« ForrigeFortsett »
their duty, &c.
Pay of the troops;
deductions for clothing and hospital stores.
Adjutants, quarter, and paymaster's additional pay.
Officers, what rations allowed to for daily sub
corporals, sixty-six privates, and two musicians. The battalion of artillery shall be composed of one major commandant, one adjutant, one quartermaster, one paymaster, one surgeon's mate, and four companies; each of which shall consist of one captain, two lieutenants, four sergeants, four corporals, sixty-six privates, and two musicians: Provided always, That the adjutants, quartermasters, and paymasters, shall be appointed from the line of subalterns of the aforesaid corps respectively.
SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the commissioned officers in lieu of for herein after described, shall receive monthly the following enumerated sums, instead of forage: Lieutenant-colonels commandant, twelve dollars; major commandant of artillery, majors and surgeon each, ten dollars; surgeon's mates each, six dollars.
Privates, what clothing shall receive annu
and daily tions.
SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States may from time to time appoint one or two inspectors, as to him shall seem meet, to inspect the said troops, who shall also muster the same, and each of whom shall receive the like pay and subsistence as a captain, and be allowed ten dollars per month for forage.
SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That the troops aforesaid shall receive for their services the following enumerated monthly rates of pay: Lieutenant-colonel commandant, sixty dollars; major commandant of artillery, forty-five dollars; majors, forty dollars; captains, thirty dollars; lieutenants, twenty-two dollars; ensigns, eighteen dollars; surgeons, thirty dollars; surgeon's mates, twenty-four dollars; sergeants, five dollars; corporals, four dollars; privates, three dollars; senior musician in each battalion of infantry, and in the battalion of artillery, five dollars; musicians, three dollars: Provided always, That the sums herein after specified, shall be deducted from the pay of the non-commissioned officers, privates and musicians stipulated as aforesaid, for the purposes of forming a fund for clothing and hospital stores. From the monthly pay of each sergeant and senior musician, there shall be deducted for uniform clothing, the sum of one dollar and forty cents, and the farther sum of ten cents for hospital stores; and from the monthly pay of each corporal, for uniform clothing, one dollar and fifteen cents, and the farther sum of ten cents for hospital stores; and from the monthly pay of each private and musician, for uniform clothing, the sum of ninety cents, and the farther sum of ten cents for hospital stores.
SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That the subalterns who may be appointed to act as adjutants, shall each receive for the same, in addition to their regimental pay, ten dollars per month; and quarter and paymasters so appointed, each five dollars per month.
SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That the commissioned officers aforesaid, shall receive for their daily subsistence, the following number of rations of provisions-to wit: Lieutenant-colonel commandant, six; a major, four; a captain, three; a lieutenant, two; an ensign, two; a surgeon, three; a surgeon's mate, two, or money in lieu thereof, at the option of the said officers, at the contract price at the posts respectively where the rations shall become due.
SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That every non-commissioned officer, private and musician aforesaid, shall receive annually the following articles of uniform clothing: One hat or helmet, one coat, one vest, two pair of woollen and two pair of linen overalls, four pair of shoes, four shirts, two pair of socks, one blanket, one stock and clasp, and one pair of buckles.
SEC. 10. And be it further enacted, That every non-commissioned officer, private and musician aforesaid, shall receive daily the following rations of provisions, or the value thereof: One pound of beef, or three quarters of a pound of pork, one pound of bread or flour, half a gill of rum, brandy or whisky, or the value thereof at the contract price where the same shall become due, and at the rate of one quart of salt,
two quarts of vinegar, two pounds of soap, and one pound of candles, to every hundred rations.
SEC. 11. And be it further enacted, That if any commissioned officer, non-commissioned officer, private or musician aforesaid, shall be wounded or disabled while in the line of his duty in public service, he shall be placed on the list of the invalids of the United States, at such rate of pay, and under such regulations as shall be directed by the President of the United States, for the time being: Provided always, That the rate of compensation for such wounds or disabilities, shall never exceed for the highest disability, half the monthly pay received by any commissioned officer, at the time of being so wounded or disabled; and that the rate of compensation to non-commissioned officers, privates and musicians, shall never exceed five dollars per month. And provided also, That all inferior disabilities shall entitle the persons so disabled, to receive only a sum in proportion to the highest disability.
