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FEDERAL ACKNOWLEDGMENT ADMINISTRATIVE
ACT OF 1989, PART 2
The above referenced hearing before the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs was inadvertently printed with the incorrect publication number of S. HRG. 101-170, PT. 2.
The correct designation is: S. HRG. 101-270, PT. 2.
DEC 01 1989
S. 611, text of ....
Alexis, Phil, executive director, Confederated Historic Tribes, Michigan
Chambers, Reid, Sonosky, Chambers, Sachse & Miller, Washington, DC.....
Fogelson, Raymond, anthropologist, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL......
Inouye, Hon. Daniel K., U.S. Senator from Hawaii, chairman, Select
Jones, Stanley G., Sr., chairman, Tulalip Tribes, Tulalip, WA.
McCain, Hon. John, U.S. Senator from Arizona, vice chairman, Select
Mitchell, Violet, representing the Intertribal Council of Arizona....
DC, representing Working Group.............
Sturtevant, William C., anthropologist, curator of North America Ethnol-
Wadena, Darrell, chairman, Minnesota Chippewa Tribe.
Widdiss, Don, president, Wampanoage Tribal Council, Gay Head, State
White, Ray, chairman, Miami Tribe of Indiana, Muncie, IN ..................................................
Avant-Tavares, Joan, chairperson, Mashpee Wampanoag Indian Tribal
Barsh, Russell, attorney, Samish Indian Tribe (with attachments).
Duthu, Nathan, United Houma Nation, Inc. of Louisiana, Nisqually
Ezold, June, chairwoman, Brothertown Indian Nation Tribal Council
Fogelson, Raymond ....
Jones, Stanley G., Sr. (with attachments)
Locklear, Arlinda, on behalf of the Lumbee Indian Tribe, North Carolina.
McKee, Kathleen, executive director, Lumbee River Legal Services...........
Roessel, Faith, representing Work Group.......
Slagle, Allogan, staff attorney (with attachments)
Sturtevant, William C.........
Trope, Jack, staff attorney (with attachments)
Wadena, Darrell, president, Minnesota Chippewa Tribe (with attach-
Additional material submitted for the record:
Monette, Richard, staff attorney, Select Committee on Indian Affairs,
Section-by-section analysis of the bill.....
Church, Clio Caleb, Delaware-Muncie Indians of Franklin County, Kansas
Evaluation of status, Clarification Projects funded by ANA, fiscal year 1981 to fiscal year 1988, final report
ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES ACT OF 1989
FRIDAY, MAY 5, 1989
SELECT COMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS,
The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:30 a.m., in room 485, Russell Senate Office Building, Hon. Daniel K. Inouye (chairman of the committee) presiding.
Present: Senators Inouye, McCain, Reid, Gorton, Cochran, and Murkowski.
STATEMENT OF HON. DANIEL K. INOUYE, U.S. SENATOR FROM HAWAII, CHAIRMAN, SELECT COMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
I thank all of you for attending this hearing on S. 611, a bill to provide a statutory basis for establishing administrative procedures to clarify the relationship between the United States and certain Indian groups. S. 611 would establish an independent Office of Federal Acknowledgment that is intended to remain free from political pressures. It would create an appeals panel which will be knowledgeable in anthropology, history, and the law regarding Indians. S. 611 proposes a separate procedure for petitioners that are recognized by law but which are not currently acknowledged by the Federal Government. The bill will authorize funds for the Department of the Interior and the petitioners to carry out the purposes of the bill.
Last week, the committee held a field hearing in Sacramento, CA, on S. 611 and received testimony on the bill from over 50 witnesses representing unrecognized tribes in the State of California. The history of Federal Indian policy in California is another sad chapter in Federal Indian relations, in which 18 treaties were entered into with California tribes that relinquished their ancestral lands, only to have the treaties shelved when they were sent to Washington, and never ratified by the Senate. Although there were many attempts to break up traditional groups and to scatter Indian people to various parts of the State, it is a testament to the tenacity of California Indians, that despite the concerted efforts to terminate them, they continue to maintain their tribal identity. Their testimony makes clear the need for legislation that will establish an orderly process that will treat all petitioning groups in a consistent manner, recognizing that many of these groups had govern
ment-to-government relations with the United States early in this Nation's history.
Today, we look forward to receiving the testimony of many distinguished witnesses, including that of our friend and former colleague, Senator Jim Abourezk, under whose chairmanship this committee first began to seek a solution to the Federal acknowledgment problem. We will also receive the views of the Administration, several Indian tribes, experts in the fields of anthropology, history, and the law, and from the working group which was asked to develop this legislation.
As many of you know, Senator McCain, the vice chairman of this committee, has introduced S. 912, an alternative approach to achieving the objectives that are proposed in S. 611. Accordingly, the committee will be pleased to receive any testimony that witnesses may wish to provide regarding the merits of S. 912 as well.
We look forward to receiving your testimony on these very important matters and receiving any written testimony you would like to submit for the record.
I now recognize the distinguished Senator from Arizona, Senator McCain.
[Text of S. 611 follows:]