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REGISTER, 1807. Home Popham was appointed to the tion, and his conduct, approved of? Diadem ?
Was he employed as a captain in his A. I cannot speak with absolute majesty's navy, or on service of a certainty, but I should think there nature distinct and different from is not.
the naval service ? Q. Your lordship has said, that A. Upop those of the latter de. Buenos Ayres was the principal scription, except one circumstance object in view, when the armament in the Red-sea, which admits of was in contemplation, in 1796 ; some exception. had your lordship that place in con. By sir Home Popham. templation at any time since the Q. Was it customary to enter a breaking out of the present Spa. minute at the admiralty, when an nish war, up to the time
lord. officer was selected by the cabinet, ship retired from office ?
or the lcading members of it, to A. At all times, and in every con. make the necessary preparations for versation I ve had with Mr. Pitt, secret service which was afterwards I make no doubt Buenos Ayres was to be submitted to their considera. often the subject of discussion. My tion ? reason for being so confident of this A. Certainly not. is, that in all the consideration I Mr. Sturges, Bourne was next gave to the subject of South Ame- examined ; but his evidence was of rica, whether the attack was to be little importance. made upon a larger or smaller scale, Mr. Huskisson sworn, and examined I always considered, the Rio de la
by sir H. Popham. Plata as the most important position Q. Had you any conversation for the interests of Great Britain on with Mr. Pitt, in the year 1805, on that side of South America.
the sobject of South America, and Q. I would take the liberty of particularly Buenos Ayres; and did asking your lordship whether, with you by his directions take any steps those opinions, it was determined by respecting myself? his majesty's then ministers to make A. I had many frequent converany
Bucnos Ayres, and sations with Mr. Pitt, on the sub. whether sir Home Popham was ap- ject of South America, and I might · pointed to any command for that say particularly with respect to Bu. purpose ?
enos Ayres. A. I do not believe that his ma. Q. Have the goodness to state jesty's government had ever collec. the nature of those conversations tively come to any resolution to with Mr. Pitt in general; but I do make
South Ame. not wish to exact from you any rica ; and it will be recollected, thing that can affect the interests of after what I have already stated, the state, or of individuals, however that it was only for a few months materially such disclosures mightafter the beginning of 1805 I re serve my purpose. mained in office.
A. I believe almost on every oc. Q. By the court --Whether were casion, Mr. Pitt conversed with me the objects, upon which sir Home on the subject of South America, was employed by his majesty's mini- his attention was called to that part sters, in which he used his discre- of the globe particularly by some in
occurrence. A person and put a series of questions to brought to me a plan or chart of the `learn whether any French force Rio de la Plata, which had been re. were likely to arrive there, and also cently, as he informed me, publish. took preliminary steps with a view ed at Paris, the original being take to facilitate the capture by a British from the depôt of the king of Spain,' force. Those steps were taken
very at Madrid ; and he added, that he shortly after the cxplanations were had intelligence which led him to given to sir Home, and the persons believe that plan would shortly be spoken of in these conversations as a of use to some part of the French person with whom he had communi. navy, who would probably find cated, and who had given him much their
way with troops to that settle- information upon the subject. ment. Knowing this person was Q. I think you said Mr. Pitt one on whom Mr. Pitt could place desired you to take some prelimi. reliance, I felt it my duty to com. nary steps, as, in case of the conti. municate to Mr. Pitt what that per- nuance of the war, it would be of son told me. Mr. Pitt stated to great importance to commence opeme, generally, the views he enter- rations in South America, and still tained with respect to South Ame- greater to anticipate the supposed rica; and he generally conceived views of France in that quarter of that it would be of the utmost con. the world. Do you know of any sequence to this country to main- circumstances which happened to tain our naval superiority, and the occasion him to change his opinion facilities to which that superiority as to the value he set on the objects would enable us in distant opera- of his views in South America ? tions against South America, if A. I believe his views in South obliged to carry on the war, as the America were not contined to the success of the confederacy on the mere object of introducing British continent of Europe did not corre. manufactures, but I have no occa. spond with his wishes, and it was sion for belief that any of his views also desirable to prevent the French with respect to that country were at doing that which they certainly all changed. would do, if not anticipated, namely, Q. Do you think his views ma. by our taking possession of the terially increased by the extraordiSpanish settlements in South Ame. nary and rapid' successes of the rica; he was therefore disposed to French on the continent, and from give credit to the person who gave shutting up the ports of the conti. that information, and hoped we nemt against our trade? should be beforehand with the A., I believe they were. superiority of naval resources. This Cross-examined by Mr. Jarvis. was the general subject of the con. Q. Did Mr. Pitt at any time state versation. I can only state very to you, that sir Home Popham bad generally the purport of Mr. Pitt's any positive or provisional instruc. desire, but I cannot say more, tions to proceed to South America without being so guarded as scarcely after the reduction of the Cape, in to render myself intelligible. I did the event of success in that quarter ? take further steps to obtain infor A. I never undei stood that he mation respecting, Buenos Ayres, had such instructions.
