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Addenda and Notes.
(pp. 14 and 20.)
ROM Dr. Philemon Holland's translation of Camden's
“Britannia," 1610, p. 253 :
“Our countrie-men recken this for one of our wonders and miracles. And much they marvaile from whence such huge stones were brought, considering that in all those quarters bordering thereupon, there is hardly to be found any common stone at all for buildding; as also by what meanes they were set up. For mine own part, about these points I am not curiously to argue and dispute, but rather to lament with much griefe that the authors of so notable a monument are thus buried in oblivion. Yet some there are,
that thinke them to be no naturall stones heawen out of the rocke, but artificially made of pure sand, and by some glewie and unctuous matter knit and incorporate together, like as those ancient trophees or monuments of victorie which I have seene in Yorkshire. And what marvaile? Read we not I pray you in Plinie, that the sand or dust of Puteoli being covered over with water, becometh forth with a very stone: that the cesternes in Rome of sand digged out of the ground, and the strongest kind of lime wrought together grow so hard, that they seeme stones indeed ? and that statues and images of marble chippings and small grit grow together so compact and firme, that they are deemed entier and solide marble. The common saying is that Ambrosius Aurelianus, or his brother Uther did reare them up by the art of Merline that great mathematician, in memorie of those Britons who by the treachery of Saxons were there slaine at a parley. Whereupon Alexander Necham, a poet of no great antiquitie, in a poeticall fit, but with no speciall grace and favour of Apollo, having his instructions out Geffrey's British historie, come out of these verses :
“The Giants' Daunce, a famous stone-worke stands,
Art did her best in brioging it to passe,
The stones (men say) in that land first did lie
Whence Cranes † in flockes so many use to ffie. + Palamedis aves,
For waters cast and sprinkled on these stones
Their vertue take, and heale the grieved ones.
O worthy wights, how many on that plaine,
Of you lie dead by Hengist's treason slaine !
But Eldol Earle his manhood excellent
AUBREY'S “Monumenta Britannica."
Aubrey's sketch of Stonehenge in the“ Monumenta Britannica” is interesting, but not worth the expense of reproduction. So much of the “Templa Druidum” (the more important portion of the work) has now been printed by the Society that it might be desirable, in some future number or numbers of the Magazine, to print the remaining portion, together with a selection of the more interesting notices from the other portions of the “Monumenta.”
By the courtesy of Mr. Allnutt, of the Bodleian Library, the writer was shown the printed prospectus for the publication of the “Monumenta.” It is amongst Antony à Wood's collections (658 f. 811). It is as follows:
“PROPOSALS for PRINTING Monumenta Britannica, written by Mr. John AVBREY, Fellow of the Royal SOCIETY, Containing Four Parts, viz.
“I. 1. Templa Druidum. 2. A Beriev. 3. Religion and Manners of the Druids. II. 1. Camps. 2. Castles. 3. Military Architecture of the Old Times. 4. Roman Towns. 5. Pits. 6. Horns. III. 1. Barrows. 2. Vrnes. 3. Sepulchres. 4. Ditchos. 5. Highways. 6. Roman Parements. 7. Coines. 8. Embanking and Draining. ,
“ To which is Annexed, fuara, sive MISCELLANEA.
“Containing Discourses Chronological, e.g., 1. Architectonical. 2. Of Scutcheons. 3. Hand-writings. 4. Habits. Also 5. Of Weights. 6. Prices of Corn. 7. Of Diversities of Standards, and the Value of Money. 8. Noüuelles. 9. The Proportion of the Languages, Ingredients of our present English.
* The whole Work will consist of about 160 Sheets, and will be Printed in Folio with abundance of Cuts.
“ The Book to be Printed on a very good Paper. Every Subscriber to pay Eighteen Shillings in Quires, that is to say, Nine Shillings down in hand at the time of the Subscription, and the other Nine at the delivery of it.
“ That the price to any other than a Subscriber to be One Pound Four Shillings in Sheets: And there are so few Printed, that care will be taken that none shall be under-sold.
“ That the Books will be printed by Candlemas next, and will be delivered at the Shops of these Booksellers following, viz., Mr. Clarel at the Peacock in St. Paul's Church-yard, Mr. Smith at the Feathers in St. Paul's Church-yard, Mr. Bennet at the Half-Moon in St. Paul's Church-yard. Mr. Nott in the Pall-Mall. Mr. Hensman in Westminster-Hall. Mr. Hindmarsh at the Black Bull in Cornhill. Mr. Sam. Crouch over against the Royal Exchange. Mr. Horne at the entrance into the Royal Exchange. Mr. Wilkinson at the Black Boy in Fleet-street. Mr. Henry Clements Bookseller in Oxford. Mr. Henry Dickenson Bookseller in Cambridge.
