did not adhere to it, but pushed it up, and the shapes and forms 80 curious but so expresproved, by a concavity on its upper surface, that sive of this natural arrangement. We regret the first globule of mud had become a hard that we cannot give in detail the author's argu. mass, while its lower extremity still retained its ments in favour of the formation of both basalt convex form.” To illustrate great things by and granite by water power rather than by vol. small ones'

-"A coarse sieve reversed and canic agency; but our space is filled for the placed over a mass of prepared material will, present, and we can only hope to do so in upon pressure, send up the mass of matter future number. Those who read our notice of through its orifices, and this would assume the Mr. Malet's previous work—“New Pages of shapes which the contiguity of the next globules Natural History”—will be prepared for the exallowed.” The principle is seen in the mud pression of many ideas and conjectures wholly which oozes up from our pavements, in the at variance with those of the present school of water that bubbles from the rock, in the petro- geology, but which tend to remove many of the leum oil which rises through the strata above difficulties with which its theories are surit.” The ingeniousness of this hypothesis will rounded. Evidently a man of science, of keen be perceptible to every understanding. On the and reflective observation, he reasons from other hand Mr. Malet conceives the lava princi- the processes still active in nature, her probable ple in its spasmodic and violent action to be an agents in the past, and opens in his interesting impossible agent for such results—"Volcanic and suggestive volume new views, as it were, eruptions, from their very nature, are incapable of the wondrous story of creation and the of measured effects, especially of such a mea- glorious works of God. surement as we find at the Giant's Causeway for several consecutive occasions.” Our author *** Books RECEIVED, but kept over from press of considers lime to have been the material which, matter. -“The Life-boat Journal;"

“ Hanover constantly growing in weight, pressed down on Square;" " The Odd-Fellows' Quarterly;” “Shakethe slime-pits below, and drove its matter up into sperian Gems, in French and English Settings."



The tricksy spirits of pantomime have this nor showy processions. No blanc-mange year as unwillingly remained to play their transformation scene such as latterly our eyes pranks in the realms they have made their own have been feasted with. There was not even a for well-nigh a century. At such a juncture a spangle used except for the harlequin's jacket, short retrospect of pantomimic history seems the latter bitherto unaccustomed to the luxury called for. Mr. E. L. Blanchard, who has of tin-foil. Grimaldi considered the pantomime written the pantomime openings for Drury ) a bad one, said his own part was the worst he Lane for nearly twenty successive years, records ever played, and that there was not a trick or in bis interesting Playgoer's Portfolio, forming situation in the piece to which he had not been part of the Era Almanack for 1869, that well accustomed many years before.

“ Mother “ Mother Goose,” destined to acquire a degree Goose” was, however, received with deafening of popularity unprecedented in the history of shouts of applause and became immensely pantomine, was announced " in a very modest popular and profitable to the manager, who bore manner," to be performed for the first time at precisely the same name as the now manager of Covent Garden theatre, Monday, December the Christmas entertainment at Covent Garden, 29th, 1806 (not on the usual Boxing Night); Harris, who, we believe, is descendant of the and as Grimaldi has recorded the management ancient lessee. Doubtless the success of entertained no very sanguine hopes of success. “ Mother Goose” was due to the highly original Drury Lane had in opposition hurried on the grotesque genius and humour of Grimaldi, but production of their pantomime “Harlequin Sul partly due also to the agile and vigorous dancing tan,” which was brought out three davs before of the Harlequin Bologna. Some notion of the the one at Covent Garden, and to oppose kind of transformation or last scene may be Grimaldi, they engaged Montgomery, who had formed from the perusal of the fact that a new acquired some celebrity at the circus to play last scene was added to “Mother Goose” in her clown. The Drury Lane pantomime was a deci- second season representing the ruins of Covent ded failure, although brought out with great splen- Garden theatre (which had been burnt down at dour of decoration. On the other hand the end of the first season), transformed by a “Mother Goose” had neither splendid scenery touch of harlequin's wand into a new and splennor gorgeous dresses, neither gaudy banners I did building. The career of Grimaldi was of


course identified with an annual succession of Mantle, who ought to send us their advertisepantomimes from the famous “Mother Goose" ments for mentioning it. year. But he was not always at Covent Garden, “ Robinson Crusoe," the pantomime at having become a settled attraction as a Covent GARDEN, is a burlesque and a grand

