crown terminates loosely behind, and is || specting the Court and General Mourning, formed of black crape: there is a taste and were published in a Supplement to the fancy in this head-dress which confer bigh || London Gazette of Tuesday the 17th of houour on the invention of Mrs. Bell. An November:evening toque of black velvet, trimmed

Lord Chamberlain's Office, Nov. 19. with rows of jet, dividing the crown from the head-piece, is also another specimen of

“ Orders for the Court's going into mourning

on Sunday next, the 22d inst, for her late Ma. her unrivalled powers in the article of

jesty the Q'leen, of blessed Memory, viz, taste.

“ The ladies to wear black bombazines, plain The bonnets are still worn very large; || muslin or long lawn linen, crape boods, chamois cypress feathers are more worn than we shoes and gloves, and crape fans. expected. Opera cloaks of dark grey,

“ Undress-Dark Norwich crape. lined with black, are in favour at present | buttons on the sleeves and pockets, plain muslió

“ The gentlemen to wear black eloth, withont for the general mourning, but we propliecy

or long lawn cravats and weepers, chamois sboes that they will become too common to be and gloves, crape hatbands, and black swords adopted by the higher classes, by whom and buckles. they are seldom worn, except at eptering “ Uvdress-Dark grey frocks." the Theatres, or in the early spring and

THB DEPUTY BARL MARSHAL'S ORDER FOR A late autumual season, in an open carriage.


.“ Heralds' College, Non. 19. N. B. Our Cabinet of Taste is unavoid “ In pursuance of the commands of bis Royal ably closed at present: every European Highness the Prince Regent, acting in the name court will, no doubt, adopt the “sable garb and on the behalf of his Majesty, these are to of woe" for Britain's virtuous Queen.

give public notice, that upon the present melancholy occasion of the death of her late Majesty, of blessed memory, all persons do put themselses

into deep mourning. COURT AND GENERAL MOURNING.

“H. H. MOLYNEUX-HOWARD, The following orders of the Lord Cham.

Deputy Earl Marshal.” berlain and the Deputy Earl Marshal, re


The little novelty represented at either are taught to believe, more surprising to of our national Theatres, at the commence her medical attendants, than that she has ment of last month, and their close on a ultimately yielded to their violence. The Jate lamented occasion, will, we trust, be Queen was born on the 19th of May, 1744; an apology to our readers for omitting at having from nature a sound and vigorpus this time of universal sorrow, our usual frame. Until within these to

two years, her dramatic intelligence; while we devote Majesty enjoyed an almost uninterrupted these remaining pages to the present Royal | state of health; and, as is sometimes the subject of a nation's regret.

case with those whose babits are regular, and whose various bodily, powers are thepce

exposed to a pretty equal pressure, the DEATH OF THE QUEEN. first very serious attack of disease was that

which indicated a general breaking-up of It is at length our duty, to announce her constitution. The water, accu. this melancholy, though not unlooked formulated in her limbs and on her chest, was termination of a course of human suffering an unequivocal symptom of the deadly uncommonly protracted and severe. That stage at which her Majesty's sufferings had her Majesty should not have sunk before, arrived. This source of distress and imunder the complicated maladies which as mediate alarm was, however, acted upon, sailed ber at so advanced an age is, well from time to time, both by medicines and


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surgical operatious; which were produc a fit, though melancholy, close of his incestive of partial, though gradually diminish sant attendance day and night, and of his ing relief, until “ the potent poison quite | anxious contrivance of every expedient o'ergrew" the antidotes applied to it by || that could administer relief and comfort to professional science. Each interval of re his parent, in her long and afflicting illness pose became shorter than the preceding of six months. His Royal Highness was one-each succeeding paroxysm more acute assisted by the Duke of York and their -each struggle more nearly mortal. The Royal Sisters. The expiring scene-thé Queen expired at Kew, about one o'clock, heart-rending feelings of the Regent, and on Tuesday, November the 17th, 1818, in all present, it will be equally impossible the seventy-fifth year of her age.

and unbecoming to attempt to describe. The last bulletin issued respecting her

The brothers and sisters were supported Majesty's health was of a more than usual.

with much difficulty to another room, Jy alarming tendency, and served to pre where the Regent continued several hours, pare the public for the event which was and then left for towu. afterwards announced. It was as follows:

The first communication which arrived “ Kew Palace, Nw. 17.

in town of the melancholy tidings, was 6 The Queen's state last night was one of great about half past two at Carlton-house, by and imminent danger. Her Majesty continues communication sealed with black, to Visvery ill this morning.

count Sidmouth, as Secretary of State for (Sigted) “F. MILLMAN, the Home Department. The iutelligence “H. HALFORD.”

