by a private individual, a little more We are then told that the advancompression, or a little more illus- tages derived from combination are tration, would not have been un- not a sufficient excnse for a party in suited to the dignity of an University our Church, because they are alPulpit. The eighth Lecture upon ready secured by the union which Divisions within the Church, re. that Church has effected; and that quires a more particular notice, she furnishes a sufficient check upon From 1 Cor. i. 12, 13, Mr. Whately the errors of her ministers, by com. takes occasiov to observe

pelling them to subscribe and use "The Apostle's admonitions to the church her Liturgy and Articles, and makof Coriotti, both in this passage and in se- ing them responsible for any gross veral others of the same Epistle, are of the deviation from their spirit. highest importance to Christians, of every age and country. But in order to appre.

“ As far as laman means can be efciate them rightly, and apply them pro- fectnal

, it seems scarcely possible that fitably to ourselves, we must keep in mind better provisions than these conld be made two circumstances which are very often, against the suppression or perversion of practically at least, overlooked : viz. first Gospel truth; or at least against the nethat the Apostle is not here accusing his cessity of having recourse, for the sake of converts of bolding any erroneous doc. opposing such evils, to the formation of trines, but of divisions, party-spirit, and subordinate associations, and party-discontentions : secondly, that he does not

tinctions within the Church. And when seem to be alluding to any open schism as any such has arisen, there seems no saffihaving taken place among them, but cient reason for raising an opposite party merely to intestine discord ;-not, in to counteract the evil, while the Church short, to any separation from the Church, itself thus furnishes a sufficient bond of but to disunion within the Church, union, and acknowledged common an

“ These circumstances, I say, ought con thority. The risk thus incurred (if it be stantly to be rensembered, in our applica- pot sounething more than a risk) of widention of St. Paul's precepts; not, of course, ing the breach,—of strengthening instead with any view of depreciating the import of weakening the party we oppose,-of ance of a right faith, and extenuating the plunging, in the heat of a contest, into evil of heresy; nor of implying that the the contrary extreme from theirs,- of di. sinfulness of schism is diminislied by an minishing Christian charity, -and of drawavowed secession from the Church; buting off men's attention from the essentials to guard against the mistake, (by no means of religion to controversial bickerings,-is unfrequent,) of too lastily setting our con not in this case counterbalanced by any science at rest by the plea of being neither adequate benefit. heretics nor dissenters. For it is not un

"Sometimes however we find it orged common to hear men appeal to the sound by men who profess to admit these princiness of their doctrine, and their strict con- ples, that they themselves seek not to form formity to the Church, when they would any separate party within the Church; not clear themselves from any imputation of pretend to more than to be genuine Church being promoters of division; though per men ; but that those whom they combine haps there is, notwithstanding, so much of to oppose, are disguised sectaries, and cothe spirit of party in their proceedings, that vert leretics; outwardly professing indeed they are introducing, or preparing the way

an attachment to the Church, but in realifor, all that train of evils which have been ty holding sentiments hostile to the spirit formerly described. If, like the Corinthians, of her doctrines and institutions. But it who said, 'I an of Paul, and I of Apollos,' should be remembered, that, on the one they range themselves under distinct band, if any thing be taught or practised leaders, and distinct denominations, wel which can be proved contrary to the doce coming as brethren those who adopt a tripe and discipline of the Church, this evil certain fixed phraseology, and regarding can be checked in a regular way, according with bigoted aversion or jealousy, all to the constitution of that Church, without others, they may, without forsaking either any need of forming a party for the purthe Church or its doctrines, be guilty of pose; and that on the other hand, if nofustering discord, and of manifesting that thing of this kind can be proved, we are carnal spirit which St. Paul so strongly neither honouring nor serving the Church reprobates," P. 237.

by combining against any such concealed


hostility.' We are not honouring ber, be stance with self-congratulation, as a pre
cause we are in fact implying that her Ar- sumption that we bave been successful in
ticles and Liturgy are so defective as to steering a middle course between opposite
permit those who conform to them to be extremes, in keeping ourselves untainted
nevertheless fundamentally erroneous: nor with the spirit of party, and in preserving
are we effectually serving her, because we unbroken, as far as possible, the bond of
are setting a dangerous example of pre. charity with all men." P. 269.
sumption, which an opposite party may
easily follow. They may as easily contend these are not our opinicnş. But the

