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.19.2 18.4 18.0 17.8 19.5 17.9 .13.6 13.2 12.6 13.5 13.6 13.0 .10.6 11.7 10.0 10.4 9.6 9.4 .17.4 17.9 16.7 17.0 17.2 18.7 .23.1 22.3 22.3 22.3 22.3 23.7 .19.4 19.9 18.6 18.0 20.1 18.4 .11.3 11.6 11.9 9.7 11.5 10.8 .18.8 18.1 17.6 18.8 18.8 17.7 .20.7 20.0 22.0 21.7 19.8 20.0 12.1 12.4 11.7 12.7 13.5 13.7 .19.5 19.1 18.4 20.6 18.5 17.5 .18.1 18.0 17.3 18.2 18.8 16.9 .10.0 10.4 10.0 9.7 10.0 10.0 .17.8 15.9 19.2 19.4 18.3 18.3 .24.4 24.7 26.6 22.5 25.3 24.5 .21.0 20.6 21.6 21.3 20.8 20.1 .16.7 16.3 14.0 14.9 17.9 18.2 .11.8 10.8 12.3 12.1 12.6 11.5 .14.4 14.1 13.3 14.3 15.2 15.5 ..14.5 14.0 14.3 14.7 13.7 13.7 ..20.9 21.4 20.1 20.3 20.8 20.5

BIRTH AND DEATH RATES IN FOREIGN

COUNTRIES.

Average annual number of births and deaths per 1,000 of population.

Ten-year periods.

Births.

Deaths.

1881-1890. 1891-1900, 1881-1890. 1891-1900

Country.
England and Wales...32.5
Scotland
Ireland

Denmark

Norway
Sweden
Finland

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..32.5

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.23.4

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Austria

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Hungary

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Switzerland

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Reported Passed Reported Passed
to house. house. to senate. senate.

Law 1907-8.

Law

1906-7.

$8,125,790.00 $8,108,010.00 $8,808,210.00 $9,457,810.00 $9,447,290.00 $9,930,440.00
73,344,289.65 72,291,876.89 81,698,610.54 81,787.610.54 78,535,282.75 71,817,165.08
3,085,477.72 3,085,477.72 3,085,477.72 3,071,277.72 3,092,333.72 3.091,094.17
10,112,234.63 10.037.234.63 10.724,532.63 10,766,562.63 10,454,118.63 10.138,672.16
5.411,883.00 5,411,883.00 7.353.589.00 7.453.589.00 6.898.011.00 5.053,993.00
8,161,668.23 8.233.476.33 14.590.909.76 12,876,110.76 9,227,876.15 9,260,599.98
30,529,863.80 30,630,383.80 30.855,833.80 30,847,533.80 32,094,013.80 29.681,919.30
1,913.983.42 1,913,983.42 1,947,383.42 1,947,383.42 1.929,703.42 1,6 4,707.67
95,401,717.00 95,027,481.50 100.727,807.50 101,108,007 50 98,958,007.50 102.091,670.27
138,138,500.00 137,734,000.00 145,987,000.00 145,937,000.00 145,937,000.00 140,245,500.00
209,416,802.00 209.716,802.00 212,174,393.00 212,234,393.00 212,129,393.00 191,695,998.75
35,181,612.00 35,396,612.00 40,081.908.00 40,123,908.00 37.183,093.00
103,872.540.23 104,531,314.13 114,578,861.30 115.416.161.30 110.736,551.30 98.538.770.32
722,699,361.68 722.118,535.42 772,614,516.67 773,027,347.67 756,622.674.27 673,210,530.70
581,500.00 581,500.00 581.500.00 581,500.00 581,500.00)
264,650.00 1,329,650.00 1,329,650.00 1.329.650.00
9,918.698.74 10,739.754.36 11,262.375.36 10528535.36
733,457,907.72 732,883,384.16 785,265.421.03 786,200,873.03 769.662.359.63 712,339,566.15

329,650.00 9,847,396.04

39,129,035.45

1,000.000.00 27,173,299.01 770,062,359.63 739,512.865.16

149,886,320.00 140,076,320.00

919,948,679.63 879,589,185.16

*No river and harbor act passed for 1907,

TOTALS FOR SIX LAST CONGRESSES.

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PRESIDENTS AND THEIR CABINETS.

PRESIDENTS AND VICE-PRESIDENTS.

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1789 T. Jefferson..
1789 E. Randolph..

