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TOTAL VALUE OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS.-CONTINUED.

MERCHANDISE.

SPECIE.

MDSE. AND SPECIE COMBINED. Exc'ss of

Excess of FISCAL YEAR.*

imports Imports, Exports,

Total Total

imports Imports. Exports. (rom.) or gold and gold and

silver. exports

imports. silver.

exports. (roman) or

exports (italics).

(italics). 1870.

$435,958,408 $392.771,768 $1.3186,640 $26,419,179 $58,155,666 $462,377,587 $450,927,434 $11,450,153 1871.

520,223,684 442.820.178 77,403,506 21,270,024 98, 141,988 541,493.708 541,262,166 231,542 1872.

626,595,077 444,177,586 182.417,491 13,743,689 79,877,534 640,338,766 524,055,120 116,283,646 1873.

642,136,210 522,479,922 119.656.288 21,480,937 84.608,574 663,617,147 607,088,496 56,528,651 1874.

567,406,342 586,283,010 18,876.698 28,454,906 66,630,405 595,861,248 652,913,445 57,052,197 1875.

533,005,436 513,442,711 19.562.725 20,900,717 92,132.142 553,906. 153 605,574,853 51,668,700 1876.

460,741,190 540,384.671 79.643,481 15,936,681 56,506,502 476,677,871 596,890.973 120,213,102 1877.

451,323,126 602.475,220 151,152.094 40.774.414 56,162,237] 492.097,510 658,637.457 166,539,917 1878.

437,051,532 694,865,766 257,814.234 29.821.314 33,740,125 466.872.846 728,605,891 261,733,045 1879.

445,777,775 710,439,441 264.661.666 20,296,000 24.997,441 466,073,775 735,436,882 269,363, 107 1880.

667,954,746 835,638,658 167,683.912 93.034,310 17,142,919 760,989,056 852.781,577 91,792,521 1881.

642,664,628 902,377,346 259,712,718 110,575,497 19,406,847| 753,240.125 921,784,193 168,544,068 1882

724,639,574 750.542,257 25,902.683 42,472,390 49,417,479 767.111,964 799,956,736 32.847,772 1883.

723,180,914 823,839,402 100.658,488 28,489,391 31,820,333 751,670,305 855,659,735 103,989,430 1884.

667.697.693 740,513,609 72.815,916 37,426.262 67,133.383 705,123,955 807,646.992 102.523,037 1885

577,527,329 742,189,755 164,662.426 43,242,323 42.231.525 620,769,652 784,421,280 163,651,628 1886.

655,436,136 679,524,830 44.088,694 38.593,656 72.463,410 674,029.792 751,988,240 77.958,448 1887

692,319,768 716,183,211 23.863,443 60,170,792 35.997,691 752,490.560 752,180.902 309,658 1888.

723,957,114 695,954,507 28.002.607 59.337,986 46,414,183 783,295,100 742,368,690 40,926,410 1889.

745,131,652 742,401,375 2,730,277 28,963,073 96,641.533 774.094,725 839,042,908) 64,948,183 1890.

789,310,409 857,828,684 68,518,275 33,976,326 52,148,420 823,286,735 909,977,104 86,690,369 1891.

814,916,196 881,480,810 39,564,614 36,259,417| 108,953,642 881,175.613 993,434,452 112,258,809 1892.

827,402,462 1,030,278,148 202,875,686 69,654,540 83,005,886 897,057,002 1,113,281,034 216,227,032 1893.

866,400,922 847.665,194 18,735,728 44.367,633 149,418.103 910,769.555 997,083.357 86,314.802 1894.

654,994,622 892.140,572 237,145,950 85,735,671 127,429,326 740,730.293 1.019.569,898 278,839,605 1895.

731,969,965 807,538, 165 75,568,200 56,595,939 113,763,767 788.565,901 921,301,932 132.736,028 1896.

779,724,674 882,606,938 102,882.264. 62,302.251 172,951.617 812.026,925 1.055.558,555) 213,531,630 1897.

764,730,412 1,050,993,556 286,263,114 115,548,007 102.308,218 880,278.419 1,153,301,774 273,023,355 1898.

616,049,654 1.231,482,330 615.432.676 151.319.455 70.511,630 767,369,109 1.301.993,960 534,624.851 1899.

697,148,489 1,227,023,302 529,874,813 119,629,659| 93,841,141 816,778,148/1,320.864,443 504,086,295 1900.

