33. Did the Articles answer the purpose intended?


Name its principal

34. What led to the formation of the present Constitution?

35. Through how many forms has the government passed? What are they? 36. Describe the Revolutionary government; the Confederate; the Constitutional.


37. FOR what purpose did Virginia and Maryland appoint commissioners? When?

38. For what purpose did the legislature of Virginia make an appointment? When?

39. Where was the meeting held? When?

40. Why did they not proceed to the business?

41. What did they prepare? What was recommended?

42. What State first appointed delegates? What did the legislature of New York do? What was the resolution of Congress? When was it declared? 43. What was the consequence of these proceedings? When and where did the convention meet? When did they organize? Who was elected to preside? From what State was he a delegate?

44. What was the object of calling the convention? What did the majority determine upon?

45. What was the result of their labours? What were the difficulties in its formation?

46. What did the convention direct? What did Congress do? When? 47. When and where did the conventions assemble? What followed?

48. What resolutions did Congress adopt? Where?

49. How many electoral votes were cast? Who was elected President? How many votes did he receive? Who was Vice-President?

50. Of representatives from how many States was the first Constitutional Congress composed? When did they assemble? When did they first transact business?

51. When did Washington take the oath and deliver his inaugural address? Who administered the oath? When did Adams enter upon his duties?

52. The ratification of what States was afterwards received? When? How had those States been regarded?

53. Name the States and time of ratification.


55. WHAT is a constitution?

56. Of what does it consist in some countries?

57. Can an act of Congress be contrary to the Constitution?

58. How is the constitution of England formed?

59. Recite the first paragraph of the Constitution.

60. What is a preamble?

61. How many objects had the framers of the present Constitution in view? Name them.

62. What is the object of the preamble?

63. How many great departments of government are there? Name them. What power has the legislative department? the judicial? the executive ?

64. How does the Constitution recognise these departments? Of what does the first article of the Constitution treat? the second? the third? How are the legislative powers granted by the Constitution vested?

65. What States were in favour of dividing Congress into two distinct bodies?

66. Of what does the English Parliament consist? What does Congress include?

67. What are the advantages of two branches of legislative power? Repeat section 2, clause 1.

68. How are the repesentatives elected?

69. What are the qualifications for voters under the Constitution?

70. What persons are qualified to vote for members of Congress?

71. When do popular elections not represent the will of the people?

73. How often are representatives to Congress chosen? How long do members of Parliament occupy their seats? How often is there a new Congress? Repeat clause 2.

74. How are the qualifications of a representative divided?

75. Must a representative be a citizen by birth? How may a foreigner become a citizen? After how long a citizenship?

76. At the time of the adoption of the Federal Constitution, could emigrants hold office? What rendered them eligible? How long must an alien reside here before he becomes a citizen? How long before he is eligible as a representative?

77. Where must a representative reside? Must he reside in the district from which he is chosen? Would he lose his seat on removal? What amount of property is necessary? Religious belief?

78. What is a tax? How many kinds are there? Name them. direct tax laid? An indirect tax? Are direct taxes often levied? direct taxes to be apportioned?

How is a
How are

79. What was the basis of taxation by the Articles of Confederation? What by the Constitution?

80. How is the representative population ascertained? How are Indians included if taxed? Is the representative greater or less than the total population?

81. When the Constitution was adopted, were there slaves in all the States? 82. Are slaves included in the representative population? What was the

effect in the States having the most slaves?

83. How often is the census taken ?

84. Who takes the census? What officers are they?

85. How are the districts divided?

What is the duty of the assistant?

What is the penalty of refusing to answer?

86. What is the object of the census? What the results?

89. How many inhabitants are required for one representative? If a State should not contain that number, what is the law? Is the number of representatives the same as formerly?

90. How many delegates has each organized territory? What are the privileges of the territorial representatives? What are these territories generally called?

91. How is the entire representative population of the United States ascertained? How is the representative population of each State ascertained? What is the aggregate thus found?

92. When the apportionment is completed, what is then required?

93. How is the ratio of representation obtained? What States have a population less than the ratio? How many representatives are left? How are they assigned?

94. Why was an additional representative allowed to California? When? 95. How many modes are there in which a State may be entitled to a representative? Name them.

97. What is the law when vacancies occur in the representation? For what time are they elected?

98. How is the Speaker of the House of Representatives chosen? What is his rank?

99. What are the other officers of the House of Representatives? What are the duties of the clerk? Sergeant-at-arms? Postmaster of the House? What oath is required of the clerk? Sergeant-at-arms and door-keeper? For what does the clerk give security? What are the duties of chaplain?

REPEAT clause 1.


100. What constitutes the other branch of legislative power? How are senators elected? How many delegates does each State send to the Senate? In what respect does the Constitution resemble the old Confederation? 101. Does the Constitution prescribe the mode for electing senators? are the senators chosen in most of the States? How in some ? latter mode termed?

How What is the

103. If all or a majority of the States should refuse to elect senators, what would be the effect? What if one State should refuse?

Repeat clause 2.

104. What is the effect of this clause? What occurs every two years?

105. Would a State be represented in case of the death of a senator? How are vacancies filled? How long do such appointments continue? What is the rule if the vacancy occurs when the legislature is in session?

Repeat clause 3.

107. Of how many particulars do the qualifications of senator consist? Name them.

108. Why must a senator be thirty years of age? Must he be a native of the United States? What if an alien?

109. Where must he reside when elected? Why are the qualifications of a senator higher than those of a representative?

Repeat clause 4.

