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Like the results of the thermometer, the barometer also reveals some features of a tropical rather than of the temperate climate to which latitudinally Sacramento appertains. The elastic force of vapor, which was not applied at the times of the readings, from which the results in the following table are computed, increases directly with the temperature. In 1857 it amounted to nearly half an inch during midsummer, or one sixty-seventh of the entire atmospheric weight. The absence, also, of either abrupt or great changes in the readings of the mercurial column, gives further indications of the tropical features which the climate possesses. As a general rule, the atmospheric pressure varies but little, and that through slow and long continued movements, rather than in the sudden manner characteristic of the latitude on the Atlantic coast and elsewhere. Nevertheless, although the mercurial column rises and falls within very restricted limits, yet there are changes, represented it is true by small measurements, which occur with wonderful regularity and certainty—diurnal movements at fixed hours, as well as annual ones, having reference to the sun in the ecliptic. The former, or horary oscillations, as ascertained by a series of hourly observations, present in a marked degree tho two diurnal maxima and minima observed within the tropics—the ante-meridian maximum at about 9 to 10 A. M. being more constant than at the same period post meridian. "Without a single exception the pressure is always less at 3 p. ii., and this has no reference to whether the column stands high as in the cold, or low as in the hot season.

In conclusion, and while referring to the following tables for confirmation of all that has been herewith advanced, we would remark that the mean of tho means of the barometer for July is apparently higher than that of June, in consequence of some peculiar disturbing causes in June, 1853, which month should be regarded as exceptional

Monthly and Annual Averages of Direction and Force of Wind at Sacramento.

The Direction is calculated for the years 1853-7, and the Force for the years 1856-7 only.

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THE

ST.A.TE REGISTER,

TOR

18 5 9.

PART SECOND.

UNITED STATES.

I.—PRESIDENTS AND VICE-PRESIDENTS Of the U. &, from the adoption of the Constitution. 1. PRESIDENTS.

Name. Bt»te. ^oTTerm06"' End of Terra.

1. George Washington Virginia April 30. '89.. .March 3, '97

2. John Adams Massachusetts.. .March 4, '97.. .March 3, '01

3. Thomas Jefferson Virginia March 4, '01.. .March 3, '09

4. James Madison Virginia March 4, '09...March 3, '17

6. James Monroe Virginia March 4, '17.. .March 3, '25

6. John Quincy Adams Massachusetts.. .March 4, '25.. .March 3, '29

7. Andrew Jackson Tennessee March 4, '29.. .March 3, '37

8. Martin Van Buren New Tork March 4, '37.. .March 3, '41

9. "William Henry Harrison*.Ohio March 4,'41.. .April 4, '41

10. John Tyler Virginia April 4, '41 March 3, '45

11. James Knox Polk Tennessee March 4, '45.. .March 3, '49

12. Zachary Taylor f Louisiana March 4,'49.. .July 9, '50

13. Millard Fillmore New Tork July 9, '50 March 3, '53

14. Franklin Pierce N. Hampshire.. .March 4, '53.. .March 3, '57

15. James Buchanan Pennsylvania... .March 4, '57.. .March 3, '61

2. VICE-PRESIDENTS.

1. John Adams. Massachusetts.. .April 30, 89.. .March 3, '97

2. Thomas Jefferson Virginia March 4, '97.. .March 3, '01

3. Aaron Burr New York March 4, '01.. .March 3, '05

4. George Clinton New York March 4, '05\..

6. Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts.. .March 4, '13§..

6. Daniel D. Tompkins New Tork March 4, '17...March 3, '25

7. John C. Calhoun South Carolina . .March 4, '25.. .March 3, '33

8. Martin Van Buren. New Tork March 4, '33.. .March 3' '37

9. Richard M. Johnson Kentucky March 4, '37.. .March 3, '41

10. John Tyler Virginia March 4, '41.. .April 4, '41

11. George M. Dallas. Pennsylvania .. .March 4, '45.. .March 3, '49

12. Millard Fillmore New Tork March 4,'49.. .July 9, '50

13. William R. King Alabama March 4, '53 |..

14. John C. Breckinridge... .Kentucky March 4, '57.. .March 3, '61

• Died In office, April 4, 1841. t Died in office, July 9, 1850.

* Died in office, 1812. § Died in office, 1814.

1 Died in office, April 18, 1853.

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