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exposed to sale, any copy of such map, chart, book or books, without such consent first had and obtained in writing as aforesaid, then such offender or offenders shall forfeit all and every copy and copies of such map, chart, book or books, and all and every sheet and sheets, being part of the same, or either of them, to the author or proprietor of such map, chart, book or books, who shall forthwith destroy the same: And every such offender and offenders shall also forfeit and pay the sum of fifty cents for every sheet which shall be found in his or their possession, either printed or printing, published, imported or exposed to sale, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, the one moiety thereof to the author or proprietor of such map, chart, book or books who shall sue for the same, and the other moiety thereof to and for the use of the United States, to be recovered by action of debt in any court of record in the United States, wherein the same is cognizable. Provided always, That such action be commenced within one year after the cause of action shall arise, and not afterwards.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That no person shall be entitled to the benefit of this act, in cases where any map, chart, book or books, hath or have been already printed and published, unless he shall first deposit, and in all other cases, unless he shall before publication deposit a printed copy of the title of such map, chart, book or books, in the clerk's office of the district court where the author or proprietor shall reside: And the clerk of such court is hereby directed and required to record the same forthwith, in a book to be kept by him for that purpose, in the words following, (giving a copy thereof to the said author or proprietor, under the seal of the court, if he shall require the same.) "District of to wit: Be it remembered, That on the day of in the year of the independence of the United States of America, A. B. of the said. district, hath deposited in this office the title of a map, chart, book or books, (as the case may be) the right whereof he claims as author or proprietor, (as the case may be) in the words following, to wit: [here insert the title] in conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, intituled 'An act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprictors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned.' C. D. clerk of the district of ." For which the said clerk shall be entitled to receive sixty cents from the said author or proprietor, and sixty cents for every copy under seal actually given to such author or proprietor as aforesaid. And such author or proprietor shall, within two months from the date thereof, cause a copy of the said record to be published in one or more of the newspapers printed in the United States, sec. 1, 2. for the space of four weeks.

1802, ch. 36,

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the author or proprietor of any such map, chart, book or books, shall, within six months after the publishing thereof, deliver, or cause to be delivered to the Secretary of State a copy of the same, to be preserved in his office.

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That nothing in this act shall be construed to extend to prohibit the importation or vending, reprinting or publishing within the United States, of any map, chart, book or books, written, printed, or published by any person not a citizen of the United States, in foreign parts or places without the jurisdiction of the United

States.

SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That any person or persons who shall print or publish any manuscript, without the consent and approbation of the author or proprietor thereof, first had and obtained as aforesaid, (if such author or proprietor be a citizen of or resident in these United States) shall be liable to suffer and pay to the said author or proprietor all damages occasioned by such injury, to be recovered by a

1802, ch. 36, sec. 3.

Conditions on

which the bene. shall be obtain

fit of this act

ed.

Authors to de

liver a copy of the Secretary

their work

to

of State.

No prohibition against importing, reprinting, &c. of foreign writings or publications.

Penalty for publishing manuscripts without consent of the authors.

Persons sued

done under this

for any thing act may give special matter

in evidence.

STATUTE II.

June 4, 1790.

Act of April 13, 1792 ch. 21.

Judicial act declared in force as to N. Carolina.

1790, ch. 1. District court,

its sessions, and

Where held. Salary of the judge.

STATUTE II.

June 4, 1790.

Act of Sep. 11,

1789, ch. 13.

Act of March 2,
1799, ch. 23.
Secretary of
State to appoint

an additional
clerk; with
what salary.

where held.

Annexed to southern circuit.

their

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said district shall be, and Circuit courts, the same is hereby annexed to the southern circuit. And there shall be held annually in the said district two circuit courts; the first session of the circuit court shall commence on the eighteenth day of June next, the second session on the eighth day of November next, and the subsequent sessions on the like days of every June and November afterwards, except when any of the days shall happen on a Sunday, and then the session shall commence on the next day following. And the sessions of the said circuit courts shall be held at Newbern.

STATUTE II. June 14, 1790.

special action on the case founded upon this act, in any court having cognizance thereof.

[Obsolete.]

Acts of import and ton nage, declared in force to

as

SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That if any person or persons shall be sued or prosecuted for any matter, act or thing done under or by virtue of this act, he or they may plead the general issue, and give the special matter in evidence.

APPROVED, May 31, 1790.

CHAP. XVII.—An Act for giving effect to an Act entituled “An Act to establish the Judicial Courts of the United States," within the State of North Carolina.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act intituled "An act to establish the judicial courts of the United States," shall have the like force and effect within the State of North Carolina, as elsewhere within the United States.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said state shall be one district, to be called North Carolina district; and there shall be a district court therein to consist of one judge, who shall reside in the district, and be called a district judge, and shall hold annually four sessions; the first to commence on the first Monday in July next, and the other three sessions progressively on the like Monday of every third calendar month afterwards. The stated district court shall be held at the town of Newbern.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That there shall be allowed to the judge of the said district, the yearly compensation of fifteen hundred dollars, to commence from his appointment, and to be paid at the treasury of the United States in quarterly payments. APPROVED, June 4, 1790.