819,941,181 1,391,483,082 544,541,898 79,829.486 101.979,034 929.770.670 1,499,462,116 569.691.446 1901

823,172,165 1,487,764,931 664.592.826 102, 137.708 117,470,357 925,609,873 1,605,235,348 679,625,475 1902.

903,320,948 1,3 1,719,401 478,398,453 80,253,508 98,301.310 983,574,456 1,480,020,741 496,436,285 1903.

1,025,719,237 1,420,141.679 394,422,442 69,145,518 91.310,8511,094,864,755 1,520,482,533 425,617,778 1901.

991,087.371 1,460,827.271 469,739,900 126,824,1821 130,932,6881,117,911,553 1.591,759,959 473,848,406 1905.

1,117,513,0711,518,561,666 401,048,595 81,133,826 141,442,8361,198,646,897 1.660,004,502 461.357,605 1906.

1,226,563,843 1,743,864,500 517,300,657 140,664,270 103,442,654 1,367 228,113 1,847,307,154 520.079,041 1907.

11,434,421,425 1,880,851,078 446,429,653 157,456,873 108,138,249 1.591,878,298 1,988,989,327 397,111,029

*Fiscal year ended Sept. 30 prior to 1843; since that date ended June 30. NOTE-Merchandise and specie are combined in showing the total inward and outward movement the columns at right of table for the purpose of of values by years. GOLD AND SILVER.

TONNAGE,

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......... 2,003

Only vessels of more than 100 tons included.

[From Lloyd's Register for 1906-1907.]
Flag.
Number. Tonnage. Flag.
Number. Tonnage. Flag.

Number. Tonnage. British

Chinese
48 63,736 Peruvian

41 20,836 United kingdom. 9,408 16,381,850 Cuban

59 56,611
Portuguese

195 100,839 Colonies 1,229,246 Danish 835 660,301 Roumanian

21 22,889 Dutch 522 719,295 Russian

1,355

913,133 Total 11,411 17,611,096 French 1,508 1,741.195 Sarawak

5

3,715 United States-Sea 2,988 2,672,042

German
2,027 3,810,353 Siamese

4

1,829 Northern lakes*. 479 1,519,050 Greek

424 426,769 Spanish

579 722,517 Philippines 123 50,497 Haitian

4,219 Swedish

1,558 856,698 Total 3,590 4,241,589 Honduran

8 18,014 Turkish

346 157,707 Argentine 249 122,927 Italian

1,181
1,204,428 Uruguayan

66 50,660 Austro-Hungarian. 312 630,477 Japanese

782
1,000.093 Venezuelan

19 5,403 Belgian 122 172,071 Mexican 59 27,064 Other countries... 66

29,522 Brazilian 356 188,224 Montenegrin

23 5,704 Chilean 126 126,194 | Norwegian 2,190 1,837,879 Total

.30,094 37,554,017 The total gross tonnage of the steam vessels in

.

1907 was 31,744,904, and of sailing vessels 5,809,113. the world as given in Lloyd's Register for 1906- *Wooden vessels not included.

HIGHEST OCCUPIED BUILDING IN THE WORLD.

The Singer building in New York city is the tallest occupied building in the world, and with the exception of the Eiffel tower in Paris is the highest structure of any kind. It is built of steel and masonry, is forty-seven stories in height and

612 feet from the level of the sidewalk to the top of the pinnacle. The total weight of steel and masonry in the building is 16,365 tons, resting on the solid bedrock ninety feet below the sidewalk level.

UNITED STATES CUSTOMS DUTIES.

lbs.;

Following is a list of the existing tariff rates The abbreviation n. S. p. signifies “not specially on articles in common use or of extensive impor- provided for." The amounts given in dollars and tation, with especial reference to such as

ara

cents are specific and the percentages are ad made or dealt in by the leading American trusts. valorem duties: Agricultural implements, 20%. Clothing, cotton, 50%; fur, 35%; Gold, manufactures, 45%; jewAlcohol, amyl or fusel oil, 240 lb. rubber, 50%; silk, 60%; wool, elry, 60%. Animals, n. s. p., 20%; for 140 lb. and 60%.

Grass fibers, n. s. p., 45%. breeding, free; cattle, less Coal, free; coke, 20%.

Gutta-percha, manufactures of, than 1 year old, $2 per head; Coffee, free.

n. S. P., 35%. value under $14, $3.75 head; Combs, 33% to 60%.

