24 These men see the works of the Lord: and his wonders in the deep.

25 For at his word the stormy wind ariseth : which liftech up the waves thereof.

26 They are carried up to the heaven, and down again to the deep: their soul melteth away because of the trouble.

27 They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man : and are at their wit's end.

28 So when they cry unto the Lord in their trouble : he delivereth them out of their distress.

29 For he maketh the storm to cease : so that the waves thereof are still.

30 Then are they glad because they are at rest : and fo he bringerh them unto the haven where they would be.

31 O that men would therefore praise the Lord for his goodness : and declare the wonders that he doeth for the children of men!

32 That they would exalt him also in the congregation of the people : and praise him in the seat of the elders, 33

Who turneth the floods into a wilderness : and drieth up the water-springs.

34 A fruitful land maketh le barren : for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.

35 Again, he maketh the wilderness a standing water : and water-springs of a dry ground,

36 And there he fetteth the hungry: that they may build them a city to dwell in ;

37 That they may low their land, and plant vineyards : to yield them fruits of increase.

38 He bleffeth them, fo that they multiply exceedingly: and suffereth not their cattle to decrease.

39 And again, when they are minished and brought low: through oppression, through any plague, or trouble ;

40 Though he fuffer them to be evil.entreated through tyrants : and let them wander out of the way in the wilderness;

41 Yet helpeth he the poor out of misery: and maketh him housholds like a flock of sheep.

42 The righteous will consider this, and rejoice : and the mouth of all wickedness shall be stopped.

43 Whoso is wise, will ponder these things : and they fhall understand the loving-kindness of the Lord.



Pfalm cviii. Paratum cor meum.
GOD, my heart is ready, my heart is ready: I will

fing and give praise with the best member that I have. 2 Awake, thou lute and harp: I myself will awake right early.

3 I will give thanks unto thee, O Lord, among the people : I will sing praises unto thee among the nations.

4 For thy mercy is greater than the heavens: and thy truth reacheth unto the clouds.

5 Set up thyself, O God, above the heavens: and thy glory above all the earth.

6 That thy beloved may be delivered: let thy right hand save them, and hear thou me.

7 God hath spoken in his holiness : I will rejoice therefore, and divide Sichem, and mete out the valley of Succoth.

8 Gilead is mine, and Manasses is mine: Ephraim also is the strength of my head. .

9 Judah is my law-giver, Moab is my wash-pot: over Edom will I cast out my shoe ; Apon Philistia will I triumph.

10 Who will lead me into the strong city: and who will bring me into Edom?

11 Haft not thou forsaken us, o God: and wilt not thou, O God, go forth with our hosts ?

Pfalm cvüi.] This psalm was composed by David. The first five verses are taken from pfalm Ivii. 9-11; and the last eight are found in pfalm lx. $-12. It commemorates God's mercies to David in the victories obtained by him over his enemies round about, particularly at the taking of Rabba, (2 Sam. xii. 29;) together with a prayer for a continuance of God's mercies.

11) This paffage, although in words the fame as in pfalm lx. 10, must yet be understood in a somewhat different sense. All that was said there in an address to God for his allistance, is here repeated in a triumphant Itrain. Let them now that ask that question, which formerly they

did by way of scorn, buť now have little reason to ask, "Wilt not thou, o God,

12 O help us against the enemy : for vain is the lielp

of man.


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13 Through God we shall do great acts: and it is he that shall cread down our enemies.

Psalm cix. Deus lauduni. OLD not thy tongue, o God of my praise : for the

ungodly, ihe mouth of the deceitful is opened upon me.

2 And they have spoken against me with false tongues: they compaffed me about also with words of hatred, and fought against me without a cause.

3 For the love that I had unto them, lo, they take now my contrary part: but I give myself unto prayer.

4 Thus have they rewarded me evil for good : and hatred for my good. will.

5“ Set thou an ungodly man to be ruler over him: “and let Satan stand at his right hand. who hadft cast us off ?” It now appears by the event, that although God for a time withheld success, went not out with our armies, yet is now graciously pleased to espouse our cause, and give us this great victory.

Psalm cix.] “ David describes the malice and injustice of his enemies, and gives a particular account of their imprecations against him. He then beseecheth God to deal kindly with him, and to disappoint the malice of his accufers, and promileth that he will joyfully celebrate him, as the de. liverer of the helpless from unmerciful oppressors." David in the anguish of his heart pours forth all his complaint before God, and recites the dreadful things froken against him by others.