great pantomimist at Sadlers Wells, Islington. spectacle combined. Mr. W. H. Payne, who He took his farewell benefit at Sadlers Wells played Robinson Crusoe as a mime about 20 in 1828. Finding the size of the theatre years ago at Covent Garden, is now fitted with insufficient to accommodate

his many a new part to the same pattern, and his son is admirers, he took another benefit at Drury Lane Man Friday, being a very comical one indeed. theatre three months after his Wells benefit. On But it is the spectacle which costs all. The this occasion “Harlequin Hoax” was played, latter reminds us of the “ Africaine :" but verGrimaldi acting clown in scene and bum sap. The new "Robinson Crusoe" possdelivering an admirable address written for him esses a great number of attractions, including by Tom Hood. We have no space to dwell the feminine ones of Miss Maria Harris daughter upon the successes of Farley or the getter-up of of the manager, and Miss Nelly Power, the pantomimes at Covent Garden for many years, last-named promoted from the music halls to nor for setting forth chronologically the Drury introduce on the stage of the Royal ITALIAN Lane pantomimes ; we therefore bring the reader OPERA her programme of popular songs. Miss on with us to the epoch of the popular Blanchard Power's style of costume as an Elfin Prince is à régime which began about the year 1850. The la Menken rather, but must be rather cold. first night of Mr. E. T. Smith's lesseoship of There is a very grand transformation scene, alDrury Lane was December 27th, 1852, when though we find it totally out of our power to deswas produced one of Mr. Blanchard's first cribe what it is like, unless we recur to our pantomimes, “ Harlequin Hudibras.". It was a previously used comparison of blanc-mange, remarkably good pantomime, having the benefit and add that the blanc-mange design is many of very splendid scenery. Of nine other degrees magnified and brilliantly illuminated, "annuals" in succession following “Hudibras," so that you can see right through this transparent " Little Goody Two-Shoes; or, Harlequin and confection. We should mention that there is a Cock Robin," was “last, not least,” produced well-contrived scene in the new pantomime repreDecember 26th, 1862. The magnificent panto- senting “ Lord's cricket ground," which everymime of succeeding years doubtless remain body seeing it, appears to recognise with fresh in the recollection of our younger readers. immense glee. The burlesque openings of Mr. E. L. Blanchard

Mr. E. T. Smith's “children's pantomime" at contain scenes and versification, the former the Lyceum must be seen to be believed in, it fancifully conceived, the latter tastefully com- is called “Harlequin Humpty Dumpty.". The posed; they are not the mere stage carpentery great scene (Mr. Smith advertises that it has and doggrel of pantomimes in general. Having cost £2,000) is rich in gas-lights, colour, gildsketched the history of modern pantomime down ing, and suspended ballet girls; the whole to a recent date, we proceed to discuss the combining to produce a tableau of blinding merits of the productions of the hour. Grimalkin the Great, or Puss in Boots,” | We should note that Master Percy Roselle has

splendour, representing a gleam of Fairy Land. the DRURY LANE annual, has proved a good removed from Drury Lane to the Lyceum, where average production, and has become a favourite this clever boy plays a personation part in the nothwithstanding that it has lost Dikwynkin old farce of “The Four Mowbray's.” Miss the Hogarth of Mask designs, and that the Caroline Parkes is the star of the pantomime httle Prince of Burlesque juveniles, Master Percy opening, and Miss Vokes the columbine of the Roselle, does not appear in it. A scene much talked about is the ballet of the “ Girls of the

harlequinade. Period,” which possesses, by the way, a rival and

With regard to the remaining pantomimic similar style of dance at Covent Garden. The very novelties for 1869, we can only report that the first scene representing a hive in which hundreds SURREY has devoted much attention and exof children are engaged to illustrate a throng of penditure on “ Harlequin Jack and Jill;" tha bees busily occupied manufacturing honey is a

the HOLBORN AMPHITHEATRE possesses a pretty fancy, besides expressing amoral sugges- spectacular pantomime associated with “ Marvels tion incentive of industry. Puss is played by of Electricity,” and a wonderful cavalcade, comMr. Irving, a clever mime, who sings and dances prehending 250 soldiers borse and foot, and 50 well. The transformation scene is a costly and ponies. The Crystal Palace pantomime of magnificent congeries of glittering revolving

Little Boy Blue" is a pretty, although petite wheels, burnished and transparent pillars, float production. A pantomimic entertainment of ing fairies, floral ornaments, and all the other the illusory order is popular at the POLYTECHattributes which go to make up such flamboyant

