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among the Italians and the Slavs who ties and comforts of a Christian home. have come to America. But Amer These changes add many-fold to the ican workmen know how difficult it is cost of living in China, and render imto elevate the standard of living possible the existing wage of thirty or among a million immigrants a year, forty dollars a year. Every one must or the eleven million of foreign birth recognize that all these changes not now living in the United States. only enlarge the demand for AmerIt will be still more difficult among ican goods, but are in the interests of four hundred million people, living in a higher civilization in China. If, durtheir own country, but sending their ing the next twenty-five or fifty products to a common world market. years, in which the leaders of Western Hence every possible agency is needed civilization are introducing modern in the transformation of the Chinese machinery and increasing the producstandard of living so that the increase tive power of the Chinese, the standof their wages may keep pace with the ard of living remains on the low plane advance of their productive power.

of a bare existence, the Chinese will One of the unrecognized, but most flood the markets of the world and effective, agents in transforming the drive European and American workcivilization of the Orient and saving men into ruin and possible revolution. the world from an industrial crisis is But if, during this same period, the the Christian missionary. The mis- leadership of missionaries, contact sionaries have opened schools in every with Western civilization, and the deprovince, and thousands of Christian sires inherent in human nature-all Chinese families are withdrawing conspire to lift the earnings of the their children from competitive labor Chinese laborers to a living wage for and placing them in these schools. a human being, the advance in wages One church has more than five thou will balance the increase in productive sand children in schools this year. power, and the advent of the Chinese Again in the interests of family re into the industrial world will be robbed ligion and family purity, the mission of its present dangers. Indeed, the aries advise converted families not to four hundred million Chinese may continue in the clan house, but build then send five hundred million dollars separate houses in which a blessing at worth of goods to the markets of the the table, family prayers, and family world instead of the one hundred and privacy are possible. Once more the thirty-eight million which they sent new converts are urged to read, and · last year, because they will carry back in most cases are not admitted into a billion dollars' worth of purchases full membership in the church until instead of the two hundred and eleven they have mastered the New Testa million dollars' worth which they ment. Reading brings with it count bought in 1904. Thus the advanceless other demands: kerosene for ment of the Chinese will be accomlamps, board floors for comfort in- panied by the enrichment of the stead of damp clay as cold as our cel world. The evangelization of China lar floors, small stoves for heat, the will do more than any other single addition of four and meat to the diet, agency to deliver the workingmen of watches and clocks-for time has now the Western world from the industrial become valuable—and other necessi- danger of the yellow peril.

ORGANIZATIONS

BY REV. WILLIAM BYRON FORBUSH, PH. D.

Author of "The Boy Problem"

That the Young People's Societies velous spread into once heathen fields of our

churches are undergoing makes the international fellowship changes no one who has an open eye greatly missionary. can doubt. In the regions in which We may therefore regard the misthe Christian Endeavor movement sion band as the junior end of the started it seems to be gaining little Young People's Society, and thus renew ground. On the outskirts of the fer to it in this discussion. That both world it is still growing. But the the Young People's Society and its chief changes are those of emphasis. junior department are growing to be, The pledge is being abolished or mod as they ought to be, simply the weekified in many societies; other than day extension of the Sunday-school, is prayer meetings being introduced and so desirable, that this article will the caste distinction between different take it for granted that they are so kinds of membership being abolished. and the subject of missionary educaThe net result is in the direction of tion in the two will be treated as one more definite service. The live end of problem. In the Sunday school fornearly every society is the practical mal instruction may be given, with end. Service is what justifies con

some small opportunity for exprestinued existence. The right future of sion by co-operation and giving. In the Endeavor Society is as the prac

the week-day session, informal instructice department of the Sunday-school. · tion, with a large opportunity for co

At one end, the increasing average operative activity. age of members of many young people's societies has created the danger