Hair, human, unmanufactured, value over $14, 2712%; hogs, Copper, manufactures of, 45%; 20%; manufactures of, 33%. $1.50 head; horses and mules, ingots, ores, free.

Hats, caps, bonnets and hoods, Value under $150, $30 head; Cork, bark, 8c lb.; manufactures, from 3.5% to 60%, according to value over $150, 25%; sheep, 1 25%.

material. year or older, $1.50; under 1 Coin, 15c bu, of 56 lbs.

Hay, $1 per ton. year, 750 head. Cornstarch (food), 20%.

Hemp, hackled, $40 per ton; not Apples, green, 250 bu.; dried, Cotton, raw, free; cloth, from 1c hackled, $20, manufactures, p. 20 lb.

to 8c square yard and 13%; 8. P., 45%.
Art, works of, such as paint- duck, 33%; articles made of, Hides, raw, 15%.

ings and statuary, 20%; by without silk, 43%; with silk, Honey, 20c gal.
American artists, free.
50%.

Hops, 12c lb.
Cotton-seed meal, 20%; oil, 4c Horn, manufactures, n. S. P.,
Bacon and hams, 50 lb.

gal.

30%. Barley, 30c bu. of 18

Cotton thread on spools, 6c doz. malt, 450 bu. of 34 lbs

India rubber, manufactures ot, Barrels, casks. empty, 30%.

Diamonds, cut but not set, 10%; n. s. p., 30%; vulcanized,-35%. Baskets, 35% to 60%.

rough, free; set, 60%.

Ink, 25%. Beaded fabrics, not wool, 60%; Drugs, crude, free; refined or

Iron and steel, common sheets, wool, 500 lb. and 60%. ground, 140 lb. and 10%.

various specific rates, accordBeads, not Tung, 35%; in

ing to value per lb., average Dyewoods, crude, free; extracts, jewelry, 60%. 7c lb.

45.43% ad val., manufactures Beans, edible, 45c bu. of 60 lbs.

of, n. s. p., 45%; beams, Beef, fresh, 2c lb.

Earthenware, plain, 25%; deco- girders, etc., 120 lb.; hoop,

rated. 55% to 60%. Bindings, 45% to 60%.

band or scroll, n. s. p., 5-10c Eggs, n. S. p., 50 doz. Birds, free; dressed for orna

to 8-10c lb.; round iron or Embroideries, 60%. ments, 50%.

steel wire, average 10.22% ad Biscuit and crackers, 20%. Engravings, 25%.

val.; wire nails not less than Blankets, 22c lb. and '30%; value

Envelopes, plain, 20%; other, 1 inch long, etc., 120 lb.; iron 40c to 50c, 330 lb. and 35%; 350.

or steel tubes, etc., 2c lb. or value over 50c, 330 lb. and Fans, palmleaf, free; all other, 3.1%; cast-iron pipe, 4.100 lb.; 40%; over 3 yards long. 33c 50%.

rails, 7-20c lb. to 440 lb. and 50% to 55%. Feathers, for beds, 15%; plain,

Ivory, unmanufactured,

free; Bone, manufactures of, n. s. p., 15%; colored, etc., 50%.

manufactured, 35%. Felt, roofing, 10%.

Jet, manufactures of, n. S. P., Books, pamphlets, 25%; printed Felts. not woven, n. s. p., 440

30%. 20 years, free. lb. and 60%.

Jewelry, 60%. Boots and shoes (leather), 23%. Fertilizers, free.

Jute, manufactures of, n. s. p.. Bottles, glass, ornamented, 61%; Fish, American fisheries, free, 45%.

plain, empty, lc to 1120, but anchovies, sardines and the
not less than 40%.
like, i 120 to 10c per pkg., ac-

Knit wearing apparel, 60%. Braids, cotton, linen, rubber, cording to size; smoked, dried,

Knives, pocket, 10% to 200 each

and 40%, according to value; silk, 60%; grass, straw, 30%. 340 lb.; halibut, le lb.; herBronze, manufactures, 45%.

other knives, 15%. rings, pickled, 1c lb.; fresh, Brushes, 40%.

1.6 lb.; lobsters, free; mack- Lace, articles of, n. s. p., 60%. Buggies, carriages, 45%.

erel, salmon, 1c lb.