NIC INSTITUTION. The Royal ALFRED has and dazzling pictures. The harlequinade poss- we hear, an excellent pantomime in “Whittingesses two clowns (Boleno and Lauri), two harleston and his Cat,” written by Mr. Soutar. quins, and two columbines, (Misses Marion A new burlesque has been produced at the and Grosvenor). The costumes in the “Girls HAYMARKET for the holidays, being a travesto of the Period" dance, are by Messrs. Stag and on Lord Lytton's new play, the extravaganza

being nick-named “The Frightful Hair.” But season a new burlesque entitled “Turco the it will be more to the purpose to state that an Terrible,” in the fable of which Fairy Roses excellent new play has also been produced here contend for the mastery or the mystery as the for Mr. Sothern, entitled “Home.”

case may be. The HOLBORN theatre has provided for the


E V E N I N G P A R T I E S.

“Evening parties are doubtless a great institu- , without any reward of admiration accorded to tion, and according to some people the structure our suffering. of society would be rendered unstable were any- Miscellaneous evening parties appear to us thing to happen to put an end to the due ob- to be a great mistake in so far as the giving of servance of such solemnities. But, like other pleasure to the guests is concerned. When a institutions without which we cannot conceive number of people of varying ages, different ourselves existing, evening parties are apt to pursuits, and uncongenial tastes are thrown gather about them a species of venerableness together, nothing but weariness and a general which conduces more to their claims on our re- sensation of the vanity of such meetings can spect than on our liking.

be looked for. People who will give such par“There are, indeed, circumstances under which ties are responsible for a greater amount of we can conceive evening parties to become truly discomfort than is generally imagined. We charming. The number of people invited must grant that when there are a large number of not be too large; they must know or must young people, and dancing is possible, there desire to know something of each other; there may be much enjoyment. But that circummust be some topic of interest common to at stance changes the character of the party en. least the larger number of the guests; and, above tirely, and provides no amusement for the all, there must be no strain upon any one to be elders of it. or appear to be som athing which he or she is not. “ When conversation cannot be sustained,

We know, unfortunately, that in the ma- when music is a dreariness, when dancing is jority of evening parties these conditions do not impossible or looked upon as wicked, what reexist. People have a large circle of acquaint mains to be done? For there are still evening ances to whom they owe something in the way of parties, in which, by the nature of circumentertainment; and, heedless of everything but stances, all these varieties of amusement fail, that consciousness, they rush into the giving of and yet, in which something must be done to an evening party. So it happens frequently prevent immoderate yawning from becoming that a number of people are collected who know too evident. We have had experience of such little or nothing of each other, and who do not as these ourselves, and it may be written among care to know more, who have no interest in the things that are to be that we shall have ex. common, who very rapidly exhaust the weather, perience of them again. We have tried hard and, having done this, are at their wits' end for to be entertained by the smallest of small talk, something to say to each other. It is possible the feeblest of jangling on the piano, the mildthat people may be thro vn together who do not est of uninteresting games. agree in any one single subject of liking. “ It seems to us that people have no right to Books, public amusements, politics, are all mat- invite others to meet unless they provide proper ters which cannot be touched on, unless one of means of amusement for them. We cannot the parties be content to be considered perlantic | wonder that, in a large number of cases the and the other intensely ignorant. It is not advent of 'refreshments' constitutes the only everyone who has the tact to find out the subject real enjoyment to be extracted from the meeton which his or her interlocutor is au fait, and ing. to enter on that with a semblance of interest. * The French fashion of beiаg “at homeon We do read and hear of people who have such a certain evening presents all the advantage all-embracing sympathy; but it very seldom in- of the evening party with none of its drawbacks. deed falls to our lot to meet them. Besides, If one's friends care to come they come without we are supposed to go to evening parties for so much ceremony; they stay as long as they enjoyment, and the exercise of a very large choose, and they probably are amused because amount of self-denial is not compatible with the they come willingly. species of pleasure we expect to accrue to us " If, however, this plan does not suit, we from association with our fellow-creatnres. We would recommend to the consideration of givers need not only to exercise our faculty of admira. of evening parties the undoubted fact that their tionof others ; but we want to be admired a little assemblies would be invested with new charms ourselves. If we are so unfortunate as to be if they were to exercise a judicious amount of thrown among unappreciative people, how are the principles of selection with regard to affiniwe to display those qualities, the possession of ties between their guests, and of adaptation of which is so pleasant to ourselves, and we con- amusements to capacities in the entertainments reive, ought to be so delightful to other people? provided for thema," It is hard indeed to have to be a social martyr,



MATERIALS:-Boar's-head Kuitting Cotton, No. 10, of Messrs. Walter Evans and Co., Derby, 5 steel knitting

needles of a corresponding size.

