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roads, or other highways of this State, and whosoever shall take, receive, hire, employ, use or have in custody, any minor for the vocation, occupation, calling, service or purpose of singing, playing upon musical instruments or begging upon the streets, roads or other highways of this State, or for any mendicant business whatever, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not less than five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars.

SEC. 4. Any person having the care, custody, or control of any Employment minor child under the age of fifteen years, who shall in any man

in saloons, etc. ner sell, apprentice, give away or permit such child to sing, dance, act, or in any manner exhibit it in any dance house, concert saloon, theater or place of entertainment where wines or spirituous or malt liquors are sold or given away, or with which any place for the sale of wines or spirituous or malt liquors is directly or indirectly connected by any passageway or entrance, and any proprietor of any dance house whatever, or any such concert saloon, theater, or place of entertainment, so employing any such child, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined not less than five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense.

CHAPTER 15.- Free public employment bureaus.

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No fees to be

SECTION 1. The comunissioner of labor is hereby authorized

Bureau

thorized. to organize and establish, in connection with the bureau of labor, a free public employment bureau, for the purpose of receiving applications from persons seeking employment and applications from persons seeking to employ labor.

SEC. 2. No compensation or fee shall be charged or received directly or indirectly from persons applying for work, informa- charged. tion or help through said department. The commissioner of labor is hereby authorized to employ such assistance, and incur such expense as may be necessary to carry into effect the purpose of this act. But such assistance and expense shall not exceed five hundred dollars per annu.

Sec. 3. The expenses of the employment bureau shall be paid Expenses. in the same manner and way as other expenses of the bureau of labor, and there is hereby appropriated five hundred dollars to carry out the provisions of this act.

CHAPTER 19.-Factories and workshopsInspection, etc.

SECTION 1. In all manufacturing, mechanical and other estab- Guards for lishments, in this State, where the machinery, belting, shafting, machinery. gearing, drums and elevators, are so arranged and placed as to be dangerous to persons employed therein, while engaged in their ordinary duties, shall be safely and securely guarded when possible, and if not possible, the notices of the danger shall be conspicuously posted in such establishments, and no minor or female of any age shall be permitted to clean any of the mill gearing or Cleaning movmachinery in such establishments while the same is in motion.

ing machinery. SEC. 2. The opening of all hatchways, elevators and wellholes, Hatchways. upon each floor of every manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile or public building in this State, shall be protected by good and sufficient trapdoors, self-closing hatches, or strong guard rails at least three feet high. All due vigilance shall be used to keep such trapdoors closed at all times, except when in actual use. SEC. 3. In every factory, workshop or establishment, in this

Wash rooms, State, where females are employed, where unclean work of any kind has to be performed, suitable places shall be provided for such females to wash and to change clothing, and stairs in use by females shall, in all such establishments, be properly screened, and separate water-closets shall be provided for the use of eniployees of either sex, in all manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile and other establishments in this State where persons of both sexes are employed.

etc.

ees.

Seats for fe- SEC. 4. In every manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile and ma le employ other establishments, in this State, wherein females are employed,

there shall be provided, and conveniently located, seats sufficient to comfortably seat such females; and during such times als such females are not necessarily required by their duties to be

upon their feet, they shall be allowed to occupy the seats provided Sanitation.

Sec. 5. And all establishments, to which this act applies, must be kept in a clean condition; the sanitary and hygienic regulations shall be such as will not endanger or be injurious to the lives

or health of the employees employed therein. Penalty.

SEC. 6. Any person or persons, firm or corporation of any manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile or other establish,vents, business or calling, in this State, to which this act applies, who shall violate any of the provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction, in any court of competent jurisdiction in this State, shall be fined not less than twenty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars, and in default of payment of such fine shall be imprisoned until such fine and

costs are fully paid. nforcement.

