if any. For every back door vch opens into yo Church Yard (heretofore granted upon sufferance to some neighbouring

Inhabitants) Sixpence per Anna. In Staffordton

The Tythes of an Hamlet wthin the sd Parish called the Tythe of Staffordton are paid by an Ancient Composition or Custome the Demeasnes.) thereupon viz.-As for the Demeasnes, the Greater Tythes

thereof are not paid to the Rectors of Trowbridge, and for the lesser Tythes the Customary payment to the said Rector is:One Pound Thirteen shillings and Power penoe per ann“, to be paid at 4 payments Quarterly. For the tenements at the Rate of Thirteen shillings and Fower pence per an". Out of every Halfe Yard Land, and out of every Mundays hold (which is ye 4th part of a yard land) Six shillings and eight pence pan". All which are to be paid at 4 payments Quarterly. There are of these twenty and fower half yard Lands, and 3 Mundays hold, so yo totall yearly summe payable for these

is Seaventeen pounds. The Mylls.

For the Mills at Stafford ton by a stated Composition Nine

Shillings per ann" to be paid at Easter. Chappell Yard.

By said Composition or Custome, the Herbage or Feeding of ye Chappell yard at Stafford ton belongs to the Rectors of Trowbridge. The Bounds of it are to be made good by the owners of the Demeasnes, and others whose lands bound

upon ye ga Chappell yard. Portion of On the North West side of Ashton Common (called Tythes in

Hawegrove) there are six Grounds commonly knowne by Ashton Parish.) the names of Polebarne Grounds and Singers Grounds, now

in the possession of Joseph Holton, James Singer, and Eleanor Singer, Wid:, or their assigns, and on the South West Side of the sd Comon Eight Grounds more commonly calld Footpath Grounds, Blackball Grounds, and Arnolds Meades, now in the possession of the said Joseph Holton William Slade, Robert Beach Sen", Harry Wallis, and William Yerbury, or their Assigns, all which lands are situate in the parish of Ashton, but by a certain Custom or Prescription the Tythes of them have always beyond any known memory to the Contrary) beene paid to ye Reotors of Trowbridge who have alwaies paid to ye Vioar of Ashton in lieu of ye sd Portion of Tythes yo yearly Rent of Fower Shillings. Now this Portion of Tythes so paid to the Rectors of Trowbridge being lately questioned and challenged by ye Vioar of Ashton, the Rector of Trowbridge made it

• The expression “ Mondaies-thing," which is evidently the same as a “ Mondays-holdoccurs frequently in the Court Rolls of Castle Combe. See Scrope's Castle Combe, pp. 335, 336. In the same book (p. 146) also we read of Monday-men, the tenants of such holdings. There can be little doubt that the expressions we so frequently meet with in the Shaftesbury Chartulary, in reference to small holdings at Holt and elsewhere in this neig bourhood, and also in the Glastonbury Register (just brought to light by Canon Jackson) of tenements held by the obligation of personal service to the lord every Monday,“ qualibet die Lunc," are the real explanation of this term,

appear to ye said Bp of this Diocese and to ye gd Vicar of
Ashton, that he the ga Rector could prove ye gd custom or
prescription by several witnesses (occupants of yo gd Grounds)
for more than Fifty years last past, whereupon the sd Vicar
desisted from any farther claim to the sd Portion of Tythes
wch have since been paid (as formerly they were) to the ga
Kector of Trowbridge without any denial or contradiction,
and the sd Rent of Fower shillings hath been yearly paid
and accepted by ye gd Vicar of Ashton in lieu of the sa
Portion of Tythes which of right belongeth to ye sd Rectors
of Trowbridge.

Ro: HAWKINS, Rector of Trowbridge.
Robert WITCHELL, } Churchwardens.”

The following list of Rectors of Trowbridge has been compiled . for the most part from Sir Thomas Phillips' edition of the Wilts Institutions. In one or two instances omissions have been supplied from other sources.




1229 Ela, Countess of Salisbury. PETER. Among the witnesses to

the foundation charter of Lacock Abbey (1229) is “Peter, Parson of Treubrigge." Bowles' Lacock

append. p. x. 1313 THOMAS PLANTAGENET, Earl NICHOLAS DE SHEPPEYE ; resigned

of Lancaster, in right of 1320.
bis wife Alice, daughter
of Henry de Lacy Earl
of Lincoln, and Margaret
Longespée in her own
right Countess of Salis-

bury. 1320 John PLANTAGENET or DE RICHARD DE WAMBERG ; resigned

WARREN, Earl of Surrey.' 1321. 1321 The same.

HENRY DE MORLEY, 1322 The same.


of Salisbury and Lincoln. 1 John de Warren, Earl of Surrey, married Alice Lacy, who was divorced from ber first husband, Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster; and in right of his wife presented to the living of Trowbridge.




11347 The King, for the heirs of RICHARD DE LA HYDE.


of Surrey. (1347 Joan de Barr, Countess of Philip Pypard de Cleve. This Surrey.

seems to have been a disputed presentation. The former suc

ceeded to the living.


