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Spain un Lis desire of a personal interview with Charles, ibid. Is rigor-
ously treated in Spain, 382. Falls dangerously ill, 383. Is visited
by Charles, ibid. Resolves to resign his kingdom, 386. Is delivered
from his captivity by the treaty of Madrid, 387. His secret protesta-
tions against the validity of this treaty, 389. Marries the Queen of
Portugal, ibid. Recovers his liberty, and the dauphin and the duke of
Orleans delivered up hostages to Charles for the performance of the
treaty of Madrid, 390. Writes a letter of acknowledgment to Henry
VIII. of England, 399. His reply to the imperial ambassadors. Hid.
F.ntcrs into a league with the pope, the Venetians, and Sforza, against
Charles, 401. Is absolved from his oath to observe the treaty of
Madrid, ibid. His hL-haviour to the emperor's second embassy, -403,
Is dispirited by his former ill success, 40+. Enters into a treaty with
Henry VIII. of England against the emperor, 424. Success of his ge-
neral, Lautrcc, in Italy, 427. His reply to the emperor's overtures, 430.
Declares war against him, and challenges him to single combat, iWrf.
Treats Andrew Doria ill,who revolts from him to the emperor, 436,437.
His army, under Saluces, driven out of Italy, 438. His troops in Milan
routed, 440. His endeavours towards an accommodation, ibid. Terms
of the peace of Cambray, concluded by the mediation of his mother
Louise and Margaret of Austria, 413. Remarks on the sacrifices made
by him in this treaty, and on his conduct of the war, ibid. Leagues
secretly with the protestant princes, ii. 11. His. measures to elude the
treaty of Cambray, 17. His negociations with the pope, 45. His in-
terview and treaty with the pope, 19. Givjs the duke of Orleans in
marrkipe to Catherine di Medici, ibid. Negociates a treaty with Francis
Sforza duke of Milan, 48. His envoy Merveille executed at Milan for
murder, 49. Is disappointed in his endeavours to negociate alliances
against the emperor, ibid. Invites Melancthon to Paris, 50. Evidences
his zeal for the Romish religion, 51. Cause* of his quarrel with the
duke of Savoy, 53. Seizes the duke's territories, 54. His pretensions
to the duchy of Milan, on the death of Francis Sforza, 57. The em-
peror's invective against him before the pope in council, 59. Is invad-
ed by Charles, 63. His prudent plan of defence, 65. Joins the army
under Montmorency, 68. Death of the dauphin, 71. Obtains a decree
of the parliament of Paris against the emperor, 72. Invades the Low-
Countries, 73. A suspension of arms in Flanders, and how negociated,
74. A truce in Piedmont, ibid. Motives to these truces, ibid. Concludes
aniilliar.ee with Solyman the Magnificent, 75. Negociations for a peace
with the emperor, 76. Concludes a truce for ten years at Nice; 77.
Reflections on the war, Hid. His interview with Charles. 79. Marries
Mary of Guise to James V. of Scotland, 83. Refuses the oders of the,
deputies of Ghent, 97. Informs Charles of the oiler made by them,
98. Grants the emperor leave to pass through France to the Nether-
lands, 99. His reception of the emperor, 100. Is deceived by the
emperor in respect to Milan, 103. His ambassador to the Forte, Rin-
con, murdered by the imperial governor of the Milanese, 137. Prepares
to resent the injury, 1S8. Attacks the emperor with five armies, 139.
His first attempts rendered abortive by the imprudence of the duke of
Orleans, 140. Renews his negociations with sultan Solyman, 145. In-
vades the Low Countries, 147. l'orces the emperor to raise the siege
of Landrecy, 148. Dismisses Barbarossa, 159. Gives the count d'En-
guien permission to engage Guasto, 160. Relieves Paris, in danger of
being surprised by the emperor, 166. Agrees to a separate peace with
Charles, ItiJ. Henry's haughty return to his overtures of peace, 171.
Death of the duke of Orleans, 178. Peace of Campc, 205. Perceives
a necessity of checking the emjniror's ambitious designs, 242. Forms
a general league against him, 243. Dies, 246. His life and character
summarily compared with those of Charles, ibid. Consequences of his
Francis II. his accession to the crown of France, and character, vi, 499.
Frankfort, the diet of, assembled for the choice of an emperor, at the
death of Maximilian, v, 214. Names and views of the electors, 214,
21.5. The empire offered to Frederick of Saxony, 215. Who rejects
it, with hi3 reasons, 215, 216. Chooses Charles V. emperor, 218. His
confirmation of the Germanic privileges required and agreed to, ibid.
