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APPLICATIONS FOR PATENTS.
[Condensed from Rules of Practice in the United States patent office.) A patent may be obtained by any person who has Drawings must be on white paper with india invented or discovered any new and useful art, ma- ink and the sheets must be exactly 10x15 inches chine, manufacture or composition of matter, or in size, with a margin of one inch. They must any new and useful improvement thereof not show all details clearly and without the use of previously patented or described in this or any superfluous lines. other country, for more than two years prior to his Applications for reissues must state why the application, unless the same is proved to have been original patent is believed to be defective and tell abandoned. A patent may also be obtained for precisely how the errors were made. These applicaany new desigu for a manufacture, bust, statue, tions must be accompanied by the original patent alto-relievo or bas-relief; for the printing of and an offer to surrender the same; or, if the origwoolen, silk or other fabrics; for any new im- inal be lost, by an affidavit to that effect and pression, ornament, pattern, print or picture to certified copy of the patent. Every applicant whose be placed on or woven into any article of manu- claims have been twice rejected for the same reafacture; and for any new, useful and orginal shape sons may appeal from the primary examiners to or configuration of any article of manufacture, the examiners in chief upon the payment of a fee upon payment of fees and taking the other neces. of $10. sary steps.
The duration of patents is for seventeen years Applications for patents must be in writing, in except in the case of design patents, which may the English language and signed by the inventor be for three and a half, seven or fourteen years if alive. The application must include the first as the inventor may elect. fee of $15, a petition, specification and oath, and Caveats or notices given to the patent office of drawings, model or specimen when required. The claims to inventions to prevent the issue of patents petition must be addressed to the commissioner to other persons upon the same invention, without of patents and must give the name and full ad- notice to caveators, may be filed upon the payment dress of the applicant, must designate by title the of a fee of $10. Caveats must contain the same invention sought to be patented, must contain a information as applications for patents. reference to the specification for a full disclosure Schedule of fees and prices: of such invention and must be signed by the applicant.
$15.00 Original application.. On issue of patent..
20.00 The specification must contain the following in
10.00 the order named: Name and residence of the ap
Design patent (32 years).
15.00 plicant with title of invention; a general statement
30.00 of the object and nature of the invention; a brief
Design patent (14 years)
10.00 description of the several views of the drawings
30.00 (if the irvention admits of such illustration); a
10.00 detailed description; claim or claims; signature of
20.00 inventor and signatures of two witnesses.
Claims for a machine and its product and claims for a For certified copies of printed patents: machine and the process in the performance of Specifications and drawing, per copy..
$0.05 which the machine is used must be presented in
.25 separate applications, but claims for a process and
.50 its product may be presented in the same application,
l'or manuscript copies of records, per 100 words
.10 The applicant. if the inventor, must make oath
If certified, for certificate.
.25 or affirmation that he believes himself to be the
Blue prints of drawings, 10x15, per copy
.25 first inventor or discoverer of that which he seeks
Blue prints of drawings, 7x11, per copy.
.15 to have patented. The oath or affirmation must
.05 also state of what country he is a citizen and
Blue prints of drawings, 5x8. per copy.
.50 where he resides.
For searching records or titles, per hour. In every original application the applicant must swear or affirm that the inven
For the Official Gazette, per year, in United
States tion has not been patented to himself or to others
5.00 with his knowledge or consent in this or any foreign country for more than two years prior to his
PATENT OFFICE STATISTICS. application, or on an application for a patent filed in any foreign countrv by himself or his legal rep
Yr. Applications. Issues. Yr. Applications. Issues, resentatives or assigns more than seven months 1895..
40, 680 22,057 | 1901... 46,449 27,373 prior to his application. If application has been 1896.
43,982 23,373 1902. 46,641 27,886 made in any foreign country full and explicit de- 1897.
47.905 23,794 1903
50,213 31,699 tails must be given. The oath or affirmation may
52, 143 30,934 be made before anyone who is authorized by the 1899.. 41,443 25,527 1905.
54,971 30,399 laws of his country to administer oaths.
1900.. 41,890 26,493 | 1906.. 56,482 31,965
The rticles specified by law as proper subjects of copyright are : Books, maps, charts, dramatic compositions, musical compositions, engravings, cuts, prints, photographs. photographic negatives, chromos, lithographs, periodicals, paintings, drawings, statuary and models or designs intended to be perfected as works of fine art.