It is hardly necessary to say that
on their side, that, of all who profess con.
formity, they alone are the genuine Church. quarter from which they come en-
men; and that their interpretation of the title them to a respectful considera.
language of the Articles and Liturgy,- tion; and the present article cannot
their jadgment as to the true spirit of be more appropriately concluded
them, -are 'alone to be received as cor than by poiuting out the objections
rect." P. 243.

to which they are liable. That we may not be at any Mr. Whately admits that the loss to determine the Lecturer's Church of England may avail her. precise meaning, he concludes an self of the advantages of party-feel, inquiry into the faults of the two ing in the contests which she is parties in the Church, by an ex- obliged to carry on with dissenters. plicit recommendation to keep our. The heretic and the schismatic may selves separated from both. be opposed with a legitimate and

“ The faults however which have now well-regulated esprit de corps. But been adverted to, as the most prevalent in no sector subdivision within the the two opposite parties respectively, not pale of the Church is to be encounonly are less the appropriate subject of tered with the same weapons,-beour present consideration, than the party

cause if we understand Mr. Whately spirit which is common to both; but are so far of less practical importance, that aright, St. Paul has condemned di they may be expected to diminish in provisions and parties as such, even portion as that spirit itself is subdued, when they were not deformed by which contributes, above all other causes, irregular practices or corrupt doc to foster them. It should therefore be our trine. If this be valid reasoning, first and most constant care, earnestly to

how can Mr. Whately defend his protest against this; and to maintain a steady opposition to both parties, as par concession respecting the mode in steady opposition to both parties, as par which we are to resist dissenters ? ties; while we study, at the same time,

preserve the most friendly union possi. How can he answer those latituble with the members of both, considered dinarian champions, who comprise as individuals ; doing full justice to the every professing Christian within merits of each, and carefully selecting and the limits of the Church ; and conadopting whatever is right in their sentitend that St. Paul's prohibition apmeuts and practice. And if those who are disposed, either by their own temper, or

plies to them all f Will he not be from the result of their experience, to, told, that the Bible is the great rule reckon every one among the adherents of of faith and morals, and that we are one party or another,-find themselves bound to give the right hand of perplexed and at a loss in which class to fellowship to all who embrace its place us*, we may regard this circum- tenets? And what reply can he make • " It is observed by Aristotle, (Pol.

to such questions and arguments, b. 2.) that the constitution of Sparta had except that it is possible to acknowits elements so nicely blended, as to leave ledge the Bible with the lip, while then in doubt to what class 'to refer it; its spirit is explained away


neg: bome calling it a Royalty, some, an Oli lected. The same is true of the garchy, others reckoning it Aristocratical, Liturgy and Articles of the Church. and others agạin as rather Democratical: Excellent as they are, some men being so judiciously tempered, as to keep have always been found to profess clear of the faults of each of the simple

them and subscribe to them, and forms of government."

to act at the same time diametrically

[ocr errors]


opposite to their injunctions. And Whately imagines. If they are sin. when such men coalesce, govern cerely desirous of peace; they may themselves with the regularity, and promote it in a party much more caution, and zeal of a sect, increase effectually than out of one. Feuds in numbers, and increase in power, are seldom extinguished, or even they must be systematically resisted, abated by neutrals; and whenever or their triumpb will be certain. the peace of the Church of England St. Paul has forbidden us“ to be is re-established, that blessing will puffed up for one against another," be obtained by the 'moderation of i.e. to form ourselves into parties party leaders, rather than by the from attachment to different leaders, mediation of self-elected umpires. and this is the main object of his The mutual respect of open oppo admonitions to the Corinthians. nents, their mutual concession of But how does this prove that they unimportant points, and the rigid who believe the interests of Chris. correction of their respective errors, tianity to be endangered by a party may yet prevent a declared and within the Church, are not at liberty lasting schism. Violence on either to unite in their opposition to it? side will precipitate its arrival; inMust they sit still and see their decision will not suffice to arrest its focks led astray, their doctrines progress. The Church was overdecried, and their religion itself turned in 1640 by the ill-timed mobrought into deadly peril, for fear deration of Usher and Hall, quite as they should hurt the unity of the much as by the intemperance of Church? If so, they ought to sur. Charles and Laud. If the puritans render the Act of Uniformity and of the seventeenth century had been the Test Act-and refuse to exclude withstood calmly and systematically

conscientious believer from by all who disapproved of their their truly Catholic Communion. principles, the horrors of the grand But this course Mr. Whately will rebellion in all probability might neither adopt nor recommend, and have been escaped. Should the to be consistent with himself his clergy of the present day tread in present system also should be the steps of their forefathers, the abandoned.

