[ocr errors]

18. To set out. To begin the world. They refer to those criticks who are partial to From the bottom to the lower settle shall be two

some particular set of writers to the prejudice of cubits. He, at his first setting out, threw himself into

Ezek. xliji. 14. Addison.

others. court,

Pope. The man, their hearty welcome first expressid, Eugenio set out from the same university, and

Perhaps there is no maji, nor set of men, upon

A common settle drew for either guest, about the same time, with Corusodes. Swift.

earth, whose sentiments 1 entirely follow. Watts. Inviting each his weary limbs to rest, Dryden. 19. To set to. To apply himself to.

2. Any thing not sown, but put in a state To SETTLE. v. a. [from the noun.] I may appeal to some, who have made this their of some growth into the ground. 1. To place in any certain state after a business, whether it go not against the hair with 'Tis rais'd by sets or berries, like white thorn,

time of Auctuation or disturbance. them to set to any thing else. Gov. of the Tongue.

and lies the same time in the ground. 2u. To set up. To begin a trade openly: 3. The apparent fall of the sun, or other

Mortimer's Husbandry.

I will settle you after your old estates, and will

do better unto you than at your beginnings. We have stock enough to set up with, capable

Esek, xxxvi, 11. of infinite advancement, and yet no less capable bodies of heaven, below the horizon.

In hope to find of total decay. Decay of Piety. The weary sun bath made a golden set ;

Better abode, and my afflicted

powers A man of a clear reputation, though his bark be And, by the bright track of his fiery car,

To settle here.

Milton. split, yet he saves his cargo; has something left Gives signal of a goodly day to-morrow. 2. To fix in any way of life. towards setting up again, and so is in capacity of

Shakesp. Richard III.

The father thought the time drew on receiving benefit not only from his own industry,

When the battle 's lost and won.

Of settling in the world his only son. Dryden. but the friendship of others. Gov. of the Tongue.

That will be ere set of sun. Shakesp. Macbeth. 3. To fix in any place. This habit of 'writing and discoursing was ac Before set of sun that day, I hope to reach my

Settled in his face I see quired during my apprenticeship in Loudou, and

winter quarters.

Atterbury to Pope.
Sad resolution.

Milton. a long residence there after I had set up for myself. 4. A wager at dice. Swift.

4. To establish; to confirm.

That was but civil war, an equal set, 21. To set up. To begin a scheme of life. Where piles with piles, and eagles eagles fight.

Justice submitted to what Abra pleas'd :

Her will alone could settle or revoke, Eumenes, one of Alexander's captains, setting

Dryden. up for himself after the death of his master, per- 5. A game.

And law was fix'd by what she latest spoke.

Prior. suaded his principal officers to lend him great Have I not here the best cards for the game, sums; after which they were forced to follow him

5. To determine; to affirm; to free from

To win this easy match play'd for a crown? for their own security.

And shall I now give o'er the yielded set ?

ambiguity. A severe treatment might tempt them to set up


This exactness will be troublesome, and therefor a republick.

'Addicon on Italy. When we have match'd our rackets to these balls, fore men will think they may be excused from 22. To set up. To profess publickly. We will, in France, play a set

settling the complex ideas of mixed modes so preScow'ring the watch grows out-of-fashion wit; Shall strike his father's crown into the hazard. cisely in their minds.

Locke. Now we set up for tilting in the pit. Dryden.

Shakesp. Henry V. Medals give a very great light to history, in Can Polyphemus, or Antiphates, SETA'CEOUS, adj. (seta, Lat.] Bristly; set

confirming such passages as are true in old auihors, Who gorge ihemselves with man,

and settling such as are told after different manSet up to teach humanity, and give, with strong hairs; consisting of strong

Addison. By their example, rules for us to live? Dryd. Juv.


6. To fix; to make certain or unchange. Those who have once made their court to those The parent insect, with its stiff setaceous tail, able. mistresses without portions, the Muses, are never terebrates the rib of the leaf when tender, and like to set up for fortunes. Pope.

His banish'd gods restor'd to rites divine, makes way for its egg into the very pith. Derham.

And settled sure succession in his line.
It is found by experience, that those men, who
set up for morality without regard to religion, are

Se'tfoil, n. s.
(tormentilia, Lat.) An herb.

Dryden's Æneid. generally but virtuous in part. Swift. Se'ton, n. 8. (seton, Fr. from seta, Lat.)

This, by a settled habit in things whereof we

have frequent experience, is performed so quick, SET. part. adj. (from the verb.) Regu A seton is made when the skin is taken up with

that we take that for the perception of our sensalar; not lax; made in consequence of

a needle, and the wound kept open by a twist of tion, which is an idea formed by our judgment. silk or hair, that humours may vent themselves.

Locke, some formal rule.

Farriers call this operation in cattle rowelling. If you will not take some care to settle our lanRude am I in my speech,

Quincy. guage, and put it into a state of continuance, your And little bless'd with the set phrase of peace. I made a seton to give a vent to the humour.

Shakesp. Othello.

memory shall not be preserved above an hundred

years, further than by imperfect tradition. Swift. Th'indictment of the good Lord Hastings SETTE'E. N. s. A large long seat with a 7. To fix; not to suffer to continue doubtIn a set hand fairly is ingross'd. Shak. Richard III.

back to it. He would not perform that service by the

ful in opinion, or desultory and waverhazard of one set battle, but by dallying off the SETTER. n. s. [from set.] time. Knolles. 1. One who sets.

ing in conduct. Set speeches, and a formal tale,

A pamphlet that talks of slavery, France, and When he was gone I cast this book away :


the Pretender; they desire no more: it will settle With none but statesmen and grave fools prevail.


could not look upon it but with weeping eyes, in the wavering, and confirm the doubtful. Suift.

remembering him who was the only setter on to 8. To make close or compact. In ten set battles have we driv'u back

do it.