was soon circulated, and inquiries were It is asserted, that the first alarming made very numerously at Carlton-house; change in the state of the Queen was on and at three o'clock the following notificaa Monday afternoon, and was of such a na

tion was issued:ture as to induce Sir Henry Halford to

Carlton-house, Nov. 17. write to the Prince Regent to hasten his

“ Her Majesty expired at one o'clock this day, departure from London; and the Regent without a pain.” immediately sent for the Duke of York to accompany him to Kew palace. Their

It was written on paper with wide black Royal Highnesses remained at Kew till

edges. Shortly after, the following letter,

sent by Lord Sidmouth to the Lord Mayor, near one o'clock, when her Majesty hav. ing recovered from her serious attack in the

was placarded at the Mansion-house :afternoon, and there being no immediate

Whitehall, Nov. 17.

*** MY LORD,-It is my painful duty to informa appearance of danger, they left their af

you of the death of her Majesty the Queen. flicted parent for the night. The Queen

This melancholy event took place at Kew Palace, passed a disturbed night, but only similar

at one o'clock this day. I have the honour to be to what slie had frequentiy done for some your Lordship's inost obedient, time past: and the physicians had sent off

“ SIDMOUTH." an account to the Regent á little before

« To the Right Hon 'the Lord Mayor." 'eight o'clock to that effect. In two bours In the evening, and before the post hour, afterwards a serious change for the worse a special Gazette, with a black border, sup. took place, and Sir Henry Halford sent off | plementary to the regular one, was puban espress,

which arrived soon after eleven lished, for the express and sole purpose of o'clock at Carlfon-house, and the statemeni

announcing her Majesty's decease, in the was so alarming, that the Prince sent in.

following words :startly for the Duke of York to accompany

Whitehall, Nov, 17. him to Kew. Their Royal Highnesses ar “ This day, at one o'clock, the Queen departa rived at Kew palace before half past twelve, ed this life, to the inexpressible grief of the and repaired to the chamber of their ex Royal Funily, after a tedious illness, which her piring parent, who, we are happy to say,

Majesty bore with the most pions fortitude and

resignation. The many great and exemplary was perfectly sensible of their presence.

virtues which so eminently distingished her The scene was truly distressnig, and the

Majesty trong hunt her long life, were the objeet Prince Regent bad the trying task of slip

ni pavversal kalam and admira jog, amongs, all porting his mother in her last breathings~ 11 classes of his Majest;'s subjects, and render the

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death of this illustrious and most excellent Prin. mont, and accompanied by her two daughcess an anspeakable loss to the whole nation."

ters, with little or no appearance of parade; Letters were sent off by the government and where, from the freedom of communibags; for as it was post-night there was no cation usnal at those places, and the ready necessity for sending messengers to all the means of observation, &c. it was no diffidifferent branches of the Royal Family now cult matter to become fully acquainted with abroad. Mr. Vicke, the King's Messenger, 1 their characters and daily habits. Their was the only one who was sent abroad Serene Highnesses frequented the rooms, with the melancholy tidings; and he was the walks, and partook of the amusements ordered to Aix-la-Chapelle.

without any distinction that should prevent Colonel Græme from being an un

suspected attendant on their parties. Here, INTERESTING PARTICULARS OF HER

seems, he fixed on the Princess Sophia MAJESTY.

Charlotte Caroline, as best according with At the moment when all human con his matrimonial instructions. She was the nexions with our lamented Sovereign are youngest daughter of Charles Lewis, brodissolved by death, it cannot be uninterest ther to Adolphus Frederick, third Duke of ing to revert to the circumstances which, || Mecklenburgh-Strelitz, by Albertine Eli. fifty-seven years ago, first connected her zabeth, daughter of Ernest Frederick, Duke Majesty with the British empire.,

of Saxe-Hilbourghausen, and was born on We are told by the public and private || the 19th of May, 1744. Her father, how. records of the times, that a suitable mar. ever, though in the immediate line of inbe. riage for his Majesty was an urgent (as it ritance, as his brother the reigning Dake was a natural) object of state policy, imme had no issue, and was unmarried, did not diately on his coming to the crown; but succeed to the principality; he died before his knowu and ardeut attachment to Lady his brother, and thus, upon the death of Sarah Lenox, sister of the Duke of Richi Frederick, the succession devolved upon moud, with some manæuvres of Mr. Fox, his nephew, Adolphus Frederick the Fourth, afterwards Lord Holland, set on foot to brother to ber Majesty. The reasons which foment that youthful passion, hastened the induced the union between our venerable designs of the Princess Dowager of Wales and afflicted Sovereign and the Princess and of the Earl of Bute to bring about the of Mecklenburgh-Strelitz could scarcely royal marriage. The Princess is said to

