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46. form, s. iórm, in form, deform', reformn', esform', triform, len’tiform, nulliform, inform', misinform', conform', perform', transform', platforın', uniform'.
47. en, s. n, in deaf'en,* beech'en, fresh'en, length'en, wéaken, drunk'en, spoken, tóken, stolen, swollen, chéapen, ripen, open, bap'pen, loos'en, béaten, lighten, brighten, heart'en, fat'ten, writ'ten, heav'en, sev'en, woven, flax'en, brazen, coz'en, doz'en, miz'zen, &c. (en s. ën in monosyllables) as glen, ten, wen; and in such words as twig'gen, kitch'en, hy'phen, álien, woollen, ámen', spe"cimen, lin'en, as'pen, breth'ren, siren, mar'ien, &c.-of'ten and sof'ten s. ofn and sofn.
48. sten, s. s n, in hásten, fas'ten, unfas'ten, chásten, lis'ten, glis'ien, inois'ten, chris'ten.
49. ain accented, or in a monosyllable, s. åne, in ordáin, disdain, regáin, encháin, complain, expláin, domáin, refráin, restráin, contáin, abstáin, chil Alain, por'celain, (ain s. ến in) again', against'.
50. ain, unaccented, s. in—in vil'lain, chap'lain, chamberlain, mur'rain, ief'tain, plau’tain, foun'tain, noun'tain, cap'tain, cer'tain, uncer'tain, cur'tain,
51. ion, preceded by lor n, accented, s. yản, in battal'ion, vermillion, pavil'ion, medallion, rebellion, billion, million, postil'ion, &c. compan’ion, minion, doinin'ion, opin'ion, ou’ion, &c.
52. sion, preceded by a, e, i, o, or u, s. zhủn in occasion, cvásion, invá bien, persuásion, dissuasion, &c adhésion, inhésion, cohésion ; decis''ion, pro cis”ion, incis'ion, collis'ion, divis”ion, provis''ion, &c. displosion, explosion, corry sior; fúsion, diffusion, infusion, confúsion, conclusion, exclusion, allusion, intru sion, contúsion, &c.
53. sion, preceded by any of the consonants, s. shủn, in impulsion, compulsion, expan'sion, comprehen'sion, dinnen'sion, iner'sion, aver'sion, incur'sjon, pass'ion, process'ion, possess'ion, miss'ion, percuss'ion, dismiss'ion,t da.
54. ssion, s. shủn, in pas'sion, compas'sion, ces'sion, conces'sion, profes'sion, egres'sion, pres'sion, session, posses'sion, mis'sion, remis'sion, manumis'sion, concus'sion, discus'sion, &c.
55. tion, s. shản, in constitution, solution, elocution, caution, portion, op'tion, percep'tion, atten'tion, contrition, addition, conjunc'tion, collec'tion, elevation, lamentation, vacation, probátion, libátion, &c.
56. tion, preceded by s, or x, s. tshủn, in ambus'tion, combus'tion, ques' tion, conges'tion, diges'tion, sugges'tion, bas'tion, &c. mix'tion, admix'tion, com. mix'tion, permix'tion.
57. xion, s. shủn, in flex'ion, complex'ion, annex'ion, connex'ion, prefix ion, affix'ion, crucifix'ion, commix'ion, flux'ion.
58. son, s. zn, in reason, tréason, séason, ven'ison, poison, empoison, coun’terpoison, pris'on, impris'on, dam'son, crim'son. (son, s. zůn, in) diapason. (son, s. sûn, in) son, grand'son, god'son, únison, compar'ison. (son, s. so, in) máson, gar'rison, par’son, person, les'son.
59. own, s. own, in down, adown', upside-down', renown', imbrown', nut'. brown. (own, s. On, in) own, shown, blown, flown, high'flown, known, unknówn, disown, unsown.
60. car, s. ère, in ear, endear', rehéar, overhear', besméar, appear, disappéar, upréar, arrear, leap year. (ear, s. dre, in) bear, bugbear, upbear, underbeár, overbear, forbeár, pear, tear, (v.) tear (n. a rent), wear, swear, unswear, forswear, outswear. (ear, s. dår, in) lin'ear, rectilin'ear, curvilin'ear.
61. er, s. år, in am'ber, cháunber, october, cum'ber, of'ficer, offend'er, pretend'er, fin'ger, lin'ger, lexicogʻrapher, geog'rapher, orthog'rąpher,
biogʻra, pher, historiogʻrapher, cosmog'rapher, controller, glim'mer, sum'mer, mar'iner, móurner, usurp'er, conjurer, con'quer, consid'er, diam'eter, pentam'eter, hex
* When a vowel is not sounded in the verb, it is silent also in the participles derived from it.