City of, embraces the reformed religion, 349. The college of electors
assembled there by Ferdinand, who is acknowledged emperor of Ger-
many, vi, 475.
Frederic!., duke of Saxony, assembles with the other electors, at the
diet of Frankfort, to choose an emperor, v, 215. The empire
offered to him, ibid. Hejccts it, and votes for Charles V. 215, 216.
Refuses the presents of the Spanish ambassadors, 216. This disinte-
rested behaviour confirmed by the testimony of historians, 217, note.
Chooses Martin Luther philosophical professor at his university of
Wirtemberg, 240. Kncouragcs Luther in his opjxisition to indulgences,
241. Protects him against Cajetan, 247. Causes Luther to be seized
at his return from the diet of Worms, and conceals him at Wartburg,
277. Dies, 398.
Frcgnao, the French ambassador to Venice, murdered by the Marquis del
Guasto, the imjicrial governor of the Milanese, vi, 137.
Frmuberg, George, a German nobleman, some account of; he joins the
army of Charles V. v, 408.
Central of the Jesuits, an inquiry into his office and despotic authority,
vi, 107. •
Geneva, an account of its revolt against the duke of Savoy, vi, 54.
Genoa, reduced by Lautrec, the French general, v, 427. The French
endeavour to prejudice its trade in favour of Savona, 436. is
rescued from the French by Andrew Doria, 438. The government
of, settled by the disinterestedness of Doria, 439. The honour paid
to Doria's memory, 440. Is visited by the emperor, 448. A scheme
formed to overturn the constitution of, by Fiesco count of Lavagna,
232. He assembles his adherents, 234. The conspirators soliy forth
from Lavagna's palace, 237. Deputies sent to know Lavagna's terms,
238. Lavagna drowned, ihid. The insurrection ruined by the im-
prudence of his brother Jerome Fiesco, ibid. The conspirators di»-
pcise, 239. Jerome reduced and put to death, 245.
Germanado, an association in Valencia, so termed, on what occasion
formed, v, 328. Refuse to lay down their arms, 329. Their resent-
ment levelled at the nobility, who raise an army against them, ibid.
Defeat the nobles in several actions, 330. But arc routed and dispersed
• by them, ibid,
Germany, state of, at the death of the 'emperor Maximilian, v, 208.
Charles V. of Spain, and Francis I. of France, form pretensions to the
imperial crown, 209. Their respective reasons offered in favour of
their claims, 209, 210. Views and interests of the other Kurojwan
stales in relation to the competitors, 212. Henry VIII. of England
advances a claim, 818. But is discouraged from prosecuting it, ibLL
How the papacy was likely to be aiTected in the choice of an emperor,
ibid. Advice of Pope Leo X. to the German princes, ibid. Opening
of the diet at F'rancki'ort, 214. In whom the election of an emperor
is vested, ibid. Views of the elector, 215. The tmpire ofl'cred to
Frederick of Saxony, ibid. Who rejects it, and bis reasons, ibid,
Charles V. chosen, 218. The capitulation of the Germanic privileges
confirmed by him, ibid. Charles sets out for, 224s. Charles crowned
at Aix-la-Chapelle, 234. Commencement of ihe reformation there by
by Martin Luther, 235. Treatment of the bull of excommunication
published against Luther, 252. The usurpations of the clergy there,
during the disputes concerning investitures, 2S1. The clergy of,
mostly foreigners, 265. The benefices of, nominated by the pope,
ibid. The expedient of the emperors for restraining this power of
the pope ineffectual, £66. The great progress of Luther's doctrines
in, 349. Grievances of the peasants, 'J91. Insurrection in Suabia,
392, 393. The memorial of their grievances, 393. The insurrection
quelled, 394. Another insurrection in Thuringia, Hid. How the
house of Austria bccnrr.e so formidable in, 421. Proceedings relating
to the reformation there, ibid. Great progress of the reformation
there, vi, 2. Ferdinand, king of Hungary and Bohemia, brother to
Charles V. elected king of the Romans, 10. The Protestant religion
established in Saxony, 89. The Protestant religion established in the
Palatinate, 181. The league of Smalkaldc raise an army against the
emperor, 206. Are put under the ten of the empire, 208. The Pro-
testant army dispersed, 224. The interim enforced by tiie emperor,
283. Maurice of Saxony raises an army, and declares in favour of the
Protestants, 336. Maurice favoured even by the Catholic princes,
and why, 350. Treaty of Passau between the emperor and Maurice
of Saxony, 355. Truce between the emperor and Henry of France,
440. Charles resigns the imperial crown to his brother Ferdinand,
Ghent, an insurrection there, vi, 93. The pretensions of the citizens, 94.
