is no one interested in maintaining a system of unrelenting local persecution. But the case is different in municipal affairs. The persons offended reside in the parish or ward with the offenders ; the cause of offence recurs every year!!! These considerations, it cannot be denied, are of the very highest importance ; and it is to be hoped, that those who are opposed to the application of the Ballot to the parliamentary elections, will feel them sufficiently forcible to induce them to concede the protecting influence of that shield of liberty to the householders entrusted with the election of the municipal councillors. What independence of spirit can bear up against daily frowns from wealthy neighbours, -rebukes, and sarcasms, and desertions on the part of customers,-studied exclusion from every local trust of importance--the imposition of disagreeable offices? How many are there who can exert freewill when the director of the bank asks a favor ? and who is there that does not feel alarm when it is hinted that at the next rerision, all the cunning of the Tory objectors, and all the acumen of the Tory attorneys, will be levelled against his vote? In many cases, overseers, churchwardens, and tax collectors pay their earliest visits to the houses of those poor men who have opposed the Tory candidate, and hector their families; in others, mechanics are dismissed from their employment. If a man votes against the Tories, he loses present rewards and future prospects; and gains their implacable enmity. Under these circumstances the will is not free. Under this state of things it is a matter of human impossibility that men can make an unbiassed and independent choice.

Let us then, have a system of real and genuine Ballot established at municipal elections. Nothing else can cure these evils. Mr. Grote's admirable Ballot box, has now for some years been before the public, and no one has ever ventured to assert that it does not insure perfect secresy. Let us have this Ballot box then, in every municipal polling place in England; and let the present absurd method of voting be exploded! We call upon the friends of free election, both in and out of parliament, to press the demand for the Ballot, at municipal elections, upon the legislature. They cannot refuse to yield it, in this case ; and if it proves successful in municipal elections,as assuredly it will then, as a matter of necessity, it will be applied to ALL ELECTIONS. The friends of Ballot as a principle, and the friends of democratic municipal institutions must, therefore, unite and call for its adoption. The municipal corporation act can produce no salutary fruit without it. The more we reflect upon the circumstances of the country, and upon the principle of secret voting, the more we feel persuaded of the necessity of its application to them. The reform act is imperfect without it:without it, the municipal system will be a scourge in the bands

of those who are inimical to popular institutions, and despise the spirit of democracy. In 1659, when first it was introduced into England, James Harrington, a gentleman of Northamptonshire, a commoner of Trinity College, Oxford, whose classic mind identified the Ballot with the freedom of the Greek republics, and the sturdy independence of the antique Roman, was its only* advocate ;—the Ballot is now advocated by the great majority of the public journals of Great Britain and Ireland.

When Harry Nevil, an ingenious and well bred gentleman,' (see Wood's Athene Oxonienses) shortly afterwards, moved a resolution in Parliament, in favor of BALLOT, there were eight votes with him :-Mr. Grote's motion was upon the last division in the House of Commons, supported by TWO HUNDRED MEMBERS ! The question will wax stronger and stronger; and, if the Reformers act consistently, in the present crisis, its speedy triumph is certain.

Beside the newly incorporated towns of Manchester, Bolton, and Birmingham, there are in England and Wales 178 boroughs, whose householders are exposed to the vitiating influences we have described. The existence of such evils, among so vast a mass of the population, cannot be regarded with indifference. The municipal towns, instead of being the fortresses of an oligarchy, locked with a golden key, must be rendered, what they were intended to be, nurseries of public spirit and liberty. But before they can be freed from Tory usurpation, provision must be made against frivolous objections to voters; provision must be made to protect the franchise of men who have proved their title and still hold their qualification; the period during which proof of the payment of rates is required must be abridged ; and lastly, the Ballot must be established !

Brief Notice.

Evangelical Synopsis. The New Testament of our Lord and Sa

viour Jesus Christ, containing the Text according to the Authorized Version, with Marginal Readings and Parallel Passages; and Notes, explanatory and practical, selected from the writings of the most esteemed Divines and Biblical Critics of various Denominations ; interspersed with original remarks. By Ingram Cobbin, A.M. London: Berger.