T. Pickering.

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..1789 Alex. Hamilton.. 1789 Henry Knox...1789
.1794 Oliver Wolcott..1795 T. Pickering...1795
1795
Jas. McHenry..1796
1797 T. Pickering. 1797 Oliver Wolcott...1797 Jas. McHenry.. 1797
1797 John Marshall...1800 Samuel Dexter..1801 John Marshall.1800
Sam'l Dexter..1800
R. Griswold....1801

1801 James Madison..1801 Samuel Dexter..1801 H. Dearborn...1801
1801
Albert Gallatin..1801
1805

1809 Robert Smith....1809 Albert Gallatin..1809 Wm. Eustis....1809
1809 James Monroe...1811 G. W. Campbell..1814 J. Armstrong..1813
1813
A. J. Dallas ...1814 James Monroe.1814
W. H. Crawford. 1816 W.H.Crawford 1815
1817 W. H. Crawford. 1817 Isaac Shelby...1817
Geo. Graham..1817
J. C. Calhoun..1817

1817 J. Q. Adams.
1817

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Hugh S. Legare.. 1843 Walter Forward. 1841 John McLean..1841
Abel P. Upshur..1843 John C. Spencer..1845 J. C. Spencer...1841
John C. Calhoun.1844 Geo. M. Bibb.....1844 Jas. M. Porter.. 1843
Wm. Wilkins..1844

1845 James Buchanan1845 Robt. J. Walker.1845 Wm. L. Marcy. 1845
1845

1849 John M. Clayton.1849 Wm. M.Meredith 1849 G. W. Crawford.1849 1849

1850 Daniel Webster..1850 Thomas Corwin.. 1850 C. M. Conrad...1850 Edward Everett..1852

1853 W. L. Marcy......1853 James Guthrie...1855 Jefferson Davis 1853 1853

1857 Lewis Cass... 1857 Howell Cobb.. 1857 John B. Floyd.. 1857
1857 J. S. Black........1860 Philip F.Thomas.1860 Joseph Holt....1861
John A. Dix......1861

1861 W. H. Seward....1861 Salmon P. Chase.1861 S. Cameron.....1861
1861
W. P. Fessenden.1864 E. M. Stanton..1862
1865
Hugh McCulloch.1865

1865 W. H. Seward....1865 Hugh McCulloch.1865 E. M. Stanton..1865

U. S. Grant.....1867
L. Thomas.....1868
J. M. Schofield. 1868

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*Elected two consecutive terms.

.1898

.1901 Lyman J. Gage..1901 Elihu Root.....1901 Leslie M. Shaw..1902 Wm. H. Taft. .1904 .1905 Leslie M. Shaw. 1905 Wm. H. Taft...1905 ..1905 G. B. Cortely ou..1907)

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William B. Preston...1849 Thomas Ewing.....1849 Jacob Colla mer....1849 Reverdy Johnson 1849
William A. Graham...1850 Thomas A.Pearce..1850 Nathan K. Hall....1850 J. J. Crittenden..1850
John P. Kennedy. ......1852 T. M. T. McKernon1850 Sam D. Hubbard...1852

James C. Dobbin...
Isaac Toucey
Gideon Welles.....

Gideon Welles.

A. H. H. Stuart....1850

..1857

1865

1853 Robt. McClelland..1853 James Campbell...1853 Caleb Cushing...1853 .1857 Jacob Thompson..1857 Aaron V. Brown. .1857 J. S. Black.. Joseph Holt........1859 Edw. M. Stanton.1860 .1861 Caleb B. Smith.....1861 Montgomery Blair.1861 Edward Bates...1861 John P. Usher.. .1863 William Dennison.1864 Titian J. Coffey.. 1863 James Speed.....1864 1865 John P. Usher... 1865 William Dennison.1865 James Speed.. James Harlan.....1865 A. W. Randall.....1866 Henry Stanbery. 1866 O. H. Browning....1866 Wm. M. Evarts...1868 Adolph E. Borie.......1869 Jacob D. Cox.. .1869 J. A. J. Cresswell..1869 E. R. Hoar..... 1869 George M. Robeson .1869 Columbus Delano..1870 Jas. W. Marshall... 1874 A. T. Ackerman..1870 Zach Chandler.....1875 Marshall Jewell...1874 Geo. H. Williams. 1871 James N. Tyner...1876 Edw. Pierrepont.1875 Alphonso Taft...1876

R. W. Thompson.
Nathan Goff, Jr..
W. H. Hunt.......
W. E. Chandler..

W. C. Whitney.

Benj. F. Tracy..

