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LAKES-TO-GULF WATERWAY PROJECT.

Practical steps looking to the construction of a fourteen-foot waterway from Chicago to the Gulf of Mexico were taken in 1907 both by Illinois and by the representatives of many other states. The estimated cost of the whole undertaking is $100,000,000, of which $31,000,000 would be for that part of the canal from the terminus of the Chicago drainage district canal to St. Louis. In March President Roosevelt appointed an inland-waterways commission to consider the whole subject of inland waterways, especially in relation to the conservation of all the great permanent natural resources of the country. The names of the commissioners will be found on page 82.

ACTION TAKEN BY ILLINOIS.

At a special session of the Illinois legislature a joint resolution was passed Oct. 16, 1907, by the unanimous vote of both houses for a constitutional amendment to be submitted to the voters at the next general election allowing the state to embark upon the work of building a deep-sea channel from Joliet to Utica; to issue bonds to the amount of $20,000,000 at 4 per cent and to build and maintain dams, power plants and appliances for the development of water power by the canal, the income to go to the state. Power so developed may be leased as the general assembly may provide, but the rentals shall be revalued every ten years. Another joint resolution was passed at the same time for a commission of fifteen members, five to be appointed by the governor, five by the senate and five by the house, to make an investigation of the deep-waterway problem and to report not later than August.

1908.

MESSAGE OF NOV. 6.

This action was taken in response to a general demand by the people of the state and was strongly urged by Gov. Charles S. Deneen. In the meantime a situation had developed which required further legislation by the assembly as clearly explained by the governor in the following special message submitted Nov. 6:

"In view of the present situation of waterway legislation, I deem it proper again to call your attention to the subject.

"In my message of April 10, 1907, transmitting to your honorable body the report of the internal-improvement commission, I had occasion to 'recommend that legislation be enacted conferring upon the canal commissioners the powers necessary for the development, use and distribution of this water power, and that no construction of dams by private parties for the creation of water power for their use be permitted without a permit to be granted by the governor upon the approval and recommendation of the canal commissioners, and upon terms making due provision for compensation to the state for the use of any such water power.' Again, in my message of May 10, 1907, in referring to the subject of water-power development, I said: "This power will aggregate many thousand horse power. ** In this connection I may say that it is most important that private interests should not become intrenched along these streams to the detriment of the rights of the whole people and to the hampering of the great waterway which is to be constructed. This phase of the question appeals for prompt action on your part to prevent the complications and legal difficulties arising from the attaching of vested rights.'

"Concurring with me in appreciation of the importance of the matters to which I had the honor of calling your attention on May 16, prior to adjournment on the same day, a joint resolution was adopted in which the opinion was expressed by your honorable body that "The subject matter of the governor's message [of May 10] was of general interest to the entire state of Illinois and that some legislation should be enacted in the very near future.'

"In conformity with that resolution your honorable body convened Oct. 8 last and adopted a joint resolution providing for a submission to the voters of a constitutional amendment permitting the issuance of $20,000,000 in bonds to provide for the construction of a deep waterway and the development of water power incident thereto.

"The basis for the proposal to submit to the people this constitutional amendment was the ascertained fact that the resulting water power would more than repay the cost of construction of the proposed waterway, provided that the state should preserve its undoubted right to the total water power available along the line of the proposed waterway.

"It is apparent, therefore, that in this situation of the waterways interests of our state an emergency existed which necessitated the prolongation of your session with a view to the early passage of such legislation as would maintain the present status of those interests pending the submission of the proposed constitutional amendment. I think a brief recital of the physical facts of the situation and of the legislative programme in reference thereto will make this plain.

"From the end of the main channel of the sanitary district above Joliet to the head of the lower Illinois river at Utica bridge is a distance of about sixty-one miles. The internal-improvement commission proposes to establish the Joliet level below the power plant of the sanitary district, at 40 feet below the low water of Lake Michigan in 1847, known as Chicago datum, and the low-water level of the lower Illinois river at Utica when the same shall be improved, at 146 feet below Chicago datum, thus fixing the fall from the Joliet level to Utica at 106 feet.

