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ÆRAS. tempt to conduct one when raised to the papal throne as Pius II., ib. ARAS, Greek and Latin, how and when
adoptel, v. 95; remarkable of the world, ib., notes; ara of Cæsar, ac
count of, vi. 356; Gelalæan, vii. 166. AERIAL tribute, what, v. 67. ÆSTIANS, or Livonians, send ambas
sadors to Theodoric King of Italy, v.
15. Æstii, reduced by Hermanric, iii. 283 ;
a collective name, ib. note S. ÆTHIOPIA, attempted reduction of, i.
138; Christian princes of, iii. 84 and note M.; Christians of, their commer
cial relations with Justinian, v. 61. Aetius, surnamed the Atheist, account
of, ü. 59; his talents for disputation, 60; patronised by the Arian
bishops, ib. A Etive, general of Placidia, character, iv. 175; supports the usurper John, 176; plots against his rival, Count Boniface, ib.; battle with, 184; flies to the Huns in Pannonia, 185; who compel Placidia to restore him, 221; seizes the administration of the West, ib. ; character of by Renatus, ib. sq.; wise and vigorous government, 222; connexion with the Huns and Alani, 223; defeats Clodion near Artois, 228; forms an alliance with Theodoric King of the Ostrogoths, 223; relieves Orleans, 234; defeats Attila at Châlons, 237; alone opposes him in Italy, 244; urges the marriage of his son Gaudentius with the Princess Eudoxia, 249; murdered by
Valentinian III., ib. AFRICA, province of, i. 161; western,
limits of the Roman dominion in, 162 ; tribute, 296; revolts from Diocletian, ii. 76 ; rapid growth of Christianity in, 212; the last province Christianized, ib. note ; religious discord in, iii. 42; mal-aılministration of, by Count Romanus, 272; the Africans join the rebellion of Firmus the Moor, 273 ; quelled by Theodosius, 274; state of Africa described, 276; ancient fables respecting its interior, ib. ; Gildo the Moor transfers that province from Honorius to Arcadius, iv. 16; revolt of Count Boniface, 176 ; invasion of the Vandals, 178; persecution of the Donatists, 179; desolated by the Vandals,
AHRIMAX. 181 ; view of the Vandal persecution in, 330; reduced by Belisarius, v. 114; Catholic church re-established by Justinian, 115; civil government reinodelled, ib.; taxes of, increased by Justinian, 210; revolt of led by Stoza, 211; reduced, 214 ; desolation of, ib.; first invasion of by the Saracens, vi. 342 and note S.; limits of their conquests, 347; their final reduction of, 352; extinction of Christianity in, 369; conquests of the
Normans in, vii. 135. AGATHIAS, his account of the Franks,
iv. 363 and note ; continued the history of Procopius, 40; his cha
racter of the Persian language, v. 186. AGATHYRSI, vassal-tribe of the Alani,
iii. 315. AGAUxum, or St. Maurice, monastery
of, founded by Sigismond King of
the Burgundians, iv. 356. AGENTS (agentes in rebus), or spies,
number of, under Constantine, ii.
331, AGIAMOGLANS, Turkish class of, viïi. 74. AGLABITES, Saracen dynasty of,
founded, vi. 420. AOLAE, her passion for St. Boniface,
ii. 277 ; Lord Hailes' opinion of that
story, 278 note M. AGSAT3, what, v. 307; their right of
inheritance, ib. AGNE:, daughter of the Duke of
Brunswick, marrics Andronicus the
vii. 395 and note, Agrarian laws, Roman, related only
to the Ager Publicus, v. 304, note S. AGRICOLA defeats the Caledonians, i. 140; contemplates the reduction of Ireland, ib.; recalled, ib. ; his forts in Scotland, 141, rote S.; his origin,
ii. 309. AGRICULTURE, progress of in the West
em provinces, i. 189; decay of, in Italy, iv. 303 and note M. ; state of
in the East, under Justinian, v. 55. AGRIVECTIGALES, what, i. 302, note S. AGRIPPA, censor with Augustus, i. 197. AGRIPPINA, ambition of, i. 285. AHMED EBN ARABSHAH, his history of
Timour, and testimony respecting
Bajarret's iron cage, viii. 58. AHRIMAN, principle of evil among the
Persians, i. 334; final defeat of, 335 and note S.
