New York Historical Agency.

We have received a letter from our friend J. Romeyn Brodhead, Esq. dated the Hague, 24th of August. He visits Europe as Agent, under the appointment of this State, to collect such papers and documents as might tend to elucidate the colonial history of this State, to Holland, England and France. We are happy to find that he is succeeding in Holland beyond his most sanguine expectation, in attaining the object of his mission. The Dutch Government has most kindly and courteously laid open to Mr. B. all the papers in the Departments of State. He writes:

"I am now very happy to inform you, that Providence has been pleased so to bless my labors here, that I have succeeded vastly beyond the narrow bounds which limited my anticipations when I left New York. I have received the most generous courtesy from the Government here, and the result of my examination, so far, is the obtaining of 3000 pages of manuscript, commencing with 1614, and extending down to 1673, In this series of papers are many documents of the highest historical value, which I think will throw a great flood of light over many of the obscure and uncertain parts of our annals. You know, when I left, I was not very sanguine about obtaining much from Holland. I think now, that it will be the richest mine that I shall explore.— The West India Company papers (at Amsterdam) are said to be complete from 1623; and I have already obtained an order, from the proper department, allowing me to take copies of any papers I may wish. If Providence should bless my labors at Amsterdam, as it has already done at the Hague, I shall have no cause to complain of want of success in Holland. Indeed I think I can safely say, that the documents I have already procured, when they come to be examined, will be pronounced among the most interesting in our records."-Christian Intelligencer.

Division of Office.

Water Spout on Lake Erie.

On Friday evening last, between 5 and 6 P. M. our citizens enjoyed the sight of a rare and imposing exhibition in the natural world commonly known as a "water spout," which passed in front of the town within a mile of the Beacon Light.

It seems that what we call a whirlwind upon land, causes a water spout at sea, when the aerial forces are sufficiently powerful to raise water.

These whirls or whirlpools in the atmosphere result from the meeting of different currents of air, and form a vortex in the same manner as eddies are made in running water by obstructions or counter currents. On Friday, the wind blew strong from the N. E. until about 5 P. M. when it changed suddenly to West, still blowing a gale and bringing onward a dark and threatening storm. A few minutes before the change of wind the whirl which caused the spout came off the land two miles west of the Pier, producing a great agitation of the water, raising and driving about the spray with great fury; the sea running high at the time. In a short time a portion of the low black cloud which lay directly over the troubled portion of the water, descended in the form of a large sack, half way to the surface of the Lake. It was apparently of the size of a large hay stack, hollow, and the spray or vapour of which it was composed had a spiral and upward motion, around the cavity of the column. It proceeded from shore in a North-Easterly direction, not in a regular track, but with constant and sudden deviations, perhaps two miles; the portion descending from the clouds, at times almost dispersed by the strength of the gale. If the sun had not been obscured, and the air darkened by the storm in the West (immediately behind it) the whole of the spout would no doubt have been distinctly seen.

When opposite the harbor its direction became more southerly, its color changed from the dark cast of a heavy cloud to the whiteness of spray or falling rain, and it took the form of an inverted cone with regular elements, its verbase surrounded by moving clouds. Very little rain fell tex resting on the water (not larger than a hogshead,) its while it was in sight, and whether this proceeded from the water elevated by the whirlwind could not be ascertained. As it travelled eastward before the wind it approached the shore a mile east of the city, changing shape continually and tated waters. Here a fresh gust seemed to break up the colcausing as it passed a great commotion in the already agi

The Cincinnati Chronicle has examined the list of high officers of the General Government appointed from the adoption of the Constitution, and finds the result to be as follows: Of the offices of President, Vice President, Secretaries of State, Treasury, War, and Navy, Judges of the Supreme Court, Post-Masters General, and Attorneys General, their distribution among the States has been as follows, viz: including the recent administration of General Har-umn and it vanished. Fortunately no boats or vessels were


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in its route, or damage might have ensued.