have been with any political view-with have had in view a piece of her own, at

any hope of strengthening the English in. Jeast some Princess of the Saxe-Gutha fa- || Auence on the Continent, since the territory mily; but as the house of Saxe-Gotha was

of the Dukes of Mecklenburgh was exo supposed to be afflicted with a constitu- tremely confined ; and, indeed they had tional disease, that wish was overruled by little else to boast of than an ancient name. the cabinet. Lord Bute then sent a con It is, however, said, that his Majesty first fidential dependent, a Scotch officer, re- formed the idea of demanding the hand of ported to be Colonel Græme (who was the Princess in marriage, in consequence of afterwards appointed to be Master of St. a letter which was geverally supposed to Catherine's, vear the Tower, an excellent have been addressed by her, about the *place, in the peculiar gift of her Majesty), year 1758, to the King of Prussia, who had to visit the inferior German courts, and to caused contributions to be levied on her select from amongst then a future Queen father's territories. We subjoin the letter, for England. The instructions were said which does jufinite credit to the feels to be, that she should be perfect in her that dictated it, and to the taste that was form, of a pure blood, and healthy consti- | consulied in its composition, leaving it to tution, possessed of elegant accomplish our readers to judge whether it is not more ments, particularly music, to which the like the production of a matured underKing was very much attached, and of a standing, than the offspring of the mind of mild and obliging disposition.

a female, who, at the time, was scarcely Colonel Græme found the reigning Prin-fourteen years of age. The cause of the cess of Strelitz taking the waters of Pyro" appeal was this :- In the latter end of 1757,

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the King of Prussia, assisted only by Eng. // and the shepherd are become soldiers themselvess land, was assailed by a host of enemies. and help to ravage the soil they formerly cultiThe Courts of Versailles, Warsaw, Vienna, vated. The towns are inhabited only by old and St. Petersburgh were leagued against there a warrior, by wounds, or loss of limbs, ren.'

men, women, and children ; perhaps here and him. The King of Sweden, Frederick's || dered anfit for service, left at his door ; his little brother-in-law, thought this was a favour-children bang round him, ask an history of every able opportunity to invade his dominions I wound, and grow themselves soldiers before they -and, the Russians having obtained a foot

find strength for the field. But this were no. ing in Pomerania, he raised an army, the thing, did we not feel the alternate insolence of

either army, as it happens to advance or retreat, command of which was given to Count || in pursuing the operations of the campaign. It Hamilton, in order to co-operate with is impossible to express the confusion, even them. Frederic succeeded in driving both those, who call themselves our friends, create. Swedes and Russiaus from his territories | Even those from whom we expect redress, opbut as he had been informed that the Duke press us with new calamities. From your justof Mecklenburgh was to have assisted the ice, therefore, it is, that we hope relief ; to you,

even children and women may complain, whose Swedes, with all the troops he could raise, humanity stoops to the meanest petition, and in case they had been joined by the French || whose power is capable of repressing the greator Russians, and that several magazines est injustice.--I am, Sire, &c." had been formed in his country for that This appeal, which soon found its way to purpose, the moment he had driven them

every court in Europe, created a great seninto Stralsund, he sent a detachment of sation at the time. It was justly viewed as Prussian troops into the Duchy of Meck

a very extraordinary production, coming lenburgh, who not only seized the maga. | from oue so young and so inexperienced. zines, but raised contributions as if they | Rumour says, that, ou his Majesty, it made had been in an enemy's country, the Duke himself having, upon their approach, re

a deep impression. On the 8th of July, tired to Lubeck. The Princess Charlotte, to be specially summoved. The Council

1761, his Majesty caused his Privy Council afflicted by the distresses of her country, is

was attended by all the great officers of stated to have writteu iu these terms to the

state—and to them his Majesty declared King of Prussia :

his intentions in the following words: “MAY IT PLEASE YOUR MAJESTY,-) am at

“ Having nothing so much at beart as to proa loss whether I should congratulate, or condole

cure the welfare and happiness of my people, with you on your late victory: since the same

and to render the same stable and permanent to success which has covered you with laurels, has orerspread the country of Mecklenburgh with | posterity, I have, ever since my accession to the desolation. I know, sire, that it seems unbe throne, turned my thoughts towards the choice of

a Priacess for my consort ; and I now, with coming my sex, in this age of vicious refinement, to feel for one's country, to lameot the horrors of great satisfaction, acquaint you, that, after the

fullest information, and mature deliberation, I war, or wish for the return of peace. I know

am come to a resolution to demand in marriage you may think it more properly my province to

the Princess Cha lette of Mecklenburgh.Strestudy the arts of pleasing, or to inspect subjects | litz-a Princess distinguished by every eminent of a more domestic nature; but, however uu

virtne and ainiable endowment, whose illustrious becoming it may be in me, I cannot resist the

line has constantly shewn the firmest zeal for the desire of interceding for this unhappy people. .“ It was but a very few years ago, that this