Q. Do you not know, from con. its proceediogs, as having been ad. versations with Mr. Pitt, that he duced by me. had not in his contemplation the The president. -As far as the attack of Buenos Ayres after the re. evidence goes to answer the charge duction of the Cape ?
it would Le perfectly right that you A. From the conversations I have should examine witnesses. The court had with Mr. Pitt, I rather under. are of opinion, that you be at liberty stood that any attack upon Buenos to have the names of those witnesses Ayres was not in his contemplation entered as proposed to be called by when sir Home Popham sailed for you, and that the court were perthe Cape.
fectly satisfied, but did not think it Fourth day.–Tuesday, March 10. necessary
Mr. Marsden, chief secretary of Sir Home Popham.-I am truly the admiralty, was now examined, grateful for the indulgence of the but his evidence went to no particular court, and perfectly satisfied with point.-- Captain King, and several what they have done me the honour other gentlemen were then exami to propose. I had intended to call ned, who deposed to the admirable captain Parker, who had formerly character and officer-like conduct of sailed from his station off the Cape sir Home.
to Rio de la Plata, conceiving it to Fifth day.-Wednesday, March 11. be within the limits of his command.
The court having met, with the I also intended to have called Mr. usual ceremonies, sir Home Pop. M Clean, who was the secretary and ham having taken his place, the pre. confidential agent of admiral Chris. sident addressed hiin nearly as fol. tian, to shew that he had secret or. lows:
ders for an attack upon the Spa. . “ Sir Home Popham, the court dish settlements; and I also meant to did not consider your defence closed have called captain Dundas as a yesterday at its rising; you are precedent analogous to my case. therefore at liberty to proceed in shall (urther request the court to calling further evidence in support permit me to deliver in a number of of your defence.”
papers, all of which, except a very Sir Home Popham. I feel I am few, have already been read in the highly obliged to the court for their course of my defence; and this I de indulgence, and by no mea:s wish to the end that it may not appear to trespass farther on the time of in the minutes of this trial, that I the court. I had three or four wit. have no documentary evidence to nesses more to examine, but they bear me out in the statement made in chiefly go to corroborate the eri- my defence. I trust that all the dence of captain Kiag; I do not, communications between the board therefore, now mean to call them : of admiralty and myself will be ad. bot that it may not go abroad to the mitted as proper evidence. world that I had but one soli(ary The list of papers was then read, witness to support my defence, I add admitted as evidence, request, as an indulgence from the Sir Home then concluded his court, that an entry may be made defence, by addressing the court to of their names upon the minutes of the follawing effect : “ I bare now
closed my defence, and throw my. ing it in distant operations agaiost self upon the wisdom and justice of the enemy, more especially if the this honourable court.
success of such operations should be ings and my character have suffered; likely to prevent its speedy return, but I trust your judgment will re may be attended with the most seri. lieve the one, and your wisdom and ous inconvenience to the public discernment rescue the other. If in service; as the success of any plan my zeal I have exceeded the strict formed by his majesty's ministers for limits of discretion, I hope it will be operations against the enemy, in allowed that I have been actuated which such naval force might be insolely by a desire to promote the cluded, may, by such removal, be honour, the glory, and the interests entirely prevented. And the court of
my country. In the prosecution is further of opinion, that the con. of those great objects, it has been my duct of the said captain sir Home good fortune to add to his majesty's Popham, in the withdrawing the possessions two great capitals, of whole of the naval force under his two opposite quarters of the globe; command from the Cape of Good and upon a close examination of my Hope, and the proceeding therewith defence, I trust it will appear,
to the Rio de la Plata, was highly cen
surable ; but in consideration of cir. • That this is the head and front of my cumstances, doth adjudge him to be offending.'