Among the numerous displays of the grandeur of storms which our waters afford, we have witnessed none more varied or sublime than this. It was not considered a large spout when compared with those which occur on the broad ocean, to the wonder and alarm of the mariner, but seems to have been perfectly formed though upon a limited scale. We are informed that three of them occurred at the same moment about 25 miles west of this place a few years since; and passed among some vessels without coming in contact with any of them. It may be very long before another makes its appearance here.

[Cleveland Herald.

A Newly Discovered Salt Spring. The Rochester Democrat says: A salt spring has been opened in the town of Galen, county of Wayne, about fifty rods from the Erie canal, on the land of the Rev. Dr. Judd, of Ithaca, with the fairest prospect of the best of brine, and even of the fossil salt, as is evidenced by comparing the borings in Europe and the late boring near Abingdon, in Vir

It appears then that of the old thirteen States, Rhode Is-ginia, with the report of the engineer employed at has not been honored with a single important appointment; and that from the State of Maine, Vermont, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas and Mississippi none has been made. On the other hand, the four old States of Massachusetts, Virginia, Maryland and New York have received more than half the whole.

The diameter of the tube bored is 4 inches, 230 feet deep. The vein is strong, and continues to run profusely over the tube, destroying all vegetation within its reach. It is uncommonly pure, producing the finest salt without the use of lime. The brine is forced up by the gas with a violence known nowhere else.

Remarkable Discovery of a Cave, In Colebrook, in Litchfield county, near the Massachusetts line.

September 24, 1841.

For several days past, our usually quiet little town has been in quite a "commotion " in consequence of a rumored discovery of a large cavern in the north-west part of the town, bordering on Massachusetts. I, at first, supposed the story to be a hoax, and treated it as such, but, being assured to the contrary, by a respectable neighbor, who said he had seen the cave, I was induced to visit the place designated, and have had ocular demonstration of the truth of the report. It may appear incredible that a great cavern should have remained so long unknown in this inhabited region, but it is nevertheless true. It is probably large, but how large is not known, as it has been explored but about a quarter of a mile, and no one can be found who ever heard of its existence before. I have agreed with a number of my neighbors to explore the cavern as far as practicable, and I propose, with your permission, to give the result of our researches from time to time, through the medium of your paper.

The mouth of the cavern is on the farm of Mr. Jonas Randall, in the north-west part of the town, within a mile and a half of the Massachusetts line. It is a barren, rocky, unfrequented spot-a projecting cliff, of craggy rock full one hundred feet high, hangs over it with an aspect so threatening as to daunt the courage of the less daring. Why it does not fall over no one can tell. It seems to stand against all the known laws of gravitation.

It is called the "Witch's Retreat," but why I know not. When I was a boy, my father lived within one mile of this place, and I have spent hours with other boys, clambering over the rocks, and up the side of this precipice. The mouth of the cavern, at the bottom of the precipice, is covered with a huge mass of rocks which have evidently fallen from the cliff above. Some of them are very large, and from their size and form one may easily discover the place from which they fell. There was nothing in the general appearance of the place indicating the existence of such a cavern, and one might clamber about there a week and not suspect such a thing. The only opening was under a large rock, and scarcely large enough for a boy to crawl into. It could only have been discovered by accident, as it was.

