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Registered deaths and imnual death rates per 1,000 population in certain large cities

the United States, week ended Mar. 22, 1919Deaths from all causes, and from me monia (all forms) and influenza combined.

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112, 565 201, 732 2 609,981

197,670 785, 245 473, 229

111, 432 2,596, 681

418, 022 810, 306 223, 296 130, 655

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Albany, N. Y.
Atlanta, Ga.
Baltimore, ma
Birmingham, Ala.
Boston, Mass.
Buffalo, N. Y
Cambridge, Mass.
Chicago, IL.
Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland, Ohio.
Columbus, Ohio..
Dayton, Ohio.
Denver, Colo..
Fall River, Mass.
Grand Rapids, Mich
Indi napolis, Ind.
Jersey City, N.J
Kansas City, Mo.
Los Angeles, Calif.
Louisville, Ky.
Lowell, Mass..
Memphis, Tenn.
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn
Nashville, Tenn.
Newark, N.J.
New Haven, Conn.
New Orleans, La.
New York, N. Y
Oakland, Calif
Omaha, Nebr.
Philadelphia, Pa..
Pittsburgh, Pa.
Portland, Oreg.
Providence, R. I.
Richmond, Va..
Rochester, N. Y.
St. Louis, Mo.
San Francisco, Calif
Seattle, Wash
Spokane, Wash.
Syracuse, N. Y
Toledo, Ohio...
Washington, D.C..
Worcester, Mass..

56 57 219

52 228 103

38 803 220 281 98 54 88 37 43 145 136 154 173 179

49 111 130 125

56 147

42 136 1,815

44 52 611 259 73 79 58 93 309 148 50 32 52 105 152 71

1.7 187 3.8 &1 5.3

128, 392 135, 450 289, 577 318, 770 313,785 568, 495 242, 707 109, 081 154, 759 453, 481 383, 412 119,215 428, 684 154, 865

382, 273 5, 215, 879

214, 206

180, 264 1,761, 371

593, 303

46

15.0 16.6 26.1 22.2 25.6 15.9 38.5 19. 1 37.4 14.9 17.0 24.5 17.9 14.1 18.6 18.1 10.7 15.0 18. 1 22.8

C 21.9
C 15.8
C 16.2
C 22. 4
C 24.6
A 14.3
C 21.1
A 18.7
C 20.2
A 15.0
C 12.8
C 24.5
C 21.3
C 18.9
A 22.0
C 22.5
A 12.3
C 13.9

3 18.1
C 20.0

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263, 613 160, 719 264, 856 779, 951 478, 530

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154 114 1S 12 11 19 119 13 5

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161, 404 262, 234 401,681 173, 650

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1"A" indicates that the rato given is the average annual death rate per 1,000 population for the contesponding week of the years 1913 to 1917, inclusive. “C” indicates that the rate is the annual death rate per 1,000 population for the corresponding week of 1918.

: Population estimated as of July 1, 1919.
3 Rate is based on statistics of 1915, 1916, anu 1917.

NARCOTIC DRUGS-INTERPRETATION OF HARRISON ACT.

COURT DECIDES THAT PHYSICIAN WHO GIVES PRESCRIPTION DISPENSES THE DRUG.

In construing the Harrison antinarcotic act the United States district court for the western district of Pennsylvania has decided that a person charged with dispensing narcotic drugs in violation of the act can not escape punishment by setting up the plea that he was not the owner of the drugs dispensed.

1 Reprint 338 from the Pub. Health Repts., p. 589.
: United States v. Jin Fuey Moy, 253 Federal Reporter, 213.

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Section 2 of the Harrison act makes it unlawful to "sell, barter, exchange, or give away," with certain exceptions, any of the drugs mentioned in section 1 of the act. The defendant, a physician, was charged with unlawfully dispensing drugs not in the course of his professional practice. The' evidence showed that he had issued a great many prescriptions for the drugs, but he contended that he had committed no offense, because the words "sell, barter, exchange, or give away” could only apply to owners of the drugs.

