doubtful decision. It wonld seem, how whatever obstacles may stand in the way ever, that while the oath remains in its of proceeding by presentment, these canpresent form, the Churchiwarden cannot not discharge yon from the very important otherwise be discharged from it than by trust, which both in religion and morals presenting such persons and things, as ac the Church has comunitted to your care, cording to his skill and knowledge are The law may in a great measure appear presentable.' He will so far have done to he a dead letter; but it nevertheless his duty and discharged his conscience, becomes you, as you regard your oath and and it will remain for the Ordinary, whe your duty, to consider the spirit of it at ther Bishop, Archdeacon, Chancellor, or least as still in being. It is but a small Commissary, to require or dispense with, portion of your duty, therefore, and no at his discretion, the institution of such more than is required of you ivdependently further proceedings, as the case and the of your office, that you should be regular age may justify, and the law has defini

in your attendance at the services of the tively pointed out." P. is.

Church,—that you shonld on all occasions In the recommendation thus given, of religion,—that your conversation

shew a just reverence for the institutions we most heartily concur. The oath should be as becometh the Gospel of of office is imperative, and nothing Clorist,'—distinguished for piety and moral can justify the breach of it. And feeling, your habits for sobriety and temwithout contemplating any immedi- perance, your intercourse with society for ate restoration of the power and integrity, humanity, and virtue, -that supervision of the ecclesiastical your example should tend to the edifica

tion of your fellow-parishioners. The courts, there are various useful pur- ecclesiastical Establishment to which you poses to which presentments might belong, and which from yonr earliest age be applied if they were fully and you have, it is to be hoped, been taught faithfully made. They would enable to reverence, in an anxiety for the tempothe Ordinary to take a comprehen. ral welfare and eternal happiness of all sive view of the state of morals with her members, is now about to invest you in his district. They would assist far as you are able, the profane and vicions

with the sacred charge of correcting, as him in forming a correct opinion of lives of others, of snppressing, first, by the respective merits of his Clergy; mild and friendly admonition, and, if that and they might convey information is ineffectnal, by the penalties of law, to the government and the legisla- whatever blasphemies may tend to invaliture upon those subjects, which are

date the hallowed mysteries or doctrines now so seriously discussed and

of Christian faith, and whatever offences too often with a very imperfect tice. You are indeed to consider your

may defile the purity of Christian pracknowledge of the facts of the case; selves, if I may use the term, as lay-eccle. we mean the actual state of public siastics, intended to aid and support the morals; the effects of the criminal Ministers of yonr respective parishes, in code ; of the game laws and of the repressing disorder, irreligion, and viceale-house system; the use and abuse in reclaiming offenders, in repairing those of the powers of justices of the defects, and removing those irregularities

in the celebration of the rites and cerepeace, and other points of minor im, monies of the Church, which negligence in portance. It may be hoped therefore

some cases, and time in others, may have that Archdeacon Jefferson's advice produced ; in short, in an earnest and will be attended to, and present. vigorous endeavour to restore in all things ments be considered as something that solemnity in religious services, and more than a matter of form. His

that reverence in religious sentiment,

which the spirit of the present times is admonition upon the subject will not be easily improved.

more peculiarly calculated to weaken,-it

not to destroy." P. 16. “ Before I dismiss this part of the sub

We canuot follow our lamented ject, however, in treating of which I have Author through all the details to found soyself embarrassed with much diffi. culty, from the too prevailing sentiments which he descends. They embrace and changed usages of the age, I cannot the whole of a Churchwarden's forbear to press upon your minds, that functions. The Church, the Church


yard, the Belfry, the Church-rates; unwéaried observation of the Minister the Alc-houses, and the parish Ac- aud congregation, shoald in modern times counts are each made the subject of command so little, or at least such irregu

Jar attention, as has become prevalent, practical instructions.--The shame.

and particularly in conntry Churches. The ful misapplication of Churches to

inward sentinent, it may be alleged, are secular purposes, and the call for principally coucerned in all acts of de additional Church-room, especially votion ; but if the outward posture is calas it affects agricultural districts, culated, as all must admit it is, to affect

more particularly mentioned. the inward feelings, none can affirm that it And the observations under this lat.

onght to be disregarded. I will pot say,

that attiinde or posture is absolutely neter head, and under that of kneeling

cessary to give efficacy to prayer with at prayer are so just, and so pious,

God; but if it lias a tendency to produce that we cannot refrain from tran

in man either liumility' or fervour, a just scribing them.