Two weeks ago last Sabbath, one of Mr. Randall's boys, a bold, adventurous little fellow, and two others scarcely less so, wandering about the fields for pastime, came to this spot. While they were amusing themselves by climbing about and hiding among the rocks, one of the boys, without knowing why, put his head into this hole under the rock, and shouted halloo!" He started back at the strange sound, and called his companions. Each in turn, put his head under the rock and made some noise, which resounded like the response of an hundred voices. Boys though they were, they had hallooed into too many cisterns and vaults not to know that such reverberations indicated room inside. So young Randall proposed they should go in and see what discoveries they could make. This the other boys declined doing. But young Randall, nothing daunted by the fears of his comrades, boldly declared he would go in alone. He crawled in about eight feet, when he found there was room enough to stand upright. A few straggling rays of light found their way between the rocks, but not sufficient to discover the dimensions of the place he was in. He seemed to feel, however, that he was in a large place, as a man blindfolded will feel the difference between a small room and a large one. He uttered a loud shriek with a view to frighten his companions outside, but the sound was so wild and terrific it only frightened himself, and he came out much quicker than he went in. This was a discovery just suited to the adventurous dispositions of these boys, and they resolved to make the most of it. Before they parted, they agreed to keep the thing a secret from all others, and to meet there on the next Sunday, prepared with old clothes, matches, a lantern, &c. to explore the "new cave," as they call it.

The next Sunday they repaired to their rendezvous, accoutred according to agreement, and provided with the necessary implements, they prepared to enter. Boys, like men, will rarely acknowledge a want of courage, but as each accused the other of being afraid, I conclude they were all half frightened out of their wits, for it had occurred to them that this place was called "The Witch's Retreat," and this cave might be full of witches. But with some hesitation and many misgivings, they at length entered. With lantern in hand, they proceeded cautiously forward, taking good care to keep in sight of the hole by which they entered. Having gone about ten rods without meeting with any boundary to their cave, and their small entering place beginning to grow dim in the distance, they judged it prudent to venture no farther. The cavern was much too large for them to explore, and they concluded to confide the secret to older and wiser heads. Before going out, they determined to give a loud shout altogether. I have since tried it. The reverberations are most terrific. Scarcely had the echo of their shout died away, when to their consternation and horror, it was answered by a low, suppressed growl, which seemed within a few rods of them. With one impulse they darted towards the place of entrance. The boy who had a lantern dropped it in his fright, and it was not without much rending of clothes, and many severe contusions of body, that they got themselves out. I state this on the authority of the boys.We have not yet found any animal, nor tracks nor traces of one large enough to have made the noise which the boys assure us they heard.

The boys having reported their discovery, Mr. Randall and several of his neighbors went to the place, with guns, and crowbars to force an entrance. This, however, they were not able to do. The rocks were so large as to resist every effort to remove them. They bethought themselves of the expedient of blasting. By this means, on Saturday last they effected an entrance large enough for a man to walk in upright.

When I arrived, on Monday evening, there were some twenty persons around the cavern, and others in it. I borrowed a lantern and joined those on the inside. The mouth of the cavern is towards the south-east. If all the loose stones in and around it, which seems to have fallen there from the cliff above, were removed, the mouth would be, as near as I can judge, about fifty feet wide and thirty feet high. The air, on entering, has peculiar smell, which I can compare to nothing. I imagine the candle burned less brilliantly than in the open air. For the first three or four rods, the way is a good deal obstructed by sharp rocks; then comes a smooth, gravelled floor, as hard as a McAdamised road. Ten rods from the entrance, we measured and found the width to be eighty-three feet; and again, at thirty rods, we found it sixty-seven feet. The sides are quite even, especially the east side, which is as smooth as if it had been chiseled. The roof is broken and craggy; in some parts rising very high, at others descending within ten feet of the floor. The flooring for the most part is level and smooth, consisting of stone and hard gravel. We met with several deep pits, into one of which we were near falling. Two of them resembled wells. We sounded one to the depth of nine fathoms, and found water, and another to the depth of five and a half fathoms, which appeared to be dry.