final success of puritanism may be Whatever might have been the looked upon as certain ; and those case in a preceding age, whether whom it will involve in well-merited the parties by which we are now destruction will be convinced too distracted might have been prevent- late of the folly, the criminal folly ed, or were inevitable; they are now and presumption of refusing to proformed and in acrive operation, and fit by experience. few men can profess to abstain from · By distinguishing party feeling them with safety. Here and there from party spirit, and shewing that an individual may be found whose the one is as necessary and advantemper, rank, or talents may enable tageous as the other is hurtful, Mr. him to remain neuter without dan. Whately enables us to escape from ger. But an iinmense majority do many of the difficulties in which and must take a part, and they had Christians are now involved. Why better say so at once. If they run should he confine his reasoning to the risque of becoming violent par. separate communions, or desert his tizans, they escape the dangers of own system the moment that it indifference, equivocation, and trim. brings him to the goal? Let him ming. If they are infected in a slight apply all his observations upon the degree by party failings, they es excess and abuses of party to the cape the temptation of forming a division which unhappily exists third party for themselves, to which among Churchmen. Let him warn neutrals are more prone than Mr. us against those feelings which are


too apt to spring up in all our Such a system can only lead to one hearts, and to make us forget that of two effects, the submission of we are the disciples of one common the two existing parties to a third; master. But let him not endeavour which shall affect to reconcile and to produce a nominal unanimity, unite them; or the subversion of one where there is a real and conscien- of the present parties by the other; tious difference; let him not unin- and that other not the purest, the tentionally substitute the finesse of wisest, or the best, but the most apparent moderation, for the open united, the most persevering, and opposition of an honourable contest. the most artful.


SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRIS Brighton Pemale Penitentiary, which has TIAN KNOWLEDGE.

been just established.

The secretaries congratulated the meets Lewes Deanery Committee. ing that the applications, which shew the

nature of the spiritual wants of the disThis Committee held its Anniversary trict, had not been for those books which Meeting on the 3d inst. at the Deposi- contain the evidences of Christianity, and tory in Brighthelmstone. It was numer for those special tracts which have been ously attended by the friends of the two lately published to counteract the influ. Societies, the Right Hon. the Earl of Chi ence of infidel and blasphemous writings, chester, President, in the chair. The An. which have not gained admittance ia any nual Report, read by the Rev. Dr. Hol numbers into this district, but for those land, one of the secretaries, contained the books principally which contain illustrasubstance of all the last year's proceed- tions of the Bible, and the ordinances of ings, and was most gratifying. Although the Church; and, above all, for the Scripshops have been opened in different parts tures themselves, and for their best comof the district for the sale of the Society's panion, the Book of Common Prayer. Of books to non-subscribers, which might have the latter, it appears, an unprecedented been supposed to lessen the demands on number has been issued, to more than the committee's dopositories, the secre double the amount of any former year. taries had issued within the year S3T Bi To make the Book of Common Prayer, bles and New Testaments, 1,343 Books of thus extensively dispersed, more available Common Prayer, and 4,205 Books and in the hands of the poor for the purposes Tracts.

of family prayer, the committee have Among the gratuitous issues of books made a selection of morning and evening aud tracts, it was stated, that 150 Books prayers in the Liturgy for fansily worship, of Common Prayer had been given to the and affix the list within the cover of every Very Rev. the Vicar, and the Rev. the Prayer Book and Psalter which they disChaplains, of the two Chapels of Ease, for tribute. distribution among the poor of their re The Report went on to congratulate spective congregations, who most regularly the meeting on his Majesty's pious regard attend public worship. The committee for the spiritual welfare of the people, had also given to various national and pa- evinced by his having, in addition to the rochial schools 33 Bibles and New Testa. third service which the King had comments, 102 Prayer Books, and 1,114 Re- manded to be performed at his Majesty's Jigions Books or Tracts. A set of the own charge, appropriated 400 seats in the Lewes Lending Library, in 30 volumes, Palace Chapel, which was consecrated in has been appropriated to the use of the the beginuing of the year, to the inhabitpoor in the new workhouse, and a suitable ants and visitors of Brighthelmstone; and grant of Bibles and Prayer Books made to it was gratifying to hear bow highly bis the patients in the infirmary, and to every Majesty appreciates the exertions of the person who may be admitted into the committee in furtherance of true religion,

