Walingham, who dwelt particular- lay these grievances before the soly on the dangerous confequences vereign, and to fapplicate him to of a precipitate peace, which would relieve the sufferings of the natin, be throwing away the advantages by confenting to a negociation for we had gained by our perseverance peace, which was the only effectuu ia this arduous contest, and yielding remedy for the many calamities to despondence, at a time when we under which the people laboured, ought to make the moti of the dita in consequence of this unfortunate ficulties our enemies had to contend war. with, and were not likely to Tur- The obfervations of the duke of mount, if we continued to act with Bedford were warmly controverted the resolution that had hitherto by lord Grenville, who inhisted characterised our measures. that the situation of this country,

In reply to these affertions, it was evidently fuperior to that of was obuerved by the duke of Bed- France in every point of view. Our ford, that it was more consistent, fuccefles at fea were far more conwith the dignity of a British par- ducive to the internal prosperity of liament, to frame an address of its the kingdom, than the dear-bought own, than to copy the fpeech of victories of the French had, or could the minister, though delivered from ever prove to the people of France. the throne. His sentiments difered The depreciation of the paper curmaterially from the ministerial lan- rency in that country, was, in his opiguage he had heard. It represented nion, a circumstance to its detriment, the French as on the verge of rain; and in our favour, that fully deserved but the truth of facts, opposed to the reiterated notice that had been the illusion of words, was that they taken of it. The most judicious of were hitherto superior in the con- the French financiers were decply teft, notwithstanding the constant fenlihle of the effects it would ultipredictions of the minister and his mately produce, and firongly departisans, during the three preced- precated the fariher ifte of any ing years, that they had not fuffi- notes, and the withdrawing of no cient resources to prolong it another less than ten paris ont of thirteen campaign. The duke adverted from circulation. With such laring with great severity to the reiterated proofs of the pecuniary ditrefies of allegation, that the French go- the enemy, was it prudent or reaverument was incapable of fulfilling fonable to advise pacific meatures, the customary duties and relations when with a moderate degree of of amity and good underfianding patience on our fide, he would prowith other fiates. He reprobated bably be foon compelled to lilten to with equal alperity the fruitle's de- mirë reasonable terms of peace, struction of men in the West Indies, than the pride relulting from his and the ill-fated expedition to the late succelles would now periniz coast of France. These, and the liiin lo accept. He concluded, by other evils of the war, particularly reprefenting the failure of the exthe ficarcity that afflicted the na- pedition to the conít or France as tron, be imputed to the misconduct occasioned by the treachery of thole and incapacity of minifters. It was French corps, that had been too therefore the duty of parliament to contidently relied upon.


