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has been urged, through its branch Betsileo man, a recent convert, spoke in Turkey, to use its good offices most simply and effectively. One hunthrough Sir Edward Grey, to get the dred and twenty of those present had British government to act, in its ca been baptized, and thirty-three more pacity as protector of the Christian now received the ordinance. In many races in Turkey. The sultan and places the people are giving up their his advisers have thus far succeeded charms, and many hundreds have deby those falsifications and denials
cided for Christ. One of the peculiar with which the world is so familiar features of the movement is the minin blocking all attempts to save these istry of the women; they are most efdoomed martyrs; but it may yet be fective in speaking, praying, and visitthat the Lord will use the prayers ing, and in the winning of souls. and efforts of His servants to res
GROWING INDEPENDENCE IN JAPAN cue these long-suffering Stavriotæ
Owing to the action of the Kumaifrom the jaws of destruction. Pray
ai churches of Japan in decidir g to for them!
take over the entire support of their THE SPIRIT'S POWER IN
99 churches, thus relieving the AmerMADAGASCAR
ican Board of a large item of exThe London Missionary Society re
pense, some in America have critiports that the revival in the Betsileo
cized this action, on the ground that country continues to increase in pow
the Board is losing control of the er, especially in villages and country
Japanese churches. But this selftowns. "In the seven divisions of our
support and self-government is the district," writes Mrs. Rowlands,
end in view in each mission. It has "many hundreds have decided for
come in Japan more quickly than was Christ. But what we value even more
expected, so that hereafter nearly all is the deepening of the spiritual life
appropriations from the American of the believers." The native Chris
Board can go to schools or for new tians are throwing themselves most
evangelistic work which is needed earnestly into the work of evangeliza
more than ever before. Japan, tion. The latest report describes "four
now a first-class "power," is engaged wonderful days,” during which a com
in the process of deciding upon a repany of evangelists visited village af
ligion. Having practically given up ter village, and found in them all a
Buddhism, it will be Christianity or most remarkable work going forward,
atheism. Some of the leaders have the people being moved much as they
become restive under what seems to were in Wales during the revival last
them too large a dependence on the year. There were physical manifesta
part of the native church on foreign tions like those seen in Wales, and dur aid and guidance. They say if the ing the revivals under Nettleton and Japanese people are so thoroughly Edwards, but there were great search
able to take care of themselves in a
political and military way, why not ings of heart and confessions of sin,
also in religious and ecclesiastical with manifest repentance and many matters? Such movements are a sign conversions. In one typical place there of the times, but are as yet confined was a crowded meeting where an old largely to churches in the large cities.
BY THE EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
This is a darkness that
be the Batlokwa chief, brought one of "felt." In many places Paganism here his wives, Ma-nhalla, to be received reaches its lowest depth. Superstition, as one that thirsted for God, having cruelty, worship of demons, immoral- himself taught her the catechism and ity sanctified by the example of the prayer, and awakened her thirst for gods, lying, stealing, polygamy, sla- God. Yet he, himself, would not acvery-this is, for three-fifths of her cept the road because the gate was too people, Africa's religion. Here deprav- strait to admit him with his six ity meets no real obstacle in its grav- wives. Their contact with impure and itation toward destruction.
unscrupulous white traders and offiIslam, tho holding a smaller num- cials greatly hinders the conversion of ber in bonds, presents a graver prob- the natives and introduces new vices lem than Paganism.
It has more and diseases. The white peril is often truth, being monotheistic and non- worse than the black. The state of idolatrous. Its converts are more de- morals among Europeans is sometimes cent and intelligent, less barbarous and so shameful as to be indecent to speak degraded. But it only refines the vices of. Civilization is too often degenerit cannot reform, and makes the sinner ation even to the negro, so that whatonly a little more proud and self-satis- ever material benefit comes by the parfied with his respectability. Mos- tition of Africa, in the suppression of lem said to a European: "You must some evils, it brings in very doubtful not wear our clothes. They are given influence, morally and spiritually. Belus of God to set forth the character gian rule has introduced a slavery, of our religion, as yours set forth the cruelty and tyranny worse than ever character of your own.
Our clothes existed before. The rubber trade has are wide, easy, flowing ; so is our re- been a robber trade, and sometimes ligion. We can steal, lie, commit the missionary is mixed in the native adultery, and do as we wish, and our mind with the white oppressors.
The prophet will make it all right for us Portuguese often obstruct mission at the last day. Your clothes are like work by army conscription, forcing your religion: tight-fitting, narrow the young men of a mission school and restraining." "The pliant Pagan into government service, and carryreadily becomes the fanatical Moslem" ing on slave trade as “contract labor."
