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MODERN WOYAGES OF DISCOVERY, FRoM coluys BUS To CAPTAIN
Second Voyage of Columbus. – General Enthusiasm in his Favour. -
Arrives at the Caribbee Islands. – Approaches Hispaniola. — Finds the
Fort destroyed. — Fate of the Spaniards who had remained. – The City
of Isabella founded. — Columbus pursues his Voyage to the West. — Dis-
covers Jamaica. — Supposes Cuba to be a Part of Asia. – Returns to
Hispaniola in broken Health. – Confusion of Affairs. — Arrival of Bar-
tholomew Columbus. – Complaints sent home. — Juan de Aguado ap-
pointed Commissioner. — Columbus returns to Spain. — Well received.
– His third Voyage. — Discovers the American Continent. — State of
the Colony at St. Domingo. — Bobadilla appointed Governor. — He sends
home Columbus in Chains. – Public Feeling towards the Admiral. —
Ovando supersedes Bobadilla. - - - - Page 1
CoLUMBUS AND AMERIGo Wes PUCCI.
Fourth Voyage of Columbus. – Occurrences at Hispaniola. — Fate of Bo-
badilla. – Columbus reaches Honduras. – Receives Accounts respecting
Mexico. – Examines the Coast of Veragua. —Sufferings of the Expe-
dition.—Shipwreck on the Coast of Jamaica.— Bold Voyage to Hispaniola
in a Canoe. — Distress of Columbus. – Inhuman Conduct of Ovando. –
The Admiral at length relieved. – Returns to Spain. — His Death. –
Honours paid to his Ashes. – Merit of his Discovery. — Expressions of
the Classic Writers supposed to relate to America. – Claims of the
Dieppois to the Discovery of the New World. — Of the Basques and
Bretons. – Alonzo de Hojeda follows in the Track of the Admiral. –
Amerigo Vespucci falsely claims the Honour of having discovered the
Continent. — Testimony of the Pilots. – Causes which enabled him to
impose his Name on the New World. - - - - 13
earthly discoveries in AMERICA.
Navigators who emulated the Fame of Columbus. – Vincent Yanez Pinzon.
— Discovers Brazil. — The River of Amazons. – Brings home the first
Opossum seen in Europe. — Voyage of Bastidas. – Explores Venezuela
and Carthagena. — His Distresses.— Provinces awarded to him. – Policy
of the Spanish Court. — Jealousy excited by the English and Portuguese.
- Expedition of Pinzon and Solis to South America. — Second Voyage of
Solis. – Its Object. — He reaches the River La Plata. — Devoured by the
Savages. – Exertions of Hojeda. — His Expedition to colonise Uraba. –
Finds a Rival in Nicuessa.— Defeated by the Indians – Builds St. Sebas-
tian. - His Sufferings and Death.-Wretched Fate of Nicuessa.— Balboa
remains in Darien. — Marches across the Isthmus. – Discovers the South
Sea. —Superseded by Pedrarias. – His unhappy End. - - Page 29
spaNish discoveries, AND FIRST circumnavigation of THE EARTH.
Diego Columbus takes the chief Command in the Colonies. – Increased
Energy. – Ponce de Leon seeks the Fountain of Youth. – Discovers
Florida. – Observes the Eastward Currents. – Expeditions of Garay.—
Cordoba visits Yucatan.— Grijalva discovers New Spain.— Aillon reaches
the Coast of Carolina. — Attempts to make a Settlement. — His melan-
choly Failure. — Fernando Magellan. – Respective Rights of Spain and
Portugal. — Magellan engages to conduct a Fleet westward to the Mo-
luccas. – Winters on the Coast of Patagonia. — Mutiny in the Fleet. –
His stern Conduct.— The Natives described.— The Guanaco. — Magellan
enters the Pacific Ocean. — Arrives at the Philippine Isles. – Converts
the King of Zebu, and engages in Warfare for his Sake. —Is slain by
the Islanders. — Treacherous Conduct of the King of Zebu. – The two
remaining Ships reach the Moluccas. – Fate of the Trinidad. – The
Vittoria completes the Circumnavigation of the Earth. – Loss of a Day
in her Reckoning. - - - - - - - 42
. CHAP. V.
Fert NANDo Cortez.
Education of Cortez – Arrives at Cuba. – Appointed to command the
Expedition against New Spain. — Throws off the Authority of Velasquez.
–Builds Vera Cruz.—Commences his March.-Defeats the Tlascalans.—
Massacre at Cholula. — The Spaniards enter the City of Mexico. —Danger
of their Situation. – Cortez arrests Montezuma. —Defeats Narvaez. –
Revolt of the Mexicans. – Death of Montezuma. — Battle of Otumba,
and Triumph of the Spaniards.— Mexico surrenders.-Alvarado marches
to Guatemala. —Expedition of De Olid. – Cortez conducts an Army from
Mexico to Honduras. – Convention of Badajos. – Loyasa sent with a
Fleet to the Moluccas. – His Fate. — Voyage of the Pataca. — Cortez
sends Saavedra to assist Loyasa. —Surprise of the Portuguese. - Saavedra
discovers New Guinea and other Islands. - His Fate. - Cortez becomes