Ascham. These heathen Saxons, and regain'd our earth.

Shameless Warwick, peace!

Cover ant-hills up, that the rain may settle the Dryden.

turf before the spring.

Mortimer's Husbandry. What we hear in conversation has this general

Proud setter up and puller down of kings!

Shakesp. Henry VI. 9. To fix unalienably by legal sanctions. advantage over set discourses, that in the latter we

He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange gods. I have given him the parsonage of the parishio are apt to attend more to the beauty and elegance

Acts, xvii. and, because I know his value, have settled upon of the composure than to the matter delivered.

him a good annuity for life. 2. A dog who beats the field, and points

Addison's Spectator. Rogers. SET. n. 8. [from the verb.]

the bird for the sportsmen.

10. To fix inseparably.

Exalt your passion by directing and settling it + 1. A number of things suited to each 3. A man who performs the office of a

upon an object, the due contemplation of wliose other; things considered as related to setting dog, or finds out persons to be loveliness may cure perfecily all hurts received

from mortal beauty.

Boyle. each other; a number of things of which plundered. one cannot conveniently be separated

Another set of men are the devil's setters, who 11. To affect, so as that the dregs or im

continually beat their brains how to draw in some purities sink to the bottom. from the rest.

innocent unguarded heir into their bellish net, So do the winds and thunders cleanse the air ; Sensations and passions seem to depend upon a learning his humour, prying into his circum So working seas settle and purge the wine. Davies. particular set of motions. Collier. stances, and observing his weak side.

South. 12. To compose; to put into a state of All corpuscles of the same set or kind agree in SE'TTERWORT. n. S. An herb; a species every thing Woodward.

calmness. is not a set of features or complexion, of hellebore.

When thou art settling thyself to thy devotions, The tincture of a skin, that I admire. Addison. Setting Dog. n. s. (cane sentacchione, imagine thou hearest thiy Saviour calling to thee, I shall here lay together a new set of remarks, Ital. setting and dog.) A dog taught

as he did to Martha, Why art thou so careful? and observe the artifices of our enemies to raise

Duppa. such prejudices.


to find game, and point it out to the To Settle. o. n. Homer introduced that monstrous character, to

sportsman. show the marvellous, and paint it in a new set of

1. To subside; to sink quite to the bot

Will obliges young heirs with a setting dog he colouis. Broome. has made himself.


tom and repose there. He must change his comrades; In half the time he talks them round,

That country became a gained ground by the SETTLE. n. 8. [retol. Sax.] A seat

mud brought down by the Nilus, which settled by There must another set be found. Swift. a bench; something to sit on.

Cegrees into a firm land. Brown's Vulg. Errınırs.

[ocr errors]


Fair queen,

2. To lose motion or fermentation; to de

Let ev'ry man be master of his time

What will the line stretch out to th'crack of den' 'Till seren at night.

Shakesp. Macbeth.

Another yet? A seventh! I'll see no more. Shai posit fæces at the bottom.

Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by So Pharaoh, or some greater king than ht, Your fury then boil'd upward to a foam ;

Genesis Provided for the seventh necessity : But, since this message came, vou sink and settle, Pharmis, king of the Medes, it is said, he Taught from above his magazines to frame; As if cold water had been pour d upon you. Dryd. overthrew and craelly murdered, with his seren Thai famine was prevented ere it came. Druder A government, pou such occasions, is always children.

Rultigh. 2. Containing one part in seven. thick before it seitles. Addison's Freeholder. Ser'n bullocks, yet unyok d, fr Pha buschuss SE'VENTHLY. adv. [from seventh.] In 3. To tix one's self; to establish a resi And for Diana sev'n unspotted ewes. dence.

SEVENFOLD. adj. (seren and fold.] Re the seventh place : an ordinal adverb. The Spinetæ, descended from the Pelesgi, peated seven times ; having seven dou

Serenthly, living bodies bave sense, which plan

have not. setfled at ihe mouth of the river Po. Arbuthnot. bles; increased seven times.

SEVENTIETH. adj. [from seventy.] The 4. To choose a method of life; to establish

Upon this dreadful beast with sevenfold head

tenth, seven times repeated; the ordinal a domestick state.

He set the false Duessa, for more awe and dread.

Fuiry Queen.

of seventy. As people marry now, and settle, Fierce luve ahates his usual mettle;

The sevenfold shield of Ajax cannot keep SE'VENTY. adj. [handseofontiz, Sar. Worldly desires, and household cares,

The battery from my heart. Shuk. Ant. and Cleop
Disturb the godhead's soft aitairs.

Seven times ten.

Not for that silly ild moralily,
That, as these links wireknii, our loves should be,

Worthy Marcius, 5. To become fixed so as not to change. Mourn I, that I thy sevenfold chain have lost, Had we no quarrel else to Reme, but that

The wind came about and settled in the west, so Nor for the luck's sake, but the bitter cost. Donne. Thou art thence banish d, we would musiet all, as we culd make no way. Bucon. What if the breath that kindled these griin fires,

From twelve to seventy. Shakesp. Coridete 6 To quit an irregular and desultory for Awak'd, should bluw them into sevenfold rage. Milt.

We call not that death immature, if a Daniel till seventy.

