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fands. This gentleman can indeed be never enough commended for his courage and intrepi. dity during this whole war: he has laid about him with an inexpreffible fury; and, like the offended Marius of antient Rome, made such havoc among his countrymen, as must be the work of two or three ages to repair. It must be confessed, the redoubted Mr. BUCKLEY * has shed as much blood as the former; but I cannot forbear saying (and I hope it will not look like envy) that we regard our brother BUCKLEY as a kind of Drawcansir, who spares neither friend nor foe; but generally kills as many of his own side as the enemies. It is impossible for this ingenious fort of men to fubfist after a peace; every one remembers the shifts they were driven to in the reign of king Charles the second, when they could not furnish out a single paper of news, without lighting up a comet in Germany, or a fire in Moscow. There scarce appeared a letter without a paragraph on an earthquake. Prodigies were grown fo familiar, that they had lost their name, as a great poet of that age has it up. I remember Mr. DYER I, who

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“ got him in a messenger's hands; the Secretary promises me to “ swinge him. -I must make that rogue an example for a warn. - ing to others.” SWIFT's Works, vol. XXIII. p. 64. N. · * SAMUEL BUCKLEY, printer of “The Gazette,” and also of “ The Daily Courant.” He printed and published “ The “ Crisis," was the editor of a fine edition of THUANUS, and died Sept. 8, 1741. N. + This allufion is not recollected. “ DYER's Letter;" a news-paper of that time, which, ac

cording

is justly looked upon by all the fox-hunters in the nation as the greatest statesman our country has produced, was particularly famous for dealing in whales; insomuch, that in five months time (for I had the curiofity to examine his letters on that occasion, he brought three into the mouth of the river Thames, besides two porpusses and a sturgeon. The judicious and wary Mr. ICHABOD DAwks * hath all along been the rival of this great writer, and got himself a reputation from plagues and famines; by which, in those days, he destroyed as great multitudes, as he has lately done by the sword. In every dearth of news, Grand Cairo was sure to be unpeopled.

cording to Mr. ADDISON, was intitled to little credit. Honest Vellum, in“ The Drummer,” act II. scene 1. cannot but believe his master is living (amongst other reasons)“ because the “ news of his death was first published in DYER's Letter." See SPECT. No 43. and 457.

* ICHABOD DAWKS, “ another poor, epistolary historian," as he is called, SPEC. NO 457. See more of him, TaTLER. NO 178. They are both introduced by the author of « Phædra ♡ and Hippolitus,” in his poem, intituled, " Charlettus Per“ civallo fuo :"

" Scribe fecurus, quid agit Scnatus,
« Quid caput ftertit grave Lambethanum t,
« Quid comes Guilford, quid habent novorum,

“ Dawksque Dyerque.” Their intelligence was conveyed ihroughout the kingdo:ň, pot in print, but in writing, as the parliamentary minutes are now circulated, See“ Anecdotes of Mr. BowYER,' p. 493. N.

online Tenison.

It being therefore visible, that our society will be greater sufferers by the peace than the soldiery itself, insomuch that the Daily Courant is in danger of being broken, my friend Dyer of being reformed, and the very best of the whole band of being reduced to half-pay; might I presume to offer any thing in the be. half of my distressed brethren, I would hum. bly move, that an appendix of proper apartments, furnished with pen, ink, and paper, and other neceffaries of life, should be added to the hospital of Chelsea, for the relief of such decayed news-writers as have served their country in the wars; and that for their exercise they should compile the annals of their brother veterans, who have been engaged in the same service, and are still obliged to do duty after the same manner.

I cannot be thought to speak this out of an eye to any private interest; for as my chief scenes of action are coffee-houses, play-houses,and my own apartment, I am in no need of camps, fortifications, and fields of battle, to support me; I do not call for heroes and generals to my asistance. Though the officers are broken, and the armies disbanded, I shall still be safe, as long as there are men, or women, or politicians, or lovers, or poets, or nymphs, or swains, or cits, or courtiers, in being,

N° 19.

Tuesday, May 24, 1709.

STE E LE.

Quicquid agunt homines

noftri eft farrago libelli.

Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, “ Our motley paper seizes for it's theme.” P.

From my own Apartment, May 23. THERE is nothing can give a man of any 1 consideration greater pain, than to see order and distinction laid aside amongst men, éspecially when the rank (of which he himself is member) is intruded upon by such as have no pretence to that honour. The appellation of ESQUIRE is the most notoriously abused in this kind, of any class amongst men; insomuch, that it is become almost the subject of derision: but I will be bold to say, this behaviour towards it proceeds from the ignorance of the people in its true origin. I shall therefore, as briefly as possible, do myself and all true Esquires the justice to look into antiquity upon this subject *.

* Sce SELDEN's “ Titles of Honour,'' part II. chap. V. R. 830.

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In the first ages of the world, before the invention of jointures and settlements, when the noble passion of love had poffefsion of the hearts of men, and the fair sex were not yet cultivated into the merciful difpofition which they have Shewed in latter centuries, it was natural for great and heroic spirits to retire to rivulets, woods, and caves, to lament their destiny, and the cruelty of the fair persons who are deaf to their lamentations. The hero in this distress was generally in armour, and in a readiness to fight any man he met with, especially if distinguished by any extraordinary qualifications : it being the nature of heroic love to hate all me. rit, left it should come within the observation of the cruel one by whom its own perfections are neglected. A lover of this kind had always about him a person of a second value, and fubordinate to hiin, who could hear his afflictions, carry. an inchantment for his wounds; hold his helmet when he was eating (if ever he did eat), or in his absence, when he was retired to his apartment in any king's palace, tell the prince himself, or perhaps his daughter, the birth, parentage, and adventures of his valiant master. This trusty companion was styled his ESQUIRE, and was always fit for any offices about him; was as gentle and chaste as a gentleman-usher, quick and active as an equerry, smooth and eloquent as the master of the cere-,

monies,

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