Any one desiring to secure a copyright should send to the librarian of congress for a blank application. This must be filled up according to the printed directions, which will be found plainly and specifically given on the blank itself. A printed or typewritten copy of the title of the article to be copyrighted must accompany the application; in
the case of paintings, drawings, statuary or designs, descriptions must be inclosed. On or before the day of publication two complete copies of the book or other artcle must be sent to the library of congress to perfect the copyright.
The fee for the entry of title of production of a citizen of the United States is 50 cents : for a foreigner, $1; certificates, 50 cents additional in either case. Remittances must be made by money order, express order or bank draft; postage stamps and checks will not be accepted. The copyright is for twenty-eight years, but it may be renewed for fourteen more.
BY BALLOON FROM GERMANY TO ENGLAND.
Drs. Yurt Wegener and Adolph Koch, German aeronauts, left Bitterfield, near Berlin, Germany, Wednesday evening, April 10, 1907, in an ordinary balloon and the next day arrived at Leicester,
England, after a voyage of 812 miles, lasting only nineteen hours. It was one of the longest, as well as fastest, trips of the kind on record.
PRESIDENTIAL VOTE (1828-1904).
vote. 1828 Jackson.. Democrat.. 647,231 178 1876 Walker.
American.. 2,636 1828 Adams..
Democrat.. 4,442,035 155 1832 Jackson.. Democrat.. 687,502 219 1880 Garfield..
Republican 4,449,053 214 1832 Clay.
Greenback. 307,306 1832 Floyd. Whig... 11 1880 Dow...
33,108 1832 Wirt. Anti-M... 71880 Phelps..
707 1836 Van Buren. Democrat. 761,519 170 1881 Cleveland.
Democrat. 4,911,017 219 1836 Harrison. Whig... 73 1884 Blaine...
Republicani 4,848,334 182 1836 White.. Whig.. 26 11884 Butler....
736,6561 1836 Webster.
141884 St. John...
Prohibition 151,809 1836 Mangum.. Whig. 11 1888 Cleveland.
Democrat.. 5,538,233 168 1840 Van Buren... Democrat. 1,128,702 60 1888 Harrison.
Republican 5,440,216 233 1840 Harrison
Union Lab. 141,105 1840 Birney.
Prohibition 249,937 1844 Polk... Democrat. 1,337,243 1701888 Cowdrey.
2,808 1844 Clay
Democrat.. 5,556,918 277 1844 Birney.
Republican 5,176, 108 145 1818 Taylor.
Prohibition 264,133 1848 Cass Democrat. 1,220,544 1071892 Weaver
People's.... 1,041,028 22 1818 Van Buren. Free Soil... 291,263 1892 Wing
Socialist.... 21,164 1852 Pierce... Democrat.. 1,601,474 254 1896 McKinley
Republican 7,104,779 1852 Scott. Whig.... 1,380,678 42 1896 Bryan..
Democrat.. 6,502,925 176 1852 Hale. Free Soil... 156,149
Prohibition 132.107 1856 Buchanan. Democrat. 1,838,169 174 1896 Bentley..
13,969 1856 Fremont.. Republican 1,341,264 114 1996 Matchett.
Soc. Labor.. 36,274 1856 Fillmore.. American.. 874,534 8 1896 Palmer.
Nat. Dem... 133,148 1860 Douglas Democrat.. 1,375,157 12 1900 McKinley
Republican. 7,217.810 292 1860 Breckinridge.. Democrat. 845.763 72 1900 Bryan..
Democrat.. 6,357.826 155 1860 Lincoln.. Republican 1,866,352 180 1900 Woolley.
Prohibition 208.791 1860 Bell..
People's.... 50,218 1864 McClellan, Democrat.. 1,808,725 21 1900 Debs
87.769 1864 Lincoln.. Republican 2,216,067 216 1900 Malloney.
39,944 1868 Seymour. Democrat. 2.709,613 80 1900 Leonard.
518 1868 Grant. Republican 3,015,071 214 1900 Ellis......
5,098 1872 Greeley.. Democrat.. 2,834,079 *66 1904 Roosevelt
Republican 7.620.670 336 1872 O'Conor.. Ind. Dem... 29,408
1 40 1872 Grant.. Republican 3,597,070 292 1901 Swallow
Prohibition 258,205 1872 Black. T'mpera'cel 5,608
Socialist.... 401,380 1876 Tilden. Democrat.. 4,281,885 184 1901 Watson..
People's.... 111,373 1876 Hayes. Republican 4,033,950 185 1901 Corregan
41.330 1876 Cooper... Greenback. 81,740
830 1876 Smith.