SEC. 7. It shall be the duty of the commissioner of labor or lis assistant to enforce the provisions of this act, and to prosecute all violations of the same before any magistrate or court of competent jurisdiction in this State.

CHAPTER 20.Mine regulations-Check ucighmen.

Check weigh- SECTION 1. Where the amount of wages paid to any of the perman.

sons employed in any manufacturing, mining, or otherwise public enterprise employing labor, depend upon the amount produced his weizht or measure, the persons so employed may, at their own cost, station or appoint at each place appointed for the weighing or measuring of the products of their labor a check weighman or measurer, who shall in all cases be appointed by a majority ballot of the workmen employed at the works where he is appointed

to act as such check weighman or measurer. Mode of pay. SEC. 2. Every corporation, company, or person engaged in the ment.

business of mining coal in this State, where such check weigh man is employed by the miners working at such mines, shall furnish such check weighman with a check or number and pay the said check weighman for all coal placed to his check or number same per ton as is paid to the miners. Each of the persons so employed to see the weighing of said coal before entering upon the discharge of the duties of his employment shall take and subscribe

an oath before a justice of the peace or a notary public. that he Oath.

will honestly and impartially do and perform the duties of his employment and do equal and exact justice between employers and employees to the best of his judgment, skill and ability.

Sec. 3. This act shall apply to all weights, balances, steelyards, Application

and weighing machines and measures used in any factory, mine. mill or otherwise industrial concerns, for determining the wages payable to any person employed according to the mineral or other

wise products produced by them through their labors. Check weigh- SEC. 4. Where the weighman is mutually selected by the consent man not neces- of a majority of the miners working in any mine and the operator

or agent of said company, it shall not be considered necessary to employ said check weighman, but at any time that either of the parties to said agreement should become dissatisfied with said weighman they may dismiss him on ten days' notice or the miners may employ a check weighman. Any corporation, company, of person violating any of the provisions of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined for each and every offense not less than ten nor more than two hundred dollars.

It shall be the duty of every court in each county, in which any such coal mine is operated and in which a grand jury is impaneled, to give this act in charge to the grand jury.

of law.

sary, when.

CHAPTER 31.-Mine regulations-Inspection, etc., of oil.

SECTION 1. Only animal, vegetable or paraffine oil or other oil Illuminating as free from the evolution of smoke as a standard cotton-seed oil. oil, when burned in a miner's torch, shall be used in any open lamp or torch for illuminating purposes in any coal mine in this State, and kerosene and blackstrap oil, or a mixture of kerosene and blackstrap, shall not be used in miners' torches for illuminating purposes in any coal mine in this State; except that a mixture of mineral oil (other than blackstrap oil) and vegetable oil can be used upon machinery used as a motive power to haul coal in any mine in this State, and except, further, that a mixture of mineral and vegetable oil can be used for all stationary lights.

Sec. 2. A standard cotton-seed oil shall have the following test: Cotton - seed (1) It shall be free from mineral oils or mineral-oil compounds, oil.

in diameter by eight inches deep, and the oil shall be at a temperature of sixty degrees Fahrenheit when the test is made, and shall not exceed twenty-four degrees Tagliabue hydrometer.

SEC. 3. If the oil to be tested is below forty-five degrees Fahren- Test. heit temperature, it must be slowly heated until it reaches eightyfive degrees temperature. Should the oil be above forty-five degrees temperature and below sixty-five degrees it must be heated to seventy degrees, when, in either case, it must be well shaken and allowed to cool gradually to a temperature of sixty degrees, when the test must be made.

SEC. 4. In testing the gravity of oil the hydrometer must be, Readings. when possible, read from below, and the last line which appears under the surface of the oil shall be regarded as the true reading.

SEC. 5. Where the oil is tested in difficult circumstances an Allowance. allowance of one-half of one degree may be made for error of parallax.