"The internal-improvement commission further proposed to construct the Joliet level with a depth of twenty-four feet, or the same as that of the main channel of the sanitary district of Chicago, and to drop thirty-five feet to the proposed level of Lake Joliet, below the city of Joliet and some five miles below the sanitary district power station. Three levels or pools were proposed between the head of Lake Joliet and Utica, to be created by the construction of three dams; one with a fall of 20 feet at the most available point between the mouth of the Kankakee river and Morris; a second with a fall of 20 feet in the vicinity of Ottawa and the third with a fall of 31 feet near Starved Rock above Utica. These three pools were to be given a preliminary depth of 14 feet, as the channels could be readily deepened later by dredging. The five locks, including the one at the end of the sanitary canal, were projected for the ultimate depth of 24 feet at the outset.

"It was estimated that the four power points between Joliet and Utica would produce 130,000 effective horse power on the turbine shaft when the deep waterway was fully improved and when the main channel on the sanitary district was operated to its full capacity, together with the natural lowwater volume of the river. The value of this power as a going concern is variously estimated at $400 to $500 per horse power, or an aggregate of $52,000,000 to $65,000,000. The annual income is also variously estimated at $2,600,000 to $3,250,000.

"The Joliet power will have an immediate market as soon as it can be developed. This is estimated at 43,000 horse power, with an income of $860,000 to $1,075,000, which is alone sufficient to pay the interest on the entire investment between the end of the main channel and Utica. A revenue of $1,400,000 will be sufficient to pay the interest and provide a sinking fund which will redeem the cost in twenty years on a 4 per cent basis, and such a revenue will be insured as soon as the works can be completed. The entire project is, therefore, of such a character that the cost of the works can be paid out of the revenue by a mere use of the credit of the state and without burden to the people.

"In order to produce such a beneficial result and insure the construction of the deep waterway in the best possible manner, it becomes necessary to remove all encroachments upon or within the stream.

"The state owns and controls the major part of the interests in the Joliet level and the remainder is divided between the holdings of the sanitary district of Chicago and the Economy Light and Power company, aside from some private property which may be required.

"The Economy Light and Power company is now

engaged in erecting a dam at the head of the Illinois river and the immediate mouth of the Des Plaines river, opposite Dresden Heights, some twelve miles below Joliet. The fall from the head of Lake Joliet to the Marseilles dam is about twenty-six feet and the proposed development will utilize fourteen to sixteen feet only until the river bed is radically improved. It will further complicate and add materially to the cost of a deep waterway. It is presumed that the structure was not located farther down the stream, in view of the established character of the Illinois river as a navigable stream and the contention that the Des Plaines river is not navigable.

"The dam at Marseilles was built under authority of an act of the general assembly, approved March 9, 1867, entitled 'An act to incorporate the Marseilles Land and Water-Power company,' and all public rights have been guarded in the following proviso of section 4: This act shall not be so held or construed as to prevent the state from taking possession of said dam or removing it at any time for improving said Illinois river for purposes of navigation and without any compensation therefor in case of its removal, but said company shall be paid a reasonable compensation therefor in case said dam is so constructed that it can be used in improving said river, and when so taken said company shall cease to have any right or authority to construct any other dam or dams.'

"The owners of the Marseilles dam claim an available head of sixteen feet; this, together with the twenty-six feet between Lake Joliet and Mar seilles, which will be virtually confiscated by the proposed dam at the head of the Illinois, covers an aggregate fall of forty-two feet or some 40 per cent of the total fall between the sanitary district power station and Utica and some 60 per cent of that between the head of Lake Joliet and Utica. So large a deduction from the total available power would render abortive the proposed financial scheme of the state. It is important to know whether private rights can vest against the longdetermined public policy which the state and the United States are now ready to consummate.

"Such being the situation it has come to my knowledge that dam construction work is being pushed at Dresden Heights, and I am furthermore credibly informed that the contractors engaged in this work have agreed to complete it before the 1st of July, 1908. The significance of this action is plain and the consummation of this manifest attempt to secure vested rights inimical to the public interests and fatal to the success of the constitutional amendment programme of the general assembly in reference to waterway and water-power development should be prevented. This can only be done effectually through the passage of emergency legislation which will enable the state now to assert and determine its right in the premises. This is necessary not only for the protection of the rights of the public but also for the proper defini

tion and protection of the rights of the private in. terests concerned.

