Rom. iii. 8; xiii. 2; 1 Cor. xi. 29; and a number of others.

Query. Is this great I, (for we know him by no other name,) a Deist? or did he mistake, and write one thing, and mean another?


No I.

In these numbers the Editor proposes to introduce some important scripture words, and to give the definition of the answerable original, whether Hebrew or Greek, from good authorities. He likewise calculates to introduce a number of passages, where the same word is differently rendered; by which these numbers may be, to the English reader, a sort of dictionary and concordance to the holy scriptures. It is believed, on this plan, the subject can be made intelligible to those, though unacquainted with those languages. who are disposed to attend carefully to the words proposed. The knowledge to be acquired from a careful comparison of interesting scripture terms, will richly reward the candid inquirer for his labor.

In this No. are proposed the words,
To damn, damnation, damnable.

Two words are used in the Greek, which ́ ́e translated by the to damn; krinō and katak. nō.

KRINO, to judge, try, in a solemn or judicial manner; to judge, regulate, rule; to judge, pass sentence or give one's opinion in a private manner; to judge, esteem, think; to adjudge to punishment, condemn; to judge proper or determine. PARKHURST. Translated to damn only in 2 Thess. i. 12, that they all might be damned.

To condemn, John iii. 17, to condemn the world; 18, is not condemned; Acts xiii. 27, in condemning him.

To judge, Matt. vii. 1, judge not-be not judged; John vii. 51, doth our law judge; John viii. 15, ye judge-I judge nothing; xii. 47, 48, hath one that judgeth-the same shall judge; Acts xiii. 46, judge yourselves unworthy; Rom. xiv. 10, why judge thy brother; ii. 12, shall be judged by the law; 1 Cor. vi. 2, saints judge the world; xi. 13, judge in your selves.

To esteem, Rom. xiv. 5, esteemeth one day—esteemcth every day.

To think, Acts xxvi. 8, be thought a thing incredi


Werc ordained. Acts xvi. 4.

Had determined to sail, Acts xx. 16.

Concluded that they observe, Acts xxi. 25.

Hence from the translation. we obtain the meaning of krino; to damn, to condemn, to judge, to esteem, to think, to ordain, to determine, and to conclude.

KATAKRINO, to pronounce sentence against, condemn, adjudge to punishment; to furnish matter or occasion for condemnation; to prove or shew worthy of condemnation, Matt. xii. 41, 42; to punish, 2 Pet. ii. 6; to weaken, enervate, repress, Rom. viii. 3. PARKHURST.

Translated to damn, Mark xyi. 16, shall be damned; Rom. xiv. 23, is damned if he eat.

To condemn, Matt. xii. 41, 42; xx. 18, shall condemn him to death; John viii. 10, 11; iii. 18; Heb. xi. 7, and other places.

The word damnation is a translation of three Greek words, krima, krisis, apõleia.

"KRIMA, a solemn judgement, judicial trial; a private judgement, or pronouncing a private sentence or opinion; a being adjudged or sentenced to

punishment, condemnation, damnation; the execution of judgement or punishment; a judicial or legal contest. a law suit, 1 Cor. vi. 7; judicial authority or power of judging, Rev. PARKHURST.

xx. 4. Translated damnation, Matt. xxiii. 14; Mark xii. 40; Luke xx. 47; Rom. iii. 8; xiii. 2; 1 Cor. xi. 29; 1 Tim. v. 12.

Judgement, Matt. vii. 2; Acts xxiv. 25, judgement to come; Rom ii. 2, 3; v. 16, judgement by one; xi. 33; 2 Pet. ii. 3.

Condemnation, Luke xxiii. 40; xxiv. 20, literally, to the condemnation of death; James iii. 1, greater condemnation.

KRISIS, judgement, justice; judgement of condemnaTM tion, condemnation, damnation; the ground of condemnation or punishment, John iii. 19; a particular kind of justice among the Jews, consisting of 23 men; which before the Roman government was established in Judea, had the power of life, so far as its jurisdiction extended, and punished criminals by strangling or beheading, Matt. v. 21, 22. PARKHURST. Translated damnation, Matt. xxiii. 33; Mark iii. 29; John v. 29.

Condemnation, John v. 24.

Judgement, Matt. v. 21, 22; xxiii. 23; John v. 22, all judgement to the Son; vii. 24, righteous judgement ; Jude 15; 1 Tim. v. 24.


APOLEIA, destruction, waste. Translated damnation only in 2 Pet. ii. 3. Death, Acts xxv. 16, to die; that is, to death or destruclion.

Perish, Acts viii. 20,literally, may it be in destruction ̧ Destruction, Matt. vii. 13; Phil. iii. 9; 2 Peter it. F. Perdition, Phil. i. 28, token of perdition.

Waste, Matt. xxvi. 8, why was this waste? Mark .xiv. 4.

Damnable is only found in one passage, the original of which is the last word explained. 2 Pet. ii. 1, "But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring damnable heresy," (or the heresy of destruction, apōleias) "even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction," (apõleian)

From the Christian Messenger, published at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


"A periodical work has been recently commenced, printed at Woodstock, Vt. and edited by the Rev. Samuel C. Loveland, which bids fair to be of much use in that part of the country. We have seen the two first numbers containing several well written pieees, chiefly original, together with some extracts not exceptionable. But in the second number there are two pieces, one signed Hyram, and the other Philo; the writers of which appear to have hit upon the same subject, (whether by accident or design we would not pretend to say ;) and they appear to be much disturbed at something, but they do not explicitly name what-one thing however, is very obvious, viz. that eander and sincerity were very remote, if not entirely out of the question, in the mind of these writers. They both speak of a scheme, and a system, with which they seem to be at variance, and which they seem to be disposed not to meet with fair argument, but to turn the subject into ridicule; yet they do not name the author of the scheme, nor mention any work or works in which it may be found. They seem to

object to language, however, made use of by a well known author among us; such as 'heavenly nature,' 'heavenly constitution,' 'heavenly man,' &c. in contradistinction to an earthly nature,' 'fleshly nature," 'carnal nature,' 'carnal man,' &c. &c. But they have not shown, neither have they attempted to show, that the author meant any thing by this language different from what St. Paul meant by the same or very similar language which he used, and which can be found in various parts of his writing; particularly, Rom. viii. 1-16. 1 Cor. xv. 45–50. Gal. v. 15—26; and furthermore, it is very possible, yea, to us it seems more than probable, that the author alluded to, studied to imitate the language of the apostle in the very modes of expression objected to by these writers. Such insinuations, therefore, appear to us to be more disingenuous than a direct, and open attack; and have no other influence, than either to create a disgust in the mind of the reader, or to sow 'discord among brethren.' See Prov. vi. 12, 13, 14, 19."

The reader will perceive, by turning to the above named passages, by which the writer would admonish "Hyram" and "Philo," that they are implicitly charged as the naughty, the wicked, and walking with a froward mouth; that they are directed to consider the seventh abomination, which the Lord hates, "A false witness that speaketh lies, and him that soweth discord among brethren." The Editor of the Christian Repository thinks, that if "Hyram" and "Philo” had, by their writings, made themselves culpable to such a degree, as to need the admonitions which are offered them, he must share his portion of the reproof for giving them a place. He feels that the admonitions are in a great degree unnecessary and unjust; and yet charity induces him to have a much more favorable opinion of the writer, than the writer expresses of

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