Historical Affairs.


killed ; 1 serjeant, and 9 privates wounded. Sir S. Auchmuty took 56 pieces of cannon,

and ammunition in proportion. PINAL REDUCTION OF JAVA.

All the other places held by the French I the

cial details of the capture of Batavia, by marines were landed. Cheribon was taken the British troops, under the command of without loss, by Captain Beaver, of the Sir Samuel Auchmuty. Dispatches have Nisus, and there the French General Jasince been received, announcing the capitu- melie and his suite were captured, on their lation of General Jansen, with the remain way to join General Jansen. Sourabaya der of the French forces, and the surrender surrendered without resistance on the 22d of the remaining part of the island of Java, September, and Fort Ludowick, containing eastward of Samarang, to the British.- 98 pieces of heavy cannon, followed the The dispatches containing these accounts, example. A detachment from the Nisus were forwarded by Governor Farquhar, marched 35 miles from Cheribon to Carang from the Mauritius, and were brought to Sarabang, and seized a large magazine of England by the Phæbe frigate. The de coffee, &c. valued at 250,000 dollars, and tails were published in a London Gazette made about 700 prisoners, although their Extraordinary, on the 20th January, but own number was only 239. Not one man they are so voluminous that our limits will was hurt. They also seized 9 waggons only admit of the following abstract : laden with silver and copper money at Bon

General Jansen capitulated on the 17th gas, with a great quantity of arms. Tage September, and surrendered all the country, gal was taken possession of by Captain not already subject to the British arms, to Hillyar, of the Phæhe, who found the Gohis Majesty. The Europeans in the service vernment stores capacious and well filled of the enemy are prisoners of war. The with coffee, rice, and pepper. native troops were dismissed to their homes. The greatest resistance was experienced General Jansen did not retire to Sourabaya, at the fort of. Samanap, which was taken by as was expected, but retreated to Sama- Captain Harris, with the boats of the Sir rang, where he endeavoured to collect the Prancis Drake and the Phæton. remains of his scattered forces. On the By Captain Harris's desire, the fort of appearance of Sir S. Auchmuty before that Bancalang was taken possession of by the place in the Modeste frigate, with a few 'Sultan of Madura, on the 10th of Septemtransports, the French cominander evacu-ber, and British colours hoisted. The ated the town, as he before had done the French governor, and all the Dutch inhabicity of Batavia, and took a mountain posi tants were sent prisoners on board the Drake. tion at Jattee Alloe, about six miles off, on The whole of Java is now in possession of the road to Solo, the residence of the Em. the British forces, much to the satisfaction peror of Java. In this position he was ate of the natives. Lord Minto concludes his tacked by Colonel Gibbs on the 16th of letter, which is dated from Batavia, Sept. 29, September, routed, and pursued for 12 by saying, “ Your Excellency will observe miles up the country, most of his forces with satisfaction, from these documents, and artillery taken; and the next day he that the final pacification of the island has surrendered as above stated. The British been hastened by fresh examples of the loss in the attack, was only 2 rank and file same spirit, decision, and judgment, which


have marked the measures of his Excellen- “ The Danish cruisers have given much cy the Commander in Chief, and of the cause for complaint on our part ; but the same gallantry which has characterised the evil decreases daily, and every thing leads troops since the hour of their disembarka- us to think the lawful commerce of Sweden tion on this coast. The Commander in will not be any longer disturbed by them, Chief will sail in a few days for India, and and that the relations of good neighbour. I flatter myself that I shall be able to em- 'ship will be more and more strengthened. bark on board his Majesty's ship Modeste, “ The cruisers, under the French flag, for Bengal, about the middle of October." have given an unlimited extension to their

The Emperor of Java is spoke of in the letters of marque ; the injuries which they capitulation as a vassal of the French Go- have done us have been the object of our vernment. Sir S. Auchmuty detached complaints. The justice and loyalty of his Captain Robinson with a small escort to Majesty the Emperor of the French bave his Court, to announce the change that had guaranteed that redress. taken place ; and also to call upon the re- “ The protections given by friendly sidents, Van Braam and Englehard, to con, Governments bave been respected, and tinue, agreeably to the capitulation, the such of their ships as have touched upon exercise of their functions in behalf of the our coasts have been at liberty to continue British Government, and to secure careful- their voyage whatever might be their destiZy the public property.


“ About 50 American ships driven upon SWEDEN.