AIX-LA-CHAPELLE. AIX-LA-CHAPELLE, Charlemagne's pa
lace at, how decorated, viii. 275. AIZNADIN, site of, vi. 306, note S.;
battle of, between the Roinans and
Saracens, 307; date of, 309, note S. AJAX, his sepulchre, ii. 291. AKBAH, lieutenant of Moawiyah, his
conquests in Africa, vi. 316; his expedition confounded with that of Musa, 348, note S.; founds Cairoan,
349 and note S. Alani invade Asia, ii. 39; repulsed by
Tacitus, ib. ; nation of the, described, iii. 315; worshipped a naked scimitar, ib.; vanquished by and united with the Huns, ib. ; their ethnology examined, ib, note S.; join Radagaisus in invading Italy, iv. 45 ; overrun Gaul, 51; settle in Carthagena and Lusitania, 125; colonies of, in Gaul, 223 and notes ; devoted to Aëtius, 224 ; arrival of the Turks
among the, v. 176. A LARIC, the Goth, learns the art of
war under Theodosius, iji. 400 ; leads the Gothic revolt in the reign of Honorius, iv. 24; invades Greece, ib.; passes Therinopylä, 25; takes Athens, ib. ; Corinth, Argos, and Sparta, 26 ; date of his invasion, 27, note S.; defeated by Stilicho, 28; escapes into Epirus, 29 ; concludes a treaty with Arcadius, ib.; made master-general of eastern Illyricum, 30; proclaimed King of the Visigoths, 31; invades Italy, ib.; defeated by Stilicho at Pollentia, 36; marches into Tuscany, 38; concludes a treaty with Honorius, ib.; defeated near Verona, 39, and note S. ; retreat, 39 ; renounces the service of Arcadius for that of Honorius, 57; appointed mastergeneral in Illyricum, ib.; demands reimbursement and a Western province as a settlement for the Goths, 58 ; requires hostages in security of his demands, 68; marches towards Rome, 69; blockades it, 90; insulting reception of the Roman ambassadors, 92 ; accepts a ransom, and raises the siege, 93; date of that event, 92, note S. ; marches into Tuscany, 93; reinforced, 94; his proposals to the court of Ravenna, ib. ; rejected by Olympius, ib.; renewed, 95; rage at the letter of Honorius, 96; takes the port of Ostia, 98; obliges the Romans to
ALBOIN. elect Attalus emperor in place of Honorius, ib. ; deposes him, 101 ; his friendship renounced by Honorius, ib.; third expedition against and sack of Rome, 102; moderation, ib.; evacuates the city, 109; ravages the south of Italy, ib. sq.; projects of
conquest, 112 ; death and funeral, ib. ALARIC, King of the Visigoths, inter
view with Clovis near Amboise, iv. 357; defeated and killed by Clovis
near Poitiers, 359. ALATHEUS and Saphrax, chiefs of the
Ostrogoths, after their defeat by the Huns, save their infant king, Witheric, iii. 318; solicit Valens for permission to pass the Danube, 322; pass by force, 324; voluntary re
treat, 351 ; death of Alatheus, 352. ALAUDA, Roman legion, i. 146, note ;
Gibbon's mistake corrected, ib.
note S. ALAVIVUS and Fritigern, judges of the
Visigoths, conduct them to the De
nube, iii. 318. ALBANIA, reduced by Trajan, i. 143. ALBANIANS, the, ravage the Morea, viii.
181. ALBERIC, son of Marozia, expels her
new husband, Hugh King of Bui gundy, from Rome, and seizes the government, vi. 185; supposed to have restored the consuls and
tribunes, ib, and note. ALBIGEOIS, persecution of the, vil.
58. ALBINUS, Clodius, Governor of Britain,
family and character, i. 246; declares against Julianus, 247; accepts the rank of Cæsar, 254; vanquished
by Severus, 255; death, 257. ALBINUS, the Pontiff, conversion of, iji.
