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surry for it, being convinced, that, in the vanced to the village of Ivergkoff. The end, it will tend to the freedom, and,
halted. course, to the happiness, of both coun- Nov, 13.-Captain Naschokin, of the tries, England and America.
hussars of the guards, detached by AdjuWM. COBBETT. tant General Count Orgeroff, attacked a
detachment of the enemy in the village of Bolley, 231 Dec. 1812.
Ilmorai, with some chasseurs and light
wlien the enemy retreated to the village of
Michailoff, where he pursued and took
Prince Radbolk, and one sent out by MaLONDON GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY. jor-General Carpo, made upwards of one (Conlinued from page 798.)
hundred prisoners. -General Millarado
vitch reports on the 12th November, that monstrations on both wings, but the centre Major-General Neoff had made 150 priwas chiefly engaged. This morning they
at Charvanoff.-Major-General began their retreat towards Senny. The Volosdini reports, that Colonel Kreiganobtroops who are in pursuit have as yet made ski defeated a detachment of 700 men, about six hundred prisoners. It is under Major Aberjeu, killing a part, and really a pleasure to see these troops fight. making prisoners the remainder, 370 men,
The new-raised militia vie with the 18 Officers, and one staff surgeon. oldest regiments. One battalion of this Major-General Platoff reports, on the 9th militia being with the advanced guard, on of November, that having pursued Beaureceiving orders to fall back, first refused harnois's corps, he came up with it at the to do so, saying, the Emperor had not river Bone, near the estate called Yandsoff; sent them there to retire, but to advance and without regarding the advantages of and beat the enemy, which they were his position, he attacked the enemy; on willing to do.
this occasion, besides numbers of killed I have, &c. &c.
and wounded, he took 33 pieces of cannon (Signed) DORNBERG.
and 200 prisoners. He further reports,
that, during the pursuit of Beauharnois's Precis of the Journal of the Operations of were taken, and not 62, as formerly re
the different Corps of the Army under
ported. General Platoff is now pursuing Kutosoff, from the 11th to the 15th of tant-General Orloff Denizoff attacked the November, 1812.
enemy on their march to Krasnoi, killed On the 11th November, General Milla- 500 and took 400 on the 12th instant. radovitch reports, that on the 9th the ad- The next day he took some prisoners, some vanced guard under his command was to of which were officers. be at the village of Alexecoly; the next Nov. 14.-Admiral Tchichagoff reports day at that of Yakoff. Lieutenant-General on the 11th instant, having left in the Sheppele reports, that a detachment, sent principality of Warsaw, a corps under the by him on the 29th, met a body of the command of General Sachen. He marched enemy, and drove it out of Elnee; part of with the remainder to Preyan, intending the Don Cossacks pursued it on the Smo- to pursue his march through Slonim and lensko road. The head-quarters of the Neswich, to Minsk, where he proposed to army were this day at the village of arrive about the 17th or 191h November; Lobcoff.
that had sent orders to Major-General Nov. 12.- Lieutenant-General Count Leiders, and Lieutenant-General Eartel, lo Orloff Denizoff, learning that a consider- warch upon the same point. The former able foraging party of the enemy's cavalry from.Volhynia by Pinsk, the latter from and artillery depot were dispersed in the Mozern by Lutsk, and that he would not villages, attacked them, killed upwards of fail to detach parties of light troops on the one thousand live hundred, made one thou- side of Vina, to keep up the cominunication sand three hundred prisoners, and took with detachments ou that flank. - Intelone thousand horses, and four hundred ligence having been received from some carriages, mostly loaded with stores.- French artillery prisoners, of the places Two corps of General Millaradovitch ad- where the enemy had concealed canuon and
arms near Boldinsky monastery, twenty- | Davoust and Ney. Near 200 cannon, and seven cannon, five or six thousand stand of 20,000 prisoners, have been taken in these arms, five hundred sabres, and fifteen affairs. Buonaparté is stated to have been thousand shells, have been dug out.