PETER DE BARTON.S 1376 JOHN OF GAUNT, Duke of Hugh Hall (or) ATTE HALL; Lancaster.

said to have been Prebendary of Leckford, in the Diocese of Winton, and to have exchanged

with his predecessor. 1377 The same.

WALTER HALLE. 1383 The same.


Duchy of Lancaster, now

merged in the Crown. 1407 | The same.


JOHN HORTON. 1441 Feoffees of the Duchy of John CarYTER (=Carter?); reLancaster,

signed 1443. 1443 / The same.

Thomas JanyNS (=Jennings ?).

1 Joan de Barr was the daughter of Henry, Earl of Barr, and granddaughter of Henry III. by his daughter Eleanor. She was the first wife of John de Warren, Earl of Surrey. Her husband was divorced from her, and excommunicated by the Bishop of Chichester for his conjugal infidelity, in 1317. It would appear that after his death she claimed, but without success, to exercise the right, which belonged to him through his second marriage, of presenting to the living of Trowbridge.

Among the first acts of Edward III. was the granting, in reversion, the Castle and Manor of Trowbridge to William, Earl of Salisbury, which “John Earl of Surrey and Joan his wife held for the term of their lives.” Subsequently however Alice Lacy, then the wife of Ebulo le Strange, obtained a restitution of the Manor, which had originally belonged to her, and it afterwards descended to her first husband's representatives. * The appointment of this Rector is implied in the subsequent entry concerning

The Bishop's registers are wanting from 1366 to 1375.


his suecessor.





1456 The King, in right of the John ARUNDEL; resigned 1458. Duchy of Lancaster. Prebendary of Axford in the

cathedral at Salisbury 8 Feb.,

1456. 1458 The same.

John STOKYS (=Stokes) ; men-

tioned in the Terumber deed,
supra, p. 226.

He seems to

have resigned in 1492. 1492 The same.

John THOMAS. 1528 The same.

THOMAS MOLEYNS; alluded to by
Leland as a

“man well lernid." W. Mag., i., 151. Died Nov. 1558, buried at Trowbridge. The Register of the same year, for December, records the burial

of John Rundell, “a Priest.” ........?

John LANGLOND (deprived ? 1561) 1561 EDWARD SEYMOUR, Baron THOMAS WEBBE'; died June, 1595,

Beauchamp and Earl of buried at Trowbridge.

Hertford. 1595 Edward, Earl of Hertford. John PellinGo; Rector of Bath,

1607-1620. See his monumental inscription in Rawlinson's Antiq. of Bath Abbey, p. 237. Much concerning the Pelling family will be found in Nichols Topog. et Genealog. See also Dingley's History from Marble (Camden Society), plate xvii.


1 Daring Thomas Webbe's incumbency we meet with these entries in the burial registers “1584. Mistris Joane Longe, Widow, a woman of greate devocione.”

1587. Mr. Richard Dynes, Mynister and Preacher." * Early in his incumbency we have this entry in the marriage registers, “1597. April 3. Mr. Henry Hide and Mistris Marie Langeforde married.” The son hy this marriage was Edward Hyde, afterwards Lord Clarendon, whose daughter, Ann Hyde, became the wife of James, Duke of York (afterwards James II.), and the mother of Queen Mary and Queen Anne.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

1622 William, Earl of Hertford. ThomAS PELLING'; inducted Nov.

25, 1622. 1664 Charles, Baron Seymour ROBERT HAWKINS B.D.; instituted of Trowbridge.

Feb. 17, 1664. Prebendary of
Warminster, in the cathedral at

1672 Lady Elizabeth Seymour ROBERT KEYLWAY.3

and others.

1 Amongst the Harleian MSS. in the British Museum (No. 4115, fol. 4) is one entitled, “ A prophecy of St. Thomas the Martyr found in the study of one Mr. Pelling late Rector of Trowbridge in the county of Wilts in a very ancient Ms."

2 In the time of this Rector (1669) Bishop Seth Ward instituted an enquiry as to the “ Conventicles in Sarum Diocese.” The extracts from the MS. (Lambeth Library, No. 639), containing the information relating to Trowbridge, are as follows:

Parish or Place.


Numbers and


Principals and


Preachers or


TROWBRIDGE Anabaptists. 140 or 150 Tradesmen One King, a
At Edw.

A bettors. stranger, and
Grant's Clo-

Grant James Taylor

Mortimer shearman.

At the house Presbyterians 20 or 30

Tradesmen Edward
of Robert



Atthe Widow Presbyterians Scarce 20

Of like

The same.

At the house Quakers. 30 or 40 do. Itinerant
of James

ex comm.


3 In the year 1676, during this Rector's time, Bishop Seth Ward undertook an enquiry as to the “ Popish Recusants” in this diocese. The result is contained in a MS. in the Lambeth Library (No. 639). The report concerning Trowbridge, which is of some interest as showing the population just 200 years ago, is as follows:

[blocks in formation]
« ForrigeFortsett »