"If such action is not taken and the legislative measures enacted at your present session in relation to waterways do not go into effect until July 1 next, in what position will the waterway interests of the state be found when in November following the proposed constitutional amendment is submitted to the people? If, instead of the assurance that the total water-power development will become public property, it appears that at the outset a very large fraction thereof has been allowed to pass into private hands, and if it further appears that the right of the state to its recovery can be determined only after protracted litigation which, if unsuccessful, would subject the state to the necessity of enormous expenditure in acquiring by condemnation proceedings the property in which private rights had been permitted to vest, it is not difficult to foresee what would become of the proposal for the issuance of $20,000,000 in bonds which has been suggested by your honorable body for submission to the voters.

"I therefore strongly urge that such measures as may be deemed by your honorable body proper and competent to meet the present emergency in relation to the waterway interests of the state may be passed as emergency legislation."

MESSAGE OF NOV. 26.

Nov. 26 Gov. Deneen addressed another message to the general assembly in which he called attention to the opinion of the attorney-general to the effect that the Economy Light and Power company had acquired a valid twenty-year leasehold in the bed of the Des Plaines river and that the question of the navigability of that stream was one of fact which could not be affected by statutory enactment. The governor cited history and legal precedents to the contrary and urged the legislature to pass laws declaring or recognizing the navigability of streams so as to settle the policy of the state in reference to the question.

In response to the message the senate passed the house (Allen) bill declaring the Des Plaines and Illinois rivers navigable streams.

DEEP-WATERWAYS CONVENTION.

Nearly 3,000 delegates representing thirty-two states held a deep-waterways convention Oct. 4 and 5. 1907, in Memphis, Tenn. Many governors, senators and congressmen were present and took part in the proceedings. The convention was addressed Oct. 4 by President Roosevelt, who spoke strongly in favor of improving the waterways of the coun try. Resolutions were passed demanding a fourteen foot waterway from Chicago to the gulf as a public necessity, calling upon congress for prompt action and indorsing the proposition to expend $50. 000,000 for improving the rivers and harbors of the country. The contract plan for constructing the canal was favored. The next convention is to be held in Chicago in 1908.

RAILROAD STRIKES PREVENTED BY MEDIATION.

In the spring of 1907 various classes of employes on the railroads of the United States threatened to strike for higher wages and shorter hours. President Roosevelt intervened by sending Charles P. Neill, commissioner of labor, and Martin A. Knapp, chairman of the interstate-commerce commission, to Chicago, to bring about an agreement between the railroad managers and the train-service employes. This they succeeded in doing and the agreement was made April 4. The terms arranged were as follows: Passenger conductors to be raised $10 per month: baggagemen, $7.50 per month and brakemen and flagmen, $6.50 per month; freight conductors and brakemen, increase of 10 per cent.

Ten hours to constitute a day's work, provided the distance of 100 miles is covered. Additional work to be paid as overtime pro rata. "Pusher" and construction train service to be paid for on a basis 10 per cent higher than at present.

In England a similar situation developed during the summer and fall and but for the successful intervention of David Lloyd-George, president of the board of trade. a strike involving 600,000 railway employes would have resulted. Through his mediation at the proper moment the railroad managers and the representatives of the railway employes' union were brought together and their differences arranged by arbitration.

"CLOSED" HOURS ON BRIDGES OF CHICAGO.

Following are the hours when the bridges of Chicago are closed to river traffic: Bridges on the main river, on the south branch as far south as 12th street, and on the north branch to Kinzie street, 6:30 to 8:30 a. m, and 5 to 7 p. m.; on the

north branch from Kinzie to Halsted street, and on the south branch from 12th street to Halsted street, 6 to 7 a. m. and 5:30 to 6:30 p. m.; all other bridges from 6 to 7 a. m, and 6 to 7 p. m.

MUNICIPAL COURT OF CHICAGO.

Municipal Court Building-148 Michigan avenue.