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He was replied to by the marquis fortunc had favoured them. Couol Lansdowne, who pointedly ani- rage was inexhaustible, but wealth madverted on the prosperous fitu- had its limits : and the example of ation wherein ministers aflerted the France ought to warn us of the country stood at the present mo- danger of ltretching the pecuniary ment. What he had foretold was resources of the nation beyond their come to pass; our allies had desert- natural bearings. The war had ed us, and our enemies were every tried them to such an extent, that where victorious. The trite argu- it was time to cease the experiment ment of their ruined finances was how far they would go, and to make still revived; but in what fiate were negociation take place of hoftiliour own? were they inexhaustible? ties. were they equal to the fupport of The earls of Mansfield and Darnourselves, together with the weight ley spoke in favour of the address, of those pretended friends who had and the duke of Grafton and the taken our money, and converted it earl of Lauderdale against it. The to purposes entirely foreign to those latter inveighed bitterly against mifor which it was granted, and who nitters for the assurances they had were waiting with their accustomed given to the public in the former avidity for fresh grants. Taxes tellions, that luch was the superior could only be carried to a cer- might of the confederaey, that tain length: beyond which they France would be utterly unable would in this country, as in all to relist it; but how diferent the others, become intolerable. But reality from the fair appearances money alone was no fecurity for they had held out! defeat and defucceis; fagacity was of far greater fertion had characterited those allies conteqnence. The minifterial pro- in whose name fuch lotty promises jects and enterprizes displayed little had been made; and to complete of this eflential requisite; failures the picture of the national calamiand disappointments continually at- ties, we now visited by a tended them. This however was scarcity, undeniably owing to the 3!ot liurprising, as their attempts a- improvident conduct of those at the gairft the foe were glaringly marked helm ; yet ministers boldly allerted with imprudence. The expedition that our condition was improved, to St. Domingo, for inttance, was an and that of the enemy worle than unpardonable act of temerity; here ever. But did not lacis give the the French were infurmountable: strongest denial to those Thameful it was the capital feat of their afleverations was not the enemy firength in the West Indies; of this in poflellion of all we had conquerthe great lord Chatham was so well ed, and preparing for new conconvinced that he wisely forbore, quests? was not the coalition broken even in the midfi of his succelles, to and dissolved, and fome of its prinmahe it an object of attack. The cipal members in treaties of peace French, it was true, were straitened and amity with the French could for money, but they had that which any man of sense and integrity inwas better ; they had good soldiers terpret such things as improvements and excellent commanders; on in the situation of this country? did those they chiefly deperded, and they entitie us to expect that the



French should be the first to fue for the amendment, and the lord chanpeace, as ministers presumptuously cellor in opposition to it. The duke allerted?

of Bedford in resuming that subject The amendment brought forward recurred to the expreífions used by by the duke of Bedford was strong- Jord Grenville, which were, that ly opposed by earl Spencer, who « in case the constitution now ofcontended that in fo extensive a fered to the people of France, war, waged in almost every part of should be found likely to establish the globe, it could not be expected itself in such a form as to secure a that the mercantile shipping of this government that might preserve the country would always, escape the relations of peace and amity, his vigilance of an enemy, whose only objections to treat with them would and perpetual objeâ at sea was de- be entirely removed." predation. It was indeed more The substance of what had been surprising that his captures were so spoken by lord Grenville, was confew, when it was considered that fomable to the words taken down we carried on nearly the whole by the duke of Bedford ; but the trade of Europe. He gave a la former declared himself of opinion, tisfactory account of the naval trans- that it was not parliamentary to actions during the peceding season, make the words of a peer, uttered and made it appear that the mil- in the course of the debate, a formal. chances which had befallen the ground of proposing or of recalling commercial fleets were owing to a motion. Hereon the duke conunavoidable accidents, and not to fented to withdraw his amendment; misconduct. He justified the em- refusing however bis approbation ployment of Mr. Puillaye, as a per- to that part of the addre's which ion through whose means the prin- afferted an improvement in the cipal communication was kept up situation of public affairs. The adwith France, where he headed a dress was then finally moved, and confiderably party of royalists. carried in the aflirmative,

The duke of Norfolk spoke for


A Proclamation offering a large pecuniary Reward for the Discovery of any

Persons gwilly of the recent Outrages against the Perfom of the King.-Conference betreeen the Lords and Commons on this Subjce.--A Bill for the Safety and Preservation of the King's Person and Government.-Debates thereon in both Houses of Parliament. A Bill for the Prevention of Soditious Afeetings.-Debates thereon.The two Bills under Discussion in Parliament occasion a general Alarm, and much Oppoßtion without Doors In this Opposition the lead was taken by the Whig-Club.-Which was follo:ecd by the Corresponding Societies and other Asociations.-As well as different Bodies legally incorporated.-The Minislry fill persevere in their leafıres.--Debates on the numerous Petitions against the two Bills now pending in Parliament.-General Indignation against the Principles and Objects of these.The tuo Bills passed into Law's.