Children Under Fourteen that they become rivals of other adult Young children in the Sunday groups in the church, notably of the school need to be brought together church prayer meeting. But this dan- socially only occasionally. They have ger has largely been minimized wher

not yet come to the gang-period, and ever the society had on hand some the confinement of the school room important missionary activity. At the

suggests that they will respond best other end, the failure of the Junior to some informal and physically acEndeavor Society to justify itself, in tive exercises. A half hour of lively some unfortunate attempts to encour play is often the best preparation for age religious testimony and other vo

the more quiet session for instruction cal exhibitions from young children,

or work. has caused the leaders to use their Even the games may be those of common sense in making such organi- foreign children. Many of them are zations chiefly lend-a-hand societies. described in the manuals for juniors So, at both ends our young people's mentioned in our last article. No movement is becoming one almost Christian leader, it is to be hoped, will solely for service, and the recent mar perform the “Japanese wedding” or

other burlesque of customs that are all kinds, wonder bags and scrap books sacred to other peoples.

will be found useful. The element of imaginativeness So many ingenious ways of workmay be used freely in the meetings of ing with children have been discovyoung children. Mrs. J. C. Entwis- ered that it seems best to refer the tle, of Salem, brought home once reader to the many excellent handfrom Burma a little hen, which she books and helps for detailed advice. had named Koo Koo. The thought "Over Land and Sea,” the missionoccurred to her one day, when asked ary paper for children, published by to make a missionary address to chil. the Presbyterians, has a postage stamp dren, to bring in the hen and make exchange for young stamp collectors; believe that she herself was telling, as and stamp collecting itself is an exKoo Koo's interpreter, what Koo Koo cellent way to learn of the ways and had seen in her foreign home. The work of foreign folks. Several of the children were intensely interested, the children's periodicals and handbooks, eggs and chickens of Koo Koo were as our second article suggests, have a given away to be raised for missions, missionary puzzle department. New Circles sprang up in many places Miss Katherine R. Crowell finds and Koo Koo herself went everywhere that a Mission Travel Club is one of in her basket until she died, and still the best plans for a mission band. Two went, stuffed, to tell her missionary "guides" were appointed to conduct story. This was an ingenious yoking the party to each country. Each counof love for animals and love for try was worked up in an entirely difstrange peoples. A foreign doll could ferent way. In Japan the visit was on be used in the same way.

“Cherry Festival Day," and in China The Young People's Missionary at the time of the Dragon Feast. UnMovement has just issued, for mis- derwood & Underwood, Fifth avenue sion bands, a most ingenious and de- and Nineteenth street, New York, publightful toy, called the Japanese Curio lish excellent libraries of stereoscopic Cabinet, which costs $1.25. It con- photographs, accompanied by well sists of a pasteboard base, represent- written guide books and an ingenious ing a Japanese garden, a pasteboard key map system, which are well adapthouse which is to be set up on the

ed for this purpose.

The tours to grounds, and various small objects, India, Japan, and China are the best such as dolls, household utensils and for mission study. the ancestral tablet for representing The imaginative idea has been well vividly Japanese domestic and per- worked out for children in the older sonal life. It is to be hoped that this section of this period by various deidea will be carried out for other fields, nominational and undenominational for it satisfies the children's instinct societies with romantic names and to touch, handle and build, which they ideals,

ideals The Reformed Church in employ in their own play.

America, headquarters 25 East TwenGifts can be made and sent by chil- ty-second street, New York, has “The dren, Dolls are greatly prized in Crusaders." The Presbyterian Church every missionary land; toys, Christ- South, 212-214 North Sixth Street, mas tree decorations, picture cards of Richmond, Va., has "The Covenanters" for boys and “The Miriams" for than real play, while yet retaining the girls. The Congregationalists, 105 play spirit. East Twenty-second street, have "The

Young People Over Fourteen Boys' and Girls' Home Missionary Army.” Then there is that great un- This division is an imaginary line. denominational fraternity for boys, The ideal sub-divisions of the social the Knights of King Arthur, of which week day work among the young in the Rev. Frank Lincoln Masseck, of the church would seem to be an ocBratleboro, Vt., is the head.

casional gathering of the primary chilMaterial to read aloud in the mis- dren under ten, two mission bands, sion band is plentiful. Good books one of boys and one of girls, from ten are: "A Junior's Experience in Mis- to fourteen, and one or more young sion Lands,” by Mrs. B. B. Comegys, people's societies for those older. For Jr.; "Twelve Little Girls Who Stayed reasons, twelve and sixteen are often at Home," by Lucy Jameson Scott; better dividing lines. The class is now "Child Life in Many Lands," edited by the integer and the class or the “gang" H. Clay Trumbull; all three published is to be considered in all social groupby Revell; "Indian Boyhood," by ings. Charles A. Eastman, published by Mc- The first essential in work at this Clure; "Children in Blue" (China), age, when friendship is the master pasby Florence Codrington, published by sion, is to secure a real fellowship, if the Church of England Zenana Mis

it has not been won before, among sionary Society, London; “Our Little the young people and with the pastor African Cousin,” by Mary Hazelton or other leader. Hence the importWade, published by L. C. Page & Co., ance of the church boys' camp in sumBoston; "The Fur Seal's Tooth," and mer, the attractive social in winter. its sequel, by Kirk Munroe, published Until there is esprit de corps little by the Harpers.

