Gaston, who was a man of parts though not of understanding, left behind ** Memoirs of French "History from the Year 1608 to 1635." They are printed.


THE term petit s maitrei was first applied to this great Central and his followers, who, flushed with the victories of Lens, &c. which he had gained, on their return from- the army to Paris, gave themselves a great many airs, and were rnfufferably impertinent and troublesome.

Richelieu, a very good judge of men, was much struck with the precocity of talents that appeared in this Prince when he was very young. He told Chavigny, "I have been just now having a con"verfaticn of two hours with the young Duke "d'Enghuien upon the art military, upon religion, ** and upon the interests of Europe: he will he ** the greatest General in Europe, and the first *• man of his time, and perhaps of the times to •* tfome."

Louis XIV. who could never forgive the part Comic took against him in the Fronde, seems

never never to have entirely given him his considence, or to have made that use of the talents of this Prince which he should have made.

The Prince of Conde was a striking illustration of the observation made by the acute Dr. Johnson, that in public speaking there was often more of knack and of habit than of real talent or knowledge: for whilst Conde never rose to speak in the Parliament of Paris but to disgrace himself, Gaston his cousin, with a mind very inserior to his in every respect, was very well heard in that Assembly.

His Sovereign Louis XIV. once paid Conde a very handsome compliment. The Prince, in the latter part of his lise, was very lame with the gout, and was one day in that situation apologizing to him for making him wait for him at the top of the great stair-case at Verfailles, which he was ascending very flowly. "Alas! my cousin," replied he, "who that is so loaded with laurels as yourself "can walk fast?"

The Prince was a man of some learning himself, {and extremely fond of the converfation of learned and ingenious men. Moliere, Boileau, and the celebrated writers of their time, were frequently with him at Chamilly. He however expected as much deserence from these great men in literary matters, as he had been used to exact from his . rot. 11. 1. Officers Officers at a Council of War. Boileau, however, had once the spirit to contradict him on some subject of literature, of which most probably he knew more than the Prince. Conde soon fired, and darted his eyes upon him, sparkling with rage and indignation. "Upon my word," faid the fatirist, " in "future I will take particular care to be of the "fame opinion with the Prince of Conde when he "is in the wrong."

Pains had been early taken by some of the Prince's supposed friends to shake his belief in Christianity; he always replied, " You give yourselves a great "deal of unnecessary trouble: the dispersion of •* the Jews will always be an undeniable proof to "me of the truth of our holy religion."

Some writer fays, that the disposition of a man is to be known by his hand-writing. This observation seems realized in this great Prince, who was a man of a very violent and hasty temper. Segrais fays of him," The Prince of Conde used •* to write without taking his pen from the paper K till he had sinished a sentence, and without put** ting any points or adjuncts to his letters.''


"THE Author of the celebrated Maxims which *c bear his name, was not a man of learning," fays Segrais, " but he was a man of great good sense, "and had a persect knowledge of the world. This "put him upon making reflections, and upon re"ducing into aphorisms what he had been able to "discover in the heart of man, with which he was "most intimately acquainted."

M. de la Rochefoucault was so accurate in the composition of his little book, that as he sinished a Maxim, he used to send it to his friends for their opinion upon it. Segrais asserts, that some of his Maxims were altered thirty times. The MaxirrJ, "that it shews a wretched poverty of mind to "have but one sort of understanding," took its rise from Boileau and Racine, who were extremely ignorant of every thing except poetry and literature.

** M. de la Rochefoucault," adds Segrais, ** would have made a better Governor for the ** Dauphin, Louis the Fourteenth's only son, than "the Duke of Montausier;" being a man of great sweetness of temper, extremely insinuating in his addreft, and exceedingly agreeable in converL 2 setion. fation. M. de la Rochefoucault could never belong to the French Academy, as he could never muster up courage enough to deliver to the Academy the speech which it was necessary to make in order to be admitted into that body.


HEN AULT applies this passage in Tacitus to this celebrated Demagogue: " Non tarn prtemiis "pericukrum, quam ipsis periculis, leetus pro ** cert is et oitm partis, nova, ambigua, anciphia, 11 malkbat," The fagacious Richelieu early discovered the disposition of De Retz, and according to Segrais, though he was of an antient and an illustrious family, never intended to give him a benefice of any value or consequence. In very early lise De Retz wrote the •* History of the "Conspiracy of Fiesqui against the Aristocracy "of Genoa," in which he took the part of the Conspirator. He seems by nature to have had all the qualities requisite to become a favourite with the people. Brave, generous, eloquent, full of resources, and settered by no principle, he dazzled the multitude of Paris, who seem ever to have been more taken with actions of eclat and


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