Form a confederacy against the queen-dowager of Hungary their go-
verness, 95. Their deputies to the emperor, how treated by him, ibid.
Ofi'er to submit to France, 96. Is reduced by Charles, 102.
Gkil/eline faction in Italy, a view of, v. 406.
Giron, Don Pedro de, appointed to the command of the army of the
Holy Junta, v, 318. Kesigns his commission, and Padilla replaced,
Goletla, in Africa, taken by the emperor Charles V. vi, 43.
GitHzaga, the imperial governor of Milan, procures Cardinal Farnese to
be assassinated, and takes possession of Placentia for the emperor,
vi, 276. Prepares to seize Parma, 313. Is repulsed by the French,
Gmtffier, sent bv F'rancis I. king of France, to negociate a peace with
Charles V. v,'199.
Granada, archbishop of, president of the council of Castile, his impru-
dent advice to Cardinal Adrian, relating to the insurrection in Segovia,
Granvclle, Cardinal, his artifice to prevail on the count de Sanserre to
surrender St Disiere to the emperor, vi, 166. Endeavours to lull the
Protestants into security with regard to the emperor's conduct towards
them, 186. Is commissioned by Philip to address the assembly at the
emperor's resignation of his hereditary dominions, 438.
Gravelina, an interview there, between the emperor Charles V. and'
Henry VIII. of England, T, 338.
Grnnjier, canon of Cologne, is appointed a manager of the Protestant anu
Catliolic conferences before the diet at Hatisbon, vi, 119. Write,
a treatise to compose the differences l>etwecn them, ibid. The sen-
timents of both parties on this work, 140.
Guantn, the marquis del, appointed governor of Milan by the emperor,
vi, 70. Procures Rincon, the French ambassador to the Porte, to be
murdered on his journey thither, 137. Defends Carignan against the
French, 1.59. Defeated by d'Enguien in a pitched battle, 161.
Guieciarilini, his account of the publication of indulgences c mtradicted,
T, 24?, note. Defends Reggio against the French, 291. Repulses an
attack upon Parma by the French, 295. His sentiments of the pope's
treaty with Lannov. viceroy of Naples, 413.
£wwe, Francis of Lorrain, duke of, is made governor of Mctz bv
Henry II. of France, vi, 362. His character. Hid. Prepare* to
defend it against the emperor, 303. His brother d'Aumale taken
prisoner by the imperialists, 305. The emperor raises the siege, 368.
His humane treatment of the distressed and sick Germans left be-
hind, ii'UL Persuades Henry to an alliance with Pope Paul IV.
428. Marches with troops into Italy, 154. Is unahlc to effect any-
thing, 456. Is recalled from Italy after the defeat of St Quintin,
467. His reception in France, 471. Takes the field against
Philip, 472. Invest* and takes Calais from the English, 474.
Takes also Guisnes and Haines, ibid. Takes Thionville in Luxem-
Mary of, married to James V. of Scotland, vi, 83. Frustrates the
intended marriage between her daughter Mary and prince Edward of
Gvrk, cardinal dc, why he favoured the election of Charles V. to the
imperial crown, v, 217. Signs the capitulation of the Germanic bodv
on behalf of Charles, 218.
finnni!, chancellor to the emperor Ferdinand, is sent to Pope Paul IV.
to notify the election, who refuses to see him, vi, 476.
Hamburgh, city of, embraces the reformed religion, v, 349.
Jfaro, the conde de, appointed to command the army of the Castili*n<
nobles against the Holy Junta, v, 319. Attacks Tordcsillas, and gets
possession of queen Johanna, ibid. Routs the army of the Junta, and
takes Padilla prisoner, who is executed, 324.
Hascen Aga, deputy-governor of Algiers, his piracies against the Christian
states, vi, 127. Is besieged in Algiers by the emperor Charles V. 130.
Makes a successful sally, ibid. The emperor forced by bad weather
to return back again, 133.