The with Marshal Davoust's corps in the night head-quarters of the army were this day at from the 16th to the 17th, and to have the village of Uroff.
left the field of battle at full speed.Nov, 15. Major-General Platoff re- Every measure of precaution that could be ports of the 11th instant, that Beauharnois's thought of at this distance, has been procorps, having turned from Duckotcbina road vided for by the Emperor to prevent the towards Smolensko, he continues to sur- escape of the enemy; and it appears that round it, and cut off all provisions and every exertion has been made by the seforage.- -Adjutant-General Count Or- veral Commanders of corps near Smojeroff reports, under date of the 14th No. lensko. Buonaparte has probably sent vember, that he attacked the village of forward his favourite Guards, the Polish Krasnoi. The yagers, disregarding the divisions, and part of the Italian; but if fire of grape, attacked the enemy's co-Admiral Tchichagoff has arrived at his lumns with their bayonets, and after a ground, it does not appear that this corps combat, in which our artillery and cavalry would escape to the frontier.- -The diswere also engaged, took possession of the play of force before General Count Witttown; but observing strong columns of the genstein's post, after the attack, was proenemy moving from Smolensko upon Kras- bably with intention to favour the movenoi, they fell back three wersts, to the ment of the corps, which have marched farm of Kulkoff. In this affair one Colonel upon Minsk. It is not improbable that and two hundred and fifty rank and file part of Victor's corps may have taken the were taken. -Lieutenant General Court same direction.- General Wittgenstein Ostermann Tolstoy reports, that being with is reinforced by the cavalry formerly under his division of infantry on the 14th, in the General Winzengerode, for the present village of Kovisoff, and learning that the commanded by Major-General Kutosoff, enemy was within half' a werst of that who has made a most rapid march to Baplace, he detached a squadron of the Kal- binowitch, where he arrived time enough, mopolsky regiment, which 'killed a part on the 18th, to receive four hundred priand took 10 prisoners.
-General Mil. soners from one of the French divisions. laradovitch reports, on the 12th, that be. He has also taken two Generals and one ing at the village of Kuageneim, he sent a Colonel.The French, with their usual patrol upon the road from Smolensko to savage and sacrilegious ferocity, wantonly Krasnoi, to reconnoitre the enemy, which blew up the venerable cathedral of Smoreturned, having made 17 prisoners. The lensko before they left that place. Te same day, Count Ostermann Tolstoy sent Deum has been sung this day in the great the Pskofki regiment of dragoons to exa- cathedral, in presence of their Imperial mine the state of the villages occupied by Majesties and the whole Court; the of Ba
This regiment, perceiving ton de Mareschal" of Marshal Davoust, three squadrons of cavalry, attacked and and such of the eagles and colours taken in took five Officers and 290 men. -The the last affair as are already arrived here, enemy remained also this day in the village were previously brought to the cathedral, of Usoff.-Adjutant-General Count Or in which the other numerous trophies of loff Denizoff also sent in two Generals of war are already deposited. the division of General Almiras, and a I have the honour to be, &c. Brigadier-General Burt, with an account
(Signed) CATHCART. of his having taken 20 pieces of cannon, near the town of Krasnoi.
Bancroft Library St. Petersburgh, Nov. 25, 1812.