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According to the size of the cotton employed, nately, slip 1, knit 1, draw the first over the this beautiful square is fit for different articles, last, throw the cotton forward, knit 2, slip 1, such as counterpanes, couvrettes, &c. If worked knit i, draw the first over the last, knit 1, with cotton No. 10, it will be about four inches knit 2 together, knic 2 three times alternately, square, and will be suitable for the first-men- throw the cotton forvard, knit 2 together, throw tioned purpose. Begin the square in the centre, the cotton forward, knit í, throw the cotton for. cast op 8 stitches, 2 on each needle; join them ward, knit 1. into a circle, and knit plain the 1st round.

28th. • knit 1, throw the cotton forward, 2nd round. *knit 1, throw the cotton forward, knit i four times alternately, throw the cotton knit 1; repeat 3 times more from *.

forward, slip 1, koit 1, draw the slipped over 3rd. Plain knitting. This knitted round is the knitted stitch; throw the cotton forward, repeated after every pattern-round. We shall not knit 1, slip 1, knit 1, draw the slipped over the mention this again, nor the repetition from * knitted stitch; knit 1, knit 2 together, knit i

4th. * knit ī, throw the cotton forward, knit four times alternately, throw the cotton forward, 1, throw the cotton forward, knit 1.

knit 2 together, throw the cotton forward, knit 6th. * knit 1, lhrow the cotton forward, knit 3, 1, throw the cotton forward, knit l. throw the cotton forward, knit 1.

30th. * knit 1, throw the cotton forward, knit stb. *knit 1, throw the cotton forward, knit 1 six times alternately, throw the cotton for5, throw the cotton forward, knit 1.

ward, slip 1, knit 1, draw the slipped over the The 9th or 18th rounds are knitted in the knitted stitch, knit 1 six times alternately, knit same manner, only in every other round the 2 together, throw the cotton forward, knit 1, number of stitches between the two stitches throw the cotton forward, knit 1. formed by throwing the cotton forward increases 32nd. Knit 1, throw the cotton forward, by 2, so that in the 18th round 15 stitches are knit 1 six times alternately, throw the cotton knitted between.

forward, slip 1, knit 1, draw the slipped over 20th. * knit I, throw the cotton forward, knit | the knitted stitch, throw the cotton forward, 1, throw the cotton forward, knit 5, slip 1, knit 1, knit 3 stitches together six times alternately, draw the slipped over the knitted stitch, knit 1, throw the cotton forward, knit 2 together, knit 2 together, knit 5, throw the cotton for- throw the cotton forward, knit 1, throw the ward, knit 1, throw the cotton forward, knit 1. cotton forward, knit 1.

22nd. *knit 1, throw the cotton forward, knit 34th. * koit l, throw the cotton forward, 1, throw the cotton forward, slip 1, knit 1, draw knit 1 seven times alternately, throw the cotton the slipped over the knitted stitch, throw the forward, slip 1, koit I, draw the slipped over cotton forward, knit 4, slip 1, knit 1, draw the the knitted stitch, knit 1 seven times alternately, slipped over the knitted stitch, knit 1, knit 2 knit 2 together, throw the cotton forward, knit together, knit 4, throw the cotton forward, knit 1, throw the cotton forward, knit 1. 2 together, throív the cotton forward, knit 1, 36th. * knit 1, throw the cotton forward, ebrow the cotton forward, knit 1.

knit 1 seven tiines alternately, throw the cotton 24th. * knit 1, throw the cotton forward, forward, slip 1, knit 1, draw the slipped over knit 1, throw the cotton forward, slip 1, knit 1, the knitted stitch, throw the cotton forward, draw the slipped over the knitted stitch; throw knit 3 stitches together seven times alternately, the cotton forward, slip 1, knit 1, draw. the throw the cotton forward, knit 2 together, slipped over the knitted stitch, throw the cotton throw the cotton forward, knit 1, throw the forward, koit 3, slip 1, knit 1, draw the slipped cotton forward, knit 1. over the knitted stitch, throw the cotton forward, 38th. * knit 1, throw the cotton forward, kpit 3, slip 1, knit 1, draw the slipped over the knit 1 eight times alternately, throw the cotton knitted stich, knit 1, knit 2 together, knit 3, forward, slip 1, knit i, draw the slipped over throw the cotton forward, knit 2 together, throw the knitted stitch, knit 1 eight times alternately, the cotton forward, knit 2 together, throw the knit 2 together, throw the cotton forward, knit cotton forward, knit 1, throw the cotton forward, 1, throw the cotton forward, knit 1. knit 1.