Tawe a methodical life. Who swar's: the sceptre of the Pharian isle,

The weight of seventy winters prest hindi, 7. To take any lasting state.

And sevinföld falls of disemboguing Nile. Dryden.

He bent beneath the burthen of a crown. Drsa. According to laws established by the divine SE'VENFOLD, udv. In the proportion of

In the Hebrew, there is a par:icle consisting wisdom, it was wrought by degrees fiom one

but of one single letter, of which there are trek furm into another, till it settled at length into an seven to one.

ed up seventy several significations. habitable earth.

Whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be To SE'VER. v. a. (sovier, Fr. separo, Lat.)

Burnet Chvle, before it circulates with the bl..od, is

takes on bin seunfold.

Genesis, iv, 15. whitish: by the force of the circulation it runs

Wrath meet thy flight sevenfold. Milton. 1. To part by violence from the rest. through all the intermediate col urs, till it settles SEVENNIGHT, n. S. (seven and night.]

Forgerful queen, who sever'd that bright lead in an intense red. Arbuthnot. 1. A week; the time from one day of the

Which charm'd iwo migliy monarchs to her bei 8. To rest ; to repose.

Gratis week to the next day of the same deno- 2. To divide; to part ; to force asunder. (Vhen time liath worn out their natural vanity, and taught them discretion, their fondness settles mination preceding or following; a week They are not so far disjoined and scuead, : on its proper object.

Harder. Sprctator.

that they come at length to meet. Warm'd in the brain the brazen weapon lies, numbered according to the practice of

Our force by land And shades eternal settle o'er his eyes.

the old northern nations, as in fortPope.

Hath nubly held ; our sever'd navy too 9. To grow calm.


Have knit again, and float. Shark Ant. and Class

What thou art is mine : Till the fury of his highness settle,

Rome was either more grateful to the be

Our state cannot be sever'd, we are one, Come not before him. Shakesp. Winter's Tule. bolders, or more noble in itself, than justs with 10. To make a jointure for a wife.

the sword and lance, maintained for a sevennight

One flesh; to lose thee were to luse myselí. Mik. together.

Sidney. 3. To separate; to segregate; to put in He sighs with most success that settles we!l.Garth.

Tago's footing here anticipates our thoughts different orders or places. 11. To contract.

A se'nnight's speed.

Shakesp. Othello.

The angels shall sever the wicked from among One part being moist, and the other dry, occa Shining woods, laid in a dry room, within a se

the just. sions its settling more in one place than another,

Bacon's Nat, Hist.

Martha vennight lost their shining.

He, with his guide, the farther fields attain'd: which causes cracks and setilings in the wall. 2. We use still the word se vennight or

Where sever'd from the rest the warrior & uls reMortimer's Husbandry. se'nnight in computing time; as, it hap


Druder SETTLEDNESS. n. S. [from settle.] The

pened on Monday was serennight, that 4. To separate by chemical operation. state of being settled ; confirmed state.

is, on the Monduy before last Monday; 5. To divide by distinctions. 11 hat one party thought to rivet to a settledness by the streng:h and intiuence of the Scois, that it will be done on Monday sevennight,

This axiom is of large extent, and would he severed and retined by trial.

Bag. the other rejects and contemns. king Charles. that is, on the Monduy after next Mon

6. To disjoin; to disunite. SETTLEMENT. n. s. (from settle.] day.

Look, love, what envious streaks 1. The act of settling ; the state of being

This comes from one of those untuckered ladies,

Do lace the severing clouds in sonder east. See settled. whom you were so starp upon on Monday was

How stitf is my vile sense, se'nnight.


That I stand up and have ingenious feeling 2. The act of giving possession by legal SE'VENSCORE. adj. (seven and score.] Of my huge sorrows! better I were distract, sanction.

Seven times twenty; an hundred and So should my thoughts be sever'd from my gris. My flocks,my fields, my woods, my pastures take,

And woes, by wrong imaginations, lose forty. With settlement as good as law can make. Dryden

The knowledge of themselves.

Shake The old countess of Desmond, who lived till The medical virtues lodge in some one or other 3. A jointure granted to a wife.

she was serenscore years old, did dentize twice or

of its principles, and may therefore us: fullste Strephon sigh’d so loud and strong, He blew a setilement along; thirice; casting her old teeth, and others coming

sought for in that principle severed from the others

. in their place. Bucon.

Burger And bravely drove his rivals down

SE'VENTEEN. adj. [reofontyne, Sax.] 7. To keep distinct; to keep apart. With coach and six, and house in town. Swift. 4. Subsidence; dregs. Seven and ten; seven added to ten.

Three glorious suns, each one u perfect son ; Fullers earth left a thick settlement. SE’VENTEENTH. adj. [reoronteoda, Sax ]

Not separated with the racking clouds,

But sever'd in a pale clear shining sky.
Mortimer's Husbandry. The seventh after the tenih ; the ordinal

I will sever Goshen, that no swarms of flies stid 5. Act of quitting a roving for a domes of seventeen.

be there.

Enod. vii. tick and methodical life.

In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, the To Se'ver. v. n. Every man living has a design in his head upon second month, the seventeenth day, were all the 1. To make a separation; to make a parwealth, power, or settlement in the world. L'Estr. fountains of the great deep broken up. Gen. vii. 11.

tition. 6. A colony; a place where a colony is

The conquest of Ireland was perfected by the established. king in the seventeenth year of his reign.Judge Hale.

The Lord shall sever between the cattle of Israel Seventh. adj. (reofoda, Sax.]

and of Egypt.

