PROPOSITION XXII. THEOREM XX. C IF every two of three plane angles be greater than the third, and if the ftraight lines which contain them be all equal; a triangle may be made of the ftraight lines (D F, GI & A C) which fubtend those angles. Thefis. A▲ may be made of the ftraight lines GI, DF & AC, which fubtend thofe V. DEMONSTRATION. The three given V a, b, BECAUSE c are either equal, or unequal. OECAUSE the fides which contain the V, are equal (Hyp. 2.) I. The ADEF, GHI & ABC are equal. 2. Therefore DFGI=AC. 3. Confequently, DF+AC>G I. P. 4. B. i. Ax.4. B. 1. 4. Wherefore a A may be made of those straight lines DF, AC & GI. P.22. B. 1. CASE. II. If the given V a, b, c be unequal Preparation. 1. At the vertex of one of the V as B, make VA BL=Va. P.23. 3. Draw LC & LA. DEMONSTRATION. B. 1. P. 3. B. 1. Pof.i. B. 1. BECAUS BECAUSE the two Va+care > \ b (Hyp. 1.) & LB=HG 3. Therefore GI is <DF+AC. 4. Confequently, a A may be made of the ftraight lines D F, AC & G I. Which was to be demonstrated. P.24. B. 1. P.20. B. 1. Ax.1. B. 1. To PROPOSITION XXIII. PROBLEM III. O make a folid angle (P), which shall be contained by three given plane angles (A BC, DEF & GHI), any two of them being greater than the third, and all three together (ABC+VDEF+VGHI) less than four right angles. 1. Take A B at will, & make the fides BC, DE, EF, GH & HI equal to one another & to A B. 2. Draw the bafes AC, D F, & GI. 3. With those three bafes AC, DF & G I make a ▲ LMN fo that N M be=GI, NL AC, & L M=DF. = 4. Infcribe the A L M N in a O L M N. Pof.1. B. 1. 5. From the center O, to the VL, M & N, draw the straight lines LO, ON & O M. 6. At the point O, erect the OP to the plane of the 7. Cut OP fo that the of LO+the 8. Draw the straight lines L P, PN & LMN. of P O be to the of AB. PM. P.12. B.11. M m BECAUSE PO is 1 to the plane of the LMN (Ref. 6.) to the of LP. P.47. 1. The APOL will be right angled in O (Ref. 5. & 8.) AC, & LM = DF, (Ref. 3). B. 1. P.40. B. 1. Cor, 3. AABC, ÁLPM=ADEF, VNPM=VH, VLPNSP. 8. B.1. VB, & VLPM V E. But those three NPM, LPN & LPM form a folid LPN} P. 6. Therefore a folid VP has been made, contained by the three given plane B, E & H. Which was to be done. IN PROPOSITION XXIV. THEOREM XXI. every parallelepiped (A H); the oppofite planes (BD & CF; BE & FG; AF & B H) are fimilar & equal parallelograms. Hypothefis. In the given BF, the plane BD is oppofite to CF, BE to FG & AF to BH. Preparation. Thefis. The oppofite planes B D, C F; BE & FG; AF & BH are=& pgrs. each to each. Draw the oppofite diagonals E H & AG, alfo AC & D H. BECAUSE DEMONSTRATION. ECAUSE the plle. planes B D & CF are cut by the plane ABCE. 1. The line B A is plle. to E C. 2. Likewife C H is plle. to G B. And the fame plle. planes B D & C F being alfo cut by the plane DGHF. 3. The line D G will be plle. to F H. 4. Likewife A E is plle. to B C & D F plle. to G H. And because thofe plle. planes (Arg. 1. 2. 4.) are the oppofite fides 5. Thofe quadrilateral figures A ECB & DFHG, are pgrs. 7. VABG is to VECH. But A B is to EC & BG=CH. 8. Therefore the AABG is & to the AECH. But the pgr. B D is double of the ▲ A B G. And the Pgr. CF is double of the AECH (P.41. B.1.) But thofe pgrs. have each an common with the equiangular A. 9. Confequently, the pgrs. B D & C F are & . P.16. B.11. D.35. B. 1. P.10. B.11. P. 4. B. 1. P. 4. B. 6. D. 1. B. 6. PROPOSITION XXV. THEOREM XXII. F a parallelepiped (BEDC) be cut by a plane (KIML) parallel to the oppofite planes (AEFB & CGDH); it divides the whole into two parallelepipeds (viz. the BEMK & KMD C), which shall be to one another as their bafes (BFLK & KLHC). 1. Produce B C both ways, as alfo F H. Pof.2. B. 1. to BK & P. 2. In BC produced take any number of lines 4. Thro' the lines TU, OP & WX let the planes TR, OQ BECAUSE DEMONSTRATION. ECAUSE the lines BO & TO, are each to BK & CW KC (Prep. 2.) & the lines OP, TU & WX plle. to B F or CH, meet FH produced, in the points, P, U & X (Prep. 3). P.31. B. 1. |