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1889 John W. Noble..
Hilary A. Herbert.... 1893 Hoke Smith..
D. R. Francis...
John D. Long..........1897 C. N. Bliss..

John D. Long.
Wm. H. Moody..
Paul Morton.

W.Q. Gresham.....1883
Frank Hatton.....1884

1885 Wm. F. Vilas.. ....1885 A.H. Garland....1885 N. J. Colman.1889 1888 D.M.Dickinson.....1888

1893 R. Olney. .1895 J. Harmon..

1893 J. S. Morton. 1893 1895

.1889 J. Wanamaker... .1889 W. H. H. Miller.. 1889 J. M. Rusk ..1889 1893 W. S. Bissell... 1896 W. L. Wilson... 1897 James A. Gary.....1897 J. McKenna............. 1897 J. Wilson.....1897 E.A.Hitchcock.....1899 Chas. E. Smith. ..1898 J. W. Griggs.. 1897 P. C. Knox 1901 1901 P. C. Knox Henry C.Payne....1902 W. H. Moody.....1904 Robt. J.Wynne.. ..1904

1901 E.A.Hitchcock.....1901 Chas. E. Smith.
1902

1904

1901 J. Wilson.....1901

.1905 J. Wilson.....1905

C. J. Bonaparte. 1905 E.A.Hitchcock.. 1905 G.B.Cortelyou. 1905 W. H. Moody.
Victor H. Metcalf....1907 J. R. Garfield......1907 G. v. L. Meyer......1907 C. J. Bonaparte..1907

*This department was established by an act of congress March 3, 1849. Not a cabinet officer until 1829. Secretaries of Commerce and Labor (department established Feb. 14, 1903)-George B. Cortelyou. 1903. Victor H. Metcalf, 1904-1906; Oscar S. Straus, 1907.

Established Feb. 11, 1889.

POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT (1824*-1904).

1824-J. Q. Adams had 105,321 to 155,872 for Jackson, 44,282 for Crawford and 46,587 for Clay. Jackson over Adams, 50,551. Adams less

than combined vote of others, 141,420. Of the whole vote Adams had 29.92 per cent, Jackson 44.27, Clay 13.23, Crawford 12.58. Adams elected by house of representatives. 1828-Jackson had 647,231 to 509,097 for J. Q. Adams. Jackson's majority, 138,134. Of the whole vote Jackson had 55.97 per cent, Adams 44.03.

1832-Jackson had 687,502 to 530,189 for Clay and 33,108 for Floyd and Wirt combined. Jackson's majority, 124,205. Of the whole vote Jackson had 54.96 per cent, Clay 42.39 and the others combined 2.65.

1836-Van Buren had 761,549 to 736,656, the combined vote for Harrison, White, Webster and Mangum. Van Buren's majority, 24,893. Of the whole vote Van Buren had 50.83 per cent and the others combined 49.17. 1840-Harrison had 1,275,017 to 1,128,702 for Van Buren and 7,059 for Birney. Harrison's majority, 139,256. Of the whole vote Harrison had 52.89 per cent, Van Buren 46.82 and Birney .39.

1844-Polk had 1,337,243 to 1,299,068 for Clay and 62,300 for Birney. Polk over Clay, 38,175. Polk less than others combined, 24,125. Of the whole vote Polk had 49.55 per cent, Clay 48.14 and Birney 2.31.

1848-Taylor had 1,360,101 to 1,220,544 for Cass and 291,263 for Van Buren. Taylor over Cass, 139,557. Taylor less than others combined, 152,706. Of the whole vote Taylor had 47.36 per cent, Cass 42.50 and Van Buren 10.14. 1852 Pierce had 1,601,474 to 1,380,576 for Scott, 156.149 for Hale and 1,670 for Daniel. Webster. Pierce over all, 63,079. Of the whole vote Pierce had 50.90 per cent, Scott 44.10 and Hale 4.97. 1856-Buchanan had 1,838,169 to 1,341.264 for Fremont and 874,534 for Fillmore. Buchanan over Fremont, 496,905. Buchanan less than combined vote of others. 377,629. Of the whole vote Buchanan had 45.34 per cent, Fremont 33.19 and Fillmore 21.57. 1860-Lincoln had 1,866,352 to 1,375,157 for Douglas, 845,763 for Breckinridge and 589,581 for Bell. Lincoln over Douglas, 491,195. Lincoln less than Douglas and Breckinridge combined, 354.568. Lincoln less than combined vote of all others. 944,149. Of the whole vote Lincoln had 39.91 per cent. Douglas 29.40, Breckinridge 18.08 and Bell 12.61. 1864-Lincoln had 2,216,067 to 1,808,725 for McClellan (eleven states not voting, viz.: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee. Texas and Virginia). Lincoln's majority, 407,342. Of the whole vote Lincoln had 55.06 per cent and McClellan 44.94. 1868-Grant had 3,015,071 to 2.709,613 for Seymour (three states not voting, viz.: Mississippi, Texas and Virginia). Grant's majority, 305,458. Of the whole vote Grant had 52.67 per cent and Seymour 47.33.

