man resolveth to walk with God, and “ set him always before him," wherein I deny not he faileth often.

4thly. He becometh new in the way of his relations; he becometh a more dutiful husband, father, brother, master, fervant, neighbor. “ Herein doth he exercise himfelf to keep a conscience void of offence towards men as well as towards God, becoming all things to all men.

5thly. He becometh new in the way of lawful liberties; he studieth to make use of meat, drink, sleep, recreations, apparel, with an eye to God, laboring not to come under the power of any lawful thing ; “ All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not expedient ; all things are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any ;" nor to give offence to others in the use of these things. 4. For meat destroy not the work of God. All things indeed are pure ; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence. It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak. Let every one of us please his neighbor for his good to edification ; not using liberty as an occafion to the flesh." Yea, he laboreth to use all these things as a stranger on earth, fo as his moderation may appear; “Let your moderation be known unto all men." And fome way he doth eye

God as the last end in these things ; “doing all to the glory of God :" fo as we may fay of that man, “ Old things are much passed away, all things are,” in fome measure, 6 become new.' He that is fo a new creature is undoubtedly in Chrift.

This renovation of a man in all manner of converfa. tion, and this being under law to God in all things, is that "holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord.” Men may fancy things to themfelves, but unless they ftudy to approve themselves unto God in all well-pleasing, and reach fome inward testimony of sincerity that way, they shall not assure their hearts before him. 66 The . testimony of men's conscience is their rejoicing. By this we know that we know him, if we keep his commandments. And hereby we know that we are of the

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truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things. Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence towards God;" No confidence if the heart condemn. This is the new creature, having a principle of new fpiritual life infused by God into the heart, whereby it becometh new, and putteth forth acts of new life throughout the whole man, as we have said, so as he pointeth towards the whole law. 1. Towards these commands which forbid fin; so he resolveth to set against secret sins, "not to lay a stumbling-block before the blind :" little fins, which are judged so by many, the least things of the law : “ Whoso. ever shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the king. dom of heaven :” spiritual fins, filthiness of the spirit ;

Having, therefore, these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and {pirit, perfe&ting holiness in the fear of God;" Sins of omission as well as of commission, since men are to be judged by these, “ Then shall he say unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels : for I was an hungred, and ye gave me no meat, I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink.” Yea, fins that are winded in into his natural humour and constitution, and so are as “ a right eye or hand” to him ; “ If thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee," &c. This new principle of life, by the good hand of God, maketh the man set against every known fin, so far as not to allow peaceable abode to any known darkness ; " What fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness ? and what communion hath light with darkness ?” 2. As also he pointeth towards those commands which relate to duty, and the quickening of grace in man: it maketh a man " respect all God's known commands ;' to "live godly, righteously, and foberly :” yea and to study a right and {incere way and manner of doing things, refolving not to give over this study of conformity to God's will, whilft he liveth on earth, but still to " preis forward toward the mark, for the prize of the high' calling of God in Christ Jesus.” This is true holiness, very becoming all those who pretend to be heirs of that holy habitation, in the immediate company and fellowship of a holy God; “ We know that when he shall appear, we fhall be like him."

Some may think these things high attainments, and very hard to be gained. I grant it is true. But, first Remember that there is a very large allowance in the covenant promised to his people, which maketh things more easy. The Lord hath engaged “ to take away the stoney heart, to give a heart of flesh, a new heart, a heart to fear him forever ;" he hath engaged to “put his law in men's heart : no put his fear in their heart to make them keep that law ; to put his Spirit in them to cause them to keep it.” He hath promised “to satisfy the priests with fatness,” that the souls of the people may be satiated with his goodness; and to keep and water them continually every moment." And if he must be "enquired to do these things unto men,” he engageth to “pour out the spirit of grace and supplication on them,” and fy to learn them how to seek these things, how to put him to it, to do all for them.

Secondly, For the satisfaction of the weaker, I grant this new creature, as we have circumscribed and enlarged it, will not be found, in all the degrees of it, in every gracious person. But it is well if, 1st. There be a new man.

We cannot grant less; “ If any man be in Chrift, he is a new creature," and that is the new man, which all must put on who are favingly taught of Christ; “ If so be that ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in Jesus: That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lufts: and be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.” There must be some renewing after the image of God in a man's soul pen out in breadth and length for him ; y’ça, when the fame and report of him goeth abroad in his truth, altho' faith feeth not much, yet it.“ believeth on his name," upon the very fame he hath sent abroad of himself, John

i. 12.

But here, for avoiding of mistakes, consider, (1.) That although justifying' faith acteth so variously, yet every believer who hath a good title to Christ Jesus hath not all these various actings and exercises of faith : for his condition craveth them not; and also the Master is pleased not to lead out the faith of some persons, at some times, in some of these ways, for reasons known to himself, even when their neceffity (to their apprehension) calleth for such acting of faith. Surely, every one dare not say, “ Though he kill me, yet will I trust in him." Many would not have gone up with the woman of Canaan I spake of, but would have been discouraged, and have quit the pursuit. It is on this account that Chrilt doth highly commend the faith of some beyond the faith of others; of the centurion ; of the woman of Canaan. Many good people are much disquieted concerning their faith, because it goeth not out in all those way's we find recorded in Scripture ; but there is hardly any man will be found whose faith hath acted all these ways.

(2.) Many of these aĉings of faith are much intended and remitted. They are sometimes strong and vigorous, and discernible; and sometimes they fail, and misbelief doth prevail, so as it were an uncertain thing to judge of a man's state by these. We find the saints very different from themselves in regard of the a&tings of faith sometimes, as we shewed before.

(3.) Each one of these actings of faith speaketh good to the person in whom it is, and hath promises annexed unto it, as we have said. Yet,

(4.) Although these a&tings of faith have promises annexed unto them, they are not, for that, the condition of the new covenant; for then every one behoved to have each one of them, which is not true, as we said before. A promise is made to him who overcometh ; but perle


verance is not the condition of the new covenant, but doth suppose it. There are promises made to the exercile of all graces in Scripture ; but only faith is the condition of the covenant, I say then, these promises are made to these actings of faith, not as such, but as they do fuppose justifying faith, which is the condition of the covenant, All these are actings of faith, but not as it is justifying. Therefore,

(5.) There is somewhat common to all gracious perfons, which may be supposed by all the forefaid actings of faith, wherein the nature and essence of justifying faith ftandeth. And this is the heart's satisfaction concerning God's device of salvation by Christ; when man pleaseth God's invention of satisfaction to justice, through Christ Jesus, in whom all fulness doth dwell now by the Faiber's pleasure; when the soul and heart of man acquiefceth in that, then it believeth unto salvation. first the Lord made man suitable to the covenant of works, by creating him perfect, and fo putting him in a capacity to perform his will in that covenant ; so, under the new covenant, when God giveth the new heart to man, he setteth the idea and stamp of all his device in the new covenant upon the man, so as there is a confonancy to God's will there : thus he beareth the image of the second Adam, Christ Jesus, on him. This is a great part of the new heart, and is moft opposed to works ; since now the man absolutely falleth off' works, " becoming dead to the law, as to the point of justification, by the body of Christ.” Man perceiving that God hath devised a way of satisfying divine justice, and recovering lolț man by the incarnation of Christ, he thinks this fo good and fure a way, that he absolutely giveth up with the law, as I said before, and closeth with this device ; and this is believing or faith, very opposite to works, and all resting thereupon. This cannot fail to be in all gracious persons, in whom many of the actings of faitha are not to be found. This doth clearly suppose known distress in a man, without all relief in himself; this fupposeth known fulness in Christ, as the alone ufficient re

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