Lamps, 45% to 60%. Butter and substitutes for, 6c Flax, manufactures of, n. s. p., Lard, 2c lb.

45%.

Laths, 250 per 1,000. Buttons, sleeve and collar, gilt, Flaxseed, 25c bu of 56 lbs.

Lead, manufactures of, n. 8. p., 50%. Flour, wheat, 25%.

45%; in any form, n. S. p., Cameras, 45%. Flowers, artificial, 50%.

21 e lb. Fruits, green, n. s. p., free;

Leather, n. Canvas, sail, cotton, 35%.

s. p., 20%;

manudried, 20 lb.; cherries, 250 turés, n. S. p., 35%. Carbons, for electric lights, 900

Linen, bu.; cranberries, 25%; dates,

manufactures, 45%; per 100; pots, 20%. Carpets, 2-ply

clothing. 60%.
ingrain, 18c
120 lb.; figs, 2c1b.; jellies,

p.,
35%; preserved, n. S.

10
Linseed, 250

bu. square yard and 10%; Brus

of 56 lbs.; lb sels, 440 square yard and 1076;

and 3.5%; prunes, 2c lb.; meal, 20%; oil cake, free; pil, Axminster,

200 gal. of 712 lbs. 60c

raisins, 21,6 lb. square

vard and 10%; Wilton, ditto; rugs, Furniture (wood), 35%.

Liquors, ale, porter and beer, Fur, manufactures, n. 50 to 100 square yard and 35%

s. p.,

in bottles, 400 gal.; brandy,

n. 35%; skins, undressed, free.

s. to 40%.

p., $2.25 prf. gal.; Cement, Portland, hydraulic, 8c Glass, n. S.

cordials,

$2.23 p., 45%; polished

whisky. gin, per 100 india rubber, plate, from

to 350 per

prf. pal.; champagne and all etc., 20%.

sparkling wines, in bottles of square foot, according to size; Charcoal. 20%. polish-d and silvered, from 116

1 pint to 1 quart, $8 doz. Cheese, 6c lb.

to 38c
square

foot: Cominon Macaroni, etc., 1160 lb.
Chemical compounds, n. S. p., window glass, 13sc to 438€ per Manila cordage, le lb.
2.3%.
square foot.

Mantels, slate. 20%; marble, China, plain, 55%; decorated, Glass, articles of, ornamented, 50%; wood, 35%. 60%.

60%; manufactures, n. S. P., Maple sirup, sugar, 4c lb. Chocolate and cocoa, value not 15%.

Marble, in blocks, 650 cub. ft.; over 150 lb., 2126 lb.; value Gloves, cotton, 50%; fur, 35%; manufactures, n. S. p., 50% 150 to 240, 2120 lb. and 10%; linen, 50%; leather, from $1.75 Marmalade, le lb. and 33%. value 210 to 35c, 50 lh. and to $1.75 per doz. pairs, ac- Matches, friction, 8c gross, in 10%; value over 35c, 50%. cording to length.

boxes of 100 each; not in Cigars, cigarettes, $1.50 lb. and Glucose or grape sugar, 1120 lb. boxes, lc per 1,000.

Glue, less value than 100 lb., Matting, floor, n. S. p., value Clocks, n. s. p., 40%. 2420; over 10c, 25%.

not over 100 square yard, 3c

30%.

lb

lbs.;

8c

23%

TOTAL VALUE OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS.-CONTINUED.

MERCHANDISE.

SPECIE.

MOSE. AND SPECIE COMBINED. Exc'ss of

Excess of FISCAL YEAR.*,

imports Imports, Exports,

Total Total

imports Imports. Exports. lirom.) or gold and gold and

silver.
imports.

(roman) or exports

exports. silver.

exports (italics).

(italics). 1870. $435,958,408 $392.771,768 $1,3186,640 $26,419,179 $58,155,666 $462,377,

2,377,587 $450,927,434 $11,450,153 1871.

520,223,684 442,820.178 77.403,506 21,270,024 98,441,988 541,493,708 541,262,166 231,542 1872.

626,595,077 444,177,586 182.417,491 13,713.689 79,877,534 640,338,766 524,055,120 116,283,646 1873.

612,136,210 522,479,922 119.656.288 21,480,937 84,608,574 663,617,117 607.088,496 56,528,651 1874.

567,406,342 586,283,010 18.876,698 28.454,906 66,630.405 595,861,248 652,913,445 57,052,197 1875.