Twenty-ninth Bulletin of the French Grand My Lord,—In addition to my dispatch
Army. of the 23d instant, I have now the happi- Molodelschno, Dec. 3.-To the 6th No
to enclose a translation of reports vember the weather was fine, and the which have been received from Field movement of the army executed with the Marshal Prince Kutosoff, of the 10th and greatest success. The cold weather began 20th instant, containing the details of the on the 7th; from that moment we every total defeat of the divisions of the French night lost several hundred horses, and numarmy, under the commands of Marshals bers of men died in consequence of bivou
acking. Arrived at Smolensko, we had | riages which separated, This contemptible already lost many cavalry and artillery cavalry, which only make noise, and is not horses.The Russian army from Vol- capable of penetrating through a company kynia was opposed to our right. Our right of voltigeurs, rendered themselves formileft the Minsk line of operations, and took duble by favour of circumstances. Neverfor the pivot of its operations the Warsaw theless the enemy had to repent of all the line. On the 9th, the Emperor was in- serious attempts which he wished to underformed at Smolensko of this change in the take: they were overthrown by the Viceline of operations, and conceived what the roy, before whom they were placed, and enemy would do. However hard it ap- lost many men. The Duke of Elchinpeared to him to put himself in movement gen, with 3,000 men, had blown up the during so cruel a season, the new state of ramparts of Smolensko. He was surroundthings demanded it. He expected to ar- ed, and found himself in a critical position ; rive at Minsk, or at least upon the Beresina, but he extricated himself from it with that before the enemy; on the 13th he quitted intrepidity with which he is distinguished. Smolensko; on the 16th he slept at Kras- After having kept the enemy at a distance noi.The cold, which began the 7th, from him duriug the whole day of the 18th, suddenly increased, and on the 14th, 15th, and constantly repulsed him at night, made and 16th the thermometer was 16 and 18 a movement on the right, passed the Bos degrees below the freezing point. The rysthenes, and deceived all the calculations roads were covered with ice; the cavalry, of the enemy. On the 19th, the army artillery, and baggage horses perished every passed the Borysthenes at Orza, and the night, not only by hundreds, but by thou- Russian army, being fatigued and having sands, particularly the German and French lost a great number of men, ceased from horses. In a few days more than 30,000 its attempts.---The army of Volhynia horses perished; our cavalry were on foot; had inclined on the 16th upon Minsk, and our artillery and our baggage were without marched upon Borisow. Gen. Dombrow. conveyance. It was necessary to abandon ski defended the bridge-head of Borisow and destroy a good part of our cannon, am- with 3,000 men. On the 23d he was munition, and provisions. This army, forced, and obliged to evacuate this posis so fine on the bih, was very different from tion. The enemy then passed the Bereihe 14th: almost without cavalry, without sina, marching upon Bobo; the division artillery, without transports. Without Lambert formed the advanced-guard. cavalry, we could not reconnoitre a quarter The second corps, commanded by the Duke of a league's distance; without artillery, of Reggio, which was at Taeherein, had we could not risk a battle, and firmly await received orders to march upon Borisow, to it: it was requisite to march, in order not secure to the army the passage of the Bereto be constrained to a battle, which the sina.- -On the 24th, the Duke of Reggio want of ammunition prevented us from de- met the division, Lambert, sour leagues siring; it was requisite to occupy a certain from Borisow, attacked and defeated it, space not to be turned, and that too with took 2,000 prisoners, six pieces of cannon, out cavalry, which led and connected the 500 baggage-waggons of the army of Vol'columns. This difficulty, joined to a cold hynia, and threw the enemy on the right which suddenly came on, rendered our bank of the Beresina.-General Berkeim, situation miserable. Those men, whom with the 4th cuirassiers, distinguished himnature had not sufficiently steeled to be self by a fine charge. The enemy could above all the chances of fate and fortune, only secure his safety by burning the appeared shook, lost their gaiety, their good bridge, which is more than 300 toises in humour, and dreamed but of misfortunes length. Nevertheless, the enemy occupied and catastrophes; those whom she has all the passages of the Beresina ; this river created superior to every thing, preserved is forty toises wide, and had much floating their "gaiety and their ordinary manners, ice on it, but its banks are covered with and saw fresh glory in the different difficul- marshes 300 toises long, which present ties to be