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JAMES, ST., & St. PHILIP.—Neston (near Corsham).
ham, Warminster (Boreham Road). John, St., BAPTIST.-Allington (near Amesbury), Berwick,
Bishopston (s. Wilts), Brokenborough, Burcombe,
Priors (destroyed). LAURENCE, ST.--Downton, Hilmerton, Stratford-sub-Castro or
Deans, Stratford Tony, Warminster Chapel. LEONARD ST.-Berwick, Broad Blunsdon, Keevil, Minety, Semley,
Stanton Fitzwarren, Sutton Veney (?), Wichbury. MARGARET, ST.-Chilmark, Corsley, Knook, Leigh Delamere,
Stratton, Yatton Keynell. MARK, ST.-Swindon. MARTIN, ST.-Barford, Bremhill, Fifield Bavent, Salisbury, Zeals
Bishop's Cannings, Bishopton (N. Wilts), Boyton,
bury), Westwood (?), Wilton, Winfield (?), Whaddon
(near Trowbridge?), Winterbourne Gunnore, Wyly.
Brinkworth, Brixton Deverel, Combe Bisset, Compton
ley, Bromham, Cholderton, Chute, Fisherton Delamere, Fonthill Gifford, East Grafton, Hardenhuish, Huish, Little Langford, Porton, Slaughterford, Titherton Lucas, Wils
ford (near Devizes), Winsley. Paul, St.—Langley Burrel (Chippenham), Malmesbury (old parish
church). PETER, ST.–Biddeston (destroyed), Blacklands, Bramshaw, Britford,
Broad Henton, Bulbridge, Charlton (near Pewsey), Great
Poulshot(?), Stourton, Winterbourn Stoke, Swallowcliff.
bridge Deverel, Malmesbury Abbey Church (original), Broad Somerford.
This name does not appear among the usual lists of saints. Leland, speaking of Ambresbury Monastery, says “ Jacet ibi 8. Melorus cujus prosapiæ, cujusve sanctimoniæ, incertum mihi." [Collect., iii., 252.]
PHILIP AND JAMES, SS.–Neston (Corsham), Chapmanslade.
Crockerton, Dilton's Marsh, Easton Royal, Heywood
Report of the Witshire Herbarium.
By the Rev. T. A. PRESTON, M.A.
PEFORE entering into the details of the Herbarium, it will
be as well to make a few remarks upon the general principles upon which it is being formed.
Mr. Flower, for the purposes of the “Flora of Wiltshire,” which he has just completed, has divided the county into five districts. It is proposed to make a separate collection for each district, even of the commonest species, the specimens from one district being fastened down on different sheets of paper from those from another district; thus each species will be represented by specimens on not less than five sheets of paper. In addition to this, all those species which are of sufficiently rare occurrence in Wiltshire to be deemed worthy of having their localities recorded, will also, as far as possible, be represented by specimens from each of the localities so mentioned. In this way the same species will be represented by several specimens.
Besides these two different sets of plants, the same species may possibly be represented by several specimens, giving varieties, forms of growth, or such other points as may be deemed deserving of representation.
Mr. Flower has enumerated rather over 830 species of Wiltshire plants, to which may be added nearly 20 since discovered, and as each species will be represented by five sheets of specimens, the Herbarium, when completed, would have somewhere about 5000 sheets of specimens. This may seem an almost needlessly large number, but when it is considered that the same species ought (however common it may be) to be represented by specimens in different stages of maturity, those specimens in its different stages may be taken from the different divisions, and thus obviate the necessity of having the same species repeated five times. Varieties also may take the place of the typical specimen from one division, if it is properly represented from another division and in this way the apparently useless repetition of the same species may be greatly reduced. But I do not contemplate such a reduction. The acquaintance with our British plants has of late years so increased that different forms of our commonest species are being pointed out, and a large series of specimens is often of great value, and so far from a single specimen for each division being advisable, it may prove necessary to have a regular series.
For these reasons, then, I consider that a county collection ought to be most fully illustrated, and if objections arise as to its size or costliness, I do not think they need have much weight. Up to the present time, it has not cost the Society £5, and for the future, even including the cost of the cases in which to keep the specimens, a sum of £l, or £2, would probably be the average cost per annum. This cannot be considered a great burden on the Society's funds; and as for the amount of space required, it need not be a matter of serious difficulty.
With these preliminary remarks, I turn now to the actual state of the Collection.
At the opening of the Museum at Devizes, in September, a first instalment was placed in a cabinet devoted to this purpose. That instalment consisted of 626 sheets, illustrating about 441 species. Since then other specimens have been mounted, and are ready for incorporating with those at Devizes. When this is done the collection will consist of 1048 sheets, illustrating 598 species. There are still a few to be mounted and arranged, by which the collection will be further increased.
The specimens are arranged on the sheets, and then sent to Kew, to be fastened down in the excellent manner adopted at the Royal Herbarium, where utility is a great point observed. In most cases, the specimens, after being fastened down, have been looked over by one of the authorities there, to detect any errors, and are then returned to me. Mr. Britten kindly undertook this task till he left Kew, and since then Mr. Baker has most generously given up the time necessary for this purpose and has most ungrudgingly incurred the trouble of deciding critical points.
Perhaps I may be permitted to make one remark in connection with the arrangement of the specimens on the sheets. The specimens are merely laid on the spots where they are intended to be fastened down, the locality being inserted where convenient. To prevent the shifting of the specimens during the journey to London, the sheets are packed tightly together, and the specimens thus sometimes become rather adherent to the under side of the sheet above them. Though every care is taken in separating the sheets on their arrival, the specimens do get shifted at times, and sometimes even transferred from their own proper sheet to another. The men who fasten them down, not being botanists, and being instructed to fasten the specimens as they were placed on the papers, naturally put them down as they find them, and thus occasionally (especially among the more delicate specimens) some queer transitions may be detected. As opportunities occur these sheets will be replaced by others.
The contributors to the collection have hitherto been few in number. Dr. H. Franklin Parsons kindly sent contributions as long as he was resident in the county, and to him the Society is indebted for the majority of the plants from divisions II. and III. Mr. W. A. Clarke, of Chippenham, has also sent contributions from division II., and he alone, I am sorry to say is now the only regular contributor. Mr. Cunnington has also sent a few specimens from Devizes. With these exceptions, the collection has been formed by