CHAP. XVIII.—An Act supplemental to the Act for establishing the Salaries of the Executive Officers of Government, with their assistants and Clerks.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the more effectually to do and perform the duties in the Department of State, the Secretary of the said department be, and is hereby authorized to appoint an additional clerk in his office, who shall be allowed an equal salary, to be paid in the same manner as is allowed by law to the chief clerk. APPROVED, June 4, 1790.

CHAP. XIX.-An Act for giving effect to the several Acts therein mentioned, in respect to the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the several and respective duties specified, and laid in and by the act, intituled "An act for laying a duty on goods, wares and merchandises im

ported into the United States," and in and by the act, intituled "An act imposing duties on tonnage," shall be paid and collected upon all goods, wares and merchandises, which after the expiration of five days from the passing of this act, shall be imported into the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, from any foreign port or place, and upon the tonnage of all ships and vessels, which after the said day shall be entered within the said state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, subject to the exceptions, qualifications, allowances and abatements in the said acts contained or expressed, which acts shall be deemed to have the like force and operation within the said state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, as elsewhere within the United States.

the state of R.

Island.

Act of July 4, 1789, ch. 2. Act of July

20, 1789, ch. 3.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That for the due collection of the said duties, there shall be in the said State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, two districts—to wit: the district of Newport, and the district of Providence. The district of Newport shall comprehend all the waters, shores, bays, harbors, creeks and inlets, from the west line of the said state, all along the sea-coast, and northward up the Narraganset Bay, as far as the most easterly part of Kinnimicut Point at high water mark; and shall include the several towns, harbors and land- their limits and ing-places at Westerly, Charlestown, South Kingstown, North Kingstown, boundaries; East Greenwich, and all that part of the town of Warwick southward of the latitude of said Kinnimicut Point; and also the towns, harbors and landing-places of Barrington, Warren, Bristol, Tiverton, Little Compton, and all the towns, harbors and landing-places of the island of Rhode Island, Kinnimicut, Prudence, New Shoreham, and every other island and place within the said state southward of the latitude of the said Kinnimicut Point. The district of Providence shall comprehend all the waters, shores, bays, harbors, creeks and inlets within the said state northward of the latitude of said Kinnimicut Point. The town of Newport shall be sole port of entry in the said district of Newport; and a collector, naval officer and surveyor shall be appointed, to reside at the said town of Newport; and North Kingstown, East Greenwich, Barrington, Warren, Bristol, and Pawcatuck river in Westerly, shall be ports of delivery only; and a surveyor shall be appointed, to reside at each of the ports of North Kingstown, East Greenwich, Warren, Bristol and Pawcatuck river, and the surveyor to reside at Warren shall be surveyor for the port of Barrington. The town of Providence shall be the sole port of entry in the said district of Providence; and Patuxet in the same district shall be a port of delivery only; and a collector, naval officer and surveyor shall be appointed, to reside at Providence, and a surveyor shall be appointed, to reside at Patuxet.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That all the regulations, provisions, exceptions, allowances, compensations, directions, authorities, penalties, forfeitures, and other matters whatsoever contained or expressed in the act, intituled "An act to regulate the collection of the duties imposed by law on the tonnage of ships or vessels, and on goods, wares and merchandises imported into the United States," and not locally inapplicable, shall have the like force and effect within the said state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, for the collection of the said duties, as elsewhere within the United States, and as if the same were repeated and reenacted in this present act: Provided always, and be it declared, That the thirty-ninth section of the said act, and the third section of an act, intituled "An act to suspend part of an act, intituled An act to regulate the collection of the duties imposed by law on the tonnage of ships or vessels, and on goods, wares, or merchandises imported into the United States, and for other purposes," did, by virtue of the adoption of the constitution of the United States by the said state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, cease to operate in respect to the same.

And for due

collection, two districts established;

Ports of entry and delivery.

Regulations, exceptions, &c.

1789, ch. 2.

Operation of parts of former

acts to cease.

1789, ch. 15.

Act for registering vessels,

coasting trade

declared in
force.
Act of Sept.
1, 1789, ch. 11.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the act, intituled "An act for and to regulate registering and clearing vessels, regulating the coasting trade, and for other purposes," shall, after the expiration of five days from the passing of this act, have the like force and operation within the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, as elsewhere within the United States, and as if the several clauses thereof were repeated and re-enacted in this present act.

APPROVED, June 14, 1790.

STATUTE II.

June 23, 1790.

Act of April 13, 1792.

[Obsolete.] Judicial of Sep. 24, 1789,

act

declared in force as to R. Island.

District court, its sessions,

where held.