412, note ; Gibbon's account of, from
Jerom, corrected, ib. note S. ALBINUS, friend of Boethius, accused of
treason, v. 30. AL Bocciari compiles the Sonna, vi.
229. ALBOFLEDA, sister of Clovis, married to
Theodoric the Great, iv. 350. ALBOIN, King of the Lombards, assists
Justinian against the Goths, v. 231 ; Gibbon's mistake respecting his forces corrected, ib. note M.; early prowess of, 332; adventure at the banquet of Turisund, 2b.; carries ofi Rosamond, daughter of the King of
and note S.
his character, and treatment of Rienzi, ALEXANDRIA, massacre at, by Cara-
calla, i. 272; otherwise oppressed,
cletian, ii. 77; origin and progress of at, 414; religious disputes frequent,
taken by Diocletian, ii. 76; Christian
tablished at Venice, viii. 118 and 210; bishops of, their succession, ib.
note; not the first Greek printer, ib. note; school of, üi. 46; Jews at,
etymology of, ib. note S.; method of publish the Wisdom of Solomon,
the throne, ib.; character and policy,
Saracens under Abu Obeidah, vi. convert the Paulicians, vii. 56; burns
the emperor Henry III., 127; alli-
defeat, 131 ; invokes the aid of the
Constantine VII., Porphyrogenitus, an embassy to the council of Plan
centia, 180; induces the crusaders to
ing the crusades, 237.
Constantinople, vi. 123; deposed by
Andronicus, 128 ; and murdered, 129.
throne of his brother Isaac, vii. 287;
prisoner to Italy, 326.
flies from his uncle, who had usurped
general of Michael Palæologus, takes
Constantinople, vii. 344.
iv. 341; his ambassadors visit the
51 and note.
Julian, in Spain, vi. 356.
and note S.
doctrine of Mahomet, vi. 238;
how regarded by the Shiites, ib.;
royal treasure at Cumæ, v. 235 ; in-
ii. 236 and note.
Britain, ii. 72; slain, 73.
assassinated by order of Honorius,
soldiers of Probus, ii. 51.
395 ; encouragement of literature,
398; and astronomy, 401.
394 ; his riches and splendour, 395 ;
encouraged science, 398.
ported by Chosroes Nushirvan in his
dispute with Arethas, v. 188.
of the Turkmans, vii. 157 ; conquers
character, 164; epitaph, ib.
by Ulphilas, iv. 323 and note M.
dominions, vi. 176.
route of Hannibal over, ib. note S. ;
roads over, 128.
172, note S., 173.
restore the temple of Jerusalem, iii.
and honour among the Ostrogoths, v.
Great, marries Thrasimond, Vandal
erects a splendid tomb for his re-
128; imprisonment and death, ib.
Pandects at, v. 287 and note M.;
salem, character, vii. 252; unsuc-
cessful attempt upon Egypt, 253.
witted by Justin, v. 36 ; beheaded on
a charge of heresy, 37.
27, note and note M.
v. 205 and note.
of, v. 14, note.
cerning heresy, iii. 56; his birth and
AMELOT de la HOUSSAIE, character of
his 'Histoire de Venise,' iv. 244, note,
sieged by Sapor, ib. ; identical with
structive siege of by Cabades, v. 86.
Abdallah, son of Abdol Motalleb, vi.
to Mahomet, ib. note S.
character and friendship for John
ib. ; slain at Smyrna, 26.
Trebizond, letter on the capture of
that city, viii. 182, note M.
ness and death, v. 108.
specting the power of Eusebius, ii.
manners in his own times, iv, 77.
count of the walls of Rome corrected,
iv. 88, note S.
honoured by Cyril of Alexandria, vii.
Theophilus, vi. 414; ruins of, ib.
caliph Motassem, 415.
the baptism of Clovis, iv. 351, note.
orthodox bon mot of, iii. 364.
59; height, ib. note.
AMBROSIUS AURELIAN, the Roman, de-
fender of Britain from the Saxons,
Natanleod, ib, note.