Esed. ic. . SE'TWAL. n. S. (valeriana, Lat] An

There remains so much religion, as to know 1. The ordinal of seven; the first after the herb. Dict.

how to sever between the use and abuse of things sixth.

King Churia SEVEN. adj. [reofon, Sax.]

The child born in the seventh month doth com

Better from me thou sever not. 1. Four and three; one more than six. It

monly well.

Bacon. 2. To suffer disjunction. is commonly used in poetry as one syl

Thy air is like the first:

Fortune, divorce A third is like the former. Filthy hags! lable.

Pomp from the bearer, 'tis a sufl 'rance pangni Why do you shew me this ? A fourth | Start, eye!i As soul and body's scu’ring. Shakesp. Herry Pili


several victories gained over us, might have still 1. Sharp ; apt to punish : censorious ; apt 3. Strictness ; rigid accuracy.

[ocr errors]

bag, and

Se'veral. adj. (from sever ]

that I could not keep my eye steady on them se He shall te thrown down the Tarpeian rock

verally, so as to number ihein. Neuton's Opticks. With rigorous hands; he hath resisted law, 1. Different; distinct from one another. Divers sorts of beasts come from several parts to

And therefore law shall scorn him further trial SEVERALTY. n. s. [frrom several.] State

Than the severity of publick power drink ; und so being refreshed, fall to couple, and of separation from the rest.

Which he so sets at n uglit Shakesp. Coriolanus many times with several kinds. Bacon's Nat. Hist. The jointure or advancement of the lady was Never were so great rehellions expiated with su

The conquest of Ireland was made piece and the third part of the principality of Wales, the liule blood; as for the severity used upon those piece, by several attempts, in sereral ages.

dukedom of Cornwal, and earldom of Chester, to taken in Kent, it was but upon a scum of people. Davies's History of Ireland. be set forth in severalty.


Bacon. Four sereral armies to the field are led,

Having considered the apertious in severaltų, There is a difference between an ecclesiastical
Which high inequal hopes four princes head. Dry. according to their particular requisites, I am now censure and severity: for under a censure we only
2. Divers ; many.
It is used in

come to the casting and contexture of the whole

include excommunication, suspension, and an inwork.

Wotton. terdict; but under an ecclesiastical severity every ber not large, and more than two.

SE'VERANCE. n. s. [from sever.] Sepa other punishment of the church is intended; but, This country is large, having in it many people, and several kingdoms. Abbot's Descrip. of the l'orld. ration; partition.

according to some, a censure and a severity is the Those rivers inclose a neck of land, in regard

Ayliffe. This else to several spheres thou must ascribe. of his fruitfulness hot unworthy of a severance.

2. Hardness ; power of distressing. Milton. Carew's Survey of Cornwall.

Though nature hath given insects sagacity to We might have repaired the losses of one cam- Seve're. adj. (severe, Fr. severus, Lat.]

avoid the winter cold, yet its severity finds them paign by the advantages of another, and, after


Hale's Origin of Mankind. kept the enemy from our gates. Addison to blame; hard ; rigorous.

Confining myself to the severity of truth, be3. Particular; single.

Let your zeal, if it must be expressed in

anger, coming, I must pass over many instances of your Each several ship a victory did gain, be always more severe against thyself than against military skill.

Dryden. As Rupert or as Albemarle were there. Dryden. others.

Taylor. 4 Rigour; austerity; harshness; want of 4. Distinct; appropriate.

Soor, mov'd with touch of blame, thus Eve :
What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam severe ?

mildness; want of indulgence. The parts and passages of state are so many, as,

Milton. SeVOCATION. 1. s. [sevoco, Lat.] The to express them fully, would require a several

What made the church of Alexandria be so treatise. Davies's Ireland.

act of calling aside. severe with Origen fur, but holding the incense in Like things to like, the rest to several place his hands, which ihose about him cast from thence To Sew for sue. To follow, Spener. Disparted.


upon the altar? yet for this he was cast out of the TO SEW. v. n. (suo, Lat.] To alter any Each might his sev'ral province well command, church.

Stilling fleet Would all but stoop to what they understand. Pope. 2. Rigid; austere; morose; harsh; not in

thing by the use of the needle.

A time to rent and a time to sew. Eccl. iji. 7. SE'VERAL. n. s. (from the adj.]


To Sew. v.a. To join by threacis drawn 1. A state of separation, or partition. Am I upbraided? not enough severe,

with a needle. This substantive has a plural.

It seeins, in thy restraint.

In his looks serene,

No man seueth a piece of new cloth on an old
More profit is quieter found
When angry most he seem d, and most severe, garment.

Mark, ii. 21. Where pastures in several be,

What else hut favour shone?

Milton. To Sew up. To close in any thing sewed. Of one silly aker of ground

Nor blame severe his choice,

Jfever I said loose-bodied gown, seu me up ir Than champion maketh of three. Tusser's Husb.

Warbling the Grecian wues. Pope's Odyssey. the skirts of it. Shukesp. Tuming of the Shrew 2. Each particular singly taken. 3. Cruel ; inexorable.

NIy transgression is sealed up in a
This by some severals
His severe wrath shall he sharpen for a sword.

thou sewest up mine iniquity. Of headpiece extraordinary, lower messes

Job, xiv. 17.

Il'isdom. To Sew. v. a. To drain a pond for the Percliance are to this business purblind. Shakesp. 4. Regulated by rigid rules ; strict.

the fish.

Ainsworth. There was not time enough to hear The severals.