work can be accomplished with each The best hand books for leaders of other or for others. “The Crusaders" mission bands are "Best Ideas for or "The Knights" will therefore often Mission Bands," by Miss C. M. Cush- be perpetuated far along into this man, published by the M. E. Board; period. “The Junior Workers' Quarterly," a

Work on the museum, map-making magazine, published by the M. E. and picture work for illustrative purBook Concern; “Fuel for Missionary poses will be used in the more lively Fires,” by Belle M. Brain, published early years of the period. by the Christian Endeavor headquar- A winter spent in preparing a misters; “Young Hands on the Ropes” sionary festival or a missionary enterand "Fishers of Boys."

tainment has this advantage, in the The only text book yet published years before serious study is possible, by the Young People's Missionary that it works toward a climax, makes Movement for mission bands is "Child consecutive impression, commits Life in Mission Lands," by Ralph E. even the careless to interest in the Diffendorfer. It marks the beginning cause, interests outsiders and enables of an effort to make the band more the young people by cooperation to

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raise considerable money for the Revell; “Missionary Spokes of the work. The best exercise for this pur- Epworth Wheel," by W. W. Cooper pose that I know of is one which can and F. S. Brockman, published by be prepared in a short time, entitled Eaton & Mains, and "Missionary "How a Missionary Came to Bear's Methods," by James Edward Adams, Creek." It is written by Bertha M. published by Revell, are all helpful. Shepard and is published by the Wom- The two things to strive for now en's Congregational Home Missionary are personal interest and personal givSociety, Boston. Dr. Paull's "The ing. Twenty Christian Centuries," 501 As to the first, a Christian EndeavWitherspoon Building, Philadelphia, or Society simply can not afford to is commended by Miss Rachel Lowrie. have an uninteresting meeting. The "Hiawatha Entertainments," pub

pub- material furnished in the organ of the lished by Edgar S. Werner, New societies for missionary meetings is York, has in itself no missionary ma- so bright that there is no excuse for terial, but it gives an opportunity by reading it. Anybody can tell it bethandicraft and dramatic exercises to ter. The adoption of a particular misgain a wonderfully vivid knowledge sion or station now is of the greatest of Indian life.

importance, but no less important is In the Order of Knights of King unflagging work to keep close to the Arthur there is a plan of having the man and the field. The work of the boys take the names of missionary Central Presbyterian Church, of New heroes as their own, and of supporting York, is epoch-making in this way, as a missionary who is regarded as an showing what eager, consecrated enabsent fellow-knight on a quest. ergy can do. By photographs, letters

The children are old enough now to to the field as well as from it, and ofbe taken to places where they can ficial reports, the foreign representastudy missionary matters at close tives of the church are kept as much range. A group of New York chil- in mind as is the home pastor. There dren can for thirty-five or forty cents has even been a visit by the pastor to each study the problem of the immi- the home mission station of the church grant by going to Ellis Island and and a visit by a delegated representawatching the landing of the steerage tive to the foreign mission station, the passengers and then following them result of which is the charming bookto their new homes in "Little Italy" let, "On the Way to Awai Yuen," by or the Ghetto. A visitation can be John B. Devins, published by the New made to the curio shelves of the board York Observer for twenty-five cents.

The interest of those who are inAs the children begin to be gathered different may be best gained by putinto the regular young people's so- ting into circulation books which will ciety, with its regular missionary meet- win by their own intrinsic charm, and ings and committees, the multiform which, while not avowedly of a mishelps for such work are available. sionary character, do speak the needs Miss Brain's useful handbooks: "Mis

There are a few such. One sionary Methods for Missionary Com- is Jacob Riis' "Battle with the Slum," mittees,” by David Park, published by published by Macmillan; another is

of men.

roonis.

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