Roan Ideals.


Rone uric the Rulic clowr to the conquert

of Greece initated the Spartan ideal. Unter the Imperors, Atten

iar i leals were preferred. However, ir consequence of t?e utili

tarian incliration of the Romans, literature !! oratory re

ceived marl ed attention. Kusic ani sculpture were left rainly

to the Greolis.

While the Greek education aimed at intellectual


and. piysical culture, the Roman hal utilitarian ideals, essentially literary and etrical. Ather.


ideal of intellectual culture is represented in our classical

courses; Rone's utilitarian, combine:l with the literary arri

ctrical in our scientific Courses. Since the Romans merely ini

tated the Greeks in eiucation, tey have no lesson for us in this field save that of showing ho to adapt ideals and inetrols

to secure iesirable results unler conditions different from

those which formerly produced them.

Chapter 11.

le lieval and Modern Continental Ideals.

German I leals.


of the molern nations, Gemany's educational ideais

and prictice ranı: foremost. A study of her schools is also in

large measure a study of all similar schools on the continent

because the oti er nations have patterne

after her. Even

France and England til. France in 1830 and again after her

national lisaster of 1870. Englant, in 1956, cent . Arnolri

to study Gerrian solo015 for the purpose of malirg that study

the basis o plans for inprovinc EnglisSchools. Te Gerian


schools were organizei to support the terets of the

Christian faith anil they have always been strong arencies in

te realization of the Tigest spiritual ileals o" the German

people. Now,

after the union of churo. anri state, they lave

been taken over bolily into the service or ti.e broaier nation

al life,

Their air now is to produce a religious and patriot

[blocks in formation]

school teachers in December 1390 to discuss ways and means mit:

ther. Talkirit of the existing practice he said: "First of all,

a national basis is wantirr. The soundation of our gymnasium

must be German. It is our duty to elusate nen to become young

Germans, and not young Greeks or Ponans. We must relinquish

the basis which has been the rule for centuries-the old monas

tic elucation of the Middle Ages, when latin and a little Greek

were most important. These are no longer our standart; we must

make German the basis an i Goran composition must be mate tre

center around which everyt: ing else revolves."

Asain ir jis

Enphasizes purpose

or ler of May 1, 1899 re says: "Te prine

of pyrnasia.

object of the

schools will be ever to lay

the foundation for a souri comprehension of both ivio ar i

social relations, by cherishing reverence for God ani love for

tie fatlierlant. But I cannot fiiil to recognize that in a time

when the errors and misrepresentation of social derlocracy are

soreai atroad "ith increasei zeal, the school is called upon

to hate increased ef: orts to advance the recognition of the

true, the real, anl the possible in the world. The school rust

endeavor to create ir the young the conviction that the teach

ings of social remocracy contra lict not only tie livine con

mards at Christian iorals, but are, moreover, ipracticable


and in their consequence destructive alike to ti e comurity.

The school must be for the purpose of bringing the nex, ani

tre nevest tistory or the times more than hitherto into the

circle of the subjects of intructior, anl show that tre poter

« ForrigeFortsett »