Truth, wi dom, sanctitude, severe and pure, SE'wer. n.s. (escuyer trenchant, Fr. or

Severe, but in true filial freedom plac'd. Milton That will appear to be a methodical successive observation of these severals, as degrees and steps

asscour',' old fr. from asseoir to set 5. Exempt from all levity of appearance ;

down; for those officers set the dishes preparative the one to the other. Hammond's Fund.

grave; sober; sedate. Several of them neither arose from any conspicy

His grave rebuke,

on the table.

Newton's Millon.] ous family, nor left any behind them. Addis. Frieh. Severe in youthful beauty, added grace. Milton. 1. An officer who serves up a feast. 8. Any inclosed or separate place. Your looks must alter, as your subject dues,

Marshull'd feast,
They hart their several for heathen nations,
From kind to fierce, from wanton to severe. Waller.

Serv'd up in ball withi scuers and seneschals : their several for the people of their own nation, Taught hy thy practice steadily to steer

The skill of artifice or vilice mean.

Milton. their several for inen, their several for women, From grave to gay, from lively tv severe.


The cook and sewer each his talent tries, their several for their priests, and for the high 6. Not lax ; not airy; close ; strictly me In various figures scenes of dishes rise. Soit. priest alone their severai. Honker. thodical; rigiilly exact.

2. [From issue, issuer.) A passage for 1. Inclosed ground.

Their beauty I leave it rather to the delicate wit water to run through, now corrupted There was a nobleman that was lean of visage, of poets, than venture upon so nice a subject with to shore.

Conel but immediately after his marriage he grew pretty miy severer style.


The fenmen hold that the sewers must be ke, plump and fat. One said to him, Your lord ship 17. Painful ; afflictive.

so, as the water may not stay too long in the sprin doth contrary to other married men; for they at

till the weeds and sedge le grown up.

These piercing fires are soft, as now severe. Milt. first wax lean, and you wax fat. Sir Walter Raleigh

Baco stood by and said, There is no beast, that if you 8. Close ; concise; not luxuriant.

Men suffer their private jurigment to be draw take him from the common, and put him into the The Latin, a most screre and compendious lan into the common seuer or steam of the preser several, but will wax fat. Bacon. guage, often expresses that in one word, which vogue.

King Charles modern tongues cannot in more. Dryden. As one who long in populous city pent, SE'VERALLY. adv. (from several.] Dis

Where houses thick, and scuers, aunoy the air, tinctly; particularly; separately; apart 1. Painfully; afflictively. Seve'rely, adv. [from severe.]

Forth issuing on a summer's moru, to breathe from others.

Among the pleasant villages and farmis

We have wasted our strength to attain ends difConsider angels each of them severally in him

Adjoin'd from each thing niet conceives delight. ferent from those for which we undertook the

Milton. self, and their law is, All ye his angels praise him.

'war; and often to effect others, which after a 3. He that uses a needle.
peace we may severely repent.

Swift. Sex. n. s. [sexe, Fr. sexus, Lat.)
Nature and scripture, both jointly and not se-

2. Ferrociously ; horridly. verallu, either of thiem, be so complete, that unto everlasting felicity we need not the knowledge of

More formidable Hydra stands within; 1. The property by which any animal is any thing inore than these two may easily furnish

Whose jaws with iron teeth severely grin. Dryden. male or female. our minds with. Hooker. 3. Strictly; rigorously.

These two great sexes auimate the world. Milt. Th' apostles could not be confin'd

To be or fondly or severely kind. Savage. Under his forming hands a creature grew, To these or those, but severally design'd

Manlike, but different ser.

Milton. Seve'rity. n. 8. (severitas, Lat.] Their large commission round the world to blow.

2. Womankind, by way of emphasis. Dryden. 1. Cruel treatment ; sharpness of punish

Unhappy ser! whose beauty is your snare; We ought not so much to love likeness as beau ment.

Expos'ri to trials; made tou frail 10 bear. Dryden ty, and to chuse from the fairest bodies severally I laugh to see your ladyship so fond,

Svame is hard to be vercome; but if the sea die fairest parts.

Dryden. To think that you have aught but Talbot's shadow once get the better of it, it gives them afterwards Others were so very small and close together, Whereon to practice your severity. Shakesp. no more trouble.

Garth 41


[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Vol. 11.

It is great,

six years.


SexAGENARY. adj. [sexagenaire, Fr.

Nor e'er was to the bow'rs of bliss convey'a To do that thing that ends all other der ds;

A fairer spirit or more welcome shade.

Ticke sexagenarius, Lat.) Aged sixty years.

Which shackles accidents, and bolts up change. SEXAGESIMA, n. s. (Lat.] The second

To Shade. v. a. from the noun.]

Shakesp. Sunday before Lent.

You must not shackle and tie him up with rules 1. To overspread with opacity. about indifferent matters.


Thou shad'st SEXAGESIMAL. adj. [from sexagesimus,

No trivial price

The full blaze of thy beams, and through a con Lat.) Sixtieth ; numbered by sixties. Should set him free, or small should be my praise Thy skirts appear.

To lead hiin shackled. SexA'NGLED. adj. [from sex and an

Philips. 2. To cover trom the light or beat; to

So the stretch'd cord the shackled dancer tries, SEXA'NGULAR.} gulus, Lat.] Having) As prone to fall as impotent to rise. Smith.

overspread. six corners or angles; hexagonal. SHACKLES. n. 8. wanting the singular.