Though this volume is but part of a larger work comprising both Testaments, it will be observed that the title is so printed as to exclude

* He published a tract entitled 'The Use and Manner of the Ballot.'

3 D


all reference to the Old Testament; which gives it, not improperly we think, an entirety within itself, and has been done for the accommodation of purchasers who may desire a commentary with reflections on the New Testament only. Mr. Cobbin, the editor, considers that in the whole list of commentaries, there is not one to be found on the plan of

the Evangelical Synopsis. There is no other that avails itself in the same ample way of the information to be obtained from previous writers; no other that generally embraces writers of all denominations; and no other that claims the name of evangelical, retaining those sacred principles which the name implies, while it brings to its aid writers of every sect, and yet inculcates, in the spirit of the apos. tle, love to all those who love the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity and truth.''

We are glad to find that all this has come within Mr. Cobbin's design, but we cannot accord the praise of the comprehensive catholicity to the Evangelical Synopsis' alone. In which of the above particulars is the Tract Society's commentary deficient ? And what was Mr. Cobbin doing when he compiled the Condensed Commentary? Did he not then derive his materials from writers of all denominations, or did he then inculcate a spirit different from that described above? We have yet to learn that there is any ground for the exclusive claim of the Evangelical Synopsis to genuine evangelical catholicity; and are sorry that in order to set forth this, Mr. Cobbin should have deemed it necessary to depreciate other works.

The Evangelical Synopsis is, however, entitled to recommendation partly from the great variety of sources, critical, geographical, and doctrinal, whence its materials have been derived, partly from its varied adaptation ; for it is not only calculated to assist the inquirer who may be anxious to ascertain the sense of the obscurer passages of the sacred volume, but to serve the purpose of a devotional commentary. At the close of every chapter we find a series of reflections not only pertinent but edifying. These are mostly from Scott, but occasionally from Guyse, Boothroyd, Henry, Gill, Ostervald, and others, and some few are original. Every book is preceded by an appropriate introduction. And at the close of the work, there is a catalogue of the authors quoted in the New Testament, and an index to the principal subjects contained in the notes.

An idea of the manner in which the notes are put together may be obtained from the following extract, which is on Eph. ii. 4, · But God who is rich in mercy for his great love wherewith he loved us.'

4. Rich in mercy, for his great love.] The causes of our salvation are merry and love. These are to be distinguished; the object of love is the creature simply, the object of mercy is the creature fallen into misery. Parents lore their children: but if they be fallen into misery, love works in a way of pissDr. Goodwin on Eph. We must remark, that there are two kinds of graceone of which is simply gratuitous, the other wbich besides is merciful. That which is purely gratuitous, is that which God manifests towards the innocent creature : that which is merciful is that which he displays towards the miserable and sinful creature.— Du Bosc. Rich in mercy] a fine and full expression, in that impassioned and noble style of inspiration so peculiar to the apostle Paul. Who can exhaust the riches of a God?-and those riches are

here exhibited as consisting in mercythe very kind adapted to supply the need of the impoverished and perishing sinner !-- Editor. We may oppose and compare the two subjects in this verse, dead in sin and rich in mercy, as being two extremes -extreme misery, and extreme mercy; one in us, and the other in God. The greatness of our crimes manifests the riches of God's mercy; and the riches of his mercy absorb the greatness of our crimes. Had our sins been less, it must indeed have been mercy to pardon our sins, but not riches of mercy. If God had been only lightly inclined to mercy, he might indeed have pardoned smaller sins; but this would never have extended to persons dead in their sins ; this belongs only to extraordinary and abounding mercy.-J. Claude. For his great love wherewith he loved us.] This God, without anything in us to induce him to it, has from all eternity set his love in a peculiar manner upon us, whom he has chosen and called, designing therein to bless us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: chap. i. 3, 4.-Dr. Guyse.'

The preceding extract will show that some of the sources of which the editor has availed himself are such as the mere English reader is not yet familiar with. We observed with surprise that the name of Du Bosc was omitted in the catalogue of authors cited. If we may express surprise on another account, it is that the editor, whose familiarity with the best productions of the French pulpit is well known, should have made no effort to produce Du Bosc's Sermons on the Ephesians in an English dress. Former years were perhaps unfavorable to such an undertaking ; but is there now no · Library of Standrd Divinity' in which these noble expository discourses might be included ? To return-the work now noticed has two tolerably good maps, and in page 141 is a woodcut illustration after Lensden, the phylacteries worn by the Pharisees.