533,005,436 513,442,711 19.562.725 20,900,717 92,132,142 553,906,153 605,574,853 51,668,700 1876.

460.741,190 540,384.671 79,643,481 15,936,681 56,506,502 476,677,871 596,890,973 120,213, 102 1877.

451,323,126 602.475,220 151.152.094 40.774,414 56,162,237 492,097,510 658,637,457 166,539,917 1878..

437,051,532 694,865,766 257,814,234 29,821,314 33,740,125 466.872.846 728,605,891 261,733,045 1879.

445.777.775 710,439,441 264,661,666 20,296,000 24.997,441 466,073,775 735.436,882 269,363, 107 1880.

667,954,746 835,638,658 167.683.912 93.034,310 17,142,919 760,989,056 852.781,577 91,792,521 1881.

642,664,628 902.377,346 259,712,718 110,575.497 19,406,847 753.240.125 921,784,193 168,544,068 1882

724,639,574 750.542,257 25.902,683 42,472,390 49,417,479 767.111.964 799,956,736 32.847,772 1883.

723,180,914 823,839,402 100.658,488 28,489,391 31,820,333 751,670,305 855,659,735 103,989,430 1884.

667,697,693 740,513,609 72.815,916 37,426,262 67.133,383 705,123,955 807,646,992 102,523.037 1885..

577,527,329 742,189,755 164,662,426 43,242,323 42.231,525 620,769,652 784,421,280 163,651,628 1886...

635,436,136 679,524,830 44,088,694 38.593,656 72,463,410 674,029,792 751,988,240 77.958,448 1887.

692,319,768 716,183,211 23.863,443 60,170,792 35,997,691 752,490,560 752,180.902 309,658 1889.

723,957,114 695,954,507 28.002.607 59,337,986 46,414,183 783,295,100 742,368,690 40,926,410 1889.

745,131,652 742,401,375 2.730.277 28,963,073 96,641.533 774.091,725 839,042,908) 64,948, 183 1890.

789,310,409 857,828,684 68,518.275 33,976,326 52,148,420 823,286,735 909,977,104 86,690,369 1891.

814,916,196 884,480,810 39,564,614 36,259,47 108,953,642 881,175.613 993,431,452 112,258,809 1892.

827,402,462 1,030,278,148 202,875,686 69,654,540 83,005,886 897,057,002 1,113,284,034 216,227,032 1893.

866,400,922 847.665,194 18,735,728 44.367,633 149,418,103 910,768,555 997,083.357 86,314,802 1894.

654,994,622 892,140,572 237.145.950 85,735.671 127.429,326 740,730.293 1,019,569,898 278,839,605 1895.

731.969,965 807,538, 165 75,568,200 56,595.939 113,763,767 788.565,901 921,301,932 132,736,028 1896.

779,724,674 882,606,938 102.882.264 62,302.251 172,951.617 812.026.925 1.055,558,555 213,531,630 1897.

764,730,412 1,050,993,556 286,263,144 115,548,007 102.308,218 880.278.419 1,153,301,774 273,023,355 1898..

616,049,654 1,231,482,330 615.432.676 151,319,455 70.511,630 767.369,109 1.301.993,960 534,624.851 1899.

697,148,489 1,227,023,302 529,874,813 119.629,659 93,841,141 816,778,148 1,320,864,443 504,086,295 1900.

849,941,181 1,391,483,082 544,541,898 79,829,486 104,979,034 929,770.670 1,499,462,116 569,691,446 1901.

823,172,165 1,487,764,991 664.592.826 102,437.708 117,470,357 925,609,873 1,605,235,348 679,625,475 1902.

903,320,948 1,331,719,401 478,398,453 80,253,508 98,301.310 983,574,456 1,480,020,741 496,436,285 1903.

1,02,719,237 1,420.141.679 394,422.442 69,145,518 91,310,851 1,094,864,755 1,520,482,533 425,617,778 1901.

991,087.371 1,460.827.271 469,739,900 126,824,182 130,932,6881,117,911,553 1.591,759,959 473,848,406 1905.

1,117,513,071 1,518.561,666 401,048,595 81,133,826 141,442,8361,198,646,897 1.660,004,502 461.357.605 1906.

1,226,563,813 1,743,864,500 517,300,657 140,664,270 103,442,6541,367 228,113 1,847,307,154 520.079,041 1907.