Chief Justice-Harry Olson. Chief Clerk-Homer K. Galpin. Chief Bailiff-Thomas M. Hunter. Judges-Terms expire in 1912: Harry Olson, chief justice: Freeman K. Blake, William W. Maxwell, Judson F. Going, William M. Gemmill, William N. Cottrell, Edwin K. Walker, Edward A. Dicker, Isadore H. Himes, Arnold Heap. Terms expire in 1910: John W. Houston, John H. Hume, John R. Newcomer, McKenzie Cleland, John C. Scovel, Stephen A. Foster, Frank Crowe, Mancha Bruggemeyer, Michael F. Griffin. Terms expire in 1908: Henry C. Beitler, Frank P. Sadler, Max Eberhart, Frederick L. Fake, Jr., Adelor J. Petit, Charles N. Goodnow, Oscar M. Torrison, Hosea W. Wells, Thomas B. Lantry. Salaries-Chief justice, $7,500 a year; associate justices, $6,000; clerk, $5,000; chief deputy clerk, $2,500; other clerks, $1,800; bailiff, $5,000; chief deputy bailiff. $2,500; other bailiffs, $1,500. Civil Courts-First district, 148 Michigan avenue; second district, 8855 and 8857 Exchange avenue, South Chicago. Criminal Courts-First district: Branches 1 and 2. criminal court building; Harrison street branches 1 and 2, Harrison and LaSalle streets; Desplaines street branches 1 and 2, 19 and 21 Desplaines street: Maxwell street branches 1 and 2, Maxwell and Morgan streets; Hyde Park branch, 5223 Lake avenue: 35th street branch, 838-848 35th street: West Chicago avenue branch, 235 West Chicago avenue; East Chicago avenue branch, 242 East Chicago avenue; Sheffield avenue branch, 687 Sheffield avenue; Wentworth avenue branch, 6347 Wentworth avenue; Logan square branch, 2175 Milwaukee avenue. Second district: 8857 Exchange avenue, South Chicago. JURISDICTION.

8855

1. All actions on contracts when the amount claimed by the plaintiff exceeds $1.000; all actions for the recovery of personal property the value of which exceeds $1,000; all actions for the recovery of damages for the conversion of personal property when the amount sought to be recovered exceeds $1,000.

2. All cases which may be transferred to it by the Circuit and Superior courts of Cook county. 3. All criminal cases in which the punishment is by fine or imprisonment otherwise than. in the penitentiary and all criminal cases which may be prosecuted otherwise than by indictment by a grand jury.

4. All civil actions, quasi-criminal actions excepted, for the recovery of money only, where the amount does not exceed $1,000; all actions for the recovery of personal property the value of which does not exceed $1,000; all actions of forcible detainer and all actions and proceedings of which justices of the peace were formerly given jurisdiction where the amount sought to be recovered does not exceed $1,000.

5. Quasi-criminal actions.

6. Proceedings for the prevention of crime; pro

ceedings for the arrest, examination and commitment of persons charged with criminal offenses and proceedings pertaining to search warrants.

COSTS IN CIVIL CASES.

1. In cases of the first class the plaintiff shall pay $8 to the clerk when suit is begun and $6 more if he asks for a jury trial.

2. In cases of the second class the plaintiff at the time of the bringing of the transcript of the record to the Municipal court shall pay $1 and $6 more if he files a demand for a jury.

3. In cases of the first class the defendant at the time of the filing of his appearance shall pay to the clerk $5 and if he asks for a jury $6 additional.

4. In any case of the fourth class the plaintiff at the time of beginning suit shall pay to the clerk of the court $2 when the amount claimed does not exceed $200; $5 if the amount exceeds $500 and does not exceed $1,000, and $2 in a of forcible entry and detainer. If a jury is asked $6 additional must be paid.

case

5. In any case of the fourth class the defendant at the time of his appearance shall pay to the clerk $2 if the amount claimed by the plaintiff exceeds $200 and the further sum of $6 if he (the defendant) asks for a jury.

6. The costs to be paid for the services of the bailiffs, sheriffs and coroners shall be $1.75 for each person upon whom service is made and in cases where any levy is to be made $1.75 additional; other costs shall be the same as in the Circuit court.

7. In any case of the fourth class the party delivering to the bailiff any paper to be served shall pay him $1 for each defendant named upon whom service is to be made, and in cases of writs of attachment, replevin or execution the further sum of $1 when any levy is made, and shall also pay for the actual expense of seizing and caring for property.

8. In any case the party securing any certified copy of the record shall pay to the clerk the same fees as are paid to the clerk of the Circuit court for similar services.

9. In any case of the fourth class the bailiff, as commissions on moneys realized by execution, shall collect from the defendant in the execution 5 per cent upon the money realized if it does not exceed $100, but if it exceeds $100 the amount shall be 5 per cent on the first $100 and 3 per cent upon the excess over $100.

10. All other costs not specified shall be the same as in the Circuit court.

COSTS IN CRIMINAL CASES.

Costs in criminal and quasi-criminal cases and proceedings in the Municipal court instituted in the name of the people or of any state or county officers shall be:

1. Clerk's fees for all services rendered by him, $6. 2. Bailiff's fees the same as those which may now or hereafter be fixed by law for the sheriff in counties of the third class for similar services.

