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and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews? Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me? Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation, and the chief priests, have delivered thee unto me. What hast thou done? Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom wire of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now is my kingdom not from hence. Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth, heareth my voice. Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.
3. And the chief priests accused him of many things; but when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. Then saith Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee? And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly. And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place. When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilean. And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.
4. And when Herod saw Jesus, lie wis exceeding glad; for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him, and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by hin. Then he questioned with him in many words, but he answered him nothing. And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him. And Herod with his men of war set hip at nouglit, and mocked hi!, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together, for before they were at enmity between themselves.
5. And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests, and the rulers, and the people, said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people; and behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man, touching those things whereof ye accuse him; no, nor yet Herod; for I sent you to him; and lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him. I will therefore chastise him, and release him. Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired. And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insùrrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection. And the multitude, crying aloud, began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them; (for of necessity he must release one unto them, at the feast.) Therefore, when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Ye have a custom that I should release unto you one at the passover. Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus, which is called Christ? (For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.) Will ye, therefore, that I release 'unto you the King of the Jews?
6. When he was set down on the judgment-seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man; for' I have suffered many things this day in a dream, because of him. But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas. Pilate, therefore, the governor, answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas. Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas! Now Barabbas was a robber.' And Pilate answered, and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews ? And they cried out again, Crucify him! crucify him! Let him be crucified! Then Pilate said unto them, the third time, Why! what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him; I will therefore chastise him, and let him go. And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him! And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified; and the voices of them, and of the chief priests, prevailed.
7. When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person : see ye to it. Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us and on our children. And so Pilate, willing to content the people, gave sentence that it
should be as they required. And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired. Then Pilate, therefore, took Jesus, and scourged him, and delivered him to their will, to be crurified. And the soldiers led him away into the common halı, called Pretorium; and they called together the whole band of soldiers; and they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand; and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! And they smote him with their hands. And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees, worshipped him.
8. Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him. (Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe.) And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man! When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him! crucify him! Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him ; for I find no fault in him. The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God. When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid, and went again into the judgment-hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou ? But Jesus gave him no answer. Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not, that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee? Jesus answered, Thou couldst have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.
9. And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him ; but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Cesar's friend. Whosoever maketh himself a king, speaketh against Cesar. When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment-seat, in a place that is called the Pavement. And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour; and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King ! But they cried out, Away with him! away with him ! crucify him! Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King ?
The chief priests answered, We have no king but Cesar., Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.
THE CRUCIFIXION OF JESUS.
1. And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him. And he, bearing his cross, went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew, Golgotha. And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyre'nian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. But Jesus turning unto them, said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.
2. And there were also two others, malefactors, led with him to be put to death. And they gave him to drink, wine mingled with myrrh; but he received it not. And they gave him vinegar to drink, mingled with gall; and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink. And when they were come to the place which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors; one on the right hand, and the other on the left. And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith,
“And he was numbered with the transgressors.” And it was the third hour, and they crucified him. Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.
3. And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the superscription of his accusation was written and set over his head. And the writing was, in letters of Greek, “ JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS;" and Latin, « THE KING OF THE JEWS;” and Hebrew,
“THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.” This title then read many of the Jews; for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city. Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews, but that he said, I am King of the Jews. Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written.
4. Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat : now, the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be : that the scripture might be fulfilled, which was spoken by the prophet :
“They parted my raiment among them,
And for my vesture they did cast lots.” These things therefore the soldiers did. And, sitting down, they watched him there.
5. And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others, let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, and saying, If thou be the King of the Jews, save thyself. And they that passed by reviled him, and railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself, and come down from the cross. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross. Likewise also the chief priests, mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said, among themselves, He saved others, himself he can not save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him. He trusted in God; let Him deliver him now, if he will have him! for he said, I am the Son of God. Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe.
6. And they that were crucified with him, reviled him, and cast the same in his teeth. And one of the malefactors, which were hanged, railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. But the other, answering, rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation ? And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds : but this man hath done nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him,