40th. * knit 1, throw the cotton forward, 26th. * knit 1, throw the cotton forward, knit 1, eight times alternately, throw the cotton koit 1, throw the cotton forward 3 times alter: forward, slip 1, knit 1, draw the slipped over the knitted stitch, throw the cotton forward, You now have 41 stitches on each needle ; knit 3 stiches together as 1 stitch eight times knit 1 round, and cast off. When completed, alternately, throw the cotton forward, knit 2 the squares are joined together on the wrong together, throw the cotton forward, knit 1, side. throw the cotton forward, knit 1.


Procure a small china doll. Cut a piece of Crochet a dress of scarlet wool, with five rows round card-board, cover one side with silk, of white for border. Fasten with sash around then sew a piece around this so as to form a waist. Crochet a piece with scarlet wool, which bag, place the doll in the centre of this, and fill twist around her head for rarban. The pins are with bran. Then fasten around the doll's waist. placed around edge of skirt.

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Do you see the Grecian bend' yonder ?” high. Every fashionable lady from fifteen to asked a friend of me, we walked up the thirty, affected this manner of holding the paraHigh-street of our town together. An Irish- sol or umbrella. Finally, I noticed shop-girls man crossed our path at the moment, bowed and apprentices doing the same, and then the underneath a hod of bricks, and I, suspecting a *ultras' dropped it." joke, and laughing, asked him if it was the “But do you suppose," said I," that such a man to whom he referred. "No," said he custom as that (pointing to the shape opposite) “ I mean the young lady opposite."

can become general ?” “What—that poor, deformed creature, a piti- “Undoubtedly," was the reply.

" Why the able object, though dressed in regal finery ? thing is reduced to a regular science. There's Now, really, my good fellow, I would not have some sort of machinery about it, I don't know thought you so heartless as to make the un- what, exactly ; you consult the papers, and fortunate girl a subject of raillery;"

you'll find out all about it.” “But she isn't deformed,” said my friend, So I bought a paper and went home, and sat almost convulsed with laughter. "That's the down to read as follows :latest style of carriage among belles ; you don't “ The 'Grecian Bend,' is an S-like curvaknow how much trouble and painstaking that ture of the upper figure, caused by thrusting young woman has been at, to accomplish that out the chest, bending forward the head, conresult in her figure.”

tracting the stomach, and elevating the hips, “You're not in earnest, surely p."

the latter effect heing aided by wearing very “Indeed I am. You show you were not at high-heeled shoes, and an arrangement upon the the watering-places this season by the ignorance hips called a panier. The Grecian Bend' is you manifest. It was quite the rage there, I quite painful and wearisome, and some girls can assure you."

adopt artificial contrivances to aid them in "Impossible,” said I, elevating my eye-glass preserving the posture for several consecutive to gaze at the spectacle again.

hours. A belt is fastened about the waist, It's queer, ain't it,” said my friend, after a under the skirts. From this belt, down either moment, “ how the women all go in flocks after side the hips, two straps, furnished with a thing, even to a particular gait or manner. buckles, descend, and are attached to strong Now these little trivialities of street customs bands made fast around the lower thighs. As have always been an interesting study to me. the buckles of the straps are tightened, the hips They change with the seasons as regularly as are drawn up and held in position.' This is a the cut of a coat or style of a bonnet. Some- relief, of course, to only one part of the frame. times it's the way of bowing to an acquaintance; The construction of the upper part has to be now, every lady will greet you with a low salute, preserved with no other aids than the stays, and a great deal of empressement;' again, the and those often render it the more difficult and style will be only a very conservative nod of the tiresome." head ; again, the mannerism will be in the walk. I was trying to bring my scattered senses to Some two or three years since, it was a certain believe he truth of what I had read, when my way of carrying the parasol-a coquetish stick pretty niece, Nellie, danced into the room with ing out of the elbow and grasping the handle a new dress on; and after tapping me lightly op

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