SEC. 12. And be it further enacted, That every commissioned officer, non-commissioned officer, private and musician aforesaid, shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation-to wit: "I, A. B. do solemnly swear or affirm (as the case may be) to bear true allegiance to the United States of America, and to serve them honestly and faithfully against all their enemies or opposers whomsoever, and to observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States of America, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the articles of war."
the articles of war.
SEC. 13. And be it further enacted, That the commissioned officers, be governed by non-commissioned officers, privates and musicians aforesaid, shall be governed by the rules and articles of war, which have been established by the United States in Congress assembled, as far as the same may be applicable to the constitution of the United States, or by such rules and articles as may hereafter by law be established.
Former establishment of
SEC. 14. And be it further enacted, That the "act for recognizing and adapting to the constitution of the United States, the establishment of the troops raised under the resolves of the United States in Congress assembled, and for other purposes therein mentioned," passed the twentyninth day of September, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, 29, 1789, ch. 25. be, and the same is hereby repealed.
SEC. 15. Provided always, That the non-commissioned officers and privates continued and engaged under the aforesaid act of the twentyninth day of September, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, and who shall decline to re-enlist under the establishment made by this act, shall be discharged whenever the President of the United States shall direct the same. Provided further, That the whole number of non-commissioned officers, privates and musicians, in the service of the United States at any one time, either by virtue of this act, or by virtue of the aforesaid act, passed the twenty-ninth day of September, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, shall not exceed the number of one thousand two hundred and sixteen.
Act of Sept.
Certain exceptions; and
SEC. 16. And be it further enacted, That for the purpose of aiding for further dethe troops now in service, or to be raised by this act, in protecting the fence, President inhabitants of the frontiers of the United States, the President is here- militia. by authorized to call into service from time to time such part of the militia of the states respectively, as he may judge necessary for the purpose aforesaid; and that their pay and subsistence while in service, be the same as the pay and subsistence of the troops above mentioned, and they shall be subject to the rules and articles of war. APPROVED, April 30, 1790.
STATUTE II. May 26, 1790.
Act of March
27, 1804, ch.56. Legislative acts, records and judicial proceedings of states how to be authenticated;
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the acts of the legislatures of the several states shall be authenticated by having the seal of their respective states affixed thereto: That the records and judicial proceedings of the courts of any state, shall be proved or admitted in any other court within the United States, by the attestation of the clerk, and the seal of the court annexed, if there be a seal, together with a certificate of the judge, chief justice, or presiding magistrate, as the effect there- the case may be, that the said attestation is in due form. And the said
May 26, 1790.
[Expired.] Act of March 3, Act of Feb. 11,
1797, ch. 13.
1800, ch. 6.
Act of March 2, 1821, ch. 13, sec. 3. Act of March 1, 1823,
ch. 21, sec. 8. Mitigation or remission of
penalties, &c. how to be ap plied for; and
CHAP. XI.—An Act to prescribe the mode in which the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings in each State, shall be authenticated so as to take effect in every other State.
records and judicial proceedings authenticated as aforesaid, shall have
CHAP. XII.-An Act to provide for mitigating or remitting the forfeitures and penalties accruing under the revenue laws, in certain cases therein mentioned.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That whenever any person who now is, or hereafter shall be liable to a fine, penalty or forfeiture, or interested in any vessel, goods, wares or merchandise, or other thing which may be subject to seizure and forfeiture, by force of the laws of the United States now existing, or which may hereafter exist, for collecting duties of impost and tonnage, and for regulating the coasting trade, shall prefer his petition to the judge of the district in which such fine, penalty or forfeiture may have accrued, truly and particularly setting forth the circumstances of his case, and shall pray that the same may be mitigated or remitted; the said judge shall inquire in a summary manner into the circumstances of the case, first causing reasonable notice to be given to the person or persons claiming such fine, penalty or forfeiture, and to the attorney of the United States for such district, that each may have an opportunity of showing cause against the mitigation or remission thereof; and shall cause the facts which shall appear upon such inquiry, to be stated and annexed to the petition, and direct their transmission to the Secretary of the Treasury
(a) Art. 4, sec. 1, Constitution of the United States.-The decisions of the courts of the United States upon this statute, and on the introduction in evidence of the "acts, records, and judicial proceedings of the States," have been:
Under the fourth article and 1st section of the constitution of the United States, and the act of 26th May, 1790, if a judgment has the effect of record evidence in the courts of the State from which it is taken, it has the same effect in the courts of every other State; and the plea of nil debet is not a good plea to an action brought upon such judgment in a court of another State. Mills v. Duryee, 7 Cranch, 483; 2 Cond. Rep. 578. See Leland v. Wilkinson, 6 Peters, 317. United States v. Johns, 4 Dall. 412. Ferguson v. Harwood, 7 Cranch, 408; 2 Cond. Rep. 548. Drummond's adm'rs v. Magruder's trustees, 9 Cranch, 122; 3 Cond. Rep. 303.
