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consideration where a number are kept. A Borzoi should never be kept "on chain "; if the dog cannot be allowed entire liberty, or at least a kennel with a run, the prospective owner had better confine his attentions to a smaller breed.
The interest of the breed is well looked after by the Borzoi Club, who support all the leading shows by offering their challenge cups, medals, cash specials, as well as by guaranteeing classes. Club shows are also held. The first of these took place at Southport. In 1899 and 1900 specialist shows were held at Ranelagh, and at these collections of animals were brought together that in Russia itself could hardly have been excelled. As before stated, the Club is presided over by her Grace the Duchess of Newcastle, with the Duke as joint-President, ably backed up by a committee of twelve ladies and gentlemen elected annually from among the members. The Club is represented on the Kennel Club Council of delegates by Mr. W. Blatspiel-Stamp. The Hon. Secretary and Hon. Treasurer are Mr. Hood Wright, Frome, Somerset, and Captain Borman, Billericay, Essex, respectively, either of whom will always be pleased to give any information to those desirous of becoming members.
Appended is a description of the breed as defined and adopted by the Borzoi Club :—
Head.—Long and lean. The skull flat and narrow; stop not perceptible, and muzzle long and tapering. The head from the forehead to the tip of the nose should be so fine that the shape and direction of the bones and principal veins can be seen clearly, and in profile should appear rather Roman-nosed. Bitches should be even narrower in head than dogs. Eyes dark, expressive, almond-shaped, and not too far apart. Ears, like those of a Greyhound, small, thin, and placed well back on the head, with the tips, when thrown back, almost touching behind the occiput.
Neck.—The head should be carried somewhat low, with the neck continuing the line of the back.
Shoulders.—Clean and sloping well back.
Chest.—Deep and somewhat narrow.
Back.- Rather bony and free from any cavity in the spinal column, the arch in the back being more marked in the dog than in the bitch.
Loins. — Broad and very powerful, with plenty of muscular development.
Thighs.—Long and well developed, with good second thigh.
Ribs.—Slightly sprung at the angle; deep, reaching to the elbow, and even lower.
Fore Legs. —Lean and straight. Seen from the front they should be narrow, and from the side, broad at the shoulders and narrow ing gradually down to the foot, the bone appearing flat, and not round as in the Foxhound.
Hind L*gs.—The least thing under the body when standing still, not straight, and the stifle slightly bent.
Muscles.—Well distributed and highly developed.
Feet.—Like those of the Deerhound, rather long. The toes close together and well arched.
Coat.—Long, silky (not woolly), either flat, wavy, or rather curly. On the head, ears, and front legs it should be short and smooth. On the neck the frill should be profuse and rather curly. On the chest and rest of body, the tail, and hindquarters, it should be long. The fore legs should be well feathered. Tail.—Long, well feathered, and not gaily carried.
Height.—At shoulder of dogs, from 28in. upwards; of bitches, from 26in. upwards.
Faults.—Head short or thick. Too much stop. Parti-coloured nose. Eyes too wide apart. Heavy ears. Heavy shoulders. Wide chest. "Barrel " ribbed. Dew claws. Elbows turned out, wide behind.
THE BARUKHZY AND ALLIED EASTERN HOUNDS
Belong1ng to the interesting Greyhound family, but approximating more closely to the Deerhound than to the Greyhound proper, is a curious-looking hound sometimes found in this country under the name of Afghan Greyhound, but more correctly by the name adopted above. After the Afghanistan War several of these hounds were brought to England, and occasionally the Foreign Dog classes at our shows were enriched by an entry of one. Mr. Carter, of Carshalton, had one specimen that was frequently benched— Rajah II. by name; while another was Motee, owned by Mr. Tufnell. Rajah II. was a very active dog, and lived to a good old age. He was a fawn, merging into red on the back. His coat was abundant, but fine in texture; while the dog was feathered on flank, breast, tail, and legs. The ears of the Barukhzy Hound are large and pendulous, and covered with wavy hair some 5m. or 6in. long. In the bitches especially there are tufts of hair on the loins; while" there is a fringe of curly hair as a sort of topknot.
To judge by the general appearance of the Barukhzy Hound, one feels inclined to write it down as a soft, timid animal. This, however, is far from being the case. Some six years ago we received from Major Mackenzie a most interesting contribution upon these hounds, and in that the dog is described as bold and courageous to a degree. Moreover, the writer was speaking not only of a very large number that he had kept while residing in Switzerland, but also of the hound as found in Afghanistan.
Major Mackenzie thus writes: "The sporting dog of Afghanistan, sometimes called the Cabul Dog, has been named the Barukhzy Hound from being chiefly used by the sporting sirdars of the royal Barukhzy family. It comes from Balkh, the north-eastern province of Afghanistan, where it is believed that dogs of this variety entered the ark with Noah. That it is an old variety (probably the oldest domesticated breed in existence) is proved by very ancient rockcarvings, within caves of Balkh, of dogs exactly like the Barukhzy Hound of to-day. On some of these carvings, of colossal size, are inscriptions of much later date, that were written by invaders under Alexander the Great."
To show what courage these hounds possess, Major Mackenzie
relates how Koosh, the grandsire of the bitch Khulm (illustrated in "Practical Kennel Management"), alone killed a nearly full-grown leopard that was carrying away her dam Mooroo II., when she was a pup. The bitches, being kept in seclusion by the women (as carefully guarded as mares are in Arabia) except when required to hunt, are very shy. They usually hunt in couples, bitch and dog. The bitch attacks the hinder parts, and while the quarry is thus distracted, the dog, which has great power of jaw and neck, seizes and tears the throat. Their scent, speed, and endurance are remarkable; they track or run to sight equally well. Their long toes, being carefully protected by tufts of hair, are serviceable on both sand and rock. Their height varies from 24in. to 30m. ; their weight from 451b. to 7o1b. Usually they are of fawn or of bluish-mouse colour, but always of a darker shade on the back, which is smooth and velvety. The Shah owned a well-known dog of this variety, named Muckmul, meaning "velvet."
Some authorities are inclined to regard this hound as but a sub-variety of the Persian Greyhound—a dog that varies much as to coat character. Specimens of this graceful variety are comparatively rare in England. The Persian Greyhound is of similar type to our Greyhound, but more slimly built, and wanting the great muscular development that the latter possesses. These dogs differ from our Greyhounds also in having the ears larger, drooping, and heavily feathered. The fore-legs, thighs, and tail are also well fringed. The coat is somewhat silky in texture, and not so abundant upon the back and at the sides.
These hounds are employed in hunting the gazelle, an interesting account of which sport appeared in the Field some years ago. For this purpose they are used in relays, a custom that at one time obtained in this country in deer-hunting.
The Rampur Hound, a hairless dog, built on general Greyhound lines, but heavier, and with large, close drop, fi1bert-shaped ears, does not often occur at shows in this country. Those who have studied most carefully the dogs of India think that the Rampur Hound is but a modification of the Persian Greyhound. Anyhow, so far as India is concerned, it is one of the most useful dogs known, especially when crossed, as it frequently is, with our Greyhound. The produce is a dog capable of withstanding the heat without going to pieces on the hard ground.
The Rampur Hound is not so fast as its English relative the Greyhound, and, like all the members of the family indigenous to the East, it is inclined to "run cunning." It is a pity that the dogloving public is not often familiarised with these Eastern hounds— the Persian Greyhound and the Barukhzy Hound especially—as they are built on far more graceful lines than the coarser Rampur Hound.