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state and in general stands in the same relation to the state as congress does to all the states as a whole. The powers and duties of the chief executive officers are as follows:

Governor-The governor is vested with the chief executive power of the state. He is the commander in chief of the military and local forces and may call out the militia to maintain the peace. He is required to inform the general assembly, by message, of the condition of affairs of the state and to recommend needed legislation. He may, by proclamation, call a special session of the assembly or adjourn it in case of disagreement between the two houses. He has the power to appoint certain officers and during a recess of the senate may fill vacancies or remove certain officers and may call special elections to fill vacancies in certain offices. He may make requisitions upon the governors of other states for the return of fugitives from justice or offer rewards for the arrest of offenders against the laws of the state. He exercises a general supervision over the penitentiaries and may grant reprieves, commutations and pardons and may restore the rights of citizenship to ex-convicts. He may approve acts of the legislature and exercise the veto power. Lieutenant-Governor-This officer is ex-officio president of the senate and has the power to cast the deciding vote in case of a tie. In case of the death, conviction on impeachment, failure to qualify, resignation, absence from the state or other disability on the part of the governor, the lieu

tenant-governor succeeds to the office to the close of the term.

Secretary of State-The secretary of state is charged with the safekeeping of the original laws and resolutions of the general assembly; with all books, bills and documents deposited with him by either house, and with all bonds, records and papers filed in his office. He keeps a record of the official acts of the governor, furnishes certified copies of the same to the assembly on request and certified copies of any of the records of his office on the payment of the statutory fees. He countersigns and affixes the seal of the state to all proclamations and commissions issued by the governor; issues licenses for incorporations and certificates of organization to cities and villages and incorporated towns. He has charge of most of the buildings and grounds belonging to the state in Springfield, furnishes supplies for the general assembly and supervises the printing and distribution of all the public documents of the state. He calls the house of representatives to order at the beginning of each general assembly and presides over the same until the election of a speaker. He is the keeper of the great seal of the state and is the custodian and sealer of weights and

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measures.

Auditor-The auditor is required to keep all the accounts of the state; to audit the accounts of all officers or other persons authorized to receive moneys from the state treasury; to personally sign all warrants drawn on the treasury; to institute suits wherein the state is a plaintiff, and to make a biennial report of the business of his office to the governor. With the governor and treasurer he determines the state tax rate. He exercises a general supervision over state banks, building, loan and homestead associations.

State Treasurer-The state treasurer is custodian of the revenues and public moneys of the state. He must make monthly settlements with the auditor and a biennial report to the governor.

Superintendent of Public Instruction-The superintendent exercises a general supervision over all the public schools of the state. He is the general and legal adviser of the county superintendents and must report biennially to the governor the general condition of all the schools of the state, the amount raised by taxation for school purposes and the manner of its expenditure and the general condition of all the school funds. He may grant state certificates to teachers or cause them to be withheld and must visit charitable institutions which are educational in character.

Attorney-General-It is the duty of the attorneygeneral to represent the state in the Supreme court in all cases in which the state is interested; to act as counsel for all state officials; to be the legal adviser of the governor and other state officers in matters relating to their official duties, and, on request, to furnish them, as well as either branch of the general assembly, with written opinions upon constitutional or legal questions.

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Dist.

ILLINOIS SENATORIAL DISTRICTS.
Established May 10, 1901.

1. First and 2d wards, Chicago. 2. That part of the 11th ward north of 16th street; that part of the 12th ward north of 16th street and east of California avenue, and the 20th ward, Chicago.

3. Third ward; that part of the 4th ward east of Halsted street; that part of the 5th ward bounded by Union avenue, 35th street, Parnell avenue and 33d street; that part of the 6th ward north of 43d street, Chicago.

4. Twenty-ninth and 30th wards and that part of the 31st ward north of 57th place and east of the Rock Island right of way, Chicago.

5. Sixth ward, except that part north of 43d street, and the 7th ward, except that part south of 63d street and east of Cottage Grove avenue, Chicago.

6. Twenty-fourth ward; that part of the 25th ward north of Devon avenue; that part of the 23d ward west of Halsted street, and the 26th ward, Chicago; also that part of the town of Evanston outside Chicago and those parts of the towns of New Trier and Niles within the city of Evanston, Cook county.

7. Towns of Thornton, Bloom, Rich, Bremen, Orland, Lemont, Palos, Worth, Lyons, Stickney, Proviso, Leyden, Elk Grove, Schaumberg, Hanover, Barrington, Palatine, Wheeling, Northfield; that part of Niles outside the city of Chicago and outside the city of Evanston; that part of New Trier outside the city of Evanston, and those parts of the towns of Norwood Park and Maine outside of Chicago, all in Cook county. 8. Lake, Henry and Boone counties.

