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population of Britain, and the survivals of their primitive religion and laws appear in the form of local superstitions and customs which have descended even to modern times. Something of this kind may help to explain the anomalous customs of inheritance, the wide prevalence of which under the name of Borough-English has long been a subject of speculation to all who have studied the curious details of the English Law of Real Property. The inquiry into customs and tenures is followed by a description of the Britons of the Interior as they first became known to the Romans, and by an account of the ancient Celtic Religions of which traces have remained in France as well as in the British Islands. The work ends with a concise history of the Roman Province of Britain, and an account of the English Conquest down to the period when Christianity was established.

In conclusion the writer desires to express his obligations to the many kind friends who have assisted him during the progress of this work, and to acknowledge his special indebtedness to the writings of Professor Rhøs, the late Professor Rolleston and Sir Henry Sumner Maine.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER I.

Object of the work—Prehistoric inhabitants of Britain-The Welsh bards on the

first settlement—The ancient Fauna of the island-Commencement of authentic

history – The Hyperborean legends-The travels of Pytheas in Britain-Fragments

of his writings-Marseilles in the age of Alexander the Great-Her commerce-

Rivalry with Carthage-Mineral riches of Spain-Extensive deposits of tin-Manu-

facture of bronze-The Phoenician commerce-The visit of Scipio to Marseilles-

Plans for interfering with trade of Carthage-Voyage of discovery proposed--The

scientific discoveries of Pytheas-He is chosen as leader of an expedition-His

writings-Course of the expedition-Gadeira - The Tagus-Erroneous notions of

Spanish geography-Havens of the Artabri-Situation of the Cassiterides on

Spanish coast-Description of the inhabitants—Visit of Publius Crassus-Theory

that the Cassiterides were the Scilly Islands discussed --Carthagenian discoveries-

The voyages of Hanno and Himilco—Course of Himilco's voyage—The tin.

districts—The Sargasso Sea--Teneriffe-Pytheas at Finisterre-Religious rites

of natives—The Pyrenees-The Ligurian shore--The Loire and Island of Amnis

-Barbarous ritual—The Morbihan and Celtic Islands—The College of Druidesses

-Voyage to Britain-Albion and lerne-Pytheas travels in Britain-His obser-

vations-Erroneous measurements-Ancient ideas of the extent of the world-

State of Kent and Southern Britain-Wheat-cultivation-Metheglin and beer-

Agriculture-Mode of dressing corn-Pytheas did not visit Ireland, or the West

of Britain-Traditions of Stonehenge-British trade in tin-British coins from

Greek models—Districts where tin is found— The Island of Mictis or Ictis-Its

situation-Probably to be identified with Thanet_Visit of Posidonius–Descrip.

tion of tin-works-Portus Itius—Thanet formerly an island-St. Michael's Mount

formerly situaied inland

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