as professed by the Established Church, by held a. Confirmation, at every place in the very gracious manner in which his Ma- which a Missionary was established. He jesty received from the Very Rev, the was much gratified at the pleasing apVicar, a book respectfully submitted to pearance of many Churches begun, and his Majesty, containing the Address to the some handsomely finished. lo January, Lewes Deanery, the Regulations and his Lordship ordained Mr. Taylor for the Rules of the Committee, and its Annual Mission of Eaton; and in the following Reports, now forming an interesting vo month be held a Confirmation at that lume, and by the satisfaction which his place, when many persons of a mature Majesty was pleased to express on the oc age, who before where Lutherans, liaving casion.

united themselves to the Church, presented In consequence of the late reduction in themselves to receive the benefit of that the price of books by the Parent Society, site. Two Churches were building at the committee have still further reduced Eaton, one of which was in great forward. the charge to their subscribers-offering Dess. At the same time that the Bishop nonpareil Bibles at 1s. 10d. brevier New ordained Mr. Taylor, he ordained also Testaments at 8d. and nonpareil Prayer Mr. Myers, who, like Mr. Taylor, was a Books, without the metrical version, at Lutheran Minister, and appointed him to 5d. each.

Matilda, in Upper Canada, where he is After giving an epitome of the proceed now officiating. The people at Riviere ings of the Society for Promoting Christian du Loup, who are exerting theinselves to Knowledge, during the past year, the se. build a Church and a Parsonage-louse, cretaries made an interesting report of the have earnestly petitioned the Bishop for : enlarged labours and increased expendi resident Minister; and Mr. Knagg, with ture of the Incorporated Society for the whom they are much pleased, bas anderPropagation of the Gospel in Foreign taken that duty, until the wishes of the soParts—in the three principal provinces in ciety are made knowo. America, which are dependent upon Eng “ The Bishop has advanced to the seve land, as also the Cape of Good Hope, and ral Churches hereafter named, 1001, cur. in the East Indies-particularly noticing rency each, out of the fond placed at his the trapslation of the Liturgy of the disposal by the Society-St. Andrew's, Church of England, and of many of the So Riviere du Loup, Point Levi, and Hull, ciety's tracts, into the native languages of Lower Canada; Chippewa, Queen's the East, under the auspices and assistance Town, and Ancaster, Upper Canada. Enof the Lord Bishop of Calcutta.

couragement has been given to the people The committee lias lost some sub of Gaspé, and to Mr. Pollard, at Sandscribers by death, and some by their re wich, for the use of Churches in that moval into other districts, but new sub. neighbourhood, the erection of which that scribers have supplied their place. The gentleman is promoting with great zeal and officers were all re-elected. Sir Kichard industry. Borough, bart, was added to the list of “ The Rev. Romaine Rolph, Missionary vice-presidents, and the Rev. Dr. Pierson at Amherstburg, reports, that the number elected an auditor, in the room of the Rev, of communicants had greatly increased, Trefusis Lovell, who had left the district. which he considers as the beneficial pro

The schools flourish thrnugh the dean. gress and influence of Divine grace. When ery. One new national school had been Mr. Pollard administered the Sacrament, formed at Preston; and though parochial thirty communicants attended, being an returns were not made this year, it is con increase of fourteen during a very short jectored, on good grounds, that the num- period. The Church at Colchester will bers educated in these schools, which are be finished in the Spring. The people are supplied with books from the Society for naturally anxious to obtain the benefits of Promoting Christian Knowledge, consi a regular resident Minister, as it is not in derably exceed five thousand, which was his power to visit them oftener than once last year's return.

in the month, without a neglect of his

own more immediate duties. Id obedi. Society for the Propagation of the enee to the directions of the Society, he Gospel in Foreign Parts. has offered himself as a candidate for the

Holy Order of Priest, to enable him to Extracts from last Report concluded. perform without assistance, the whole

daty of his Mission, and to relieve Mr. “ CANADA.

Pollard from his attendance at Amherst“ Tas Bishop of Quebec, during the pre- , barg to adıninister the Sacrament; an arceding year, completed his Visitation, and rangement which has necessarily occa.

« ForrigeFortsett »