Sec 6. All oil sold to be used for illuminating purposes in the Branding. mines of this state shall be contained in barrels, casks or packages, branded conspicuously with the name and address of the manufacturer of said oil, the specific gravity of the same and the date of shipment.

Sec. 7. Any person, firm, or corporation, either by themselves or Penalty. an agent or employee, which shall sell or offer for sale for illuminating in any mine, in this State, any oil or any mixture or compound of oils which does not comply with the tests as prescribed in section one of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than twentyfive dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense. SEC. 8. And any miner, or employee in any mine, or employee of l'se

of any mine operator or mine owner, who shall knowingly use or tested oil. permit to be used for illuminating purposes in any mine, in this State, any oil other than that prescribed in section one of this act shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not less than five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars for each and every offense; and in default of payment of such fine within twenty days from the day of conviction shall be given a sentence in the county jail for a period of not less than ten nor more than sixty days.

SEC. 9. It shall be the duty of the district mine inspectors wher- Inspectors to ever they have reason to believe that oil is being used, or sold or secure tests. offered for sale, in violation of the provisions of this act, to take samples of the same and have them tested under the direction of the chief mine inspector; and if they are found to be inferior to the quality prescribed by this act, the inspector shall make complaint to the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the offense is committed, who shall forthwith commence proceedings against the offender in any court of competent jurisdiction. Any miner, mine employee, firm, corporation or their agents, who shall refuse to permit the mine inspector to examine his or their oil used for or sold for illuminating purposes in the coal mines, in this State, shall be guilty of a violation of this act, and may be taken before any justice of the peace and fined five dollars or imprisoned in the county jail for ten days for each offense.

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WISCONSIN.

ANNOTATED STATUTES OF 1898.

CHAPTER 41.-Examination and licensing of plumbers.

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License

SECTION 959–53. No person, firm or corporation engaged in or quired in. cer- working at the business of plumbing in cities of the first, second tain cities.

or third class shall engage in or work at said business, either as a master or employing or as a journeyman plunuber, unless licensed so to do in accordance with the provisions of the following three

sections. Applications. Sec. 959–54. Any person desiring to engage in or work at such

business shall apply to the board of public works, where such exist, or the board of health having jurisdiction in the locality where he intends to engage in or work at such business, and shall, at such time and place as may be designated by the board of er. aminers hereinafter provided for, to whom such application shall be referred, be examined as to his qualifications for such business, In the case of a firm or corporation the examination and licensing of any one member of the firm or the manager of the corporation

shall be sufficient. Boards of ex- Sec. 959–55. There shall be in every city of the first, second and aminers.

third class having a system of waterworks or sewerage a board of examiners of plumbers consisting of the board of public works, or where such board does not exist, the chairman of the board of health, and in cities having an inspector of plumbing the inspector of plumbing of said city, who shall be a member ex officio of said board, and serve without compensation, and a third member who shall be a practical plumber. Said third member shall be aj pointed by the mayor for the term of one year from the first day of May, and thereafter annually before the first day of May, and who shall serve without compensation: Provided, That if in any city there is no board of public works or inspector of plumbing the board of health shall appoint a second member of said board of examiners who shall be a practical plumber and who shall also

serve without compensation. Duty or SEC. 959–56. Said board of examiners shall, as soon as may be board.

after the appointment of the third member thereof, meet and or. ganize by the selection of a chairman, and shall then designate the times and places for the examination of all applicants desiring to engage in or work at the business of plumbing within their city: Said board shall examine said applicants as to their practical knowledge of plumbing, bouse drainage and plumbing ventilation, and if satisfied of the competency of the applicants shall so certify

to the board of public works, the board of health or inspector of License. plumbing, as the case may be. Said board of examiners shall

thereupon issue a license to such applicant authorizing him to en

gage in or work at the business of plumbing as master or employ: Fees.