-more unreachable than ever by the Foreign powers seem sometimes alGospel.
lied with lawlessness instead of enPolygamy and slavery complicate lightened rule. At best the temporithe problem of missions, and both are zing policy of timid officials shuts out deep rooted. Custom is rigid and mission work, as among Moslems at frigid, and these both belong to what Khartum, or forbids church bells to long has been. Moreover, both insti
Moreover, both insti- ring, lest Moslem ears be disturbed, tutions have a legal status and sanc- as in Blantyre. This policy sometimes tion, and find another sort of sanction goes so far as to discriminate in favor in lust, idleness and greed. Strange
Strange of Islam. One official frankly conanomalies occur, as when Kathokan, fessed to having "left his conscience at
home," and many more act as if that The hope of Africa is found in were the case. The trade in drink, Christianity of a pure type.
Good carried on by white men, is ap government is a prime factor in its palling During four years, thirty uplift, and beneficent laws and their million gallons of liquor were shipped just enforcement are most likely to from Europe and America to help come in the wake of the Gospel. The civilize Africa ! Islam moves with slave traffic and the rum traffic must the sword in one hand and the Koran cease, or Africa's redemption will in the other to the native it often never come. Whatever of Pagan barseems as if Christianity came with the barities are put down, equally disasBible in one hand and the bottle in trous evils may take their place, unthe other; yet even the native chiefs less these two prolific sources of disoften protest, begging not to be inun aster are checked. Christian educadated with rum, and declaring that it tion is one of the best weapons against will shortly exterminate the African. Voslem influence, and wherever the
The race problem is, of course, a Christian school goes Islam's sway deserious one.
White men as a class clines. will not admit black men to any sort Good roads will help commerce, of equality. The black man is wanted and a scientific medical system will only as a drudge, and with noble ex both displace superstitious witch-docceptions, has no true chance of rising tors and promote sanitary conditions. to a higher level. Chinese and Indian *The microscope has been brought into coolies crowd him out from work the war against deadly African fever needed for his development. Hence and sleeping sickness by exposing the the “Ethiopian movement," whose mosquito and tsetse fly as carriers. motto is "Africa for the Africans"-a Clearing away of underbrush and movement perfectly natural, but in draining of pools and marshes are aldanger of being used in the interests ready reducing malaria. And it is not of fanaticism and violence, like the too much to say that nine-tenths of Boxer movement in China. And Af all the real uplifting forces in Africa rica once aroused may take bitter re radiate from the mission station. venge for hundreds of years of out Wherever missionaries have had the rage.
longest and largest influence, there Romanism complicates the mission the changes have been most numerous problem in this, as in all other lands, and radical. Polygamy is dying out being universally exclusive and intol where Christian wedlock is faithfully erant. After Madagascar came under taught. In one year the number of French control, native Christians were such marriages doubled in the Natal persecuted and it was made very hard district. The tongues of Africa are even for the missionaries who had being rapidly reduced to writing and previously done so much for the Ma this means a vernacular Bible read by lagasy; and the papal bull directed the natives. What a benignant instiagainst Protestant missionaries on the tution the Gospel proves itself, with Kongo within thirty years past, shows its five-fold method-evangelisin, medbut too well that the spirit of the In icine, clucation, work and literature! quisition, alas, still survives.
Medical missions would fully justify
themselves, were it only for the tem- A governor of Cape Colony emphatporal relief they bring, and the reduc- ically said he would rather have a tion of the death rate. But as they mission station than a military post exist they are as much missionary as for guarding his territory; and the medical, and deputations come alike careful observer finds that every trait from hut and palace to beg for resi- of a good citizen is developed by true dent doctors.
Christian institutions. The black ChrisOne of the most hopeful results of tian is found fully equal to the white Christian missions is the creation of a in virility, stability, and all the elenative evangelistic body, averaging six ments of a manly disciple. In enthutimes as great as the missionary force. · siasm for Christ, in self-denying givThe converts become in turn convert- ing, in heroic endeavor and patient eners. Far more than at home does the durance, he stands among the foreevangelizing spirit prevail, and in this most. we recognize the main hope of Afri- If mission work is vindicated by ca's evangelization.