sense of dependence and submission, or

a resigned acquiescence to the Divine • The appropriation of pews to par will; it renders eyery service more ac ticular houses or families, often excludes ceptable to the Omniscient Hearer of others of the parishioners from a com prayer, and affords, through the inter. fortable, and sometimes from all, accom cession of a Mediator, the better copfi. modation. In many cases there may be dence that our supplications will find acrights which cannot legally be disturbed :

ceptance at the throne of grace, and be but it is to be hoped, that on a proper re returned upon 'ourselves in blessing and presentation to the parties these rights in peace. `Avd I would ask what can be may not be so rigidly persisted in, as to. more fitted to inspire devotion--what induce the proprietor to shut out bis can be more effectual in exalting the sonl poorer neighbour from the worship of of man into a holy fervour of pious adoGod, and almost to compel biin to re ration than to see a whole congrega linquish the pure faith and services of the tion, like a well-trained band of Christia Chureh, and to resort to places where his soldiers, going through all the sacred exerfathers were never seen, where he is by cises of prayer and praise, as it were with birth an alien,—an exile as it were from one heart and one spirit,-standing or the inheritance of the Lord. Often by knceling, as the occasion suggests, lifting regulating and new arranging these appro- up their minds as one mind, their voices priated pews, equal accommodation may as one voice, their hands as one hand, in

be reserved to the proprietor, and one or supplicating that mercy which all want, • more additional pews be obtained. But that forgiveness which all require,—that

if not, some compensation, it is presumed, assisting grace by which all are to withfor a trifling inconvenience, may be felt in stand tenptation, and follow that wliich is the gratification of seeing a servant or a good, that salvation to which, through the labourer kneeling at his master's side, in merits of the same Redeemer, all aspire, a grateful adoration of that God who is all hallowing the same great name of God, no respecter of persons,' --who delights -all breathing forth with one breath the to dwell with the humble in spirit,'-be same praises to Him in whom they live, fore whom all men are on a level as to and move, and have their being here, worldly rank,--and distinguished only by all lifting np their thoughts as one thooglet the fervency of their devotion, by the to a kingdom of glory bereafter. sincerity of their faith, by singleness of “ Aiter this reflection, will any one beart, by uprightness in conduct. I presume to say, that that uniformity of cannot 100 strongly press upon you this posture which our Church has in her wisgreat duty of making room, if possible, dom and piety cnjoined, which indeed the for all your parishioners iu your respec God of natwe has in many cases instinctive Churches,- not only for their accom- tively as it were, impressed opon the-hu'modation, but for the most orderly and man mind, is a mere form without meanconvenient accoinmodation, in your pow. ing and without efficacy in pablic worer.". P. 24,

ship ? Petitioning for mercy or for life “ It is greatly to be lamented that this of a fellow-creature, who falls not-withnost pious atid.truly Chiistian canon, sup out reflecting on the propriety of the at. ported as it is by statute law, and con titude-who falls pot upon his knees in firmed as it is hy the rubric in the Book humble entreaty? And is this mark of of Common-Prayer, which supplies in reverence and of ardent supplication, by tructions equally worthy of tlie strict and which God liimself seems to have taught

us to intercede with men like ourselves, the abuse. It is by no means the and to which he has annexed a powerful sole business or duty of the Chrisinfluence on the hqman heart, to be only tian life, and in its extravagance neglected when we implore mercy fro:n

and excess it may become an unHim who has life and death temporallife and death cternal-at his disposal? protitable and dangerous delusion: Is that prostration, which in one shape or

it is not however upon that account other is an act of allegiance and fidelity unnecessary or without the best ef, in all civilized nations on the earth, to fect in the regulation of Christian be denied only to Him who is the God of manners, and the establishment of all power and might the King of kings Christian principles. They, who and Lord of lords? The duty is so na have withdrawn from their proper tural as well as becoming; —that it appears station in life, to cultivate a spirit surprising only it should ever have fallen into a too eommon disnse. This lamented of abstract meditation in the wilder. inconsistency is so evident to every re: ness or in the cluister ; they, who fecting mind, that I cannot but attribute with an unnatural austerity have it chiefly to a want of that accommodation, proscribed the use of speech and which as Chørchwardens yon are bound to