Annexed to eastern circuit. Circuit courts, their sessions,

where held.

Salary of the Judge.

STATUTE II.

July 1, 1790.

Act of Feb. 9, 1793, ch. 4. Act of March 20, 1794, ch. 7. President authorized to draw $40,000.

for outfit;
and salaries of
ministers pleni-
potentiary, and

CHAP. XXI.—An act for giving effect to an act intituled “An act to establish the
Judicial Courts of the United States," within the State of Rhode Island and
Providence Plantations.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa tives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the act, intituled "An act to establish the judicial courts of the United States," shall have the like force and effect, within the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, as elsewhere within the United States.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said state shall be one district, to be called Rhode Island district: and there shall be a district court therein, to consist of one judge, who shall reside in the district, and be called a district judge, and shall hold annually four sessions; the first to commence on the first Monday in August next, and the other three sessions progressively on the like Monday of every third calendar month afterwards. The stated district court shall be held alternately at the towns of Newport and Providence, beginning at the first.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said district shall be, and the same is hereby annexed to the eastern circuit: and there shall be held annually in the said district two circuit courts; the first session of the circuit court shall commence on the fourth day of December next, the second session on the fourth day of June next, and the subsequent sessions on the like days of every December and June afterwards, except when any of the days shall happen on a Sunday, and then the session shall commence on the day following. And the sessions of the said circuit courts shall be held alternately at the said towns of Newport and Providence, beginning at the last.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That there shall be allowed to the judge of the said district, the yearly compensation of eight hundred dollars, to commence from his appointment, and to be paid at the treasury of the United States, in quarterly payments. APPROVED, June 23, 1790.

CHAP. XXII.-An Act providing the means of intercourse between the United
States and foreign nations.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States shall be, and he hereby is authorized to draw from the treasury of the United States, a sum not exceeding forty thousand dollars annually, to be paid out of the monies arising from the duties on imports and tonnage, for the support of such persons as he shall commission to serve the United States in foreign parts, and for the expense incident to the business in which they may be employed: Provided, That exclusive of an outfit, which shall in no case exceed the amount of one year's full salary to the minister plenipotentiary or charge des affaires to whom the same may be allowed, the President shall not allow to any minister plenipotentiary a greater sum than at the rate of

nine thousand dollars per annum, as a compensation for all his personal services and other expenses; nor a greater sum for the same, than four thousand five hundred dollars per annum to a charge des affaires; nor a greater sum for the same, than one thousand three hundred and fifty dollars per annum to the secretary of any minister plenipotentiary: And provided also, That the President shall account specifically for all such expenditures of the said money as in his judgment may be made public, and also for the amount of such expenditures as he may think it advisable not to specify, and cause a regular statement and account thereof be laid before Congress annually, and also lodged in the proper office of the treasury department.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue and be in force for the space of two years, and from thence until the end of the next session of Congress thereafter, and no longer. APPROVED, July 1, 1790.

CHAP. XXV.-An Act for giving effect to an act intituled "An act providing for the enumeration of the Inhabitants of the United States," in respect to the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the act passed the present session of Congress, intituled "An act providing for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States," shall be deemed

to have the like force and operation within the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, as elsewhere within the United States; and all the regulations, provisions, directions, authorities, penalties, and other matters whatsoever, contained or expressed in the said act, and which are not locally inapplicable, shall have the like force and effect within the said state, as if the same were repeated and re-enacted in and by this present act.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the marshal of the district of Rhode Island shall receive, in full compensation for the performance of all the duties and services confided to, and enjoined upon him by this act, one hundred dollars.

APPROVED, July 5, 1790.

CHAP. XXVI.-An Act to authorize the purchase of a tract of land for the use of the United States.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, and he is hereby authorized to cause to be purchased for the use of the United States, the whole or such part of that tract of land situate in the state of New York, commonly called West Point, as shall be by him judged requisite for the purpose of such fortifications and garrisons as may be necessary for the defence of the

same.

APPROVED, July 5, 1790.

CHAP. XXVIL—An Act further to provide for the Payment of the Invalid Pensioners of the United States.

charge des af-
faires, and
minister's sec.

retary;
and to account
specifically.

Continuance of this act.

STATUTE II.

July 5, 1790.

[Obsolete.]

Act for enu. meration de

clared in force as to R. Island.

Act of March

1, 1790, ch. 2.

Salary of the marshal.

STATUTE II.
July 5, 1790.

President authorized to purchase West

Point, for purpose of fortifica. tions, &c.

STATUTE II. July 16, 1790.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the military pensions which have been granted and paid by the states respectively, in pursuance of former acts of the United States in Congress assembled, and such as by acts passed in the present session of Congress, are or shall be declared to be due to invalids who were wounded and disabled during 3, 1791, ch. 24. VOL. I.-17

Act of March

Military penfrom 4th March, sions to be paid for one year, and under what reg

ulations.

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