The main part of the cave is remarkably straight and uniform in width, for the most part. It runs in a north and north-east direction for a quarter of a mile, where it ends ab ruptly. We met with numerous openings at the right and left, some large enough to admit a horse and carriage, and others scarcely a man. We only marked them with chalk and passed on to the end of what seemed to be the main part of the cavern. Here we stopped for a few moments. All stood without speaking, gazing about with admiration and wonder. The silence was painful. No dropping of water, or creaking of insects, not a sound could be heard but the low, suppressed breathing of the company. It seemed as if I could hear their hearts beat. I looked at my barometerit had risen several degrees. The thermometer stood at 604. As we prepared to retrace our steps, we discovered an opening on the west side, a few rods from the termination of the


part of the cavern we were in. We drew near and listened. There was a low murmuring sound, as of a distant water fall, and the air which issued from it seemed colder It was with feelings of deep sorrow that we recorded among and damper. This led us to suppose it must be of very great our obituary notices yesterday, the name of Joseph Townextent, but were too cold and weary to prosecute our re-send, one of our oldest and most useful citizens. Connectsearches farther at this time. ed, as he has been, for the period of more than half a centa ry, with almost every public enterprise having for its object the advancement of the city, his demise will cause a blank society which it will be hard indeed to fill.

I perceive, by looking over, that my description thus far is very imperfect, hurried, and scarcely intelligible, but I have no room, to add more, and no time to write Next week I shall give you further particulars of this wonderful work of nature-wonderful for these parts-with a

faithful account of all new discoveries therein.

Yours, truly,

N. C. BRODNAX. [Norwich Aurora.

Superior Court.

Nathaniel Jones vs. The Etna Insurance Company. This was an action of scire facius, brought to recover the amount of a judgment obtained by the present plaintiff, residing in Montreal in Lower Canada, against Francis Baby, formerly a resident of Lower Canada, but now of Albany in the state of new York, at the November Term of the County Court 1838, for this County, for the sum of 1174 dollars and 95 cents damages, and 13 dollars and 68 cents cost of suit. The plaintiff sought to recover the amount of the aforesaid judgment of the Etna Insurance Company by process of foreign attachment, on the ground that at the time of the commencement of the former suit, said Company was indebted to said Baby. It appeared in evidence that said Company had become indebted upon a policy of Insurance, effected upon property belonging to the wife of said Baby; and that previously to the marriage of said Baby, the property belonging to his wife was settled upon her in such manner as to be beyond the reach or disposition of her husband. It appeared also that Mr. Baby had acted as the agent of his wife in the management of her property. The great question in this case was, whether the indebtedness of said Company to Mrs. Baby upon a policy of Insurance effected upon property, which by the laws of Canada had beed secured to the wife, and placed beyond the reach or control of the husband, could, by process of foreign attachment, in this State, be made liable to pay the debt of Mr. Baby to the present plaintiff. It being a question of law, the Court instructed the jury, that the laws of Canada, in relation to the property of the wife, residing there, having been proved, were binding here, in the present case, and that consequently, upon the evidence admitted, the indebtedness of said Insurance Company to Mrs. Baby could not be made liable to pay the debt of her husband to the present plaintiff. The jury thereupon without leaving their seats returned a verdict for the


Counsel for plaintiff, Toucey and T. C. Perkins; for defendants Ellsworth and Hugerford.-Hartford Courant.

West India Coal.

Mr. Townsend was born in Chester County, in Pennsylvania, in 1756. In 1777 he witnessed the battle of Brandywine, in which, however, being a member of the peaceful Society of Friends, he took no part, and in consequence of the devastation from that battle he was compelled to change his residence. The prospects offered by the natural advantages of the then Town of Baltimore, induced him to choose this place as his home. His active business habits and unbending integrity soon became apparent, and the many evidences of the confidence of his fellow citizens show the estimation in which he has been at all times held. In the year 1794, having been mainly instrumental in the establishment of the Baltimore Equitable Insurance Company, he was chosen the Treasurer (that being the chief officer) of that useful and prosperous Institution, and he has now administered its affairs for the long period of forty-seven years without blemish or reproach.