(1,434,421,4251,880,851,078 446,429,653 157,456,873 108,138,2491.591,878,298 1,988,989,327 397,111,029

*Fiscal year ended Sept. 30 prior to 1843; since that date ended June 30. NOTE-Merchandise and specie are combined in showing the total inward and outward movement the columns at right of table for the purpose of

of values by years.
GOLD AND SILVER.

TONNAGE.
METAL.
1905. 1906

1907
VESSELS.

1905. 1906. 1907. Gold-Imports $53,648,961 $96.221.730 $114,510,249 Entered-Sailing.

3,182.929 3,358.044 3,068.532 Exports. 92,594,024 38,573,591 51,399,176 Steam

27.800,288 30,796,451 33,553,721 Silver-Imports. 27,484,865 44,442,518 42,946,624 Cleared-Sailing.

3,277,289 3,471,588 3,122,727 Exports.. 48,848,8121 65,869,0631 56,739,073 Steam...

27.880.252 30,311,884 32.867.330

DISTRIBUTION OF WORLD'S SHIPPING.

Only vessels of more than 100 tons included.

[From Lloyd's Register for 1906-1907.] Flag. Number. Tonnage. Flag.

Number. Tonnage. Flag.

Number. Tonnage. British

Chinese
48 63,736 | Peruvian

41 20,836 United kingdom. 9,408 16,381,850 Cuban

59 56,611 Portuguese

195 100,839 Colonies 2,003 1,229,246 Danish 835 660, 301 Roumanian

21 22,889 Dutch 522 719,295 Russian

1,355 913, 133 Total .11,411 17,611,096 | French 1,508 1,741,195 Sarawak

5 3,715 United States-Sea 2,988 2,672,042 German

2,027 3,810.353 Siamese

4

1,829 Northern lakes*. 479 1,519,050 Greek

424 426,769 Spanish

579 722,517 Philippines 123 50,497 | Haitian

7
4,219 Swedish

1,558

856,698 Total 3,590 4,241,589 | Honduran

8 18,014 Turkish

346 157,707 Argentine 249 122,927 | Italian 1,181 1,204,428 Uruguayan

66 50,660 Austro-Hungarian. 312 630,477 Japanese

782 1,000,093 Venezuelan

19

5.403 Belgian 122 172,071 Mexican

59 27,064 Other countries.. 66 29,522 Brazilian 356 188,224 Montenegrin

23 5,704 Chilean 126 126,194 | Norwegian

2,190 1,837,879

Total

.30.094 37,554,017

The total gross tonnage of the steamer vessels in 1997, was 31,744,904, and ne sailing vessels 5,809,113.

for 1906

*Wooden included.

HIGHEST OCCUPIED BUILDING IN THE WORLD,

The Singer building in New York city is the tallest occupied building in the world, and with the exception of the Eiffel tower in Paris is the highest structure of any kind. It is built of steel and masonry, is forty-seven stories in height and

612 feet from the level of the sidewalk to the top of the pinnacle, The total weight of steel and masonry in the building is 18,365 tons, resting on the solid bedrock ninety feet below the sidewalk level.

WEATHER FORECASTS AND SIGNALS.

The weather bureau of the United States depart- tion by means of telephones and railroads from ment of agriculture publishes daily more than established centers, so that there are compara100,000 weather bulletins, not counting the fore- tively few accessible places which do not now recasts in the newspapers. Most of these bulletins ceive daily weather forecasts within a very short are in the form of postal cards printed by post- time after the observers have completed their masters from telegraphic reports and sent by tnem work. The old system of conveying information to outlying, towns for display at suitable points. about the weather by means of flag displays is There is also an elaborate system of redistribu- also in general use.

EXPLANATION OF WEATHER FLAGS.
No 1.
No.2.
No. 3.
No. 4.

No. 5.
White tlag.

Blue flag
White and blue

Black triangu- White flag with black tlag.

lar flag.

square in center.

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Clear or
Rain or snow.
Local rain or
Temperature.

Cold wave. fair weather.

snow. When No. 4 is placed above No. 1, 2 or 3 it about stationary. During the late spring and early indicates warmer; when below, colder; when not fall the cold wave flag is used to indcate antici. displayed, the temperature is expected to remain pated frosts.

EXPLANATION OF STORM-WARNING FLAGS.

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Northwest winds. Southwest winds. Northeast winds. Southeast winds. “Hurricane” signal

A red flag with a black center indicates that a and a white light above a red light westerly winds. storm of marked violence is expected.