ing plumber or as a journeyman plumber. The fee for a license for a master or employing plumber shall be two dollars; for a journeyman plumber, fifty cents. Said licenses shall be renewed annually upon payment of a fee of fifty cents. All moneys accruing from such fees shall be paid into the treasury of the city. In case of the removal of the licensee from the city his license may be renewed by any board having like authority. A license shall entitle the licensee to pursue his occupation in all parts of the State unless the board of the city to which he removes shall object, in

wbich event said plumber shall be examined by said board. Penalty. SEC. 959–59. Any person violating any provision of either of

the * preceding sections shall be deemed guilty of a misde. meanor and shall be subject to a fine not exceeding fifty dollars for each and every violation thereof, and his liceuse may be revoked by the examining board provided for in section 959–55.

*

CHAPTER 46a.--Bureau of labor and industrial statistics.

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SECTION 1021b. 'The bureau of labor and industrial statistics, Bureau heretofore established, is continued. A room or rooms in the cap

tinued. itol shall be set apart for the use thereof, and such printing shall be done for and such supplies furnished the same as may be necessary for the performance of the duties devolved upon the officers thereof.

Sec. 1021c. A commissioner of said bureau shall be appointed by Commission. the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, for the term of two years from the first Monday of February in the year of his appointment. Vacancies shall be filled for the unexpired term.

SEC. 1021d. The commissioner may appoint a deputy, who, when Assistants. acting for or instead of the commissioner, shall have equal authority with him. He may also appoint a clerk, a clerk and typewriter operator, a factory inspector, an assistant factory inspector and a clerk and janitor. The factory inspector shall be a resident of Milwaukee, and he and the assistant inspector shall perform their duties under the direction of the commissioner.

SEC. 1021e. Said commissioner shall collect, collate and publish Duties. statistical and other information relating to the manufacturing interests, industrial classes and material resources of the State; he shall especially examine into the relations between labor and capital, the means of escape from, and the protection of life and health in, factories and workshops, the employment of children, the number of hours of labor exacted from them and from women, the educational, sanitary, moral and financial condition of laborers and artisans, the cost of food, fuel, clothing and building material, the causes of strikes and lockouts, and other kindred subjects pertaining to the welfare of the industrial interests and classes.

SEC. 1021f (as amended by chapter 158, Acts of 1899). The Access to faccommissioner (of labor and industrial statistics), his deputy, the tories, etc. factory inspector and the assistant factory inspector may enter any factory, mercantile establishment or workshop in which laborers or women are employed, for the purpose of obtaining facts and statistics, examining the means of escape therefrom in case of fire and the provisions made for the health and safety of operatives or for suitable seats for women therein. If any such officer shall Notice. learn of any violation of or neglect to comply with the law in respect to the employment of children, the hours of labor for them or for women, or in reference to fire escapes or the safety of employees, or such seats for women, he shall give written notice to the owner or occupant of such factory, mercantile establishment or workshop, of such offense or neglect, and if the same is not remedied within thirty days after the service of such notice, such officer shall give the district attorney of the county in which such factory, mercantile establishment or workshop is situated, formal notice of the facts, whereupon that officer shall immediately institute the proper proceedings against the person guilty of such offense or neglect.

SEC. 1021h. Any officer of the bureau may post in any factory or Laws may be workshop examined by him the laws relating to employment of posted. children therein, hours of labor, fire escapes or other matters pertaining to the health and safety of artisans; any person who shall remove or mutilate such laws so posted shall be fined fifty dollars for each offense. Any such office may order bu wheels, fly Guards wheels, tumbling rods, elevator wells, stairways, shafting or dan machinery. gerous machinery of any kind to be inclosed or otherwise guarded so as to protect workmen or others; and any person refusing to obey the written order of such officer to such effect shall be fined fifty dollars for each such refusal. It shall be the duty of such officers to examine freight and passenger elevators and to con- Elevators. demn those found to be defective and unsafe by serving written notice on the person for whom it is being operated or on his agent,

H. Doc. 733, 58-2- -80

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