A seraph six wings wore to shade

His lineaments divine. The grubs from their serangular atode

(reacul, Sax. schaeckels, Dut.) Fetters; And, after these, came arm'd with spear and Crawl out unfinishi'd like the maggot's brood. Dry. gyves; chains for prisoners.

shield SEXA'NGULARLY.adv. [from serangulur.)

Himself he frees by secret means unseen,

An bost so great as cover'd all the field; With six angles; hexagonally. His shackles empty left, bimself escaped clean.

And all their foreheads, like the knights before, Fairy Queen.

With laurels ever green were shaded o'er. Drycka SEXENNIAL. adj. [sex and annus, Lat.] A servant commonly is less free in mind than

I went to crop the sylvan scenes, Lasting six years; happening once in in condition ; his very will seems to be in bonds

And shade our altars with their leafy greens. Dryd. and shackles, and desire itself under durance and

Sing, while beside the shaded tomb I mour, cap.ivity.

South. SEXTAIN. n. s. [from sextans, sex, Lat.]

And with fresh bays her rural shrine adom. Pore

. The furge in fetters only is employ'd;

3. To shelter; to hide. A stanza of six lines. Our iron mines exhausted and destroy'd

Ere in our own house I do shade my head, In shackles. Se'XTANT. n. s. (sextunt, Fr.] The sixth

Dryden's Juvenal. The good patricians must be visited. Shahen. part of a circle. SHAD. N. s. (clupea.] A kind of fish. 4. To protect; to cover ; to screen.

Leave not the faithful side SEXTARY. n. s. (sextarius, Lat.] A pint SHADE. n. 8. (scadu, Sax. schade, Dut.) and a half. 1. The cloud or opacity made by inter

That gave thee being, still shades thee and protect SE'XTARY. n. s. The same as sacristy.

ception of the light.

5. To mark with different gradations of Dict. SE'xTRY.

Spring no obstable found here nor shade,
But all sunshine.


The portal shone, inimitable on earth SE’xtile. adj. [sexlilis, Lat.] In such a 2. Darkness ; obscurity.

By model, or by shading pencil drawn.
position or aspect of two planets, when The weaker light unwillingly declin’d,
at 60 degrees distance, or at the distance

And to prevailing shades the murmuring world 6. To paint in obscure colours.

Roscommon. SHA'DINESS. n. s. [from shady.) The of two signs from one another, and is 3. Coolness made by interception of the state of being shady; umbrageousness. marked thus*.

Harris. Planetary motions and aspects,

SHA'dow. n. s. [scadu, Sax. schadure,

Antigonus, when told that the enemy had such
In sentile, square, and trine.

vollies of arrows that hid the sun, said, That

The moon receives the dusky light we discern in

falls out well; for this is liot weather, and so we 1. The representation of a body by which its seitile aspect from the earthi's benignity. Glanv. shall fight in the shade.


the light is intercepted. SE'XTON. n. 8. [corrupted from sacristan.]

That high mouut of God, whence light and shade
Shine both.


Poor Tom ! proud of heart, to ride over fourAn under officer of the church, whose 4. An obscure place, properly in a grove or

incli'd bridges, to course his own shadote for a traitor.

Shaker business is to dig graves.

close wood, by which the light is ex Life's but a walking shadow, a poor player, A stool and cushion for the senton. Shakesp. cluded.

That struts and frets his hour upon the stage, When any dies, then by tolling a bell, or be

And then is heard no more.

Shala Let us seek out some desolate shade, and there speaking a grave of the senton, the same is known

Such a nature, to the searchers corresponding with the said seaton.

Weep our sad bosoms empty.

Regions of sorrow, doleful shades. Milton.

Tickled with good success, disdains the shadow
Which he treads on at noon. SE'XTONSHIP. n. s. [from sexton.] The

Then to the desart takes his flight;
Where still from shade to shade the Son of God,

The body, though it moves, yet not changing office of a sexton. After forty days fasting, had remain'd. Milton.

perceivable distance with some other bodies, the They may get a dispensation to hold the c!erk The pious prince then seeks the shade

thing seems to stand still, as in the hands of clocks, and shadows of sun-dials.

Lais. ship and sextonship of their own parish in com Which hides from sight his venerable maid. Dry. niendam. Swift. 5. Screen causing an exclusion of light or

2. Opacity; darkness ; shade, Sextu'PLE. adj. [sextuplus, Lat.] Six heat; umbrage.

By the revolution of the skies

Night's sable shadows from the ocean rise. Da fold; six times told.

Let the arched knife,

His countrymen probably lived within the Man's length, being a perpendicular from the Well sharpen'd, now assail the spreading shades shake of the earthquake, and shadow of the vertex unto the sole of the foot, is sestuple unto Of vegetables, and their thirsty limbs dissever. eclipse.

Addison his breadth, or a right line drawn from the ribs of

Philips: 3. Shelter made by any thing that intercepts one side to another.


In Brazil are trees, which kill those that 'sit

under their shade in a few hours. Arbuthnot. the light, heat, or influence of the air. To SHAB. v. n. To play mean tricks : 6. Protection ; shelter.

In secret shadow from the sunny ray, a low barbarous cant word.

On a sweet bed of lilies softly laid. Fairy Queen 7. The parts of a picture not brightly co

Here, father, take the shadow of this tree SHA'BBILY. adv. [from shabby.] Mealy; loured.

For your good host. Shakesp. King I.cer. reproachfully; despicably; paltrily. A T'is ev'ry painter's art to hide from sight, 4. Obscure place. cant word. And cast in shades, what seen would not delight.

