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• an Object of political Jealousy. — Revisits Spain. – How received. –
Returns to Mexico with diminished Power. — Discovers California. –
Consumes his Fortune in fruitless Expeditions. – Returns to Spain. –
His African Campaign. — Neglected by the Court.— His Death. Page 53
CONQUEST of PERU.
New Efforts of the Spaniards. – Combination of Pizarro, Almagro, and
Luque, – First Attempt of Pizarro on Peru. – His Failure. —Succeeds
in visiting that Country. — His Negotiations in Spain. – Invades Peru.
—Seizes the Inca. — The Spaniards obtain an immense Treasure. — The
Inca put to Death. — Almagro invades Chili. — Sufferings of the
Spaniards. – Revolt of the Peruvians.— Civil War between Almagro and
Pizarro. — Almagro defeated and put to Death. — Valdivia penetrates to
the Southern Borders of Chili...— Extraordinary Journey of Vadillo. –
Benalcazar conquers Quito. – Expedition of Alvarado. – Gonzalez Pi-
zarro marches in search of the Cinnamon Country. — Difficulties of the
March. — Gonzalez reaches the Cinnamón Country, and rashly explores
towards the East. — Sufferings of the Expedition. – Francisco de Orel-
lana embarks on the Maragnon. — Descends that River to the Ocean. –
He propagates Stories of El Dorado and Nations of Amazons. – Fate of
Orellana. – Return of Gonzalez Pizarro to Quito. – Rebellion of Al-
magro's Party. — Death of Francisco Pizarro. - - - 69
CONQUESTS OF THE SPANIARDS.
Brazil neglected by the Portuguese. — Diogo Alvarez shipwrecked on the
Shores of that Country; spared by the Savages, and becomes a Cacique.
– Visits Europe, and returns to Brazil. – Colony of Janeiro founded. –
Sebastian Cabot explores the River La Plata. — Ascends the Parana. –
Pedro de Mendoza founds the City of Buenos Ayres. – Ayoles ascends
the River Paraguay, and crosses the Mountains to Peru. – Yrala com-
pletes his Discovery. — Narvaez undertakes the Conquest of Florida. –
Penetrates to Apalachan. — His calamitous Retreat. — Adventures of
his Treasurer, Alvaro Nunez. – The Savages shocked at the Cannibalism
of the Spaniards. – Alvaro turns Merchant and Physician to the Indians.
–Travels from Florida to Mexico. — Florida bestowed on Fernando de
Soto. – His unhappy Fate. — Alvaro Nunez made Governor of La Plata
– His Journey from the Coast to the Parana. – Calamitous Termination
of his Command. — Journey of Marcos de Nizza to Civola. – Expedition
of Alarchon and Coronado in search of the Seven Cities. – Their disap-
pointment. —Supposed Invention of a Steam Ship by Garay. — Rapid
Decline of Energy in the Spanish Colonies. - - - - 86
conquests of The Portuguese.
Policy of Portugal with respect to its Conquests in India. —Cabral de
spatched with a Fleet. — Discovers Brazil. — Fate of Bartholomew Diaz
—Success and Return of Cabral. — Juan de Nova discovers Ascension
Island and St. Helena. — Second Voyage of De Gama. – He discovers the
Seychelles. – Vincent Sodrez visits the Red Sea. – Expedition under
Francisco de Albuquerque. — The Portuguese obtain a Footing at Co-
chin. — Almeyda the first Viceroy. — His Successes and melancholy End.
—Victories of Alfonso de Albuquerque. — He takes Goa, Calicut, Ma-
lacca, and Ormuz. – His Death. — Discovery of the Isles of Tristan
d’Acunha, – of Sumatra, and of Madagascar. — First Visit to Ceylon. –
Serrano discovers the Moluccas. – A Colony founded there by De Britto.
—Trade established with China. – Misfortune of the Ambassador Pe-
reira. - - - - - - Page 102
FERDIN AND MENDEZ PINTO.