Mr. Townsend was one of the Commissioners appointed to lay out the city of Baltimore as at present established, and though he traced the course of many of our principal streets over hills and through marshes, he had the proud satisfaction of seeing them grow into populous and well built thoroughfares. His philanthropy and benevolence was strongly displayed during the prevalence of the Yellow Fever in this city, in 1794, 1797, 1800 and 1819, during which several periods, his exertions in behalf of those whom the pestilence had afflicted, were unceasing. Notwithstanding his many public duties, his energy and activity were fully equal to everything he undertook; for besides the cares devolving upon him from his official station, and from the exercise of a philanthropy, most public spirited, yet most unobtrusive, he was at the head of several incorporations having for their object the advancement of the business of the city, and was otherwise connected in various ways with numerous public enterprises.—Baltimore American.


Stockholders in the Banks of Ohio.

Let us examine who are the owners of bank stock. If it is found in the hands of brokers, bankers, or other money dealers, it is conclusive that it is very profitable, otherwise We have a statement of the following banks. The Commercial Bank of Cincinnati; Franklin Bank, Cincinnati; Lafayette Bank, Cincinnati; Ohio Loan and Trust Company; Franklin Bank of Columbus; Clinton Bank, Columbus; Banks of Chillicothe, Marietta, Hamilton, Xenia, Dayton, Zanesville, Muskingum, Mount Pleasant, Geauga, Norwalk, Wooster, Granville, West Union, Urbana; Farmers and Mechanics' Bank of Steubenville; Columbiana Bank, New Lisbon; Western Reserve Bank. The capital stock of these banks is $9,019,222. That part of stock ownin the State is distributed as follows:

The coal raised from the mine discovered about a yeared ago, about six miles from Havana, has been tried by the Spanish steam frigates, and pronounced by the engineers to be excellent in quality-superior to the best English. Analysis shows the coal to consist of the following parts:Carbon....

Oxygen Hydrogen Ashes..






To females...

Aged persons retired from business Minors..

.$ 515,524



Savings' Institutions..


Clergymen and physicians..


County funds....


Mechanics, farmers, traders and mer



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The railroad from the port to the mine is in rapid progress toward completion. As the bed is believed to be very extensive, the enterprising proprietors anticipate handsome profits on their outlay whenever the West India steamers shall regularly call at Havana for a supply of fuel.


Officers of banks.



[Cincinnati Gazette.

A Sketch of the Shamokin Coal & Iron Company. The Shamokin Coal and Iron Company was incorporated by an act of the Legislature of Pennsylvania on the 15th of June, 1836. The Company, however, was not organized until the 19th of November, 1839, when the stock was taken, and on the 26th of December the officers chosen, and arrangements made to mine and transport coal. Several of those interested in the Shamokin Coal Company believing that the interests of said Company would be promoted by the establishment of a furnace or furnaces in the immediate proximity of the mines, agreed to form a Company, and take out a charter for the manufacture of Iron, under the General Act passed June 16th, 1836.

This being done, and a charter granted by the Governor, bearing date March 18th, 1840, they proceeded to build, and purchase the necessary machinery for two large furnaces, each of twelve feet bosh. In the prosecution of the business of these two companies, it was very evident that the interests of both would be much promoted by having them united into one, with all the privileges of both, accordingly the supplement to the act incorporating the Shamokin Coal Company, passed the 23d of March, 1841, was obtained. The two companies are thereby fully united, with the necessary corporate powers to mine and transport coal, and make and manufacture iron with coke and mineral coal, in all its various branches; privileges which few corporate bodies in the State possess, and which, when used with prudence and skill, must make the stock of great value.

The united companies own about 1,400 acres of coal and iron land, 750 acres are situated in Columbia county, the balance in Coal townships, Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, on the line of the Danville and Pottsville Railroad, nineteen miles from the Sunbury basin, on the Pennsylvania Canal. This road is finished about one mile beyond where the mines are now worked, two locomotives are running on it, with all the necessary cars to transport the coal, &c., from the mines to the canal; one locomotive conveys one hundred tons of coal at a load, it being all down grade, and makes two trips a day, returning with the empty cars.