9. That part of the 4th ward west of Halsted street; the 5th ward, except that part bounded by Union avenue, 35th street, Parnell avenue and 331 street; that part of the 12th ward south and east of 16th street, California avenue, the C., B. & Q. right of way, Clifton Park avenue, 24th street, Central Park avenue, to the Illinois and Michigan canal.

10. Ogle and Winnebago counties.

11. Thirty-first ward, except that part north of 57th place and east of the Rock Island right of way, and the 32d ward, Chicago.

12. Stephenson, Jo Daviess and Carroll counties. 13. That part of the 7th ward south of 63d street and east of Cottage Grove avenue; the Sth and 33d wards, Chicago, and that part of the town of Calumet outside of the city of Chicago. 14. Kane and Kendall counties.

15. Ninth ward, except that part north and west of 14th street, Johnson street and Maxwell street; 10th ward, except that part north and west of 16th street, Throop street, 14th street and Morgan street, and that part of the 11th ward south of 16th street, Chicago.

16. Marshall, Putnam, Livingston and Woodford counties.

17. That part of the 9th ward north and west of 14th street, Johnson street and Maxwell street; that part of the tenth ward north and west of 16th street, Throop street, 14th and Morgan streets, and the 19th ward, Chicago. 18. Peoria county.

19. That part of the 12th ward north and west of California avenue, C., B. & Q. right of way and Clifton Park avenue; 13th and 34th wards, Chicago; that part of the town of Cicero south of

Year.

1873...

1880.

1890.

1895..

Dist.

12th street, and the town of Riverside, Cook county. 20. Kankakee, Grundy and Iroquois counties. 21. Fourteenth ward; that part of the 17th ward south of Augusta street, Holt street, Cornell street, Milwaukee avenue and Green street; that part of the 35th ward south of Chicago avenue, Park avenue and Lake street, Chicago. 22. Vermilion and Edgar counties. 23. Fifteenth ward; that part of the 16th ward bounded by North avenue, Robey street, Division street and Ashland avenue; that part of the 35th ward north of Chicago avenue, Park avenue and Lake street, Chicago, and that part of the town of Cicero north of 12th street, in Cook county.

24. Champaign, Piatt and Moultrie counties. 25. Twenty-Seventh and 28th wards, Chicago. 26. McLean and Ford counties.

27. Sixteenth ward, except that part bounded by North avenue, Robey street, Division street and Ashland avenue; that part of the 17th ward bounded by Ashland avenue, Augusta street, Holt street, Cornell street, Milwaukee avenue, Green street, Kinzie street, river and Division street; 18th ward, Chicago.

28. Logan, DeWitt and Macon counties. 29. Twenty-first ward, except that part north of Goethe, State and Schiller streets; 22d ward, except that part west of Halsted street, and. except that part north and west of Sedgwick, Sigel, Cleveland, Clybourn, Larrabee and Division, Chicago.

30. Tazewell, Mason, Menard, Cass, Brown and Schuyler counties. 31. That part of the 21st ward north of Goethe, State and Schiller streets; that part of the 22d ward west of Halsted street and that part of the 22d ward east of Halsted street and north of Division, Larrabee, Clybourn, Cleveland and Sigel; that part of the 23d ward east of Halsted street, and that part of the 25th ward south of Devon avenue, Chicago.

32. McDonough, Hancock and Warren counties. 33. Rock Island, Mercer and Henderson counties. 34. Douglas. Coles and Clark counties.

35. Whiteside, Lee and DeKalb counties. 36. Scott, Calhoun, Pike and Adams counties. 37. Henry, Bureau and Stark counties. 38. Greene, Montgomery, Jersey and Macoupin

counties.

39. LaSalle county.

40. Christian, Shelby, Fayette and Cumberland counties.

41. DuPage and Will counties.

42. Clinton. Marion, Clay and Effingham counties. 43. Knox and Fulton counties.

44. Washington, Randolph, Perry, Jackson counties.

Monroe and

45. Morgan and Sangamon counties.
46. Jefferson, Wayne, Richland and Jasper coun-
ties.

47. Madison and Bond counties.

48. Hardin, Gallatin. White. Edwards, Wabash,
Lawrence and Crawford counties.
49. St. Clair county.

50. Franklin, Williamson, Union, Alexander and
Pulaski counties.

51. Hamilton, Saline, Pope, Johnson and Massac
counties.

ILLINOIS PROPERTY VALUATION AND TAX RATE
Equalized Tax rate on
assessment. $100 valuat'n.

Equalized Tax rate on assessment. $100 valuat'n.

$1,355,401,317

786,616,394

808,892,782

36 cents 36 cents 36 cents 1902.

Year. 1900... 1901..

833,188,467

52 cents 1903..

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POSTOFFICES IN ILLINOIS.

On Jan. 1, 1907, there were 2,009 postoffices in third and 1,650 of the fourth. There were 1,511 Illinois, of which 379 were presidential offices, 20 money-order offices and 425 money-order stations.

of the first class, 83 of the second, 276 of the

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