Though in some of the preceding and succeeding paragraphs it is impossible to point out the particular accented letter, yet by means of the inark, the syllable, or sound, on which the accept rests, will not readily be mistaken.
am'eter, barom'eter, inter preter, re"gister, empow'er, assayer, &c. (er, accent. ed, s. er, in) defer', refer', prefer', infer, deter', &c. (eer, s. ere, in) beer, rain'deer, mountaineer, engineer, dominer, mutier, privatéer, volunteer charioteer, gazettéer, &c. (e'er, s. åre, in) e'er, ne'er, whene'cr', where'er' (ier, accented, and in one syllable, s. ere, in pier, cashier, cavalier, chan. deliér, carabinier, cannoniér, &c.
62. or, s. år, in ambass'ador, méteor, an'chor, met'aphor, author, major, sénior, júnior, inférior, supériour, ir*ériour, war'rior, sailor, demeanor, minor, slúpor, em'peror, júror, vis'or, censor, successor, profess'or, possess'or, progros'ticalor, elucidator, gladiator, mediótor, ven'tilator, le'gislator, translator, sen'ator, denom'inator, moderátor, or'ator, speciátor, equátor, debtor, ac'tor, collector, protect'or, vic'tor, proprietor, aúditor, invent'or, &c. (or, s. 8r, in) or, áchor, icher, sápor, prétor, unlocked'for, unhoped'for, &c. (or and oor, s. ore, in) louis d'or', corridor', bai'tledoor, back'door, trapaloor', death's'door, ground floor, thrash'ingfloor. (oor, s. öðr, in) boor, moor, poor, unmoor black'amoor.--or, s. Ör, in abhor'.
63. our, s. år, in labour, tábour, ar'bour, har'bour, succour, ran'cour, splen'dour, vig'our, val'our, colour, par’lour, clam'our, ar'mour, rúmour, hon'our, endeav'our, fávour, sávour, &c. (our, s. owr, in)our, scour, hour, flour, sour, devour'. (our, s. óór, in) amour', par'amour, tour, contour'.--the verb to pour, s. pore, or powr.--four, s. före.-your, s. ure.--iour, s. yůr, in behaviour, sáviour.
64. ass, s. åss, in lass, class, glass, look'ing-glass, ísing-glass, tin'glass, weath'erglass, hour'glass, amass', repass', surpass', sparrowgrass, scur'vygrass, car'cass, cut'lass, com'pass, encom'pass, tres'pass, har'ass, sas'safras, cuirass', morass', can'vas,
65. ous, s. ůs, in tremen'dous, stapen'dous, hid'eous, spontaneous, plen'teous, terráqueous, analogous, odious, stúdious, plous, várious, jeal'ous, perilous, friv'olous, cred'ulous, trem'ulous, in'famous, unan'imous, moun'tainous, luminous, poisonous, won'drous, númerous, dex'terous, odorous, clam'orous, traiterous, adven'turous, soli'citous, momen'tous, porten'tous, gratuitous, fortáitous, &c.
66. ceous, s. shůs, in fabáceous, herbáceous, argilláceous, cetáceous, cretáceous, crustáceous, &c.
67. ious and eous, preceded by d, s. éůs, in tédious, perfid'ious, fastid'ious, insid'ious, invid'ious, compen'dious, odious, melódious, commodious, &c. hid'eous, lapid'eous, stúdious.
68. cious and scious, s. shůs, in efficácious, andácious, sagacious, fallacious, tenácious, pertinácious, spácious, grácious, vorácious, vivácious, loquá. cious, spécious, pre"cious, judi"cious, oft" cious, mali'cious, perni'cious, auspi"cious, capri'cious, atrocious, &c. omnis''cious, con'scious, lus'cious, &c.
69. tious, s. shůs, in ostentatious, vexatious, fac'tious, ambi'tious, propi'tious, ficti''tious, adventi"tious, supersti''tious, conscien'tious, senten'tious, conien'tious, cap'tious, cautious, incautious, &c.
70. uous, s. úůs, in conspic'uous, promis'cuous, assid'uous, ar'duous, ambig'uous, contig'uous, mellifluous, super'fluous, ingen'uous, stren'uous, sin'vous, impet'uous, tumultuous, contemptuous, sumpt'uous, virt'aous, tempest'uous, con'gruous, incon'gruous.