3] The words to the end of this verse convey no curse whatever; they express only a complaint of the ingratitude and injustice of his perfecutors, and a consciousoess of his not deserving them.

4 Thus] I think this word prepares the reader for the change of the speakers. In these words they have done it. It should be observed, that David says, “ Thus have they rewarded me evil for good;" as in the 4ift psalm, “All mine enemies whisper together againit me, even against me do they imagine this evil. Let the sentence of guiltiness proceed against him, and now that he lieth let him rise up no more."

5] Here the imprecations of David's enemies commence. This is a defcription of a court of judicature, in which the person here spoken of is to be condemned. And that will follow, if a wicked man be set on the tribunal before which he is arraigned. In agreement with this are the words, “and let Satan (the adverfary or accuser) standat his right hand;" according to the cuftom of the Jewish judicature, where he that managed the plea was placed at the right hand of the accused. And then it follows, when he shall come to receive his sentence, let him go out wicked or condemned.

The notion of going out is opposed to that of standing in judgment, and of wicked az oppo ed to juft or acquitted.

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6 - When sentence is given upon him, let him be “ condemned: and let his prayer be turned into fin.

7.“ Let his days be few : and let another take his 16 office.

8 " Let his children be fatherless : and his wife a as widow.

9 “Let his children be vagabonds, and beg their “ bread: let them seek it also out of defolate places.

10 « Let the extortioner consume all that he hath : " and let the stranger spoil his labour.

11 “Let there be no man to pity him: nor to have “ compassion upon his fatherless children.

12 “ Let his posterity be destroyed : and in the next “ generation let his name be clean put out.

13“ Let the wickedness of his fathers be had in re“ membrance in the sight of the Lord: and let not the “ fin of his mother be done away.

14 “ Let them alway be before the Lord: that he may root out the memorial of them from off the earth; 15

66 And that, because his mind was not to do good: “ but persecuted the poor helpless man, that he might

flay him that was vexed at the heart. 16 “ His delight was in cuising, and it shall happen unto him: he loved not blessing, therefore shall it be “ far from him.

17 “ He clothed himself with cursing, like as with a “ raiment : and it shall come into his bowels like water, " and like oil into his bones.

18 - Let it be unto him as the cloak that he hath upon him: and as the girdle that he is alway girded withal.” 10 Exzortioner] The conduct of the grating creditor and usurer towards the goods of the debtor is here described, who being delivered to the creditor is racked till he pay the uttermost farthing. * The stranger” is the person who lent the money to the Jew, because no Jew was permitted to lend on ulury to a Jew, and thus the stranger preys on his labour.

18] A part of the preceding imprecations is referred to Judas in the Acts of the Apostles; “ For it is written in the book of psalms, let his habitation be defolate, and let no man dwell therein, and his bishopric let another take;" or as in both the versions of the psalms, “Let another take his office.” It is not said that these words were spoken by Judas, but that they shall be fulfilled in Judas.

19 Let it thus happen from the Lord unto mine enemies : and to thofe that speak evil against my soul.

20 But deal thou with me, O Lord God, according unto thy Name: for sweet is thy mercy.

i 21 O deliver me, for I am helpless and poor : and my heart is wounded within me.

22 I go hence like the shadow that departeth: and am driven away as the grashopper.

23 My knces are weak through fasting: my flesh is dried up for want of fatness.

24 I became also a reproach unto them: they that looked upon me fhaked their heads.

25 Help me, O Lord my God: 0 save me, accord. ing to thy mercy ;

26 And they shall know, how that this is thy hand: and that thou, Lord, haft done it.

27 Though they curse, yer blefs thou: and let them be confounded that rise up against me; but let thy fervant rejoice.

28 Let mine adverfaries be clothed with fhame : and let them cover themselves with their own confusion as with a cloak.

29 As for me, I will give great thanks unto the Lord with my mouth : and praife him among the multitude.

30 For he shall stand at the right hand of the to fave his soul from unrighteous judges.

poor :

19 Let it thus happen] “ This is the behaviour of thofe who accufe me before the Lord.” The explanation of this verfe by the late learned Mr. Keate cannot be admitted, because it destroys, as it seems to me, the whole of his preceding illuftration. If David be supposed, in the words of this verfe, “to retort the calunnies of his enemies that the mischief which they intended for his might fall on their own heads;" by retorting, David must be thought to make all the curses of his enemies bis own. It would still remain, on this fuppofition, an imprecating psalm in the perfon of David, which it does not appear to be.

30] This is opposed to the sth verse. The Lord shall be the advocate of the poor, or accule the unrighteous judges.

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