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NEW CHICAGO TELEPHONE ORDINANCE AND RATES.

Passed by city council Nov. 6, 1907.

The Chicago Telephone company is authorized to operate its telephone wires in the city until Jan. 2. 1929. Its books and records are to be open for examination by the city comptroller and its accounts may be audited for the purpose of verifying the statement of gross receipts, of which 3 per cent is to be paid into the city treasury as compensation for the franchise. The city is to have free telephone service. The city reserves to itself the right to change the rates or tolls from time to time and to modify the rules and regulations. It is provided, however, that such changes shall not be made to continue for a period of more than or of less than five years. The company shall not make any rate agreements or division of territory with any other company. The right to purchase the plant of the company on Jan. 1, 1919, or Jan. 1, 1924, is reserved to the city, the price to be fixed by appraisers. The maximum rates fixed by the ordinance are as follows:

BUSINESS TELEPHONES.

FLAT RATE.

For a single-party line with the right to the unlimited use of the same, $125 a year.

MEASURED RATE.

For a single-party line, including 1,200 outgoing conversations or messages, $60 a year.

For the next 2,400 outgoing messages, or any part thereof, during the year, 3 cents each.

For all outgoing messages in excess of 3,600 during the year, 2 cents each.

Every subscriber who will contract to pay for 7,200 outgoing messages a year at the above rates shall be furnished with a second single-party line without extra charge, and every subscriber shall be furnished with an additional single-party line without extra charge for each 6,000 outgoing messages he will contract to pay for, in addition to the 7,200 during the year at the rate of 2 cents each.

A single-party line or lines, including the right to transmit outgoing messages without limit and without any charge per message, shall be furnished at $1 per day each. Subscribers to single-party lines at this rate shall be deemed subscribers to measured service. Every subscriber to measured survice shall also be furnished with as many sin gle-party lines as he may demand at the rate of $6 per quarter for each line.

RESIDENCE TELEPHONES.

For a single-party line, including all outgoing messages, $18 per quarter.

For a two-party line, $14 per quarter. NICKEL PREPAID SERVICE. Nickel prepayment service with outgoing messages at 5 cents each, as follows:

One-party line, at a guaranty of 20 cents a day. including four messages.

Two-party line, at a guaranty of 12% cents a day, including two and a half messages.

Two-party line, for residences only, at a guaranty of 10 cents a day, including two messages. Four-party line, for residences only, at a guaranty of 5 cents per day, including one message. PUBLIC TELEPHONE SERVICE.

The charge for a single conversation or message from any telephone in Chicago to any other telephone in the city shall not exceed 5 cents.

NEIGHBORHOOD EXCHANGE SERVICE. The company may maintain local or neighborhood exchanges and shall establish them wherever the city council may direct. Any subscriber in any such exchange may communicate with any telephone within the city limits outside the neighborhood district, for which a charge of 5 cents may be made for each period of 5 minutes or fraction thereof. The rates per month for loca! exchange service, including all outgoing messages under yearly contracts, shall not exceed the following: Business. Residence. .$4.00 $3.00 3.00 2.00

Line. One-party Two-party Four-party

TOLL SERVICE.

2.00

1.50

The company shall not charge more than 10 cents for each conversation or message up to three minutes (and not more than 5 cents for each add!tional minute), transmitted from any telephone in Chicago to any other telephone outside the city but within fifteen miles of the present city hall, or within one mile of the city limits and within the state of Illinois.

METERS.

The company shall install in connection with each measured service line of its subscribers a meter which shall prove effective in actual use for accurately recording the number of outgoing messages over the line.

MAYORS OF LARGE CITIES.