First Adventures of Mendez Pinto. — He goes to India. — Visits Abys-
sinia. – Carried in Chains to Mocha. —Sold as a Slave. — Ransomed, and
goes to Goa. — Sent as Ambassador to the Battas. – Wonders of Su-
matra. – He proceeds to Aaru. – Shipwrecked and captured. – His Mi-
sery.— Redeemed, and goes to Patana. — Attacked by Pirates. – His
Escape. — Turns Pirate. — Captures a Bride. — Wrecked on Pirates’
Island. – Singular Deliverance. — Death of Coja Acem. – Sails in search
of Calempluy. — Adventures during the Voyage. — Wrecked.— Sent a
Prisoner to Nankin. – Remarks on the Chinese. — Proceeds to Pekin.
— Meets with Christians. – Condemned to labour at Quansy. —Tatar
Invasion. – How treated by the Tatars. – Reaches Cochin-China. –
Joins a Pirate. — Cast away on Japan. — Cures the King of Bungo's Son.
— Dismissed. — Wrecked on the Great Lequio. – Condemned to Death.
— Saved by the Compassion of the Women. — Mission to Pegu and Ava.
— The Idol Tinagoogoo. — Pinto turns Jesuit. – Remarks on his His-
tory. - '- - - - - - 116
VOYAGES TO THE NORTH.
Voyages of Sebastian Cabot. — First Discovery of Newfoundland. – The
Cortereals. – Voyages of the French. — Canada. – First Expeditions of
the English. — Attempts to find a North-East Passage. — Fate of Sir
Hugh Willoughby. — Richard Chancelor goes to Moscow. — His Recep-
tion. – Steven Borough reaches the Strait of Waigatz. – Frobisher sails
to discover the North-Western Passage. — Friesland. – Brings home
some Esquimaux. — Supposed Gold Ore. — His second Voyage. — His
Ships laden with the Ore. — He sails a third Time to plant a Colony. –
Failure of the Attempt. — Voyage of Sir Humphrey Gilbert. – Ships
provided with Amusements. – He fixes a Colony in Newfoundland. –
Proceeds on Discovery, and perishes. - - - 136
WOYAGES. To The North.
Voyages of John Davis. – Result of his Researches. – He believes in the
Existence of a North-West Passage. — Northern Expeditions of the
Dutch. – Voyages of William Barentz. – Cornelison passes the Strait of
Waigatz. – Barentz reaches the Northern Extremity of Nova Zembla.
— Description of the Walrus. – Second Voyage of Barentz. — Inform-
ation received from the Samoyeds. – Third Voyage. —Spitzbergen and
Cherry Island discovered. – Barentz and his Crew winter in Nova Zem-
bla. - Their Sufferings. – Extraordinary Refraction. — Death of Ba-
rentz, and Voyage of the Crew in open Boats. – Attempts of the Danes
to explore Greenland. — Voyages of James Hall. — Fate of Hall and of
Knight. — Henry Hudson. — He makes Observations on the Dip of the
Needle. – His Voyage towards the Pole.—Second Voyage. — Place of the
Magnetic Pole. — A Mermaid described. – Third Voyage. — Discovers
Hudson's River. — Fourth Voyage. — Sails to the West. – Enters Hudson's
Bay. — Narrative of his Proceeding. — Mutiny of the Crew. – Hudson
and the sick Men turned adrift. – Return of the Mutineers. Page 152
wox AGES TO THE North.
Voyage of Sir Thomas Button. – Reaches the Western Shore of Hudson's
Bay. – Winters in Nelson's River. — His Ability as a Commander. —
Gibbons attempts to follow up his Discoveries. – Voyage of Bylot and
Baffin. — Skill of the latter in the Science of Navigation. — Their Second
Voyage. — Instructions given them. – Discover Baffin's Bay. – Extra-
ordinary Variation of the Compass. – Extent of their Navigation. — Com-
mencement of the North Sea Fishery. — Voyages of Steven Bennet. —
Cherry Island taken possession of by the Muscovy Company. — Whale
Fishery begins.—Voyages of James Poole. — Mayen's Island discovered.