The tract of land now worked is peculiarly situated, affording every facility for carrying on the mining operations with the least possible expense. By the use of a lateral track alongside the main road, the cars, without the use of horse power, are brought immediately under the shutes, at the mouth of the drifts, and the coal (after passing over screens so arranged as to separate it into different sizes) is deposited in the cars. At the shutes now erected, eight wagons, carrying three tons and a half each, can be loaded in a few ninutes. When loaded, one man can remove them (it being down grade) to that part of the road at which the engine is attached.

At Sunbury the wharf of the Company is one hundred and sixty-five feet in length and about forty feet in width, with all the necessary machinery to load into boats, with ease, two hundred tons of coal per day.

When we take into view the large quantity of coal necessarily wanted at Baltimore, Washington, and other Southern towns, which can be supplied with greater facility from this region than from any other, and the increasing demand at the eastern ports, now supplied by the other coal regions of Pennsylvania, it will be difficult to assign limits to such demands. The estimated quantity necessary to supply the thickly populated country along the different branches of the Susquehanna, embracing the counties of Northumberland, Union, Columbia, Juniata, Perry, Dauphin, York, Lancaster, and part of Chester, and the numerous and flourishing villages along the banks of the river, comprising, in the aggregate, more inhabitants than the city of Philadelphia; and when we also remember that the engines on the Columbia and Philadelphia Railroad are to use this fuel, and no doubt the Columbia, York and Baltimore Railroad Company will do the same, can we for a moment doubt the advantages of this Company as successful competitors for the increasing coal trade. Nor is this all, the recently discovered mode of smelting and manufacturing iron, with anthracite coal, will, in a short time, produce a greater consump

tion of this article than will be required for all other purposes. Two furnaces, on the improved plan, blown with one engine, yielding each eighty tons of metal per week, with a rolling mill, calculated to manufacture one hundred tons of bar iron per week, will require at the rate of six tons of coal for every ton of iron, say five thousand tons of manufactured iron, will require thirty thousand tons of coal. There are now two establishments of this kind at Danville, which will obtain their supply of coal from the Shamokin mines. There are on the Company's tract of land, which adjoins the town of Shamokin, twelve veins of coal, running principally a distance of three hundred and twenty rods through the tract, varying in thickness from five feet up to sixty, and

in elevation from two hundred to four hundred feet above the water level. By a measurement recently made by Kimber Cleaver, Esq, Civil Engineer, of the veins of coal on the tract of land adjacent to the town of Shamokin, on which the Company are now operating, it appears that there is on this tract alone, above water level, upwards of eleven millions of tons. The railroad cuts the veins at right angles, affording the greatest possible facilities for working the mines. The coal is of very superior quality, principally white and grey ash, and can be delivered at Sunbury at $150 per ton; which includes every expense for mining, toll and freight on the railroad, weighing, &c.; and at Havre-de-Grace at $3 50.

The peculiar advantages of this company in the location of their lands, their proximity to the railroad, renders the use of horse power about the mincs entirely unnecessary.― The Danville and Pottsville Railroad Company find all the cars in which the coal is carried, engines, &c., &c., and transmit the coal on the road for three cents per ton per mile, including every expense. The Pennsylvania and TideWater Canals, are of sufficient capacity to use boats carry. ing each ninety or a hundred tons. Nine of the mines are now open and may be worked during the coming year to great advantage.

The distance from Sunbury to Havre-de-Grace on the Chesapeake Bay, by canal, is one hundred and twenty-six miles, lockage four hundred and eighteen feet, overcome by fifty-two locks. The toll on the Pennsylvania Canal is half of a cent per ton of two thousand pounds, per mile. On the Susquehanna and Tide-Water Canal the same. The cost of freight from Sunbury to Havre-de-Grace is $1 25 per ton, toll sixty-three cents per nett ton, total $1 88.