Literary Intelligence.

In the Press.

A Critical Examination of the Rendering of the word Battisw in the Ancient and many of the Modern Versions of the New Testament. By F. W. Gotch, A.B., Trinity College, Dublin.

British Guiana : the results of a long sojourn and residence in that Country; including a Journey into the Interior Parts---to the Parime, or “El Dorado,' and to the Carib Chief, Mahanarawa; together with Remarks on the Indian Tribes--their Habits and Government, &c. By John Hancock, M.D. One vol. 8vo., with a Map.

Just Published. A Winter in the West Indies described in Familiar Letters to Henry Clay, of Kentucky. By Joseph John Gurney.

Park's Biographical Sketch of Tholuck --Tholuck's Life and Character of St. Paul Sermons, &c. (Biblical Cabinet. Vol. 28.)

The Introduction of the Evidences of the Divine Origin of the Christian Religion. In Question and Answer, for the use of Schools and Young Per


The City of the Magyar, or Hungary and her Institutions in 1839—40. By Miss Pardoe. 3 vols. 12mo.

The Horæ Paulinæ of William Paley, D.D., Carried out and Illustrated in a continuous History of the Apostolic labors and writings of St. Paul, &c. By James Tate, M.A.

The Illustrated Commentary on the Old and New Testaments. Vol. 2. Joshua—2 Kings.

A Sketch for Apronaos as it were in the Temple of Wisdom. Recollections of the Lakes and other Poems. By the author of 'The Moral of Flowers' and 'The Spirit of the Woods.'

The Mabinogion. By Lady Charlotte Guest. Part 3.

The Works, Published and Posthumous, of the Rev. Daniel Isaac. By Jolin Burdsals. In three vols. Vol. I.

History of the Carthaginians, from Rollin and other Authorities.
The Biblical Atlas, containing seventeen Maps, with Explanatory Notices.

An Essay on a Congress of Nations for the Adjustment of International Disputes without Resort to Arms. By William Ladd, Esq.

What Can be Done to Suppress the Opium Trade? By William Groser. Rose and Crown Lane; or a Sketch of my Neighbourhood.

Fisher's Drawing-Room Scrap-Book for 1841. With Poetical Illustrations by Mary Howitt.

The Juvenile Scrap-Book for 1841. By Mrs. Ellis.

Forget-Me-Not. A Christmas, New Year's, and Birthday Present for 1841. Edited by Frederic Shoberl.

A Memoir of the late Mrs. Sarah Budgett, of Kingswood Hill, Bristol. By John Gaskin, M.A.

Church Principles Considered in their Results. By W. E. Gladstone, Esq., M.P.

Olla Podrida. By the author of 'Peter Simple.' 3 vols. 12mo.

Memorials of Miss Mary Fishwick. With an Introduction by the Rev. Peter M’Owan.

Letters from under a Bridge and Poems. By N. P. Willis, Esq.

The Parlor Table-Book. Written and Selected by the author of 'Lives of the English Sacred Poets.'

Familiar Lectures to Children on Religious Subjects. By R. Maxwell Macbrair.

Popular Errors Explained and Illustrated. By John Timbs.
Joseph, a Poem. By Sir J. D. Paul, Bart., D.C.L.

Peace with China ! or the Crisis of Christianity in Central Asia : A Letter to the Right Hon. T. B. Macauley. By Robert Philip.

Statistical Exercises on the Maps of Great Britain and Ireland. By E. C. Nunn,

An Attempt to ascertain the True Chronology of the Book of Genesis. A Lecture, By George Smith.

Mehemet Ali, Lord Palmerston, Russia, and France.

History of the Christian Church. From the First to the Nineteenth Century. For the use of Schools and Families. By Christiana Buchan.

'Í'he Pictorial Edition of Shakspere. Part 26.

Lectures on Important Doctrines of Christianity. By Edward D. Griffin, D.D. (Ward's Library.)

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