— Baffin's Observations. – Voyages of Fox and James. – Reports of Ca-
nadian Hunters. — First English Settlement made in Hudson's Bay. —
Hudson's Bay Company incorporated. – Wood's Voyage to Nova Zembla.
—Unfortunate Expedition of Knight to Hudson's Bay. — Voyage of Cap-
tain Middleton. —Controversy between Dobbs and Middleton. — Reward
proposed by Government for the Discovery of a North-West Passage. 168
set TLEMENTS IN THE EAST.
Journey of Jenkinson to Bokhara. — Description of Astracan. — Timur Sul-
tan. — Manners of the Turkmans. – Bladebone Divination.— Bokhara.
– Trade of the Caspian. — Trade of Venice with the East. — The English
engage in the Levant Trade.—Journey of Fitch and Newbery to India.
– First Voyage from England to India by the Cape of Good Hope. —
Unfortunate Result. – East India Company incorporated. —Successful
Voyage of Lancaster. — Middleton sails to the Moluccas. – An Ambas-
sador sent to the Great Mogul. – East India Trade of the Dutch. —
They supplant the Portuguese in Japan. — Vanderhagen's Expedition. —
Adventures of William Adams, – He builds a Ship for the Emperor of
Japan. — His Interest at Court. – Not allowed to depart. — Favours the
Dutch. – His Letter. — Captain Saris arrives at Japan. — His Descrip-
tion of that Country. — The Emperor's Letter to the King of England.—
Termination of the English Trade with Japan. — Dutchmen wrecked on
Corea. — Their Adventures. – Escape. —Their Description of the Coun.
try. — Voyages of the French to the East. — Pirard de Laval wrecked on
the Maldives. – His Account of those Islands. – His Dream and fortu-
nate Liberation. - - - - - Page 186
SETTLEMENTS IN North AMERICA.
Success of the Newfoundland Fishery.—Rapid Increase of English Ship-
ping. – Patent granted to Sir Walter Raleigh. – Voyage of Amadas and
Burlow. — They discover Wokoken Island. – Trade with the Natives. –
Virginia. — Colony planted by Sir Richard Greenville. – The Coast ex-
plored. – The Colonists suffer from Want. – Return home with Sir
Francis Drake. — Second Colony. — Its Fate. — Third Colony. — Perishes
from Want. — Raleigh's Plans of Conquest. — El Dorado. – He takes
Trinidad. — Ascends the Orinoco. – Falls of Caroli. – Intercourse with
the Natives. – Result of the Expedition. – Virginia again explored. –
Colony established at James-Town. — Adventures of Captain Smith. –
Taken by the Indians.—His Life saved by the Princess Pocohontas. –
She marries Mr. Rolfe. — Comes to England. – Her Death. – Lord De-
laware appointed Governor. — The Summers’ Islands taken possession
of - Cultivation of Tobacco. – New Plymouth founded by the Brown-
ists. – Voyage of Cartier to the St. Lawrence. — He ascends the River
to Montreal. — Sufferings of his Crew. – His Return. — French Co-
lonies. - - - - - - - 204
ESTABLISHMENTS IN AFRICA.
Exclusive Trade of Portugal to Africa. – Voyages of Windham and Lok.
Success of Lok. — Adventures of Andrew Battel. – Taken Prisoner by
the Portuguese. — Carried to Angola. – Trades for the Governor. —
Attempts to Escape – Detected and Imprisoned. – Sent to Massingano'
— Escapes. – His Journey. – Retaken. —Sent to Elembo. – Wounded
in Battle. – The Portuguese trade with the Giagas. – Follow them up
the Country. — Battel left as a Hostage. —Threatened with Death. —
Escapes to the Giagas. – Returns to Massingano.— Peace with England.
– Battel's Dismissal refused. — He deserts the third Time.—Betakes
himself to the Woods. – Lake Kasansa. – He builds a Boat, and reaches
the Sea. – Picked up. – Returns home.— Mission to the Giagas.- Their
Atrocities.— Zingha embraces Christianity. – English Senegal Company.