only severely reprimanded, and he I rely that my conduct, though is accordingly severely repriman. perhaps erroneous, through the ded.” excess of my zeal, was excusable 7. General Whitelock, with the for its motives, before this court and reinforcements destined for South my country; and that the result America, consisting of about 2000 will justify the hope I now entertain men, sailed on Monday from Spit. of an honourable acquittal.
head. - The court being now cleared, the From accounts laid
the members continued in deliberation table of the house of commons, it for nearly four hours.
appears, that from 1774 to 1788 * At a quarter before three the (both years included), the annual doors were opened, and the audi. average consumption of tea in this tory admitted.
country was 4,313,926lbs. From Sir Home Popham having taken 1797 to 1806, this average had in. his place, the deputy judge-advocate creased to the amazing extent of proceeded to deliver the judgment 19,981,642lbs. A similar, but not of the court. He first read the an equal rise has taken place in the charge against sir Home, and then article of brandy. The annual continued to the following effect: average of consumption in the former
The court is of opinion that the period was 611,965 gallons ; and io charges have been proved against the latter it amounted to 1,580,711 the said sir Home Popham :--That gallons. the withdrawing, without orders so Paper circulation. It appears, to do, the whole of any naval force from a statement delivered in the from the place wherein it is directed house of commons pursuant to their to be employed, and the employ. order, that the amount of bank of
England notes of five pounds each tions; and the remaining ships also and upwards, including the bank followed the example, though in a post bills payable seven days after plainer style. About the same time sight, was
the company assembled on the in. On the 1st of May
sular wharfage, where marquees and 1806
£12,722,060 a cold collation were prepared for On the 1st of August 12,995,550 their accommodation. At length the On the 1st of November 12,814,900 tide rose to a level with the watosin 'On the 1st of February
the bason; the gates were thrown 1807
12,333,430 open, and guns were fired as a sig. besides nearly four millions and a nal for vessels to enter. About half half, at each of those periods, of past three o'clock, the Argo, a fine Do‘es of 21. and il. each.
brig of 242 tons burthen, the pro8. On Tuesday last died, a misera. perty of Mr. John Hall, made her ble old man, in an obscure lane in the entry amidst the acclamations of the Liberty, Dublin, who, for a great spectators. She was saluted by a 'number of years, had been the vic- discharge of cannon on shore, which tim of disease and the most deplora. was returned by the vessel ; whilst a ble poverty: On taking off an old band of martial music on the deck wig, which he constantly wore under played “ God save the King,” and his nightcap during his illness, some 6 Rule Britannia.” Four other papers were found sewed up in the vessels, named the Equity, the caul; which, on inspection, proved British Tar, the Nautilus, and the to be bank-notes, to the amount of Cumberland yacht, all handsomely 9751. and in various parts of his ornamented with colours, immeditattered apparel 71 guineas and a ately followed. The whole made a half were found scwed up. It was very interesting appearance. a fortunate circumstance that his 14. George Hodgson, esq. co. only son, a private in the marines, roner for Middlesex, took an in. arrived from Plymouth but four quisition in Howland-street on the 'hours before his death to visit him, body of Dr. Kenzie, lately of Hatand into whose hands the property ton-garden, who met his death sudo fell.'
denly on Thursday. It appeared in 13. The Grand Surrey Canal Ba. evidence, that the doctor had taken son at Rotherhithe, which had so an airing in a single.horse chaise ; long been an object of attention in the and having returned to a livery yard mercantile world, was opened for in Tottenham-court.road, he was the reception of shipping and craft. met by his son, who was desired to The ceremony took place in the find the hostler. On the return of presence of a numerous assemblage the son the deceased was spitting of spectators, composed principally blood, and he observed that he was of the proprietors and their friends, very ill, and prayed to God that he together with a large company of might reach his house before he died. ladies, who all appeared much grati. The deceased, on reaching his home fied on this interesting occasion. At in Devonshire-street, Queen-square, two o'clock the ship intended to was only just able to direct that a take the lead in entering began to surgeon might be sent for ; but bedress in the colours of various na. fore the son returned from doing so,