Prohibition 9,522 * Owing to the death of Mr. Greeley, the 66 electoral votes were variously cast. Thomas A. Hendricks received 42, B. Gratz Brown 18, Horace Greeley 3, Charles J. Jenkins 2, David Davis 1.
1789-91 F. A. Muhlenberg. 2.
1791-93 J. Trumbull.. 3.
1793-95 F. A. Muhlenberg.
1795-99 Jonathan Dayton. 6.. 1799-01 Theodore Sedgwick. 7-9.. 1801-07 Nathaniel Macon.. 10-11... 1807-11 J. B. Varnum. 12-13.. 1811-14 Henry Clay 13. 1814-15 Langdon Cheves.. 14-16... 1815-20 Henry Clay 16. 1820-21 J. W. Taylor. 17. 1821-23 P. P. Barbour. 18. 1823-25 Henry Clay 19. 1825-27 J. W. Taylor. 20-23.. 1827-31 A. Stevenson 23
1831-35 John Bell. 24-25 1835-39 James K. Polk 26. 1839-41 R. M. T. Hunter. 27
1841-43 John White 28
1813-15 J. W. Jones.
Pa..... 1750 1801 29.
1750 1801 31
Va.... 1784 1857 51...
1805 1815 58-59..
BURIAL PLACES OF PRESIDENTS.
George Washington-Mount Vernon, Va.
Zachary Taylor-Springfield, Ky.
Following is the electoral vote of the states, based upon the apportionment of representatives made by congress under the census of 1900: Electoral, Electoral Electoral
vote. Alabama 11 Kentucky 13 New Hampshire 4 Tennessee
12 Arkansas 9 Louisiana 9 New Jersey 12 Texas
18 California 10 Maine 6 New York 39 Utah
3 Colorado 5 Maryland 8 North Carolina 12 Vermont
4 Connecticut 7 Massachusetts 16 North Dakota
12 Delaware 3 Michigan 14 Ohio 23 Washington
5 Florida 5 Minnesota 11 Oklahoma 7 West Virginia
7 Georgia 13 Mississippi 10 Oregon
13 Idaho 3 Missouri 18 Pennsylvania 31 Wyoming
3 Illinois 27 Montana 3 Rhode Island
4 Indiana 15 Nebraska 8 South Carolina
..453 lowa 13 Nevada 3 South Dakota
4 Necessary to choice...242 Kansas
TARIFF BILLS SINCE 1884.
Morrison Bills-First bill presented to 48th congress during Chester A. Arthur's administration; proposed a horizontal reduction of 20 per cent with free iron ore, coal and lumber; defeated in house April 15, 1884, by vote of 159 to 155; house heavily democratic and senate republican. Second bill presented to 49th congress during Grover Cleveland's first administration; similar to first bill, proposing free ool, alt and lumber; defeated in house June 17, 1886, by a vote of 157 to 140; house democratic, senate republican.
Mills Bill-Presented to 50th congress during Cleveland's first administration; provided for free lumber and wool, reduction on pig iron and abolition of specific duties on cotton; passed by house July 21, 1888, by vote of 162 to 149, but failed in senate;' house democratic, senate republican.
McKinley Bill--Passed by 51st congress during Benjamin Harrison's administration; became law
Oct. 6, 1890; high protective measure, though re.
congress during Cleveland's second administration; became law Aug. 17, 1894, without the president's signature; both house democratic; measure reduced duties in some cases and made itions to free list, notably voo!.
Dingley Bill-Passed by 54th congress during McKinley's administration; approved July 24, 1897; passed by house 205 yeas to 122 nays, 27 members not voting; passed by senate 38 yeas to 28 nays, 23 not voting; house contained 206 republicans and 134 democrats and senate 46 republicans and 34 democrats; measure raised rates to produce more revenue, but was similar in many respects to the McKinley act.
ORDER OF PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION.
In case of the removal, death, resignation or inability of both the president and vice-president, then the secretary of state shall a as presiden until the disability of the president or vice-president is removed or a president is elected. The rest of the order of succession is: Secretary of the
treasury, secretary of war, attorney-general, postmaster-general, secretary of the navy, secretary of the interior, secretar of agriculture and secretary of commerce and labor. The acting president, in case congress is not in session, must call a special session, giving twenty days' notice.
APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Under each census since the formation of the government.
1890 1818 1816 1816 1861 1792 1812 1820.