the means of mutual edification ; provide. P. 39,

they, who in destitution or abanWe must not extend our extracts donment of the reasoning faculty, from this valuable Charge. The have given a loose to their imagina. circumstances under which it ap- tion and embraced the wildest vipears render it highly interesting ; sions of enthusiasm: these inen have and the contents render it peculi- exbibited no edifying example to arly useful. The matter is impor- mankind, although they have pertant and weighty; the style perspi baps deserved the pity rather than cuous and energetic. It is the work the scorn and contempt of their felof one who knew the description of lows. Not more edifying is their persons to whom he spoke, and example whose life is spent without knew also how to make them under thought and serious reflection, and stand him. He sets before them who are hurried from the mad purtheir duty, and the proper motives suit of worldly good, to meet their for discharging it, in terms which God without any preparatory reflecevery one may comprehend. When tion upon him or upon themselves, we consider hody highly and how upon their present talents or their deservedly Archdeacon Jefferson final responsibility. If by the fault was respected throughout the ex. of their corrupted nature there is an tensive district which was commit- indifference to religious truth and ted to his care, we cannot doubt duty; if that indifference is conthat this his dying advice and admo- firmed and aggravated by the habits nition will produce very beneficial of a world lying in the power of the effects.

wicked one, it is the more important that men should take earnest heed, and reflect upon the things which

they have heard, lest at any time Contemplations on the last Dis. they should let them slip; that while courses of

our Blessed Saviour they are diligent in discharging the with his Disciples, as recorded in appropriate offices of their appointthe Gospel of St. John. By John ed station, they should reserve cerBrewster, M.A. Rector of Eg- tain portions of time for religious glescliffe, Durham.

exercises, for self-examination, the Rivingtons. 1822.

study of the Scriptures, secret Religious meditation is one of that at least in the mechanical em

prayer, praise and meditation; and those exercises of which it is ne- ployments of life, the thoughts cessary to distinguish the use from should be kept loose and disengag. REMEMBRANCER, No. 46.

4 K

pp. 464.


ed, and ready to take advantage of VIII. On the redemption of Christ every impression which may draw manifested in his last prayer for his them from earthly to heavenly things. disciples, and on our Lord's three There is a religious temper and see prayers in the Garden of Gethse. renity of mind which mutually che- mane, Matt. xxvi. 40–46. IX. rishes and is cherished by medita- Practical reflections on the night of tion, and which in solitude and in the passion. X. XI. On the dissociety, in sorrow and in joy, finds courses and incidents after the reits chief delight in the contempla- surrection, John xx. 14-29. xxi. tion of high and holy things, in 15.-25. XII. Introduction of the thoughts of creation, providence, Gospel by the disciples; the nature and grace, in comparisons of the and design of our Lord's discourses temporal things which are seen with previous to his ascension, princithe eternal things which are not pally collected from the conversa

These are practical nedita- tion on the road to Emmaus, and tious, dignified and recommended from Acts i. 2, 3. by the highest and the best exam It will not be denied, that the ples, which prevent no proper en- subjects of these contemplations are joyment of lite, and which invigorate all of the highest interest and imthe mind of man to sustain the trials portance. The general method of and fulfil the duties of his condition Mr. Brewster in' prosecuting them in the world, by enlivening his re- is, to select one or more verses of membrance of the great considera- the chapter which forms his thesis, tion, whose he is, and to whom he and to annex to the recited passage, sball render the account.

observations expository, practical, The man who seeks his chief re. and devotional. It is obviously imfreshment and support under the practicable to give a connected abfatigues of life in religious medita. stract of observations, thus desul. tion, will always rejoice in the guid- tory, and adapted to the various ance and company of the experienced texts, to which they are subjoined. and judicious contemplatist, and in Selection is all which the subject listening to the result of his holy admits, and which will now be ofstudies and abstractions. The name fered with no further preface than of Mr. Brewster is too well known the observation, that all the contemto need any praise or recommenda- plations in this volume are adapted tion, and the subject and the method to the establishment of sound docof the volume which is now before trine and righteous conduct; that us will not fail to interest and re the interpretations of Scripture are ward the attention of the reader. just, and often illustrative of the The priucipal subject is the last harmony of the sacred volume; and discourses of our blessed Saviour that the many references to ecclewith his disciples, and the peculiar siastical matters are all designed to train of mind, which seemed to ac establish the unity of the Spirit in company his actions in the last mo the bond of peace, on the ground ments of his abode upon the earth, of the divine constitution and polity as recorded in the Gospel of St. of the Church of Christ. John. The contemplations are in It requires but little intercourse number twelve. 1.11. On the dis- with mixed society to know that courses of our Lord, aud the inci- there is a prevailing disposition dents previous to his passion. III. to assume a right and discretion of Preparatory reflections to our Lord's believing and disbelieving certain last discourse. IV. V. VI. On our truths of the Gospel, without consi. Lord's discourse recorded John siv. deration, that the whole is of the xv. xvi. VII. On our Lord's last revelation of God. The divine auprayer for his disciples, Joho xvii. thority of doctrines, which can be