Mur coasts by successive tempests have

been released ; this act of justice, founded On the 7th January the King of Sweden tesumed the reins of government; on

upon the rights of nations, has been appre

ciated by the United States, and appear. Which occasion the Prince Royal ada

ances promise us that better understood dressed a long speech to his Majesty,

relations with that Government will faciwhich, after congratulating him on his re

Jitate the exportation of the numerous piles covery, proceeds thus:" When your Majesty decided upon now filled.”

of iron with which our public places are embracing the continental policy, and declaring war against Great Britain, Sweden

[The speech then goes on to state that had got clear of an unfortunate contest;

Sweden was on the most amicable footing her wounds were still bleeding; it was ne

with Prussia, Russia, Austria, and Turcessary for her to make some sacrifices, at

key. That Swedish intercourse had en. a moment even when she lost one of the tirely ceased with South America, owing principal branches of her public revenues

to the civil war that rages there. That he the whole of that produced by the customs

(Bernadotte) had adopted measures to enbeing nearly annihilated. In defiance of courage the manufaetures of linen, the the insular situation of Sweden, she has growth of hemp, &c. That the army and performed, for the interest of the common

the finances had been the object of his solicause, all that could be expected from a

citude. That by ineasures of precaution people faithful to their engagements ; more

the course of exchange on Hamlıurgh, than 2,000,000rix-dollars have been expend- which in March last was at 130 ski had ed in recruiting the army, and placing in a

been reduced to 81. That great attention state of defence our coasts, our fortresses, had been paid to the state of the public and our flect. I will not dissemble froin hospitals, religious edifices, police, agriyour Majesty, that all our commerce has culture, the works of the Canal of Gothbeen reduced to a simple coasting trade, tand, &c. &c. That in consequence of and has greatly suffered from this state of

the harvest having proved defective, he war. Privateers, under friendly flags, ą.

had provided for the importation of corn, gainst which it would have been injurious sending salt in exchange. After touchzo have added measures of safety and pre- ing on other minor points, the Speech then caution, have taken advantage of our con

proceeds: dence in treaties, to capture, one after “ I have carried into execution the soxnother, about 50 of our merchantmen; lemn resolution of the States of the king, bat at last, Sire, your notilla receiyed or- dom, sanctioned by your Majesty, regardders to protect the Swedish Hag, and the ing the national armament; but, careful just commerce of your subjects, against pi- not to deprive agriculture of any more arms racies which coulă neither be authorised, than are indispensibly necessary, for the por arowed by any Government,

dcfence of our country, I have merely'or.


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dered a lery of 15,000 men, exclusive of place on the 26th January, when 6000 the 50,000 which the States had placed at French troops entered Stralsund, having your Majesty's disposal. The most dire. previously desired quarters to be provided fui errors manifested themselves in Scho. for them. The object of this movement is nen, where violence and a public rebellion not explained ; nor does it appear whether threatened for a moment to oppose the exe it originates in hostility to Sweden or Rus. cution of the measures ordained. Already sia. The politics of the north of Europe did our enemies, or such as are enemies of seem at present to be wholly involved in our repose, begin to rejoice at our intestine mystery. It was generally imagined that, divisions, but these are now suppressed by when Bernadotte assumed the government the united force of the ar'ıny and the laws, of Sweden, the resources of that country and were succeeded by the return of na would be wielded for the common objects tional sentiment, and obedience to their of the continental confederacy. This does duty."

not appear to be the case. Bernadotteç as After noticing that the vacancies in the far as we are able to judge, from appearnew enrolment and national armament had ances, is guided by no principle foreign to been filled up, the regular army recruited the interests of the country which he goand clothed, together with the reserve, verns, and it is possible on this account he which is supplied with well-conditioned may have incurred the resentment of Bo. arins, manufactories of which, and of ar- naparte. It is also stated, that Russia has tillery, as well as of gunpowder and salt. been long uneasy under the fetters of the petre, have been established, the Speech continental system, and has manifested an continues :

inclination to resume her former friendly “ Your Majesty will deign to perceive, intercourse with this country. In that by this statement, that, notwithstanding case, these military movements of the all that the detractors of Sweden have in. •French may be intended to overawe that sinuated on this head, as that it would take power into her former state of subserviency 60 years to organize an army of 60,000 to foreign councils. men, yet this will be apparent in the month In support of this opinion, it is stated of April next, both to the friends and ene. in letters from Paris, that the Emperor mies of your Majesty. The intent of this intended setting out on a journey to the angmentation of our military force is mere. Prussian States about the end of the prely defensive without any other ambition sent month; and that he would then dethan that of preserving the liberty and laws, mand of the Court of St Petersburgh, a Sweden will have neans of defending her. full and complete adoption of the contiself; and she can do it. Bounded by the nental system in the Russian harbours of sa on one side, and on the other by inac the Baltic, and the admission of a French cesible mountains, it is not solely on the force into those ports, as the security for wurage of her inhalvitants, nor in the re an unreserved compliance with the stipu. membrance of her former glory, that she lations and restrictions of that system. To has to seek for the security of her inde- support her bold pretensions, according to pendence; it is rather to be found in her these advices, France has nearly 100,000 local situation, in her mountains, in her men in Dantzick, the Prussian fortresses, forests, in her lakos, and in her frosts. and the adjacent country, with an equal Let her therefore profit by these united ad- number at Warsaw ; 195,000 men on the Fantages; and let her inhabitants be shores of the Danube, to obstruct the rethoroughly persuaded of this truth, that if turn of the Czarine forces engaged in the iron, the produce of her mountains, culti Turkish war, in the event of peace with Tates their farms, hy ploughing up their the Sultan, and hostilities with Napoleon. felds, that it is likewise iron alone, and the fifi determination of making use of it,