25 13 11
10 4 7 6 10 3
173,901. CCOO Ratio
Ratio 700. Ooo Eo-E
Eespoo : Percom corner bererereom 7
os: coi :
1837 1858 1817 1821 1889 1867 1864
Any person who is the head of a family, or who is 21 years old and is a citizen of the United States or has filed his declaration of intention to become such, and who is not the proprietor of more than 160 acres of land in any state or territory, is entitled to enter one-quarter section (160 acres) or less quantity of unappropriated public land under the homestead laws. The applicant must make affidavit that he is entitled to the privileges of the homestead act and that the entry is made for his exclusive use and for actual settlement and cultivation, and must pay the legal fee and that part of the commission required, as follows: Fee for 160 acres, $10; commission, $4 to $12. Fee for eighty acres, $5; commission, $2 to $6. Within six months from the date of entry the settler must take up his residence upon the land and cultivate the same for five years continuously. At the ex
piration of this period, or within 'two years there. after, proof of residence and cultivation must he established by four witnesses. The proof of settlement, with the certificate of the register of the land office, is forwarded to the general land office at Washington, from which a patent is issued. Final proof cannot be made until the expiration of five years from date of entry, and must be made within seven years. The government recognizes no sale of a homestead claim. After the expiration of fourteen months from date of entry the law allows the homesteader to secure title to the tract, if so desired, by paying for it in cash and making proof of settlement, residence and cultivation for that period.
The law allows only one homestead privilege to any one person.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.
The library of congress was established in 1800 in the city of Washington, D. C. It was burned in 1814 and in 1851 lost 35,000 volumes by fire. The present library building, which cost $6.317,000, was opened to the public in November, 1897. It is located a short distance east of the capitol and is the largest and finest building of its kind in the world.
June 30, 1906, the library contained 1.379,244 books and pamphlets, 89,869 maps, 437,510 pieces of music and 214,276 photographs, prints, engravings and lithographs. The copyright office is a distinct division of the library with its own force of employes. The total number of employes in the library is 137 and the annual cost of maintenance is now about $800,000.
PAST POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF THE STATES. R., republican; W., whig; D., democratic; U., union; A., American; A. M., anti-Masonic; N. R., national republican; P.. populist.
د نه نه نه نه نه نه
B: B: B. WB
D.D. R. Ꭱ. D. D. D.D. D. D. D. D.
D. D. D. D.D. D. D.D. California..
D. D. R. R. R. R. Ꭱ. D. R. D R. R.R. Colorado...
R. R. R. R. P. D.D.R. Connecticut..
R. N. R. D. W. w. w. D. R. R. R. R. R. D. R. D. D.D. R. R.R. Delaware..
R. N. R. W. W. W. W. D. D. D. D.D.R. D. D. D D. D.R.R.R. Florida.
W D. D. D. Ꭱ. R. D. D. D.D.D. D.D. Georgia..
D. W. W. D. W. D. D. D. D.D.) D. D. D.D. D.D.D. Idaho...
D. D. D. D. D. D. D.D. R. R. R. R. R. R. R.R.D. R. R.R. Indiana..
D. W. W. D. D. D. D. R. R. R. R. D. Ꭱ. D. R. D.R.R.R. Iowa....
D. D. R. R. R. R. R. R. R. R. R.R.R. R.R. Kansas.
R.R.R. R. Ꭱ. R.R.P. | D.RR. Kentucky...
D. N. R. W. W. W. W. W. D. U. D.ID D. D. D. D. D. | DR D D. Louisiana.
D. D. D. W. D. W.D. D. D. D. R. R. D. D. D.D.D. D.D. Maine...
R. D. D. W. D. D. D. R. R. R. R. R. R. Ꭱ. R. R. R. R. R.R. Maryland...
R. N. R. W. W. W. W. D. A.D. R. D.D. D. D. D.D. Ꭱ . R.D. Massachusetts..
Ꭱ. N. R. W. W. W. W. W. ᎡᏆ Ꭱ. ] Ꭱ. ] Ꭱ. ] Ꭱ. [ Ꭱ. Ꭱ. R. R.R. Ꭱ. RR. Michigan..
D. W. D. D. D. R. R. R. R. R. R. Ꭱ.Ꭲ Ꭱ. [ Ꭱ. Ꭱ. R.R.R. Minnesota..
R. R. R. R. Ꭱ. R. R.R.R. Ꭱ . R.R. Mississippi.
Ꭱ. D. D. D. D.D. D. D.D. Missouri..