In rejecting this contention the court said: It is insisted that to dispense or distribute the drugs on a prescription is not to sell, barter, exchange, or give them away. It is held in United States v. Stowell (133 U.S. 1, 10 Sup. Ct. 244, 33 L. Ed. 555) that statutes enacted to prevent frauds upon the revenue are considered as enacted for the public good and to suppress a public wrong, and, therefore, although they may impose penalties or forfeitures, are to be fairly and reasonably construed so as to carry out the intention of the legislature. It could hardly be said that words of so broad import as "sell, barter, exchange, or give away,' when standing together, were intended by Congress to be so narrowly and strictly construed as to include only those cases where title to the prescribed drug was in him who undertook to dispense or distribute it. The lawmakers were not concerned with the ownership of the drug, but with its unlawful distribution. It could matter nothing to the poor victim in the fatal clutches of the drug habit where title was to the narcotic which was thus dispensed to him, every grain of which brought him nearer to the grave. Whether the victim procured the drug from the hand of the physician or through the druggist on an order or prescription of the physician can matter nothing, unless we look blindly at the letter of the act, wholly forgetting its spirit and purpose.

EPIDEMIC INFLUENZA.

PREVALENCE IN THE UNITED STATES.

A decided decrease in the number of reported cases of influenza throughout the United States is shown by telegraphic reports for the week ended March 29. (See pp. 696 and 700.)

A recrudescence of the disease is reported in the western part of Kansas, and the number of cases reported in the State of Vermont is slightly greater than for the preceding week. With these exceptions decreases are noted in all States from which reports have been received.

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PREVALENCE OF DISEASE.

No health department, State or local, can effectively prevent or control disease without

knowledge of when, where, and under what conditions cases are occurring.

UNITED STATES.

EXTRA-CANTONMENT ZONES-CASES REPORTED WEEK ENDED MAR. 29.

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GAS AND FLAME SCHOOL ZONE, GA. AND ALL
Diphtheria:
Bibb City.

9 Columbus.

1 Gonorrhea: Bibb City

3 Columbus.

6 Muscogee County........

2 Influenza: Columbus.

2 Muscogee County.

1 Phoenix City..

1 Measles: Columbus.

3

1 Muscogee County.. Pellagra: Columbus

2

3 Muscogee County. Pneumonia:

Columbus.

Muscogea County.
Smallpox:

Bibb City.
Columbus.

Muscogee County.
Syphilis:

Columbus
Whooping cough:

Columbus....
Muscogee County..

1

CAMP DIX ZONE, N. J. Diphtheria:

Pemberton Township... Measles.

New Hanover Township..

3 1

1

2

1

FAYETTEVILLE SANITARY DISTRICT, NC.

5

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1

CAMP GORDON ZONE, GA,

CAMP FUNSTON ZONE, KANS. Cleburne

Influenza.. Function City:

Gonorrhea..

Scarlet fever..
Manhattan:

Chicken pox.
Mumps...
Pneumonia.
Scarlet lever.

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CAMP GORDON ZONE, GA.-continued. Atlanta-Continued.

Cases. Mumps....

5 Pneumonia..

9 Scarlet faver...

7 Septie sore throat.

1 Smallpor..

46 Syphilis...

24 Tuberculosis...

18 Whooping cough.

1 GULFPORT HEALTH DISTRICT, MISS. Gonorrhea: Gautier.....

1 Moss Point.

1 Hookworm; Kiln...

1 Infuenza: Biloxi.

6 Escatawpa.

1 Gulfport...

1 Pascagoula.

1 Valaria: Biloxi..

3 De Lisle.

1 Escatawpa.

6 Gulfport...

2 Kiln..

2 Logtown..

1 Lyman..

1 Moss Point.

4 Pascagoula.

3 Wade...

1 Measles: Ford..

1 Moss Point.

1 Meningitis, other forms: Biloxi...

1 Mumps: Biloxi....

3 Escatawpa.

1 Gulsport..

9 Handsboro.

1 Logtown.

1 Mississippi City.

14 Moss Point..

9 Pellagra: Beauvoir ......

1 Pneumonia: Biloxi.

2 Kiln

1 Lyman.

1 Moss Point

1 Pneumonia, broncho: Ocean Springs.

1 Scarlet fever: Mississippi City.

1 Syphilis: Gulfport...

1 Tuberculosis: Moss Point

1 Whooping Cough: Biloxi..

2 De Lisle.

1 Gulfport..

1 Pascagoula.

1 Logtown...

2 Moss Point.

1 111261°-1942

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