“ All Gentlemen who subscribe, will have their Names, Titles, and Places of Abode Printed in a sheet.
“ Monumenta Britannica. [Specimen page.] 25.
“Templa Druidum. “In the Declension of the Roman Empire the Britains being
drawn away to defend other Provinces, their own country lay open to the Incursion of the Invaders : In that miserable state of things, the Learned Men fled for Refuge into Ireland; upon which occasion Learning did flourish there a long time; but the Memory of things here became obliterated. Books perish’d, and Tradition was forgot. The Saxon Conquerors ascribed Works great and strange to the Devil, or some Giants, and handed down to us only Fables. This Incursion of the Goths puts Monsieur Balzac into a Cholerique Rhetorication. Sc. Toutee qui s'escrit mesme, nes pas assuré de demeurer, & les Liures perissent, comme la Tradition s'oublie. Le temps qui vient à bout du fer & des marbres, ne manque pas de force contra des matieres plus fragiles : & les Peuples du Septentrion, qui sembloient estre venus pour haster le Temps, & pour precipiter le fin du Monde, declarerent une guerre si particulariere aux chosses escrites, qui n'a pas tenu à eux que l' Alphabet mesme ne soit aboly. "The Northern People who seemed to come to hasten Time, and precipitate the end of the World, declared so particular a War to written things, that it was not wanting in them, but that even the Alphabet had been abolished.' 'Twas in that Deluge of History, the Account of these British Monuments utterly perished; the Discovery whereof I do here endeavour (for want of written Record) to work out and restore after a kind of Algebraical Method, by comparing them that I have seen, one with another, and reducing them to a kind of Æquation : so (being but an ill Orator my self) to make the Stones give Evidence for themselves.
“I shall proceed gradually, a notioribus ad minùs nota; that is to say, from the Remains of Antiquity less imperfect, to the more imperfect and ruinated; wherefore I must first touch at that vast and ancient Monument called Aubury, in Wiltshire.
Avbury is Four Miles West from Marlborough in Wiltshire, and is peradventure the most eminent and most entire Monument of this this kind in the Isle of Great Britain. It is very strange, that so eminent an Antiquity should lie so long unregarded by our Chorographers. Mr. Camden only names it.
“It is environed with an extraordinary great Vallum (or Rampart] as great and as high as that at Winchester, (which is the greatest Bulwark that I have seen), within which is a Graffe of a Depth and Breadth proportionable to it: Wherefore it could not be designed for a Fortification, for then the Graffe would have been on the out-side of the Rampart.
“ From the Port a, to the Port B, is sixty Perches. From the Port y, to that of the same distance, and the breadth of the Rampart is Four Perches, and the breadth of the Graffe the same distance. Round about the Graffe (scil. on the edge or border of it) are pitched on end huge Stones, as big, or rather bigger than those at Stoneheng; but rude and unhewn
DRAWING OF STONEHENGE IN THE SCALA MUNDI."
(Page 46.) Through the intervention of his friend, the Rev. Prebendary Scarth, the writer has been able to procure a further account of the plan of Stonehenge in the library of Corpus Christi College (formerly Benet College), Cambridge. The Rev. S. S. Lewis, F.S.A., a Fellow and Librarian of the College, has most kindly sent him a fac-simile of the drawing in “Scala Mundi.” This “Scala Mundi” is in the Parker MS. (No. 194). At the end of it is written, in a style not much later than the time of Edward II., “ Hospitium beate Marie extra bishopsgate hunc vendicat librum.” “It is a Chronological Table or Fasti from Anno Mundi I., down to 1338, in handwriting of the time of Edward I., thence to the year 1451, in a somewhat later band : the skeleton is complete to the year 1619. The lunar cycles of nineteen years and the solar cycles of twenty-eight years are duly marked, but there are fifty lines (i.e., fifty years) in each page instead of one clear cycle of nineteen only, as is the case when twenty-eight leaves of such pages complete a combination of the lunar and solar cycles. The manuscript is a small folio 111 inches long by 74 wide.” The notice of Stonehenge occurs on page 57. In the quadrangular space between the stones is written “Stonehenges juxta Ambresbury in Anglia sita ” in red ink. A.D. 491 is the year to which the notice of Stonehenge is