- Thompson ascends the Gambia. – His Death. – Voyage of Jobson. —
Conference with Buckar Sano. — Accounts of Timbuctoo. – The silent
Traffic. — French Companies.—Jannequin's Travels.- Brue ascends the
Senegal. – Receives Intelligence of the Gold Trade. - Compagnon visits
Bambouk. - Remissness of the Portuguese. - - - 223
YoYAGEs To THE souTH SEA.
A Voyage of Alcazava. – He sends to explore the Interior of Patagonia.-
Mutiny of the Crew. – Failure of the Expedition. —Voyage of Camargo.
- Perseverance of Ladrillero. – Discoveries of Villalobos. – He attempts
to fix a Colony at the Philippines. – New Guinea. – Legaspi despatched
to the Philippines. – Voyage of Urdaneta. — Discoveries of Juan Fer-
mandez. – New Zealand. – First Voyage of Mendana.-He discovers the
Salomon Islands.-Second Voyage. — The Marquesas and Queen Char-
lotte's Isles discovered. — Sir Francis Drake. — He beholds the South Sea
from the Isthmus of Darien.— Bold Attempt of John Oxnam. – His un-
fortunate End. — Drake's Expedition. — The Patagonians. – Execution
of Doughtie. — Voyage through the Straits of Magellan. — Drake driven
far to the South. – His Successes on the Coast of Peru. – Takes a Ship
laden with Treasure. — Seeks a Passage by the North. – Reaches a high
Latitude. — New Albion.—The Country ceded to Drake. — He sails to
the Moluccas. – Is well received by the King of Ternate. – Crab Island.
– Narrow Escape.—Safe Return of Drake. — How received at home. —
— Adventures of William Carver. - - Page 241
"CHAP. XVII. a --- -
VOYAGES TO THE SOUTH SEA,
Remarks on Drake's Voyage round the World.— Its Celerity.—Discoveries.
— Sarmiento surveys the Straits of Magellan. – Proposes to fortify them.
— Expedition for that Purpose. — Its Sufferings. – San Felipe founded.
— Its speedy Ruin. —Expedition of Sir Thomas Candish – He passes the
Strait. — His Success. – Captures the St. Anne. — Voyage home. — His
Observations. – His Death. – The Dutch turn their Attention to the
Trade with India. – Expedition of Van Noort. — Account of the Magel-
lamic Tribes. – The Ladrones. – Return of Van Noort. – Voyage of
Verhagen's Fleet. – Struggles of De Weert. – Remarkable Voyage of
Quiros. – Discovers many Islands. – Sagittaria or Otaheite. – Island of
Handsome People. – Taumaco. — Information received from the Natives.
He discovers Australia del Elspiritu Santo.— His Exultation.—He applies
to the King. — His Death. – Discoveries of Torres. – He coasts New
Guinea. — New Holland seen. — Expedition of Spilbergen. — Account of
the Patagonians. – His Success. – Voyage of Schouten and Le Maire. —
Its Origin. — Discovery of Cape Horn. — Tyranny of the Dutch East
India Company. — The Nodals survey Tierra del Fuego, and complete
the Circumnavigation of South America. - - - 258
voy AGES IN THE PACIFIC, AND Discow ERY OF AUSTRALIA.
The Straits of Anian. — Discoveries ascribed to Urdaneta. — Depositions
of Ladrillero and Martin Chack. — Fabulous Voyage of Maldonado. -
Expedition of Juan de Fuca. — Vindication of his Voyage. — Voyage of
De Fonte. — He discovers the Archipelago of St. Lazarus. - Enters Lake
Velasco.— Proceeds to Lake Belle. – Descends a River. — Arrives at the
Atlantic. — Bernardo explores the Sea of Tatary. — Viscayno surveys
California. — Aguilar arrives at the River of Quivira. -Secrecy of th
Spaniards. – First Discovery of New Holland. —Voyage of Hertoge. -
Edels, De Nuytz, and Carpenter. — New Holland known early to the
Portuguese.—Expedition of Abel Tasman — He discovers Van Diemen's