Protestant religion, and a particular attachment

to my family. I have judged proper to commu. territory wore the most pleasing appearance. nicaie to you these my intentions, in order that The country was cultivated, the peasant looked cheerful, and the towns ubounded with riches

you may be fully apprized of a matter so bigbly and festivity! What an alteration, at present,

importaut to me, and to my kingdoms--aud from such a charming scene! I am not expert able to all my loving subjects.”

wbich, I persgade inyself, will be most accept. at description_nor can my fancy add any horrors to the picture ; but sure even conquerors It will be remembered, that, at this pethemselves would weep at the bideous prospects riod, the King was little more than twenty• now before we. The whole country, my dear three years of age, and the Princess, whom country, lies one frightful waste, presenting he had chosen for a consort, was but a few only objects to excite terror, pity, and despair ! The business of the husbandman and the sliep months past seventeen. Immediately after herd are quite discontinued ; the busbaudman

the notification to the Privy Council, his Noi 116. Vol. XVIII.


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Majesty gave directions for demanding and reiterated. Next morning she set out for bringing over the Princess in a manner Cuxhaven; and about ten, her Most Sesuitable to his own diguity, and the respect rene Highness embarked on board the due to her Serene Highness.

yacht, amidst the acclamations of the people, Lord Harcourt was named to make the accompanied by the Duchesses of Ancaster demand of her Serene Highpess: the Duch. and Hamilton, the Earl of Harcourt, and esses of Ancaster and Hamilton (the two Lord Anson. She was saluted by the finest women of the British court), and the whole squadron destined to convoy her to Countess of Effingham, to take care of her England. They were ranged ou each side person : and Lord Anson to command a

of the yacht. The moment she entered fleet that was to convoy her over to the her cabin she saluted the officers of the English shore.

different ships, who had crowded the decks The Aeet put to sea on the 8th of Au. in order to have the pleasure of seeing her, gust, and, on the 14th, Lord Harcourt, and were all charmed with her affable and and the other Lords and Ladies sent on this polite behaviour. important embassy, arrived at Strelitz. On the 28th, the fleet, having on board The next morning, at eleven o'clock, the her Most Sereve Highness, put to sea, but Earl of Harcourt performed the ceremony as no dispatches were received from it from of asking in form her Serene Highness in that time till its arrival at Harwich, the marriage for the King his master. The court was in some concern lest the tediousmoment the contract of marriage was sign ness of her voyage might affect her health; ed, the cannon fired. Her Royal Highness besides, the day fixed for the coronation of was afterwards complimented by the states his Majesty, by a proclamatiou issued from of the country, and the deputies of the the said council, in which his Majesty bad towns.

declared his intentions to demand her SeOn the 17th, her Highness, accompanied rene Highness in marriage, was drawing by the reigning Duke, her brother, set out near, bis Majesty was desirous that the cefor Mirow, amidst the tears and prayers of remony of the nuptials might precede that all ranks of people, the poor in particular, of the coronation, so that fresh instructions, whose zealous patroness she had always it is said, were dispatched to the Admiral shewn herself. The 18th she arrived at to sail at all events, and to land his charge Perleberg, where she was complimenter at any of the ports of Great Britain, where by the Court de Gotter, in the name of his

it could be done with safety. At length, Prussian Majesty.

after three different storms, and being often On the 19th, her Most Serene Highness in sight of the English coast, and often in continued her journey, by Leutzen, for danger of being driven on that of Norway, Ghorde, where she dined twice in public, the fleet, with her most Screne Highness and walked in the afternoon in the park. on board, arrived at Harwich, September On the 22d, at seven o'clock in the evening, 6th. Her Most Serene Highness, during her she arrived at Stade, under a general dis tedious passage, continued in very good charge of the cauvon of that place, and health and spirits, often diverting herself amidst the acclamations of a vast number with playing on the harpsichord, practising of people, both citizens and foreigners.-- || English tunes, and endearing herself to The burgesses of Stade were assembled those who were honoured with the care of under arms, and lived the streets through || her person. which her Most Serene Highness passed, As it was night when the fleet' arrived Some of the principal ladies of the town at Harwich, her Most Serene Highness presented her with verses, on her Majesty's || slept on board, and continued there till approaching nuptials, on velvet cushions. three in the afternoon the next day, during At nine o'clock the whole town was illu which time her route had been settled, and minaied, and several triumphal arches instructions received as to the manner of were erected in the principal streets; on her proceeding to St. James's. At her which were placed many small lamps and landing, she was received by the Mayor inscriptions, analogous to the feast. The | and 'Aldermen of Harwich, in their usual hame night their marks of public joy were ll formalities, About five o'clock she came

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