To the secret shadous I retire, SHA'BBINESS. n. s. [from shabby.) Mean-8. A colour; gradation of light.

Dryden. To pay my penance till ny years expire. Drycken.

5. Dark part of a picture. ness; paltriness.

White, red, yellow, blue, with their several A shadow is a diminution of the first and .. He exchanged his gay shabbiness of clothes, fit degrees or shades and mixtures, as green, conie in cond light. The first light is that which pro for a much younger man, to warm ones that would

only by the eyes.


ceeds immediately from a lighteried body, as ilk be decent for a much older one. Spectator. 9. The figure formed upon any surface cor

beams of the sun. The second is an accident SHA'BBY. adj. [a word that has crept into responding to the body by which the light, spreading itself into the air, or medium, pas conversation and low writing, but ought light is intercepted; the shadow.

ceeding from the other. Shadous are threefold:

the first is a single shadow, and the least of all; not to be admitted into the language.] Envy will merit, as it shade, pursue. Pope. and is proper to the plain surface, where it is si Mean; paltry.

10. The soul separated from the body; so wholly possessed of the liglit. The second is the The dean was so shabby, and look'd like a ninny,

double shadow, and it is used wben the surface bir called, as supposed by the ancients to be That the captain suppos'd he was curate to Jenny.

gius once to forsake your eye, as in columns. Tie Swift.

perceptible to the sight, not to the touch. third shadow is made by crossing over your double To Sha'cKLE. 1. a. [from the noun A spirit; a ghost; manes.

shadow again, which darkenelli by a third part To Trancbin, swift as thought, the fitting shade

It is used for the inmost shadow, and farthest in shackles; schaeckelen, Dut.) To chain; Thro' air his momentary journey made. Dryden.

the light, as in gulfs, wells, and caves. Peachas. to fetter; to bind,

Ne'er to these chambers, where the mighty rest,

After great lights there must be great shauki Since their foundation cane a nobler guest;


kind of grass.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Any thing perceptible only to the sight; The shield being to defend the body from wea gait, and his climbing up of trees, he seems to come pons, aptly shadows out to us the continence of near the bear kind.

Grew. a ghost; a spirit or shade.

the emperor, which made him proof to all the True Witney broad cloth, with its shag unstorn, Hence, terrible shadow ! attacks of pleasure.

Addison. Be this the horseman's fence. Unreal mock'ry hence!

Gay. E!. An imperfect and faint representation:


: SHA'DOWGRASS. n.s. [from shadow and 2. A kind of cloth. opposed to substance. grass ; gramen sylvaticum, Lat.] ASHAG. N. 8. (phalacrocorax, Lat.] A sea

bird. If substance miglit be callid that shadow seen’d. Milton. SHA'DOWY. adj. [from shadow.]

Among the first sort we reckon shags, duck, and In the glorious lights of heaven. we perceive a 1. Full of shade ; gloomy.


Carew. y shadow of his divine countenance. Raleigh.


This shadowy desart, unfrequented woods, Without the least impulse or shadow of fate. Milt.

Amongst the creatures are particular excellencies scatiered, which are some shadows of the di

With shadowy verdure flourish'd high,

1. Rugged; rough ; hairy.

A sudden youth the groves enjoy. Fenton. vine perfections. Tillotson.

They change their hue, with haggard eyes they 3. Inseparable companion. 2. Not brightly luminous.

stare, More pleasant light

Lean are their looks, and shagged is their hair. Dry.
Sin, and her shadow, death,

Shadowy sets off the face of things.
Thou my shadow

A lion's bide he wears; z: Inseparable must with me be long. Milton. 3. Faintly representative; typical.

About his shoulders hangs the shaggy skin, 1. Type; mystical representation.

When they see

The teeth and gaping jaws severely grin. Dryden.
Law can discover sin, but not remove,

From the frosty north,
Types and shadows of ihat destin'd seed. Milim.
Save by those shadowy expiations weak,

The early valiant Swede draws forth his wings, 0. Protection; shelter; favour.

The blood of bulls and goats; they may conclude

1.1 battailous array, while Volga's stream Keep me under the shadow of thy wings. Psalms. Some blood more precious must be paid for man.

Sends opposite, in shaggy armour clad, TO SHA'DOW. v. a. [from the noun.]


Her borderers, on mutual slaugliter bent. Philips. To cover with opacity. 4. Unsubstantial ; unreal.

2. Rough; rugged. The warlike elf much wonder'd at this tree,

Milton has brought into his poems two actors of

They pluck'd the seated hills with all their load, So fair and great, that shadow'd all the ground. a shadowy and fictitious nature, in the persons of

Rocks, waters, woods; and by the shaggy tops Spenser. sin and death ; by which he hath interwoven in

Uplifting, bore them in their hands. The Assyrian was a cedar with fair branches, his fable a very beautiful allegory.

Milton's Paradise Lost. Addison.

There, where very desolation dwells, and with a shadowing shroud. Ezek. xxxi. 3. 5. Dark ; opake.

By grots and caverns shagy'd with horrid shades, 2. To cloud ; to darken.

By command, ere yet dim night

She may pass on with unblench'd majesty, Mislike me not for my complexion; Her shadowy cloud withdraws, I am to baste Be it not done in pride.

Milton. The shadow'd livery of the burning sun,

Milton's Paradise Lost.

Througlı Eden went a river large,
To whom I am a neighbour.
Shakesp. SHA'DY. adj. [from shade.]

Nor chang'd his course, but through the shagguhill 3. To make cool, or gently gloomy, by in- 1. Full of shade; mildly gloomy.