The Company also own 146 town lots being part of the plot of the thriving town of Shamokin, in which building lots are in great demand, and the town improving rapidly.

The tract of 750 acres is about 9 miles from Shamokin on the Locust Mountain and is believed to contain as much coa! per acre, as is to be found in any given number of acres in any other region. The veins that have been opened are found to contain coal of the purest kind. The contemplated link of the Danville and Pottsville Railroad passes through this land, and will thus open the two markets of Philadel phia and Baltimore for the products of the mines. So far, therefore, as the coal business is concerned, it is believed that the Company owns lands with a quantity sufficient, above water level, for any demand for many years. In fact, they think it unlikely that they will have to descend below water level during the life time of any of the Company.

Immediately opposite the coal drifts, on part of the plot of the town of Shamokin, the Company erected one furnace last year. The casting house is finished, and the engine house partly built. The engines, blowing cylinders, and other apparatus, will be on the ground during this month, and it is confidently believed that this furnace will be in blast in the month of June.

The engines, &c. are sufficient for two furnaces of twelve feet bosh, and the second furnace can be built and put in operation this season. They are expected each to yield eighty tons of metal weekly, or four thousand tons per annum.

Perhaps there is no locality that presents so many advantages for the Iron and Coal business as this; situated on a railroad leading from Philadelphia to Sunbury, giving an uninterrupted conveyance to the metropolis, at all seasons,

and in the summer, a vast outlet to the waters of the Susquehanna, and thence to the north-west and south of our own State, and into the interior of the State of New York. In the midst of a coal basin of great extent and pure quality, with an abundance of iron ore in the same hills, and limestone within a short distance. But should the iron ore of this region (which by an analysis of the State Geologist proves to be rich) not be found equal in quality, we have on Monteurs Ridge an ore, proven by months' operations to be unsurpassed in quality. One furnace has been running now for ten months on this ore, with anthracite coal, and the iron made is pronounced to be of the best quality. This ore we can have delivered at the furnace for $2 65 per ton -but having purchased the ore leave for one and a half miles on Monteurs Ridge, we shall be able to have the ore at the furnace for $2.00 per ton. It was thought best the present season to contract for 7,500 tons of this ore, which is delivered to the Company at Sunbury for $2 03 per ton, to be paid for in coal delivered at the same point. After the business of the Company becomes systemized, no doubt a great saving can be effected by mining the ore on the land which the Company has leased. After the second furnace is erected, the ore on the Company's land will be tested, and there is no doubt that it will prove sufficiently good for certain descriptions of iron, $100 per ton on the ore or $2 25 on the metal will be thus saved.


As the quantity of ore used in making a ton of iron is only about half the quantity of coal, it is very apparent, that it costs less to take the ore to the coal than the coal to the There are also other advantages in placing the furnaces near the coal mines--it is well known that at the mouth of the coal drifts there are large quantities of refuse coal that is not worth sending to market, but is quite sufficient to use under boilers, and to heat the blast. The value of this is only the cost of transportation a few hundred yards, and thus the expense of coal for these purposes is reduced very low. Taking all these points into view, the quality of the ore of Monteurs Ridge; its cheapness; the still greater cheapness of the ore on the Company's land; the quality of the coal; its adaptation for making iron; the ease of mining and conveying to the furnace; the facilities for getting the manufactured articles to the markets of Philadelphia and Baltimore or the interior of the State of New York, it is confidently believed that the Shamokin Coal and Iron Company can compete with any other in the Union.

An Extraordinary Man.