71. eat, s. ète, in eat, beat, brow'beat, deféat, eschéat, repeat, entréat, retrčat, in sweet'meat.-eat, s. èt, in threat, sweat.-eat, s. dte, in great. eat, s. dåt, in caveat.-hereat, thereat', whereat', s. here at, thare at, hware åt.
72. ct, s. kt, in act, enaet', compact', defect', infect', per'fect, deject', select', as'pect, respect', inspect', pros'pect, direct', dissect', predict', strict, dis'trict, instinct
, extinct', ad'junct, deduct', prod'uct, obstruct', instruct', construct', &c. (ct has the same sound when s is added, thus) acts, enacts', defects', infects', dejects', respects', inspects', pros'pects, directs', sects, dissects', predicts', dis'tricts, ad'juncts, &c. ,(ici, s. lte, in endict, and indict'.)
3. ight, s. ite, in fight, alight', delight', enlight', moon'light, star'light,
day'light, sky'light, benight, birth’right, yes'ternight, overnight, aright, astright, down right (adv.) outright, secondsight, eyesighi, (ight, s. ite, in) twilight, midnight, fort'night, birth’right, down'right, (adj.) up'right, foresight, in siglit, oversight. (seven-night, s. sển’nit.)
74. eight, s. ate, in freight, pen'nyweight, troy'weight, weight'il y', weight'iness, weigh'ty, eight'een, eight'fold, eight'score, eight'y. (englit, s. ite, in height, sleight.)
75. aught, s. åt, in aught, ful'fraught. (aught, s. åst, in) draught, roug?:draught.
76. ought, s. åt, in ought, dear'-bought, methought', fore-thought, afterthought, mer'ry-thought, high'-wrought, inwrought', unwrought', overwrought's "hesought'. (ought, s. owt, in drought.)
77, scent, s. sent, in scent, ascent', renas'cent, desccnt', quies'cent, conales'cent, evanes'cent, cres'cent, excres'cent, &c. 58. ow, s. o, in el'bow, rain'bow, mead'ow, shad'ow, overshad'ow, widow, 'dow, bow'-window, fur'below, fallow, hallow, shallow, sal low, tallow,
'low, swallow, bel'low, fel’low, school'fellow, play fellow, mel'low, yellow, bil'low, pillow, wil'low, follow, hol'low, whit'low, win'now, scarecrow, overthrow, (,) arrow, nar'row, hurrow, mar'row, spar'row, yar'row, bor'row, mor'. row, sor'row, bur'row, fur'row. (ow, s. o, in) bow (11.) io shoot arrows; show, foreshow', pup'petshow, overblow', below', overtlow' (v.) foreknow', overgrow', overthrow' (v.) bestow'. (ow, s. ow, in) bow (n. an act of reverence, or u. to bend), endow', some'how, allow', disallow', mow (n.) row, good'now, enow', erenow', eyebrow, avow'.
79. ay, s. à, in bay, decay', alack'aday', noon'day, delay', relay', allay', inlay', display', overlay', mislay', waylay', dismay'; defray', affray, array", betray', assay (v.), away', high'way, &c. (ay, s. a, in) mon'day, luesday, wednes'day, thurs'day, friday, sat'urday, sun'day, yes'terday, hey-day, 10!'yday, nósegay, round'elay, sooth'say, hear'say, es'say (n.), run'away, car'away, cast'away, cause'way, half'way, gang'way, path'way. hay, s. .-quay,
80. fy, a verbal termination, s. 1l, in jus'tify, rectify, púrisy, tes’tify, na". cify, crucify, notify, ter'rify, for'tify, calefy, túmety, beautify, sanc'tify, signify, qua'lify, glorify, &c. (ly, or ti, in the participles of such verbs, has the same sound, thus) jus'tifying, jus'tified; rec'lifying, rec'tified; púrifying, púrified, &c. (the same sound of fi prevails in the nouns derived from such verbs as tliese, sig. nifying(an actor, thus) jus'tifier, rectifier, púrifier, &c. (but in nouns from these verbs signifying an act, fi takes the sound of lė, thus) justification, purificátion, testification, &c. (fi has the sound of lé also in such words as) justificátor, testificátor, &c. (fy, sounds îl, in the verbs defy and afiy, also in the interjection fy-fy sounds fè in the adjectives) léaly, chasty, shelf'y, turi'y.