Pass'd underneath ingulph'd.


How would the old king smile terception of the light or heat.

The wakeful bird

To see you weigh the paws when tipt with gold, A gentle south-west wind comes creeping over

Sings darkling, and in shadiest covert hid flowery fields and shadowed waters in the extreme Tunes her nocturnal note. Milton's Paradise Lost.

And throw the shaggy spoils about your shoulders.

Addison. heat of summer.


Stretch'd at ease you sing your happy loves,

And Amaryllis fills the shady groves. 4. To conceal under cover; to bide; to


Ye rugged rocks! which holy knees have worn; 2. Secure from the glare of light, or sul

Ye grots and caverns shagg’d with horrid thorn!

Pope screen.

triness of heat. Let every soldier hew him down a bough,

SHAGRE’en. n. s. [chagrin, Fr.) The And bear 't before him; thereby shall we shadow

Cast it also that you may have rooms shady for

skin of a kind of fish, or skin made The number of our host, and make discov'ry summer, and warm for winter.

Err iu report of us.
Shakesp. SHAFT. N. s. (rceaft, Sax.]

rough in imitation of it. 5. To protect; to screen from danger; to 1. An arrow; a missive weapon.

To SHA'GREEN. v. a. (chagriner, Fr., shroud.

To pierce pursuing shield,

To irritate; to provoke. Both should God shall forgive you Cæur de Lion's death, By parents train'd, the Tartars wild are taught,

be writen chagrin. The rather, that you give his offspring life,

With shafts shot out from their back-turned bow. To Shail. v. n. To walk sideways. A $ Shadowing their right under your wings of war.

Who, in the spring, from the new sun

low word. 6. To mark with various gradations of Already has a fever got,

Child, you must walk straight, without skiewToo late begins those shafts to shun

ing and shailing to every step you set. L'Estrange. colour, or light.

Which Phæbus thro' his veins has shot. Waller. To SHAKE. 0.a. preterite shook; part. Turnsoil is made of old linen rags dried, and They are both the archer and shaft taking aiın 3 laid in a saucer of vinegar, and set over a chafing afar otf, and then shooting themselves directly up

pass, shaken, or shook. (sceacan, Sax. dish of coa's till it boil; then wring it into a shell, on the desired mark.

More. shecken, Dut.] and put it into a little gum arabick : it is good to So lofty was the pile, a Parthian bow

1. To put into a vibrating motion; to move shadow carvations, and all yellows. Peucham. With vigour drawn must send the shaft below.

Dryden. From a round globe of any uniform colour, the

with quick returns backwards and foridea imprinted on our minds is of a flat circle; 2. (Shaft, Dut.] A narrow, deep, perpen

wards; to agitate. variously shadowed with different degrees of light dicular pit.

Who bonours not his father, coming to our eyes.

Locke. More broken scene, made up of an infinite va

They sink a shaft or pit of six foot in length.

Henry the fifth, that made all Frauce to quake,

Shake he his weapon at us, and pass by. Shak.

Carew. riety of inequalities and shadowings, that naturally

I will shake mine hand upon them, and they arise from an agreeable mixture of hills, groves,

The fulminating danıp, upon its ascension, gives

shall be a spoil to their servants. Zech. ii. 9. and vallies.

a crack like the report of a gun, and makes an

I shook my lap, and said, So God shake out every explosion so forcible as to kill the miners, and 7. To paint in obscure colours.

man from his house ; even thus be he shaken out force bodies of great weight from the bottom of

and emptied. If the parts he too much distant, so that there

Woodward. the pit up through the shaft.

The stars fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree be void spaces which are deeply shadowed, then

Suppose a tube, or, as the miners call it, a shaft

casteth her untimely figs when she is shaken of a place in those voids some fold, to make a joining were sunk from the surface of the earth to the

Rev. vi Dryden's Dufresnoy.

mighty wind. Arbuthnot.

He shook the sacred honours of his head : 8. To represent imperfectly. 3. Any thing straight; the spire of a

With terror trembled beav'n's subduing hill, Whereat I wak'd, and found church.

And from his shaken curls ambrosial dews distil. Before mine eyes all real, as the dream

Dryden Practise to draw small and easy things, as a Had lively shadow'd. Milton's Paradise Lost. cherry with the leaf, the shaft of a steeple. Peach.

She first her husband on the poop espies, Augustus is shadowed in the person of Æneas.

Shaking his hand at distance on the main;
Shag. n. s. [sceacza, Sax.]

She took the sign, and shook her hand again. Dry. I have shadowed some part of your virtues under 1. Rough woolly hair.

2. To make to totter or tremble. another name.

Dryden. Full often, like a shag-hair'd crafty kern,
I. To represent typically.
Hath he conversed with the enemy;

The rapid wheels shake heav'ni's basis. Milton.

Let France acknowledge that her shaken throne


And given me notice of their villanies. Many times there are three things said to make

Was once supported, Sir, by you alone. Roscom. np the substance of a sacrament; namely, the Where is your husband ? He's a traitor.

3. To throw down by a violent motion. grace which is thereby ottered, the element which


- Thou lyest, thou shag-ear'd villain! hadoweth or signifietli grace, and the word which

Macbeth is ripe for shaking, and the powers

above essethi what is done by the element. Hopher. From the shag of his body, the shape of his legs,

Put on their instruments.

Shakesp. his having little or ne tail, the slowness of his

Neh. v.

of the parts.


[ocr errors]
« ForrigeFortsett »