Lewis Cornelius, Esq. died in his 47th year on Monday last, at his residence at Milford, in Pike county, in the northeastern section of this State. This gentleman was one of the most remarkable persons, in respect to size, in the present age, and is only excelled by the celebrated Daniel Lambert. Mr. Cornelius was six feet two or three inches high, measured six feet around his body, and just previously to the illness which terminated in his death, weighed 720 pounds. He fell off in consequence of sickness, and after death weighed but 685 pounds. Such was his extraordinary weight, that an inch rope had to be used for his bed cord.His wife is a tall, spare woman, and his family consists of eight children, the youngest of whom is ten years of age. His grown children take after the father in respect to height, one of the sons being six feet and one inch and a half high. The celebrated Daniel Lambert, who stands unrivalled in weight of body, reached we believe, 739 pounds, only 19 more that Mr. Cornelius, and the renown of Daniel has placed him among the wonders of the world. Mr. Cornelius was hardly less remarkable a person, and filled nearly as great a space in the world.

The following are the dimensions taken after his death: Circumference of waist,


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Death of George Huntington.

It is our painful duty to record the decease of one who was in truth the patriarch of our village, the earliest settler of this town, who still lingered among us-one whose biography is written in the history of the progressive improvement of this section of the country, from a wilderness to its present fertility and beauty-one who was distinguished for a long life of activity and usefulness.

George Huntington died at his residence, in this village, on Thursday evening last, at the advanced age of seventyone years. His funeral was attended at the First Presbyterian Church, on Sabbath morning, by a large concourse of citizens; the other churches of the village suspending their usual meetings, to unite in the solemnities of the occasion. Seldom has any man descended to the tomb so universally beloved and lamented. He had spent a long life here; had been a prominent member of society; had filled important public stations; had amassed wealth, and had acquired influence.

We have already said, that Mr. Huntington was the oldest resident of this town. When he came here, there was but a small clearing around old Fort Stanwix, enclosed by a rude fence, and but a single house, which stood near the present site of the jail. All west and north, was an unbroken wilderness. At Whitesboro' there was a small settlement, and Mr. Huntington had tarried there a short time before coming to Rome. What changes did he see wrought in the appearance of this wilderness before his decease! Instead of an occasional rude boat toiling up the Mohawk, or tracing the crooked channel of Wood creek, he saw the produce of many States riding on the waters of the Grand Canal. Instead of the slow and weary packhorse, with its solitary rider, unfolding the devious windings of an Indian pathway, he was startled by the shrill whistle of the locomotive, as it flew past his dwelling with its hundreds of passengers! In the place of the dark forests in the vicinity of the fort, through which the wild beasts only roamed, he beheld numerous farms, beautiful as the sun ever shone upon, owned by himself and brother, and teeming with the produc tions of rich soil, rendered more prolific by the very best of cultivation.

Mr. Huntington began here as a merchant, and for many years continued in that business. He represented this county for several sessions as a member of the legislature. In every department of life, he was distinguished for accuracy, capacity, and the most perfect integrity in the discharge of his duties.-Rome Sentinel.

Mortality of New Orleans.

We have taken the trouble to compare the mortality of the present summer with that of 1839 and 1837; both seasons in which the yellow fever raged with uncommon vio lence. The weekly number of deaths thus far exceeds by nearly a third, that of 1839, and is greater than that of 1837, if we consider the paucity of the non-resident population.

At the worst period of the epidemic of 1839 the bills of mortality did not exhibit more than 189 deaths per week.The last weekly statement for this year shows a mortality of 245, and the list for this week will more probably demonIt is moreover unistrate an increase of forty or fifty more. versally admitted by medical men that the fever is far more intractable than usual. The remedial agents which have formerly proved so successful, are inert and inefficacions. N. Orleans Bee.


A gentleman who resides in the neighborhood of Finleyville, Washington county, Pa. informs us that the Dysentery has been very fatal in that neighborhood for the last two or three weeks. In a section of country two miles by one, including Finleyville, twenty-four deaths have taken One entire place since the disease commenced its ravages. family has perished, and many families have lost several members. The disease is somewhat subsiding at present. [Pittsburg Gazette.

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