1872-Grant had 3,597,070 to 2,834.079 for Gree

AMERICAN

ley, 29,408 for O'Conor and 5,608 for Black. Grant's majority, 729,975. Of the whole vote Grant had 55.63 per cent, Greeley 43.83, O'Conor 15 and Black 09.

1876-Hayes had 4,033,950 to 4,284,885 for Tilden, 81,740 for Cooper, 9,522 for Smith and 2,636 scattering. Tilden's majority over Hayes, 250,935. Tilden's majority of the entire vote cast, 157,037. Hayes less than the combined vote of others 344,833. Of the whole vote cast Hayes had 47.95 per cent, Tilden 50.94, Cooper .97, Smith .11, scattering .03. 1880-Garfield had 4,449,053 to 4,442,035 for Hancock, 307,306 for Weaver and 12,576 scattering. Garfield over Hancock, 7,018. Garfield less than the combined vote for others, 313,864. Of the popular vote Garfield had 48.26 per cent, Hancock 48.25, Weaver 3.33, scattering .13. 1884-Cleveland had 4,911,017 to 4,848,334 for Blaine, 151,809 for St. John, 133,825 for Butler. Cleveland had over Blaine 62,683. Cleveland had 48.48 per cent, Blaine 48.22, St. John 1.56, Butler 1.33.

1888-Harrison had 5,440,216 to 5,538,233 for Cleveland, 249,937 for Fisk, 141, 105 for Streeter, 2,808 for Cowdrey, 1,591 for Curtis and 9,845 scattering. Harrison had 98,017 less than Cleveland. Of the whole vote Harrison had 47.83 per cent, Cleveland 48.63. Fisk 2.21 and Streeter 1.28. 1892-Cleveland had 5,556,918 to 5,176,108 for Harrison, 264,133 for Bidwell, 1,041,028 for Weaver and 21,164 for Wing. Cleveland had over Harrison 380,810. Of the whole vote Cleveland had 45.73 per cent, Harrison 42.49, Bidwell 2.17 and Weaver 8.67. 1896-McKinley had 7,104,779, Bryan, 6,502,925; Levering, 132,007; Bentley, 13,969; Matchett, 36,274; Palmer, 133,148. McKinley had over Bryan 601,854 votes. Of the whole vote McKinley had 50.49 per cent and Bryan 46.26. 1900-McKinley had 7,217,810 to 6,357,826 for Bryan, 208, 791 for Woolley, 50,218 for Barker, 87,769 for Debs, 39,944 for Malloney, 518 for Leonard and 5,098 for Ellis. McKinley over Bryan, 859,984. McKinley's majority over all. 367,646. Of the whole vote McKinley received 51.66 per cent and Bryan 45.51 per cent. 1904-Roosevelt had 7.620.670 to 5,080,207 for Parker, 258,205 for Swallow, 401,380 for Debs. 111,373 for Watson, 41,330 for Corregan and 836 for Holcomb. Roosevelt over Parker, 2,540,463. Roosevelt's majority over all, 1.727,345. Of the whole vote Roosevelt received 57.13 per cent and Parker 38 per cent.

Of the presidents. Adams, federalist; Polk, Buchanan and Cleveland, democrats: Taylor, whig; Lincoln (first term), Hayes, Garfield and Harrison, republicans, did not, when elected, receive a majority of the popular vote. The highest percentage of popular vote received by any president was 57.13 for Roosevelt, republican, in 1904; the lowest, 39.91 for Lincoln, republican, in 1860; Buchanan, democrat, next lowest, with 45.34.

*Prior to 1824 electors were chosen by the legislatures of the different states.

HALL OF FAME.

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