,562

371,816 78,231,902

8,296,328 39,346,145

82,512 4,063,982

1,042,267 73,704,636 42,468,022 13,706,790 9,505,515 5.341,430 42,239,358 67,422,458 12,336,087 35,867,527 12,911,067 8,972,600 7.596.631 1,074.217 3,038,996 6,820,239 83,206,545 1,473,188 1,974,900 3.835,354 62,815,41 2,453,847 3,360,449 40,587.865 2.470,405 1,779,527 4.364.890 20,393,533 1,672,654 1,916.262 3,769,202 6,768,432 10,325, 116 1,498,724 1,897.784 17,068,777 2,013,481 5,580,520 10.727,885 1,250.855 1,126,635 1,811,206 3,266,961 1,626,666 4,392,146

471,987 1,288,922 6,404,776

1,629,387 71,411.899 38,653,251

973,286 5,113,000 3,408,763 6,886,691 11.808,781 92,806,233

2,492.008 13,915,514 33,117,459 26,055.248

4,589,858
6,557,347
2,370,498 2,741,549
1,306,446

1,276,597 392,963,827 64,779,559 1,122,814 240,699 2,966,495 3,713,748 1.820.687 8,577,6491 80,117,402

259,037 1.055,031 84,654,062 851,668,933

4,892,961 2 12,367 19,841,567 171,001,957

100,944 2,738,319

1.241,874 26,011.667 48,919,9361 33,761,5061 11,659,723 4.514,427 4,524,700 38,118,071 307,283 40,125, 406 10,198.076 25,937,456 10,502.900

7,803,393 5,948,839

859,569 3,328,471 4.379,473 61,761,146 425,280,110

1.120,070
1,980,801) 10,113,989

3.263,384 51.683,312

1,506,799 1,670.683) 981,026 23.510,164 2,053,841) 21,655,730 1,303,652 3,901,839 185.002.292 11,666,233 1.661.299

225,962 1.569,103 3,600,088 46, 127,926 4,253,414 6.324,521 1,280,125 1,205,873 11,593,520

1,524,301 3,796,595 5,623,638

963, 403 718,637 1,510,435 1.851,285

9.2691 915.306 21.038 2,010,966 166,547.957 496,734 329,795,549

836,323 3,457.619

1,129,922 61.010.053 32,611,540

867.12 4,583,356 56,216,959 2.105.314 5,977,451 5,005,058 3,287,612 10,241,321 97,615,449 3,979,331,430

1,694,562 538,129 16.230,858 93,621,750 23,378,471 92.822,635 18,038,677 37,355,477 4,107,1631

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