The pen.

Two red flags, with black centers, displayed one nants displayed with the flags indicate the di- above the other, indicate the expected approach rection of the wind: Red, easterly (from northeast of tropical hurricanes, and also of those extremeto south); white, westerly (from southwest to ly severe and dangerous storms which occasionnorth). The pennant above the flag indicates that ally move across the lakes and northern Atlantic the wind is expected to blow from the northerly coast. Hurricane warnings are not displayed at quadrants; below, from southerly quadrants.

night. By night a red light indicates easterly winds

THERMOMETERS COMPARED. There are three kinds of thermometers, with Fahrenheit to Reaumur-Subtract 32, multiply by varying scales, in general use throughout the world four-ninths. -the Fahrenheit, Reaumur and centigrade. The Fahrenheit to Centigrade-Subtract 32, multiply freezing and boiling points on their scales com- by five-ninths. pare 25 follows:

Reaumur to Fahrenheit-Multiply by nine-fourths, Thermometer.

Freezing pt. Boiling pt. add 32. Fahrenheit

.32 degrees 212 degrees Reaumur to Centigrade--Multiply by five-fourths. Reaumur

..zero

80 degrees Centigrade to Falirenheit--Multiply by nine-fifths, Centigrade

...zero

100 degrees add 32. The degrees on one scale are reduced to their Centigrade to Reaumur-Multiply by four-fifths. equivalents on another by these formulas:

UNITED STATES LIFE-SAVING SERVICE.

The life-saving establishment at the close of the fiscal year ended June 30, 1906, comprised 378 stations, of which 200 were on the Atlantic and gulf coasts, 61 on the coasts of the great lakes, 17 on the Pacific coast and 1 on the Ohio river at Louisville, Ky. The crews numbered in all about 300 men.

Statistics of the service for the year ended June 30, 1906, and from Nov. 1, 1871, when the system was established, to June 30, 1906, follow:

1906. 1871-1906. Disasters

848

16,479 Value vessels

$10,482,365 $171,505.865 Value cargoes

$4,558,775 $71,177.834

1906. 1871-1906. Property involved

$15,041,140 $242,683,699 Property saved

$12,266,100 $192,024.6;2 Property lost

$2,775,040 $50, 659,087 Persons on board

5,320 116,442 Persons lost

29

1,127 Persons succored

811

19,741 Days' succor given..

.1,727

47,555 The total number of disasters on the lake coasts in the course of the year ended June 30, 1906, was 351; value of property involved, $5,472,745; property saved, $4,736.755; property lost, $735,970; persons on board, 2,235; persons lost, 19; persons succored at stations, 123; days' succor afforded, 158.

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United States..
Canada:
New Brunswick.
Ontario
Manitoba
Saskatchewan.
Alberta.....
Other...

Total Canada

Mexico

Total North America....

Argentina.
Chile....
Uruguay..

Total South America ..
Austria-Hungary:
Austria..
Hungary proper..
Croatia-Slavonia.
Bosnia-Herzegovina..

Total Austria-Hungary.
Belgium.
Bulgaria.
Denmark
Finland...
France...
Germany
Greece.
Italy
Montenegro
Netherlands.
Norway
Portugal..
Roumania
Russia:

Russia proper,. ....
Poland..
Northern Caucasia..

Total Russia (European).
Servia
Spain
Sweden.
Switzerland.
Turkey (European).
United kingdom: Great Britain-

England..
Scotland..

Wales.....
Ireland.

Total united kingdom

Bushels. Bushels. Bushels. Bushels, Bushels. 670,063,000 637,822,000 552,400,000 692,979,000 735,261,000

468.000 471.000 371.000 418,000 420.000 26,904.000 22,583,000 13,030,000 22,195.000 22,806,000 54.750,000 41,381,000 40,397,000 57,519,000 63,181,000 13,524,000 15,598.000 16,447,000 26,930.000 38,207,000

877.000 1,238.000 968,000 2,379,000 3,000,000 4.000,000 4,000,000 4.000.000 4,000,000 4,000,000 100,523,000 85,271,000 75,213,000 113,441,000 131,614,000 8,477.000 10,493.000 9.393,000 5,000,000

5,000,000 779,063,000 733,586,000 637,006,000 811,420,000 871,875,000 56,380.000 103,759,000 129,672,000 150,745,000 134,931,000 10.611,000 10,114,000 17.948.000 20,000,000