success, the whole history of missions A special blessing goes with Indus- may be challenged to show any fruits trial Missions. The lazy native needs more obvious and abundant than in the discipline of work. It is at once seven fields of Africa-Gaboon and the antidote to his inertia and the pro- Corisco, Madagascar, Zululand, Sierra motive of self-support and manhood. Leone, Livingstonia, the Nile Valley Far greater than the yield of the best and l'ganda. Raymond Lull, George tilled soil is the harvest in the man Schmidt, John Krapf and Rebmann, himself. Lovedale, before the last Robert Moffat and David Livingcentury closed, had sent out 1,600 stu- stone, John Mackenzie, Francis Coildents from a four-years' course, and lard, Joel Lindley, Alexander Macof these less than one per cent. lapsed kay, George Pilkington, Melville Cox, into heathenism. British rulers in Adolphus Good, Samuel Lapsley, Central Africa show their approval of Doctor Laws, Thomas Comber, BishLivingstonia Industrial Missions by ops Hannington, Steers and Taylor, the state prize given for every gradu- Parker and Crowther—the last not a ate. There all the great tradles are whit less worthy than any of themtaught that lie at the basis of a civil- these men and the like of them have ized state. The schools prove that the left a trail of light behind on the African mental caliber compares fa- Dark Continent. Samuel Crowther vorably with that of any other race; himself was a type of Africa's sad in fact the missionaries pronounce the past and glorious future-a captive African rather precocious, and without boy, traded for a horse, imprisoned the early decay that often follows pre- in a slaveship, liberated by the Engcocity. But training, without the Gos- lish, then a mission pupil at Free pel, was pathetically proven a failure Town, and afterward in England, then by Bishop Colenso's famous experi- sent back as a missionary to the Niger ment upon his twelve picked Zulu basin and finally in Canterbury Calads, who, so as they were thedral receiving the Bishop's staff. given liberty, dropped their civiliza- The African slave, the Christian freetion and donned their paganism. man, the missionary bishop-how he suggests the progress of his people Nevertheless this is only Daan--the from slavery to liberty and liberty to continent is yet dark. Graham Wilauthority, like Nloko Paul, the apostle mot Brooke was moved to give his of the Kongo, and King Khama in life for the Sudan, because there alone Bechuanaland--the African Peter the as large a population as in all North Great. Those who depend on statis- America was absolutely without the tics for their kindling of enthusiasm Gospel! If a man wants to carry the will do well to read the story of Vad- war into Islam's territory here is his agascar, Livingstonia and I'ganda. chance to evangelize 50,000,000 of If any Christian community at home Moslems in North Africa. If he can parallel these fruits, we know not yearns to contend against Romanism, where that home field lies !
here are 2,500,000 followers of the Thirty years, ago, in all Central Pope vigorously seeking proselytes Africa there was not one convert and ten times as many natives measwhere now are 60,000; not one church urably under their sway. If he yearns or school where now stand over 2,000 to cope with Paganism, 90,000,000 ofhouses for worship and instruction, fer a field of conquest in the southern and 300,000 pupils are taught; and half. Vast unoccupied districts invite where there are more than 100 or- and command occupation. The misdained natives and thirty times as sionaries are so few that each may many helpers. In Uganda, in 1904. have a parish of 4,000 square miles there were nearly 50,000 baptized and 50,000 people. Christians (nearly 9,000 baptized that Who will undertake to be a torchyear), 32 native clergy, 2,500 native bearer to illumine the scarcely relieved evangelists and teachers, a cathedral midnight of the Dark Continent ?-that built by native Christians and holding not only the grey Dawn may come to 4,000, and over 1,000 other places of all Africa's millions, but the noon-tide worship, seating nearly 130,000 and of the Gospel Day! an average aggregate attendance on the Lord's day of 50,000. Nearly 100,
A TYPICAL AFRICAN HOME 000 could read and write and 250,000 When an African furnishes his were under Christian instruction! And new house he needs visit no store like it was only in 1875, less than thirty ours, for the many things we buv. years before, that Stanley's letter of In his home there would be no chair, appeal was published in London. table, bed, plate, knife, fork or spoon;
In Madagascar, after a quarter cen- no pictures, books or bric-à-brac. tury of persecution, from 1835 to 1862 Vany of these he has never seen or -"the time when it was dark"-Chris- heard about. Instead he will provide tians were found to have multiplied a large wooden mortar for pounding four-fold. And eight years later there the corn, an earthen pot for carrying were 620 congregations with 23,000 water and cooking, a hoe for work adherents; and after another twenty- in the garden, an axe for felling trees, five years, the congregations had mul
and possibly a blanket, made of tiplied to 2,05°, with 96,000 members,
grass or the bark of the rubber tree, and nearly 400.000 adherents.
for a bed.