surmounted. --The enemy, great obstacles in clearing it. The enemy's who saw upon the roads traces of that General had placed his four divisions at frightful calamity which had overtaken the the different debouches, where he presuined French army, endeavoured to take advan- the French army would attempt to pass. tage of it. He surrounded all the columns On the 26th, at break of day, the Emwith his Cossacks, who carried off, like peror, after having deceived the enemy by the Arabs in the deserts, the trains and car- different movements made during the day of the 25th, marched upon the village of | warm. The enemy wishing to turn our Studżeanea, and caused, in spite of an ene-right, General Doumere, commanding the my's division, and in its présence, two 5th division of cuirassiers, which made bridges to be thrown over the river. The part of the 2d corps that remained on the Duke of Reggio passed, attacked the enemy, Dwina, ordered a charge of cavalry, by and led him, fighting, two hours. The the 4th and 5th regiments of cuirassiers, at enemy retired upon the léle-du-pont of Bo the moment when the legion of the Vistula risow. General Legrand, an officer of the was engaged in the woods, to pierce the first rate merit, was badly, but not danger centre of the enemy, who was defeated and ously, wounded. During the whole days put to the route, with the enemy's cavalry of the 26th and 27th, the army passed.- which came to the assistance of its infantry. The Duke of Belluno, commanding the 9th Six thousand prisoners, two standards, and corps, had received orders to follow the six pieces of cannon, fell into our hands. movement of the Duke of Reggio, to form On his side the Duke of Belluno via the rear guard, and keep in check the Rus-gorously charged the enemy, defeated him, sian army from the Dwina, which followed took from five to 600 prisoners, and did him. Portaunaux's division formed the not suffer him to advance within the reach rear-guard of this corps. On the 27th, of the cannon of the bridge. General at noon, the Duke of Belluno arrived with Fournier made a fine charge of cavalry. two divisions at the bridge of Studzeanea. In the battle of the Beresina, the army of Portaunaux's division set out at night Volhynia suffered much. The Duke of from Borisow. A brigade of this division, Reggio was wounded, but his wound is which formed the rear-guard, and which not dangerous. He received a ball in his was charged with burning the bridge, side. The next day (the 29th) we remarehed at seven in the evening, and ar, mained on the field of battle. We had to rived between 10 and 11 o'clock; it sought make our choice between two routes-that its first brigade and its General, who had to Minsk and that to Wilna. The road to departed two hours before, and which it Minsk led through the middle of a forest had not met with in its route. Its re- and of uncultivated marches, where it was searches were in vain; some uneasiness impossible for the army to subsist itself. was then couceived. All we have since On the contrary, the road to Wilna led been able to learn is, that the first brigade through a very fine country. The army set out at five o'clock, missed its way at being without cavalry, deficient of ammusix, went to the right in place of proceed- nition, and horribly fatigued by 50 days ing to the left, and marched two or three march, carrying in its train all the sick leagues in this direction; that during the and wounded of so many battles, stood night, and benumbed with cold, it rallied greatly in need of getting to its magazines. at seeing the enemy's fres which it mis
On the 30th, the head-quarters were took for those of the French army. Thus at Plechnitsi; on the 1st Dec. at Slaike, surrounded it was taken. This cruel and on the 3d, at Molodetschno, where mistake must have caused us a loss of the army received the first convoys from 2,000 infantry, 300 cavalry, and three Wilna. All the wounded Officers and pieces of artillery. Reports state, that the soldiers, and whatever else could be of General of Division was not with his co- embarrassment, with the baggage, &c. lumn and had marched alone. All the were sent off to Wilna.- -To say that army having passed on the morning of the the army stands in need of re-establishing 28th, the Duke of Belluno guarded the its discipline, of refreshing itself, of retéle du pont upon the left bank; the Duke mounting its cavalry, completing its arof Reggio, and behind him all the army, tillery, and its materials, this is the result was upon the right bank of the Borisow, of the Exposé which has just been made. having been evacuated, the armies of the Ils repose is of the first necessity. The Dwina and Volhynia communicated : they material and the horses are coming in; planned an attack on the 28th, at break of General Boureier has already more than day. The Duke of Reggio caused the Em- 20,000 remount horses in different depots. përor to be informed that he was attacked.