Hayradin, a potter's son of Lesbos, commences pirate, vi, 36. See Bar-
Heathens, ancient, why the principles of mutual toleration were generally-
admitted among them, vi, 417.
Heldo, vice-chancellor to Charles V. attends the pope's nuncio to Smal-
kalde, vi, 85. Forms a Catholic league in opposition to thfc Pro-
testant one, 87.
Henry II. king of France, his motives for declining an alliance with Pope
Paul III. against the emperor, vi, 277. Procures for Scotland a peace
with England, 314. The young queen Mary contracted to the dauphin,
and sent to France for education, ibid. Enters into an alliance with
Octavio Farnesc, duke of Parma, ibid. Prcteits against the council of
Trent, 315. Makes alliance with Maurice, elector of Saxony, 330.
Seconds the operations of Maurice, 337. His army marches and
seizes Mctz, 33!). Attempts to surprise Strasburg, 346. Is strongly
^solicited to spare it, iHd. Returns, 347. The emperor prepares for
war against him, 361. Instigates the Turks to invade Naples, 37-1.
Tcrouane taken and demolished by Charles, 378. Hesden taken,
ibid. Leads an army info the Low Countries against Charles, ibid.
Endeavours to obstruct the marriage of Mary of England with 1'hilip
of Spain, 394- The progress of his armies against tiie emperor, 395,
Engages Charles, 396. Retires, 397. Cosmo di Medici, duke of
Florence, makes war against him, 398. Appoints Peter Strozzi
commander of his army in Italy, 399. Strozzi defeated, 401 Siena
taken, 403*. Pope Paul IV. makes overture^ to an alliance with
liirn against the emperor, 42T. Montmorency's arguments against
this alliance, ibid. Is persuaded by the Guises to accept it, 428.
Sends the cardinal ef Lorrain with powers to conclude it, ibuL The
pope signs the treaty, 430. A truce for five years concluded with
the emperor, 410. Is exhorted by Cardinal Caraffa to break the truce,
443. Is absolved from his oath, and concludes a new treaty with the
pope, 445. Sends the duke of Guise into Italy, 454. The constable
Montmorency defeated and taken prisoner at StQuintin, 462. -Henry
prepares for the defence of Paris, 463. St Quintin taken by assault,
465. Collects his troops and negotiates for assistance, ibid. His
kind reception of the duke of Guise, 471. Calais taken by Guise,
474. Empowers Montmorency to negotiate a peace with Philip,
484. Honours him highly on his return to Prance, ibid. Writes to
Queen Elizabeth with proposals of marriage, 192. How he failed in
biscuit, 493. His daughter married to Philip, and bis sister to the
duke of Savoy, 497. Terms of the treaty of Chateau-Cambreaiu, 49S.
The marriage of his sister and daughter celebrated with great pomp,
429. His death, ibid.
Henri) VII. of England, detains the archduke Philip and his duchess,
when driven on his coast, three months, at the instigation of Fer-
dinand, v, 175.
■ VIII. of England, sends an ambassador to Germany to propose-his
claims to the imperial crown, v, 213. Is discouraged from his pre-
tensions, and takes no part with the other competitors, ibid. His
personal character and political influence in Europe, 228. Entirely
guided by Cardinal Wolsey, 229. Receives a visit from the emperor
Charles V. 232. Goes over to France to vijit Francis, 233. Wrestles
with Francis, and is thrown by him, ibid. note. Has another inter-
view with Charles at Gravelines, ibid. Charles offers to submit his
differences with Francis to his arbitration, ibid. Publishes a treatise
on the Seven Sacraments against Martin Luther, 278. Obtains of
the pope the title of Defender of the Faith, ibid. Takes part with
Charles against Francis, 280. Sends Wolsey to negotiate an accom-
modation between the emperor and Francis, 287. Concludes a league
with Charles against Francis, 289. His avowed reasons for this treaty,
ibid. His private motives, ibid. Declares war against Francis, 299.
Is visited by Charles, 300. Makes descents upon the coast of France,
301. Advances with an army into Picardy, ibid. Obliged to retire
by the duke dc Vcndome, ibid. Enters into a treaty with the em-
peror and Charles duke of Bourbon, 338. How he raised supplier
for his wars beyond the grants of his parliaments, 343. Sends the
duke of Suffolk to invade Picardy, who penetrates almost to Paris,
but is driven back, 344. Engages to assist ( hades in an invasion
of Provence, 357. Causes of his not supporting the imperialist"",
veil, vi 4 B