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And this Redemption confifted in this, that Chrift, by his Death, did wholly put an End to the Mofaical Covenant, fo that the Jews were no longer under the Obligation to the Law, nor fubject to the Inconveniencies it brought upon them. And juftly might this be called a Redemption; for it was a Reftoration of that People from a State of Bondage into a State of Liberty. Gal. 24.5, So long as they were under that Covenant, 31. (viz. the Difpenfation of the Law) they were in a fervile Condition, rather Ser- V. 1,2,3,5, vants than Sons; nor was it poffible for them, by means of the Law, to attain to Rom. 3. Fuftification, or a State of God's Favour and Acceptance. But Chrift, by putting an End to this Covenant, fet on foot a better; viz. the Evangelical, that was firft made with Adam, and then with Abraham, 430 Years before the Law; which, Gal. 3. 20. as it gave better Conditions, (requiring only Faith and Repentance instead of many cumbersome Ceremonies) fo it was efta- Heb. 8. 6. blished upon better Promifes; making over to us not only the Pardon of our Sins, and the Affiftances of the Spirit, but eternal Rewards in another World. So that to be redeemed from the Law, was indeed an inestimable Privilege.
But it may be asked, How doth this Redemption concern us Gentiles, fince we were never under the Law? I answer, it doth concern us infinitely; and the Benefit
we have received hereby, is as great as that was to them. It is true, we cannot properly be laid to be redeemed from the Curfe of the Law, because we were never Rom. 3. obnoxious to it; (for what the Law faith, it faith to them that are under the Law) but then we were in as bad a Condition, or worse; for we were left in our pure Naturals, in that low degenerate State, in which we came into the World; tho' we were not fubject to the Maledictions contained in the Law, yet we were fubject to that Death, which was the general Punishment threatened to the Difobedient under the Law, and was the Curfe and Sentence denounced against Adam and his Pofterity. And we had no more Light or Means to approve ourselves to God, or to attain to a State of Juftification or Salvation, than the Jews themselves had under the Law: Nay, indeed, not near fo much. But now Chrift's redeeming the Jews from the Curfe of the Law, and entring them into a new CoveGal. 3. 20, nant, or rather renewing the old Covenant of the Gospel made with Abraham, became Juftification and Salvation to us Gentiles alfo. For fo had God ordered the matter in his Difpenfation of Times and Seafons, that when the Mofaical Covenant fhould be abEph.2.14 rogated (which was a Wall of Separation and Partition between the Jews and Gentiles) and the Evangelical Covenant take Place in the ftead thereof, then fhould the Gentiles alfa
i Cor. 1. 30.
alfo be adopted into God's Family, and they Rom. 11
Gal.4.5 The Son of God was fent to redeem them that were under the Law, that we might receive the Adoption of Sons; viz. he was fent to redeem the Jews from their Bondage, that from thenceforward Jews and Gentiles might be no longer difcriminated, but all might be made Heirs of Salvation through Faith in Jesus Christ.
I have dwelt the longer upon this Head, to give fome Light to thofe Texts which relate to the Redemption from the Law; because it is a Point which is generally little understood, and confequently much mifreprefented. Nor indeed can there be any good Senfe in the Notion of this Redemption, unless we take along with us the Key that I have given: But with the Help of this we may clear up feveral Paffages in St. Paul's Epiftles, which are commonly thought very obfcure and difficult.
And it appears, from what has been faid, that this Redemption from the Law is fo far from being an inconfiderable Thing, with refpect to us of the Gentile World, that it is the Foundation of all the other three Redemptions that remain to be spoken to, viz, from the Guilt of Sin, from the Power of it, and from the Grave, or the Power of Death: All these follow upon it; or it is the General under which thefe Particulars are contained. For you see that the Notion of Redemption from the Law, as that Term is ufed in Scripture, doth not
only imply the Abrogation of the first Covenant of the Law, but takes into it the eftablishing a new Covenant, both with Jews and Gentiles. Now the Promifes made over in this new Covenant are neither more nor fewer than thefe three: First, The Pardon of Sin, which is the very fame Thing with Redemption from the Guilt of Sin. Secondly, The Affiftance and Graces of the Spirit, which are the fame Thing with the fecond Redemption from the Power of Sin. And Thirdly, Eternal Salvation of Body and Soul in the other World, which is the laft Redemption I mentioned, viz. from the Grave. So that our Redemption from the Law doth virtually contain in it all the others.
2. But however, for the clearing the Text, it is fit that fomething fhould be faid to each Particular. In, the fecond Place therefore, when the Scripture speaks of the Redemption that was wrought for us by Jefus Chrift, fometimes by that Term is meant a Deliverance from our Sins, viz. from the Guilt and Punishment of them. Thus is the Word ufed in Eph. 1. 7. and Coloff. 1. 14. In both which Texts we meet with this Paffage (where the Apostle is fpeaking of Jefus Chrift) In whom, fays he, we have Redemption through his Blood, even the Forgiveness of Sins. Chrift by his Death procured for all Believers the Remiffion of all their Sins, bought off the Punishment