The artillery has already repaired its Half an hour afterwards the Duke of Bel- losses. The Generals, Officers, and solluno was on the left bank. The Duke of diers have suffered greatly from want, Elchingen immediately followed the Duke Numbers have lost their baggage by the of Reggio, and the Duke of Treviso, the loss of their horses, and several by the Duke of Elchingen. The battle became effect of the Cossacks' ambushes.
Cossacks have taken numbers of isolated prosperity, there is just occasion also for persons, of geographical engineers, who our mutual congratulations and thankfulwere taking positions, and of wounded ness. With these blessings are naturalOfficers, who were marching without pre- ly mingled the pressures and vicissitudes caution, preferring running the risk to incidental to the state of war, into which the marching slowly, and going with the con- United States have been forced by the pervoy.- - The reports of the General Officers severance of a Foreign Power in its system commanding the different corps will make of injustice and aggression. Previous to known what Officers and soldiers have its declaration, it was deemed proper, as a chiefly distinguished themselves, and the measure of precaution and forecast, that a details of these memorable events. In considerable force should be placed in the all these movements the Emperor has been Michigan territory, with a general view to continually marching in the middle of his its security; and, in the event of war, to guards. The cavalry commanded by such operations in the uppermost Canada, Marshal Duke of Istria, and the infantry as would intercept the hostile influence of commanded by the Duke of Dantzic.-Great Britain over the savages ; obtain the His Majesty has been well satisfied with command of the lake on which that part of the fine spirit shewn by his guards. They Canada borders ; and maintain co-operathave always been ready to slew themselves ing relations with such forces as might be every where that their presence was need- most conveniently employed against other sul : but circumstances have always been parts.Brigadier-Gen. Hull was charged such that their appearance alone was suffi- with this provisional service, having under cient; and that they never were in a case his command a body of troops, composed of which required them to charge.-The Prince regulars and of volunteers from the state of of Neufchatel, the Grand Marshal, the Grand Ohio: having reached his destination, after Equery, and all the Aids-de-Camp and Mili- his knowledge of the war, and possessing tary Officers of the household, have always discretionary authority to act offensively, accompanied His Majesty. Our cavalry be passed into the neighbouring territory was dismounted to such a degree, that it of the enemy with a prospect of an easy. was necessary to collect the Officers, who and victorious progress. The expedition, had still a horse remaining, in order to nevertheless, terminated unfortunately, uoe form four companies of 150 men each.--- only in a retreat to the town and fort of The Generals there performed the functions Detroit
, but in the surrender of both, and of Captains, and the Colonels those of of the gallant corps commanded by that Subalterns.—This sacred squadron, com- Officer. The causes of this painful reverse manded by General Grouchy, and under will be investigated by a military tribunal. the orders of the King of Naples, did not a distinguishing feature in the operations lose sight of the Emperor in all these which preceded and followed this adverse movements. The health of His Majesty event, is the use made by the enemy of the was never better.
merciless savages under their influence. Whilst the benevolent policy of the United
States invariably recommended peace, and AMERICAN PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. promoted civilization amongst that wretch
Washington City, Nov. 4.-The Presi-ed portion of the human race, and was dent of the United States this day commu
making exertions to dissuade them from nicated to Mr. Coles, his private Secretary, has not scrupled to call to his aid their
taking either side in the war, the enemy the following Message to Congress :
ruthless ferocity, armed with the horrors Fellow Citizens of the Senate and House of of those instruments of earnage and torture Representatives,
which are known to spare neither age nor On our present meeting, it is my first sex. In this outrage against the laws of duty to invite your attention to the provi- honourable war, and against the feelings dential favours which our country has ex- sacred to humanity, the British Commandperienced in the unusual degree of health ers cannot resort to a plan of retaliation; dispensed to its inhabitants, and in the rich for it is committed in the face of our exabundance with which the earth has re- ample. They cannot mitigate it by calling warded the labours bestowed on it. . In the it a self-defence against men in arms, for it successful cultivation of other branches of embraces the most shocking butcheries of industry, and in the progress of general defenceless families; nor can it be pretend, improvement favourable to the nationaled that they are not answerable for the