apprehended and explained, is ad. Gospel will be adequately investimitted: truths which cannot be un. gated, and inculcated on the minds derstood, are presumptuously re

of the people. jected because they surpass the

The inefficiency of the Christian limited faculties of man, and there- ministry, manifested in the slow profore if they are not contrary to gress of the Gospel, and in the dis. reason, imply a liigher source and regard of religious principles in the origin than human invention. practice of professing Christians,

has been often attributed to the want " It is not for man to create a new system for himself. Suffer the Almighty

of zeal on the part of the Clergy, God to rule liis own world, and to arrange

and made an objection to the power a plan of salvation, which, as it arose from

of the divine institution. The true his own divine wisdom, is above, not con cause will be found more deeply trary to, the rational faculties of man. seated in the heart of man, and in “ There is an important distinction to

the practice of sin, which deadens be made here. Things above reason are the effect of religious instruction, incomprehensible by us, from a transcendent excellence at their very nature, from

and precludes the only efficient asthe beight at which they stand, apil there

sistance which is derived from the fore cannot be apprehended in the present Spirit of God. Mr. Brewster's restate of our existence. But yet they are

flections on this important subject objects of our belief; because the only afford a fair specimen of the manner evidence we can give of our acknowledg. of these contemplations, and they ment of the infallible trnth of God, arises

eball be presented entire. from our assent to what he affirms upon his own authority. If the word of God

(John xiv.) ver. 22–24. be true there is an end of the argument; “Judas, not Iscariot, saith unto him, we cannot dispute the infallibility of his Lord, how is it, that thou wilt mavitest revelation. But the probable objection thyself unto us, and not into the world? would be against the divinity of any reve. Jeslis answered and said unto him, If a lation, it we should not find in it proposi. man love me, he will keep my words, and tions above our reason, because it would my Father will love him, and we will come harily be conceivable, why God shonld unto him, and make our abode with him. make an external revelation of such things He that loveth me not, keepeth not my only as might easily be known by the com- Sayings, and the word which ye hear is not mon exercise of human reason. But things mine but the Father's which sent me.' contrary to reason are wot only inconceive “ Judas as yet unable to make a dis. able in themselves by any effort of the tinction between the teniporal and spimind, but are necessarily absurd as leading ritual world, between the inultitudes de to a conclusion, which is wholly without a saw around him engaged in worldly busifoundation. The complaint of the sceptic, ness and the multitures influenced by the then, against the mysteries of the Gospel, Spirit of God; or probabiy contining lis is as unfounded as the application of his imagination to the promuse of miraculous own reason is unsound. He disbelieves, works to the disciples, requires an explabecause he will not examine; and tinds it nation of our Saviour's words; if these easier to give np his faith without examic things be so, “ How canst thou make thynation, or to accept half' a Gospel as a seit known to us, without extending that complinient to his reason, rather than la. kpowledge to the world?' He had exbour to understand such divine truths as pected Christ in a public capacity, and as sober judgment and unprejudiced reason abont to establish a glorious kingdom upon must approve,”; P. 93.

the earth. He could not but wonder then

according to his own apprehension of our These distinctions have been Saviour's words, to bear that the kingdoin urged again and again, and it is not of heaven, whatever that kingdoni night improbable from the natural per

be, was offered only to a few of his friends

and not to the world at large, the indiviverseness of mankind, that they will

duals of wbich, he supposed, would conneed to be urged to the end of tine. stitute his subjects. Christ gives but one Hence Mr. Brewster rightly deduces

answer to the varied question of the disthe necessity of an established mi- ciple; and intimates that they ought by nistry, by whom the truths of the po means to wonder, that he did not ma

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