15,800.000 7.601,000 5,210.000 7.565.000 6.000.000 4.606,000 74,625,000 119,113,000 155,185,000 176,745,000 155,337,000 49,655,000 46,198,000 53,734,000 54.531,000 58,130.000 170,884,000 161,958,000 137,078.000 157,512,000 197,408,000 12,017,000 14,664.000 9,841.000 13.077,000 10.313,000

2.381.000 3,901,000 3,753,000 3,016,000 2,693,000 231,940,000 226,721,000 204,406,000 228,136,000 268,574,000 14,521,000 12,350.000 13.817,000 12.401,000 13.000.000 35,000,000 35,551,000 42,242,000 40.736,000 55,076.000 4,528,000 4,461,000 4,302,000 4,083,000 4,400,000

79.000 130,000 133.000 130,000 130,000 327,841,000 364,320.000 298.826,000 335,453,000 324.725,000 143.315,000 130,626,000 139,803,000 135,947.000 144,751.000

8.000.000 8,000,000 8.000.000 8,000.000 8.000.000 136,210,000 184,451.000 167,635,000 160,504.000 168,000.000

200.000 200.000 200.000 200.000 200.000 5,105,000 4,258.000 4,423,000 5,109,000 4,700.000

265,000 307.000 212.000 329,000 300.000 10,400,000 8.000.000 6,500,000 5.000.000 8,000,000 76,220,000 73,700,000 53,738,000 103,328,000 113,867,000 463,258.000 454,596,000 519,964,000 451.327,000 358.000.000 20,319.000

19,255,000 21,241,000 20,239,000 19.000.000 77,069,000 77.911,000 81.132,000 96,817,000 73.000.000 560,676,000 551,792,000 622,337,000 568,383,000 450,000,000

11,409,000 10,885.000 11.676,000 11,262,000 13,211,000 133,523.000 128,979,000 95,377.000 92,054.000 151,090.000

4,757.000 5.538.000 5.135.000 5,419.000 6,227.000 4,200.000 4,0000.000 4,000.000 4.000.000 4,000,000 25,000,000 26,000,000 23,000,000 20,000,000 22,000,000 55,216.000 46,524,000 35,624,000 57, 124,000 57,583.000

1,850,000 1,528.000 1,499,000 2,130.000 2,063,000 1,391,000 1.093,000 919.000 1,204,000 1,308,000 1.602.000 1,176,000 1.010.000 1,430,000 1.400.000

60,065,000 50,321,000 39,082,000 62,188,000 62,354,000 1,796,254,000 1,830,590,000 1,744,844,000 1,602,662,000 1,825,608,000 227,380,000! 297,601,000 359,936,000 283.063,000 319,586,000

897,000 2,477,000 2,170,000 2,000,000 2,000,000 20,243.000 9,600,000 19,754.000 18,437.000 18,000.000

107.000 179.000 190.000 200,000 200.000 20,350,000 9,779,000 19,944,000 18,637,000 18,200,000 13,600,000 16,000,000 16,000,000 16,000,000 16,000,000 15,897,000 20.995,000 12,822,000 25,491,000 21.000.000 30,790,000 18,670,000 31,590,000 42,411.000 35,000,000 46,693,000 69,665,000 44,412,000 67,902,000 56,000,000 35,000,000 33,000,000 33,000,000 33,000,000 33,000,000 343,920,000 428,522,000 475,468,000 420,602,000 444,786,000 33.596.000 34,035.000 25,484.0001 20,000,000 28,000,000

300.000 294.000 186.000 183.000 400.000 2.000.000 1.750,000 2.000.000 2.000.000 2.000.000 12,0 12,000.000 11,000,000 12,000,000 12,000,000 12,000.000 4.000 4.000 7.000 4.000

1.000 4,127.000 7,523,000 10,519,000 4,583,000 6.000.000 52.327,000 54,611,000 50,436,000 39,070.0001 48,401.000

Total Europe.
British India....
Cyprus...
Japanese empire:

Japan
Formosa...

Total Japanese empire...

Persia.
Russia:

Central Asia.
Siberia...

Total Russia (Asiatic).....

Turkey (Asiatic).

Total Asia...

Algeria..
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
Cape of Good Hope..
Egypt..
Natal.....
Tunis.

Total Africa...

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