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N the mean time, the indignities which his person had been imminentjed of universal discourse, and high- been spread, that affemblies were to ly reprobated by the prudent and be held by disaffected people for moderate, as procursory of far great- illegal purposes. In consequence er evils than had hitherto been ex- of those proceedings, it was enjoinperienced by those who vented ed by the proclamation to all magiftheir discontent in this outrageous traves, and well affected subjects, manner. On the last day of Octo- to exert themselves in preventing ber, a proclamation was iflued, of and fuppressing all unlawful meetfering a thousand pounds for the ings, and the dissemination of ledidiscovery of any person guilty of tious writings. those outrages. On the fourth of

So great had been the alarm and November it was followed by ano- indignation, created by the treatther, wherein it was said, that pre- ment of the king, that as soon as he viously to the opening of parlia- had gone through the reading of ment, multitudes had been called his speech, and had left the house, together by hand-bills and adver- it was inmediately ordered to be tilements, who met in the vicinity cleared of all strangers, and a conof the metropolis, where inflamma- sultation held by the lords, in what tory speeches were made, and di- manner to proceed upon so extravers means used to sow discontent ordinary an occasion. An address and excite feditious proceedings. to the king was resolved upon, and These meetings and discourses were a conference with the house of followed three days after by the commons to request their concur. moft daring insults to the king, by rence therein. The majority agreed

in this meafure; but the marquis which he produced, and which was, of Lansdowne accused the ministers: entitled “an act for the safety, and of intending to seize this opportu- preservation of his majesty's perfon nity to work upon the passions and and government against trealonable fears of the people, and to lead and feditious practices and attheir representatives into concef- tempts." troas derogatory to the public li- The bill introduced by lord berty, and debaling to their cha- Grenville was represented by the racter, in order to confirm their earl of Lauderdale, as creating new own power at the expence of the crimes and treasons, in addition to constitution.

those already contained in the criA conference with the comnionsminal code of this country. : It was held accordingly in the course tended materially to enlarge the of the day, and witnesies were ex laws respecting treason, and would amined in relation to the outrages clfeci an alaroiing al «ration in the committed. Their evidence was very pature and spirit of the concoinmunicated to the commons, and liitution. There was no evidence both houfes unanimously concurred that the insults offered to the king in the auldrelli's propoted,

originated in the meetings of vio On the sixth of November, ford people in the fields near Iilington, Grenville broughi forward a bill, or in any other places. Theo for better securing the king's person meetings had been remarkably and government. The motive he peaceable, anthofe who harangved alleged, was the neceffty of pre- the crowds that reforteil to the venting abuses fimilar to those that from all quarters of the metropolis, had taken place on the opening of were particularly careful to warn the felon,' He explicitly attributed them against all riotous proceedinzs, them to the licentious language and left miniers mould avail thenfelves maxims held forth in the audacious of that preicxt, to put an end to all meetings, which had ben so long alleinblies of the people. So harm luffere 1, without due notice on the a measure as that proposed had not part of the legislature, but which therefore the least foundation in the wers now arrived to fach a degree unruly behaviour of thole meetings, of inberce, that they required im- and were it to país into a law, the soediate restriction. He would re- libcrty of conferring tngither, lo cur on this occasion, he said, tolong cnjoyed by the Englit, and precedents framed in approved wbich they juilly considered as their times, the reign of Elizabeth, and indubitable right, would be radithe commencement of the reign of cally destroyed, and with it the Charles II. He entertained no firmiefi fupport of public freedom. doubt that the house coincided with The intent of miniliers, in adopting his opinion, that a remedy ought to unprecedented a measure', was instantly to be applied to the danger clearly to dience the complaints of that threaterr.d monarchy', in the t'ie nation againlė a war that had attack fo chwingly made on the in oked it in for many calamities, king's perfon. In order more ef- and which they were determined lectuallv to ohviate fo greai an evil, to carry on in detace of the yehe would move the pailing of a bill, ita inclination l0 pace. The Vol. IXXVIII.




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