D. D. D.D.R. R. D. D. D. D. D. D.D. D . [ Ꭱ. Montana..
R. D. DR. Nebraska
R. R. R. R. R. R. R. Ꭰ . RR. Nevada..
R. R. R. R. D. Ꭱ. R. P. D. D.R. New Hampshire.
R. D. D. D. D. D. D. Ꭱ. R. R. R. R. R. R. R. R.R. R. R.R. New Jersey..
W. W Ꮃ . W. D. D. D. D. D. R. D. D. D. D.D. R. RR. New York..
D. W. D. W. D. R. R. R. D. R. D. Ꭱ. D. R. D. R. R.R. North Carolina..
D. D. D. W. W. W. D. D.D. R. R. D. D. D. D.D. D. D.D. North Dakota.
P. R. R.R. Ohio..
D. D. W. W. W D. D. R. R. R. R. R. R. R. R. R. R. R. RR. Oregon...
R. R. D. R. R. Ꭱ. R. R.R. R. R.R. Pennsylvania.
D. W. D. W D.D. R. R. R. R. R. R. Ꭱ.Ꭲ Ꭱ. ] Ꭱ. Ꭱ.[ Ꭱ . ] Ꭱ. Rhode Island.. R. N. R. D. J W. w. w. D. R. R. R. R. R. R: R. R. R.R. Ꭱ . R
R. South Carolina.
D. W. W. D. D. D. D. D. D. R.R. R. D.1 D. D.D. D. D.D. South Dakota...
R. D. R.R. Tennessee
W. W. W. W. W. D. U. R. D. D. D. D. D.D. D. D. D. Texas...
D. D. D. D.
D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D.D. Utah.
D. D. R.R. Vermont...
R.A.M. W. W. W. W. W. R. R. R. R. R. R R. R. R. R. R.R.R. Virginia.. D. D. D. D. D. D.D. D. U.
R. D. D. D. D.D. D. D.D. Washington..
R. D. R.R. West Virginia...
Ꭱ. R. R. Ꭱ. D. D.
D.D. R. R. R. R. R. R. R. Ꭱ. R. D. R. R.R. Wyoming..
R. D. R.R. In five states in 1892 the electoral vote was di. ors cast his vote for Cleveland, this causing the vided: California gave 8 electoral votes for electoral vote of the state to be equally divided Cleveland and 1 for Harrison and Ohio gave 1 among Cleveland, Harrison and Weaver. In 1896 for Cleveland and 22 for Harrison; in Michigan, California gave 8 electoral votes to McKinley and by act of the legislature, each congressional dis- 1 to Bryan; Kentucky gave 12 to McKinley and trict voted separately for an elector; in Oregon 1 to Bryan. In Maryland in 1904 7 of the presi1 of the 4 candidates for electors on the people's dential electors chosen were democrats and 1 party ticket was also on the democratic ticket; republican. in North Dakota 1 of the 2 people's party elect
: : : : :
REGISTRATION OF TRADE-MARKS.
Under the law passed by congress Feb. 20, 1903, and effective
1, 1905, citizens of the United States, or foreigners living in countries affording similar privileges to citizens of the United States, may obtain registration of trade-marks used in commerce with foreign nations, or among the sereral states, or with Indian tribes, by complying with the following requirements: First, by filing in the patent office an application therefor in writing, addressed to the commissioner of patents, signed by the applicant, specifying his name. domicile, location and citizenship; the class of merchandise and the particular description of goods comprised in such class to which the trade-mark is appropriated; a statement of the mode in which the same is applied and affixed to goods, and the length of time during which the trade-mark has been used. With this statement shall be filed a drawing of the trade-mark, signed by the applicant or his attorney, and such number of specimens of the trade-mark as may be required by the commissioner of patents. Second, by paying
into the treasury of the United States the sum of $10 and otherwise complying with the requirements of the law and such regulations as may be prescribed by the commissioner of patents.
The application must be accompanied by a written declaration to the effect that the applicant believes himself to be the owner of the trade-mark sought to be registered and that no other person or corporation has the right to use it; that such trademark is in use and that the description and drawing presented are correct. Trade-marks consisting of or comprising immoral or scandalous matter, the coat of arms, flag or other insignia of the United States or of any state or foreign nation cannot be registered. Fees for renewal of trademarks and for filing opposition to registration are $10 each; for appeals from examiners to the commissioner of patents, $15 each.
Further information regarding the trade-mark law may be bad by applying to the commissioner of patents, Washington, D. C.