Albany, N. Y.-Charles H. Gaus, Rep.
Allegheny, Pa.-James G. Wyman, Cit.
Baltimore, Md.-Barry Mahool, Dem.
Boston, Mass.-George A. Hibbard, Rep.
Buffalo, N. Y.-J. N. Adams, Dem.
Camden, N. J.-Charles H. Ellis, Rep.
Charleston, S. C.-R. G. Rhett, Dem.
Chicago, Ill.-Fred A. Busse, Rep.
Cincinnati, O.-Leopold Markbreit, Rep.
Cleveland, O.-Tom L. Johnson, Dem.
Columbus, O.-Charles A. Bond, Rep.
Dayton, O.-Edward Burkhardt, Dem.
Denver, Col.-Robert W. Speer, Dem.
Des Moines, Iowa-George W. Mattern, Rep.
Detroit, Mich.-George P. Codd, Rep.
Duluth, Minn.-Marcus B. Cullum, Dem.
Fall River, Mass.-J. T. Coughlin, Dem.
Fort Wayne, Ind.-H. C. Berghoff, Dem.
Galveston, Tex.-H. A. Landis.* Dem.
Grand Rapids, Mich.-George E. Ellis, Rep.
Hartford, Conn.-William F. Henney, Rep.
Indianapolis, Ind.-C. A. Bookwalter, Rep.
Jersey City, N. J.-H. O. Wittpen, Dem.
Kansas City, Mo.-H. M. Beardsley, Rep.
Lincoln, Neb.-F. W. Brown, Dem.
Los Angeles, Cal.-Owen McAleer, Rep.
Louisville, Ky.-J. F. Grinstead, Rep.
Lowell, Mass.-James B. Casey. Dem.
Memphis, Tenn.-James H. Malone, Dem.

Milwaukee, Wis.-S. M. Becker, Rep.
Minneapolis, Minn.-David P. Jones, Rep.
Nashville, Tenn.-T. O. Morris, Dem.
Newark, N. J.-H. M. Doremus, Rep.
New Haven, Conn.-John P. Studley, Rep.
New Orleans, La.-Martin Behrman, Dem.
New York, N. Y.-G. B. McClellan, Dem.
Omaha, Neb.-James C. Dahlman, Dem.
Paterson, N. J.-J. McBride, Dem.
Peoria, Ill.-A. B. Tolson, Dem.
Philadelphia, Pa.-John E. Reyburn, Rep.
Pittsburg, Pa.-George W. Guthrie, Cit.

Portland, Ore.-Harry Lane, Dem.
Providence. R. I.-Elisha Dyer. Rep.
Reading, Pa.-Edwin R. Gerber, Dem.
Richmond, Va.-C. McCarthy, Dem.
Rochester, N. Y.-H. H. Edgerton, Rep.
St. Louis, Mo.-Rolla Wells, Dem.
St. Paul, Minn.-Robert A. Smith, Dem.
Salt Lake City, Utah-J. S. Bransford, Am.
San Antonio, Tex.-Bryan Callaghan, Dem.
San Francisco, Cal.-Edw. R. Taylor. Dem.
Seattle, Wash.-William Hickman, Dem.
Springfield, Ill.-Roy R. Reece, Rep.
Springfield, Mass.-F. W. Dickinson, Rep.
Toledo, O.-Brand Whitlock, Ind.

Trenton, N. J.-Dr. Waller Madden, Dem.
Troy, N. Y.-Elias P. Mann, Rep.
Wilmington, Del.-Horace Wilson, Rep,

*President board of commissioners,

ILLINOIS LEGISLATION IN 1907.

Summary of important laws passed by the 45th general assembly at its regular biennial session. ACCUMULATION OF TRUSTS.

No person or persons shall by any deed, will or otherwise dispose of any real or personal property in such manner that the rent, issues, profits or produce thereof shall be wholly or partially accumulated for any longer term than the life or lives of the grantor or grantors, or for any longer than the term of twenty-one years from the death of any such grantor, devisor or testator, or for any longer than during the minority or minorities of any person or persons who shall be living at the time of the death of such grantor, or for any longer than during the minority only of any person who, under the uses or trusts of the deed or will, would, for the time being, if of full age, be entitled to the rents, issues and profits or the interest, dividends or annual produce so directed to be accumulated. (Approved May 24, 1907.)

EDUCATIONAL COMMISSION.

The governor shall nominate and appoint six persons representing the various phases of educational work in the state, who, together with the superintendent of public instruction, shall constitute a commission to be known as the educational commission. It shall be the duty of its members to make a thorough investigation of the commonschool system of Illinois and of such other school systems as may be deemed advisable and submit to the 46th general assembly a report, including such suggestions, recommendations, revisions, additions, corrections and amendments as they may deem necessary. (Approved May 25, 1907.)

STATE BANK LAW.

Sections 4, 5, 10 and 11 are amended substantially as follows: Each director shall take an oath of fealty to the bank with which he is connected that he will diligently perform his duties as director; that he will not violate nor knowingly permit any violation of the state banking law, and that he is the bona fide owner of ten shares of the capital stock of the bank. This oath shall be filed in the office of the state auditor. The auditor may refuse to allow a new bank to begin business when he is not satisfied with the personal character of the officers and directors.