Under the act of May 26, 1790, prescribing the mode in which the public records in each State shall be authenticated, so as to take effect in every other State, copies of the legislative acts of the several States, authenticated by having the seal of the State affixed thereto, are conclusive evidence of such acts in every other State. No other formality is required, than the annexation of the seal, and in the absence of all contrary proof, it must be presumed to have been done by an officer having the custody thereof, and competent authority to do the act. United States v. Amedy, 11 Wheat. 392; 6 Cond. Rep. 362.
The record of a judgment in one State is conclusive in another, although it appears that the suit in which it was rendered was commenced by an attachment of property, the defendant having afterwards appeared and taken defence. Mayhew v. Thatcher, 6 Wheat. 129; 5 Cond. Rep. 34.
In an action upon a judgment, in another State, the defendant cannot plead any fact in bar which contradicts the record on which the suit is brought. Field v. Gibbs, Peters' C. C. R. 155. See Green v. Sarmiento, Peters' C. C. R. 74. Blount v. Darrah, 4 Wash. C. C. R. 657. Turner v. Waddington, 3 Wash. C. C. R. 126.
Not to affect
of the United States, who shall thereupon have power to mitigate or by whom grantremit such fine, penalty or forfeiture, or any part thereof, if in his opinion the same was incurred without wilful negligence or any intention of fraud, and to direct the prosecution, if any shall have been instituted for the recovery thereof, to cease and be discontinued, upon such terms or conditions as he may deem reasonable and just.(a) Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to affect the right or claim cases of preof any person, to that part of any fine, penalty or forfeiture, incurred vious informaby breach of either of the laws aforesaid, which such person may be entitled to by virtue of the said laws, in cases where a prosecution has been commenced, or information has been given before the passing of this act; the amount of which right and claim shall be assessed and valued by the judge of the district, in a summary manner.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue and be in force until the end of the next session of Congress, and no longer. APPROVED, May 26, 1790.
CHAP. XIII.-An Act to continue in force an act passed at the last session of
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act, entituled "An act to regulate processes in the courts of the United States," passed on the twenty-ninth day of September last, shall be, and the same is hereby continued in force until the end of the next session of Congress, and no longer.
APPROVED, May 26, 1790.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the territory of the United States south of the river Ohio, for the purposes of temporary government, shall be one district; the inhabitants of which shall enjoy all the privileges, benefits and advantages set forth in the ordinance of the late Congress, for the government of the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio. And the government of the said territory south of the Ohio, shall be similar to that which is now exercised in the territory northwest of the Ohio; except so far as is otherwise provided in the conditions expressed in an act of Congress of the present session, entitled "An act to accept a cession of the claims of the State of North Carolina, to a certain district of western territory." SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the salaries of the officers, which the President of the United States shall nominate, and with the advice and consent of the Senate appoint, by virtue of this act, shall be the same as those, by law established, of similar officers in the government northwest of the river Ohio. And the powers, duties and emoluments of a superintendent of Indian affairs for the southern department, shall be united with those of the governor.
APPROVED, May 26, 1790.
Continuance of the act.
May 26, 1790.
[Expired.] Act of Sept. 29, 1789, ch. 21.