81. ly, unaccented, s. le, io ábly, probably, at'fably, remark’ably, séasonably, dúrably, súitably, learn’edly, sacredly, assuredly, idly, friend'ly, timely, humanely, opportúnely, securely, pur'posely, ul'timately, completely, politely, remotely, ab'solutely penésively, oc'tively, obligingły, willingly, lav'ishly, mridically, finally, lib'erally, delightfully, firm'ly, openly, am'ply, cléarly, or'xterly, man'nerly, endlessly, remiss'ly, hazardcusly, stidiously, gen'erously, per'seculi's discreetlý, sprightly, pleas'antly, cécent!y, prúdently, apparently, consist'ently, &c. (ly, accented, and in morosyllabies, s. II, in) supply', apply', comply'; reply', july', ally', cutfly', rely'.
82. ably, s. åbiė, in probably, ain'ically, laud'ably, peaceably, af'fably, váriably, remark'ably, conform’ably, reasonably, séasonably, com'parably, alterably, tolerably, memorably, fárcurably; war'rantably, lam'entably, com'fortably, equably, observ'ably, &c. (the abverb álly, s. atle.)
83. ibly, s. éblè, inrin'cibly, forcibiy, cred'ibly, andibly, leg'ibly, intel'llgibly, infallibly, ter'ribly, vis'ibly, sen'sibly, pos'silly, plausibly, compat'ibly, percep'tibly, contemp'tibly, conver'iibly, irresisi'ibly, flex'ibly, &c.
84. ily, s. éle, in readily; steadily, gaud'ily, worthily, luckily, fam'ily, hap' pily, primarily, ordinarily, solitarils, voluntarily, satisfac'terily, tran'sila
rily, búsily, lof'tily, hear'tily, &c.—mily, s. ilè, in shily, slily, wily.-iiy, s, fle, in lily.-aily, s. aid, in daily, gáily.
85. iety, s. lėtė, in society, piety, impiety, contrariety, variety, ebriety, sobriety, insobriety, notoriety, propriety, impropriety, satiety, anxiety. (aiety, s. détė, in gaiety:-oiety, s. oy e-tè, in moiety.)
S6. ity, s. été, in prob'ity, saga"city, capa' city, feli'city, dupli"city, velo". city, atro" city, valid'ity, rapid'ity, prosun'dity, déity, frugal'ity, liberality, plu rality, fatal'ity, abil'ity, flanimability, durabil'ity, stability, credibility, sensibil'. ity, flexibil'ity, utility, human'ity, len'ity, dig'nity, solem'nity, impunity, author'. ity, inaturity, quan'tity, vacúity, nativ'iiy, &c. (ity, s. Itė, in) city, pit'y:
87. osity, s ösére, in verbos'ity, morbos'ity, curios'ity, sententios'ity, ani mos'ity, generos'ity, impetuos'ity, &c.
VARIATION OF ACCENT.
ing as they are Nouns, Verbs, or Adjectives.
per'fume permit pre fix pre'mise
Sometimes the same parts of speech have a different accent to make a difference
des'ert (a wilderness) desert' (merit)
The Cruel Boy. 1. AS a bird one day was flying to seek food for its young ones, a boy, who had a gun in his hand, saw it, and shot the poor thing through its head, and down it fell to the ground. The boy then ran to it, and picked it up; and when he saw that it was dead, he was very sorry for what he had done.
2. How cruel it was to kill the poor bird, which never did any harm in all its life; and to take it from its young ones, which were in the nest, wanting it to come back and feed them.
3. The poor little birds could not think why their mother staid so long from them, and kept chirping till they were quite tired. At night they grew so cold, for want of their mother to brood over them, that they did not know what to do.
4. There were five in the nest, and two of them perished with cold and hunger in the night. The other three lived till the next morning, when, getting to the edge of the nest, to look for their mother, two of them fell out, and broke their bones.
5. They lay in great pain for some time upon the ground, but could not move, for they were too young to hop or fly. At last the poor things died. But the other poor little bird that was left in the nest, did not die so soon, for it lived all day very cold and in great pain ; it was almost famished for want of food.
6. It kept chirping, as long as it had strength to make any noise, in hopes its mother would hear, and come and feed it. But, poor thing, she was dead, and could not hear it. So, at last, when it was quite tired, it lay still at the bottom of the nest ; and in the night it rained fast, and the wind blow; so it dieci with cold, just as it began to grow daylight.
7. Thus, there was an end of the five pretty young birds, which all died in such a painful manner, because a hard-hearted, cruel boy shot their poor mother.
*** Preparatory to the learner's commencing the reading lessons, it is strongly recommended that he be required to spell, accent and pronounce at sight all the primitive ana derivative words in the introduction, and determine which are the initial and terminational syllables, and be practised in spelling these exercises both in and cut of the book.