The total liabilities to any bank of any person, corporation or firm for money borrowed shall at no time exceed 30 per cent of the capital actually paid in. Every loan made in violation of this provision shall be due and payable according to its terms, but every director who permits or assents to such violation shall be held liable in his personal capacity for all damages resulting to the bank in consequence.

It shall not be lawful for any bank to loan to its president or other officers or employes or to corporations or firms controlled by them until an application for such loan shall have been first approved by the board of directors. The state auditor is given the power of summary suspension of a bank under suspicion.

LOCAL-OPTION LAW.

Upon the filing of a petition signed by not less than one-fourth of the legal voters in any political subdivision or district to submit to the voters the proposition, "Shall this [district] become antisaloon territory?" the proposition shall be so submitted, and if approved by a majority of those voting thereon the district shall become antisaloon territory on the thirtieth day after the election. It shall not be lawful to sell liquor or to grant any license for selling liquor in such territory. Fines of from $20 to $200 and imprisonment of from ten to ninety days are provided for violators of the law. The giving away or delivery of any intoxicating liquor, or the taking of orders at or within antisaloon territory, or other device to evade any provision of the act shall be held to be unlawful selling. All places where intoxicating liquor is sold in violation of this act shall be held to be common nuisances and may be abated as such. Any person keeping such place is subject to fines of from $50 to $100 and to impris

onment for twenty to fifty days. In all prose-
cutions under the act it shall not be necessary
to state the kind of liquor sold, nor to describe
the place where sold, nor to show the knowledge
of the principal, to convict for the acts of an
agent, but it shall be sufficient to state in that re-
gard that the act complained of took place in the
antisaloon district. Druggists may be granted
licenses to sell liquor for medicinal, mechanical.
sacramental and chemical purposes only, providing
they keep books showing the name of purchaser
and other details of each sale. (Approved May
17. 1907.)
TWO-CENT-FARE LAW.

It shall hereafter be unlawful for any corporation or company engaged in the carriage of passengers upon any railroad between points in this state to charge in excess of 2 cents per mile for the carriage of adult passengers, where a passenger has purchased a ticket entitling him to carriage, or in excess of 1 cent per mile for the carriage of a passenger under 12 years of age, where such passenger has purchased a ticket entitling him to carriage; provided, that the charge in no case shall be less than 5 cents, and in determining the charge fractions of less than one-half mile shall be disregarded and all other fractions counted as a mile. If any passenger shall have failed to purchase a ticket entitling him to carriage, a rate of 3 cents a mile may be charged. For any violation of this act such corporation or company shall pay a penalty of not less than $25 nor more than $100. (Approved May 27, 1907.)

TEACHERS' PENSION FUND.

There shall be created in cities having a popu lation exceeding 100,000 a public school teachers' pension and retirement fund to be managed by a board of nine trustees, two of whom shall be members of the board of education and seven of whom shall be elected by the teachers. The gen

eral provisions of the act are similar to others establishing pension funds for city employes. (Approved May 24, 1907.)

PENITENTIARY COMMISSION.

The governor shall appoint a commission of three, to be known as the penitentiary commission, whose duty it shall be to select and obtain for the state a suitable site for the relocation of the Illinois state penitentiary and the Illinois asylum for insane criminals at or near the city of Joliet. The site must contain not less than 2,000 acres in one body. After it has been acquired the commission shall have charge of the preparation of the plans for the necessary new buildings and their erection, the total cost of which, together with the cost of the site and of a system of sewerage and water supply, shall not exceed in the aggregate $2,000,000. In the construction of the buildings convict labor may be employed as far as practicable. (Approved June 5, 1907.)

HOMES FOR CHILDREN.

The board of county commissioners or board of supervisors in any county shall have the power to establish a detention home for the temporary care of dependent, delinquent or truant children and to levy a tax for its establishment and maintenance; provided, this act is adopted by a majority of legal voters of the county in which it is proposed to establish such a home. (Approved May 13, 1907.)

CARE AND CURE OF THE INSANE. The state commissioners of public charities are required to divide the state into districts for the purpose of regulating the admission of patients into state hospitals for the insane. Provision is made for transfers from one district to another, for the erection of additional buildings where more room is needed and for the proper clothing and care of patients under all circumstances. (Approved June 4, 1907.)

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