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. that can defend themn."

The Speech concludes with noticing, in terms of approbation, the conduct of the different Swedish Authorities and Mi, On the 8th January, the allied army tin. histers, during the indisposition of the der the cominand of General Viscount

Wellington, invested Ciudad Rodrigo.

The enemy had increased the difficulty of By a recent mail from Anholt tre have approach, by erecting a redoubt on the hill accounts of the occupation of Swedish Po of St I'rancisco, and by fortifying three conmerania by the French. This creni rook vents in the suburb. These were gallantly February 1812.





carried on the night of the 8th, with the troops of the third division, were onder loss of only six men killed, and 17 wound the direction of Lieutenant-General Pic. ed; and on the night of the 19th the fortress was taken by storm. The dispatch The fourth column, consisting of the of Lord Wellington containing the details 43d and 62d regiments, and part of the of this brilliant achievement, was publish- 95th regiment, being of the light division ed in an extraordinary gazette, on the under the direction of Major General Crau. 5th instant, of which the following is a furd, attacked the breaches on the left, in copy.

front of the suburb of St Francisco, and Gallegos, 20th Jan. 1812. covered the left of the attack of the My Lord--I informed your Lordship principal breach by the troops of the in my dispatch of the 9th, that I had at

3d division; and Brigadier-General Park tacked Ciudad Rodrigo, and in that of the

was destined with his brigade, forming the 15th, of the progress of the operations to

5th column, to make a false attack upon that period ; and I have now the pleasure the southern face of the fort. Besides to acquaint your Lordship, that we took

these five columns, the 94th regiment, bethe place by storm yeterday evening after longing to the 3d division, descended into dark.

the ditch in two columns on the right of We continued from the 15th to the Major-Gen. M.Kinnon's brigade, with a 19th to complete the second parallel, and

view to protect the descent of that body the communications with that work ; and

into the ditch, and its attack of the breach we had made some progress by sap to

the Fausse Braye, against the obstacles wards the crest of the glacis. On the

which it was supposed the enemy would night of the 15th we likewise advanced construct to oppose their progress. from the left of the first parallel down the

All these attacks succeeded ; and Brislope of the hill, towards the convent of St gadier-General Pack even surpassed my exFrancisco, to a situation from which the pectations, having converted his false atwalls of the Fausse Braye and of the

tack into a real one, and his advanced town were seen, on which a battery of se guard, under the command of Major ven guns was constructed, and they com

Lynch, having followed the enemy's troops menced their fire on the morning of the from the advanced works into the Fausse 18th.

Braye, where they made prisoners of all In the mean time, the batteries in the opposed to them. first parallel continued their fire; and yes

Major Ridge, of the 2d battalion of the terday evening their fire had not only con

5th regiment, having escaladed the fausse siderably injured the defences of the place, Braye wall, stormed the principal breach but had made breaches in the Fausse Braye in the body of the place, together with the wall, and in the body of the place, which 94th regiment, commanded by Lieutenantwere considered practicable; while the bat.

Colonel Campbell, which had moved along fery on the slope of the hill, which had the ditch at the same time, and had stormbeen commenced on the night of the 15th, ed the breach in the Fausse Braye, both and had opened on the 18th, had been

in front of Major-General MKinnon's briequally efficient still further to the left,

gade. Thus these regiments not only efand opposite the suburb of St Francisco.