111. Is the presiding officer of the Senate a member of that body?


reasons are assigned for it? Why would the Vice-President be supposed to be more impartial?

Repeat clause 5.

112. How are the other officers of the Senate chosen? When has the Senate power to elect its president?

113. What is it customary for the Vice-President to do just before the close of each session? What does the Senate do then?

Repeat clause 6.

114. What body has the sole power of impeachment? What the power to try impeachments? What is the object of this provision?

115. What is an impeachment?

116. Is a judge of the Supreme Court of the United States liable to impeachment?

117. When the Senate tries an impeachment, are the senators sworn? What is an affirmation? What majority of the Senate is necessary for conviction? 118. Upon the removal of the President, where do his powers and duties devolve? Who is president of the Senate in a case of impeachment of the President of the United States.

120. What is the judgment in cases of impeachment in the United States ? Suppose his offence to be punishable by law?

121. What would be the judgment of the Senate on conviction for treason? Would the person be subject to indictment in a court of law? If So, what would be the punishment? If acquitted, how would the judgment of the Senate stand?

122. What is the first step when it is proposed to impeach an officer? What is done if the report be favourable? What is then done by the Senate? What is done on the day of his appearance? What body replies? What does it declare?

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124. Why was not a general election law established? To what bodies is the regulation of elections intrusted? What power is reserved to Congress? In what cases would that power be necessary? Can Congress alter the place of choosing senators?

126. What is the provision of the act of June 25, 1842?

Repeat clause 2.

127. How does the English Parliament assemble? How often does Congress assemble? When?

128. How long does a Parliament exist under statute of George I.?

129. Does the Constitution determine the place where Congress shall meet? Under what contingencies may the President convene Congress at any place he may think proper?

Repeat clause 1, sec. 5.

131. What is the law when an election of a member of the House shall be contested?

132. How shall evidence be taken in such cases?

133. How is the passage of laws by a small number prevented?

134. What are the rules in case of absence of members from the House of Representatives?

Repeat clause 2.

135. Does the Constitution prescribe the mode of transacting business in Congress?

136. What enables Congress to maintain its usefulness and independence? 138. Has either House power to punish for a breach of its privileges, &c.? 139. When imprisonment is part of the punishment, when does it terminate? Repeat clause 3.

140. What is the object of a journal? Who draws up the journal of the House? Who that of the Senate?

141. Are the deliberations of both Houses open to the public? What are executive sessions? What is the rule when the Senate is acting on confidential business?

142. What is the rule when the House receives confidential communications? What is the rule when the Speaker or a member has a secret communication?

143. In what cases are the proceedings of the Senate contained in manuscript records? To whom are they accessible?

144. What publications have been printed and regularly issued from the time of the organization of government? What are the rules with regard to printed copies of the journal of the House?

145. What is meant by taking the yeas and nays? How is it done? Why can they not be taken except by a vote of one-fifth of the members? 146. Can a member of Congress vote by proxy?

147. In what case is a member of the House not allowed to vote? What contract is a member of Congress forbidden to enjoy? What is the law if he enters into such contract? What is the effect if an officer of the United States enters into a public contract with a member of Congress?

Repeat clause 4.

149. Can the President put an end to a session of Congress? Can he adjourn its sittings?

150. How only can Congress separate? How often does a new Congress commence? How many sessions does a Congress generally hold? What does the Constitution require? How is the closing of one session and the commencement of another determined? What time must Congress necessarily adjourn in every second year?

Repeat clause 1, sec. 6.

151. Do the members of the English Parliament receive compensation? Are members of Congress compensated? Why?

153. Since 1817, what has been the compensation of members of Congress? Of the President of the Senate in the absence of Vice-President, and of the Speaker of the House?

154. What is the duty of the sergeant-at-arms, by the rules of the House? 155. Who has charge of the funds for the use of the Senate? What security does he give for their faithful application?

156. What personal privileges are members of Congress entitled to? What is the reason for this exemption? Do these privileges extend to the families of the members?

157. What are the limits of this privilege?.

158. Is it lawful to question a member of Congress in any other place for any speech, &c.? How have the debates in Congress been published? Repeat clause 2.

160. Can an officer under the United States be a member of Congress? Can one who holds such an office be elected?

When must he resign it?

REPEAT clause 1.


161. How are bills for raising revenue generally considered? 162. Which house has the right to originate such bills? Why?

163. What kind of body is the Senate?

Repeat clause 2.

164. How is the mode of enacting laws determined? When may bills originate? What are the exceptions?

165. How may a bill be introduced in the House?

166. How many readings must a bill receive? How many in the same day? If opposed at the first reading, what is the question? If no opposition is made, what is done next? Is the whole bill read? Why?

167. What is the practice when a bill is ordered to be engrossed?

169. What takes place after the passage of the bill in the House? What if the Senate refuse to concur? What if the Senate pass the bill with amendments?

170. What is a committee of conference? What are its duties?

171. After a bill has passed both houses, what is done?

172. By whom is the enrolled bill signed? What does the endorsement certify? To whom is it then presented?

173. Does he sign it? To what is his power confined? What is this power called?

174. What is the meaning of the word veto?

175. In England is the king's veto absolute? Is the President's veto absolute? What is the effect?

176. What is the object of the veto? What is it intended to check?

178. Are the objections of the President recorded? How is the vote upon

the passage of a law required to be taken? Why is this done?

179. If a bill is passed by a vote of two-thirds of the house in which it

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