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1069

Notes on U. S. Reports.

171 U. S. 620-650

Commerce. Agreements to properly regulate business are not prohibited by act of 1890 unless commerce is restricted, p. 616.

Distinguished in Addyston Pipe, etc., Co. v. United States, 175 U. S. 243, 20 S. Ct. 108, agreements to refrain from competition and for bons, are invalid.

171 U. S. 620-631, 19 S. Ct. 36, NORTHWESTERN BANK v. FREEMAN.

Chattel mortgage of given number of articles out of larger number is valid as against those with notice, p. 628.

Chattel mortgages.- Purchaser of mortgaged property is chargeable with notice of facts recorded or suggested by record, p. 629. Animals.- Chattel mortgage of animals covers increase, p. 630. Not cited.

171 U. S. 631-638, 19 S. Ct. 56, BROWN v. UNITED STATES. Court in Indian Territory is not Circuit or District Court of United States, p. 637.

Supreme Court. cannot review capital cases from United States court for northern district of Indian Territory, p. 638.

Approved in Stephens v. Cherokee Nation, 174 U. S. 482, 19 S. Ct. 735, appeals to Supreme Court extend only to constitutionality or validity of legislation affecting citizenship or allotment of lands.

171 U. S. 638-641, 19 S. Ct. 35, NÆGLIN v. DE CORDOBA.

Courts.- Order signed in vacation by several members of territorial court is not order of court, p. 640.

Guardian.- Natural guardian cannot release ward's claim to inheritance without judicial sanction, p. 641.

Not cited.

171 U. S. 641-650, 19 S. Ct. 64, PIERCE v. SOMERSET RY.

Supreme Court will not review State decision on ground broad enough to eliminate Federal question, p. 648.

Reaffirmed in Seeberger v. McCormick, 175 U. S. 280, 20 S. Ct. 130. Courts.- Question whether party has waived rights under Federal Constitution is not Federal, p. 648.

Courts. Whether statute impairs contract is Federal question: but whether party is estopped to so plead is not, p. 648.

Cited in dissenting opinion in Meyer v. Richmond, 172 U. S. 101, 19 S. Ct. 114, arguendo.

171 U. 8. 650, PIERCE v. AYER.

Adjudged in conformity with preceding case, q.

171 U. S. 650-683

Notes on U. S. Reports.

1070

171 U. S. 650-658, 19 S. Ct. 61, ST. LOUIS MINING, ETC., CO. v. MONTANA MIN. CO.

Courts.

Where there is color for motion to dismiss writ to State court, Supreme Court may dispose of case on motion to dismiss or affirm, p. 654.

Mines.- Adverse claimant to mining claim may bind himself to convey after patent is issued to him, p. 655.

Mines. Valid location gives locator right which he may mortgage or sell at pleasure, p. 655.

Not cited.

171 U. S. 658-683, 19 S. Ct. 58, NEW YORK ▼. ROBERTS. Federal courts will follow State court's construction of State statute, p. 661.

Tax on foreign corporation, estimated on franchise and capital stock used in State, does not deny equal protection if equality of exemption is provided, p. 662.

Commerce.-Tax on corporation, based on amount of capital used in State, is not regulation of commerce, p. 665.

Approved in Scottish Union, etc., Ins. Co. v. Herriott, 109 Iowa, 616, 77 Am. St. Rep. 555, 80 N. W. 669, tax on business of foreign corporations, imposed as condition of doing business in State, need not be uniform on all engaged in same business.

Courts.- Question of individual's relation to corporation is not Federal, p. 684.

ARGUED AND DECIDED

IN THE

SUPREME COURT

UNITED STATES

AT

OCTOBER TERM, 1898.

Vol. 172.

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