fectually covered the advance from thie I therefore determined to storm the

trenches of Major-General M.Kinnon's briplace, notwithstanding that the approaches gade, by their first movements and operahad not been brought to the crest of the

tions, but they preceded them in the atglacis, and the counterscarp of the ditch

tack. was still entire. The attack was accor Major-General Craufurd and Major-Gedingly made yesterday evening in five se neral Vandeleur, and the troops of the parate columns, consisting of the troops of light division on the left, were likewise the 3d and right divisions, and of Brigadier- very forward on that side; and in less General Pack's brigade. The two right than half an hour from the time the attack columns conducted by Lieutenant-Colonel commenced, our troops were in possession O'Toole, of the 2d cacadores, and Major of, and formed on the ramparts of the Ridge, of the 5th regiment, were destined place, each body contiguous to the other. to protect the advance of Major-Genera! The enemy then submitted, having susMKinnon's brigade forming the third, to tained a considerable loss in the contest. the top of the breach in the Fausse Braye Our loss was also, 'I am concerned to wall, and all these, being composed of add, severe, particularly in officers of high

rink and estimation in this army. Ma calf of the 45th; and they distinguished jor-General M.Kinnon was unfortunately themselves not less in the storm of the blown up by the aceidental explosion of place, than they had in the performance one of the enemy's expence magazines, of their laborious duty during the siege. close to the breach, after he had gallantly I have already reported in my letter of and successfully led the troops under his the 9th instant, my sense of the concommand to the attack. Major-General duct of Major-General Craufurd, and of Craufurd likewise received a sesere wound Lieutenant-Colonel Colborne, and of the while he was leading on the light division troops of the light division in the to the storm, and I am apprehensive that storm of the redoubt of St Francisco, on I shall be deprived for some time of his as the evening of the 8th instant. The con. sistance. Major-General Vandeleur was duct of these troops was equally distin. likewise wounded in the same manner, but guished throughout the siege and in the not so severely, and he was able to con storm ; nothing could exceed the gallantry tinue in the field. I have to add to this with which these brave officers and troops list, Lieutenant-Colonel Colborne of the advanced, and accomplished the difficult 5&d regiment, and Major George Napier, operation allotted to them, notwithstandwho led the storming party of the lighting that all their leaders had fallen. éirision, and was wounded on the top of I particularly request your Lordship's the breach.

attention to the conduct of Major-General I here great pleasure in reporting to

Craufurd, Major-General Vandeleur, LieuTour Lordship, the uniform gond conduct,

tenant-Colonel Barnard of the 95th, Licu. spirit of enterprise, and patience and per

tenant Colonel Colborne, Major Gibbs, and s terance in the performance of great la- Major Napier of the 52d, and Licutenant

Colonel M.Leod of the 43d. The conduct bpur, by which the general officers, officers, and troops of the 1st, 3d, 4th, and

of Captain Duffey of the 43d, and that of batt. divisions, and Brigadier-General Lieutenant Gurwood of the 32d regiment, Pack's brigade, by whom the siege was

who was wounded, have likewise been parcarried on, have been distinguished during ticularly reported to me; Lieutenant-Co. the late operations. Lieutenant-General lonel Elder and the 3d cacadores were Graham assisted me in superintending the

likewise distinguished upon this occasion. eunduet of the details of the siege, besides

The 1st Portuguese regiinent, under

Lieut. Colonel Hill, and the 16th, under performing the duties of the general officer comanding the first division; and I am

Colonel Cainpbell, being Brigadier-General anch indebted to the suggestions and as

Pack's brigade, were likewise distinguishsistance I received from him for the suc

ed in the storm, under the command of ces of this enterprise.

the Brigadier General, who particularly

mentions Major Lynch. The conduct of all parts of the 3d divi

In my dispatch of the 15th, I reported ston, in the operations which they perform to your Lordship. the attack of the Coned with so much gallantry and exactness

vent of Santa Cruz, by the troops of the in the evening of the 19th, in the dark,

1st division, under the direction of Lieuteford the strongest proof of the abilities

nant-General Graham ; and that of the al Lieutenant-General Picton and Major. Convent of Saint Francisco, on the 14th General M.Kinnon, by whom they were inst. under the direction of Major-General directed and led ; but I beg particularly to the Hon. C. Colville. The first mentioned traw your Lordship's attention to the con

enterprize was performed by Captain čxt of Lieutenant-Colone O'Toole of the Laroche de Stackenfels, of the 1st line 2d encadores, of Major Ridge of the 2d battalion King's German Legion; the last Sattalion 5th foot, of Lieutenant-Colonel by Lieutenant-Colonel Harcourt, with the Campbell of the 94th regiment, of Major 40th regiment. This regiment remained Manners of the 74th, and of Major Grey from that time in the suburb of Saint Franel the 20 battalion 5th foot, who has been cisco, and materially assisted

our attack twice wounded during this siege.

on that side of the place. It is but justice also to the 3d division Although it did not fall to the lot of the ta report that the men who performed the troops of the list and 4th divisions to ap belonged to the 45th, 74th, and 88th bring these operations to their successful feriments, under the command of Captain close, they distinguished themselves M·leod, of the royal engineers, and Cap- throughout their progress, by the patience un 'Thorson of the 74th ; 'Lieutenant and perseverance with which they perBeresford of the 88th and Lieutenant Met- formed the labours of the siege. The


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