CHAP. XIV. An Act for the Government of the Territory of the United States, May 26, 1790. south of the river Ohio.(b)
(a) The decisions of the courts of the United States upon this act, and on subsequent acts, in pari materia, have been: M'Lean v. The United States, 6 Peters, 404. United States v. Morris, 10 Wheat. 246; 6 Cond. Rep. 90. Cross v. The United States, 1 Gallis' C. C. R. 26. The Margaretta, 2 Gallis' C. C. R. 515. The United States v. The Hunter, Peters' C. C. R. 10. The United States v. Lancaster, 4 Wash. C. C. R. 64.
(b) Ordinance for the government of the territory of the United States, northwest of the river Ohio, in note to page 51.
May 31, 1790.
Repealed. Act of April 29, 1802, ch. 36. Act of Feb. 15, 1819, ch.19. Act
of Feb. 3, 1831, ch. 16. June 30,
1834, ch. 157.
maps, charts and books;
and purchasers from them, to have the sole right of publication &c. for 14
CHAP. XV.-An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned. (a)
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That from and after the passing of this act, the author and authors of any map, chart, book or books already printed within these United States, being a citizen or citizens thereof, or resident within the same, his or their executors, administrators or assigns, who hath or have not transferred to any other person the copyright of such map, chart, book or books, share or shares thereof; and any other person or persons, being a citizen or citizens of these United States, or residents therein, his or their executors, administrators or assigns, who hath or have purchased or legally acquired the copyright of any such map, chart, book or books, in order to print, reprint, publish or vend the same, shall have the sole right and liberty of printing, reprinting, publishing and vending such map, chart, book or books, for the term of fourteen years from the recording recording the the title thereof in the clerk's office, as is herein after directed: And that title, &c. the author and authors of any map, chart, book or books already made and composed, and not printed or published, or that shall hereafter be made and composed, being a citizen or citizens of these United States, or resident therein, and his or their executors, administrators or assigns, shall have the sole right and liberty of printing, reprinting, publishing and vending such map, chart, book or books, for the like term of fourteen years from the time of recording the title thereof in the clerk's Also, if living office as aforesaid. And if, at the expiration of the said term, the author at the end of or authors, or any of them, be living, and a citizen or citizens of these United States, or resident therein, the same exclusive right shall be continued to him or them, his or their executors, administrators or assigns, for the further term of fourteen years: Provided, he or they shall cause the title thereof to be a second time recorded and published in the same manner as is herein after directed, and that within six months before the expiration of the first term of fourteen years aforesaid.
that term, to have the further
term of 14 years; recording the title, &c.
Other persons printing, &c. without consent of the author, how to be proceeded against and punished.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any other person or persons, from and after the recording the title of any map, chart, book or books, and publishing the same as aforesaid, and within the times limited and granted by this act, shall print, reprint, publish, or import, or cause to be printed, reprinted, published, or imported from any foreign kingdom or state, any copy or copies of such map, chart, book or books, without the consent of the author or proprietor thereof, first had and obtained in writing, signed in the presence of two or more credible witnesses; or knowing the same to be so printed, reprinted, or imported, shall publish, sell, or expose to sale, or cause to be published, sold, or
(a) Wheaton and Donaldson v. Peters et al., 8 Peters, 591. Binns v. Woodruff, 4 Wash. C. C. R. 48. Ewer v. Coxe et al., 4 Wash. C. C. R. 487.
Congress, by the act of 1790, instead of sanctioning an existing, perpetual copyright in an author in his works, created the right, secured for a limited time by the provisions of the law. Wheaton et al. v. Peters et al., 8 Peters, 591.
The acts required by the laws of the United States to be done by an author to secure his copyright, are in the order in which they must naturally transpire. First, the title of the book must be deposited with the clerk, and the record he makes must be inserted on the first or second page; then public notice in the newspapers must be given; and within six months after the publication of the book, a copy must be deposited in the department of state. These are acts which the law requires to be done. Every requisite under both acts of Congress is essential to the title. Ibid.
In the 8th section of the 1st article of the constitution of the United States, it is declared that Congress shall have power to promote the progress of the useful arts by securing for a limited time to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their writings and inventions." The word "secure,” as used in the constitution, could not mean the protection of an acknowledged legal right. It refers to inventors as well as authors, and it has never been pretended by any one, either in this country or in England, that an inventor has a perpetual right at common law, to sell the thing invented. Ibid.
Every requisite under both acts of Congress relative to copyrights, is essential to the title. Ibid.