Date of certificate, and by whom signed,

No. of terms, or years, of experience as a teacher in any

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in this school before the present term,

Compensation per month, in money,

Aggregate amount in money for term,

Is the teacher boarded by the district, in addition to his money wages? Or does he board himself out of his wages? Arrangement for board-board round

At one place,

If boarded in district, the amount paid, in money, for board.


No. of visits from Trustees,


from County Inspector,

From Town Committee,

from Parents and others, [not school officers,]


No. and grade of Private or Select Schools kept in the district dur

ing the term,

No. of pupils attending,

Rate of Tuition per term,

Name of any Lyceum, Debating Society, or Library, with date of establishment, number of members, books, &c.






To the School Committee of the Town of

in said town, in

We, the Trustees of School District No. conformity with the "Act to revise and amend the laws regulating Public Schools," do certify that the foregoing form of District Return, prescribed by the Commissioner of Public Schools, has been filled up with due diligence and accuracy; and that the money designated "teachers' money," received from the Treasurer of the town for the year previous to the first day of May, 185 was

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applied to the wages of teachers, and for no other

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171. Specimens of Rules and Regulations to be adopted by School Committees for the government of Public Schools.

We give below, 1st, the rules adopted by the School Committee of Smithfield, A. D. 1846; 2nd, the rules adopted in North and South Kingstown, and some other towns; 3d, extracts from the School Regulations of the town of Portsmouth. See §97 of the Remarks.


Regulations for the government of the Public Schools in the town of Smithfield.


Teachers and candidates for teachers in the Public Schools, previous to entering upon their engagements, should consider it of great importance to become familiar with some of the most approved plans of teaching and governing a school; and should endeavor, as far as possible, to possess themselves of definite ideas in regard to the solemn duties and responsibilities of their profession.

And in order to aid and assist them in establishing a uniform and systematic course of instruction and discipline, the Committee would respectfully submit the following


1. All the teachers of the public schools are required to be at their respective school-rooms and to ring the bell from ten to fifteen minutes before the time of commencing the school in the morning and in the afternoon, and they shall require the pupils as they enter the room to be seated in an orderly manner, and prepare for study.

2. The bell shall again be struck or the hand-bell rung, precisely at the specified time for beginning the school, as a signal for com

mencing the exercises-previous to which all the scholars are expected to be present and to have made all needful preparations for carrying on the business of the school, in order to prevent all unnecessary movement after the exercises commence.

3. All the public schools shall be opened in the morning by reading a portion of the Scriptures, which may be done by the teacher alone, or in connection with the older pupils-the whole school being required at the same time to suspend all other subjects and to give proper and respectful attention; and this exercise may be followed by prayer or not, at the discretion of the teacher.

4. Every scholar who comes in after the second bell rings, must present a satisfactory excuse; and all who cannot do so, shall be considered delinquent and marked tardy on the teacher's register, subject to examination by parents, trustees, and school committee.

5. No teacher shall permit whispering or talking in school, or allow the scholars to leave or change their seats, or to have communi cation with each other in school time, without permission, but shall strive to maintain that good order and thorough discipline which are absolutely essential to the welfare of the school.

6. It shall be the duty of teachers to guard the conduct of scholars, not only in the hours of school, but at recess, and on their way to and from school, and to extend at all times a watchful care over their morals and manners, endeavoring to inculcate those virtues which lay a sure foundation for future usefulness and happiness.

7. The government and discipline of the school should be of a mild and parental character. The teacher should use his best exertions to bring scholars to obedience and a sense of duty, by mild measures and kind influences; and in cases where corporal punishment seems absolutely necessary, it should be inflicted with judgment and discretion, and in general not in presence of the school.

8. Teachers should ever avoid those low, degrading and improper forms of punishment, such as tying up scholars' hands and feet, compelling them to hold a weight in their hands with their arms extended, pinching, pulling and wringing their ears, cheeks and arms, and other similar modes, which are sometimes used, as the committee are decidedly of the opinion that a judicious teacher will find other methods of governing more consistent and more effectual.

9. In case of obstinate disobedience or wilful violation of order, a teacher may suspend a pupil from school for the time being, by informing the parents or guardians and school committee thereof, and re-admit him on satisfactory evidence of amendment; or such pupils may, at the discretion of the teacher, be referred directly to the committee, to be dealt with as their judgment and legal authority shall dictate.

10. The teachers shall classify the pupils of their respective schools according to their age and attainments, irrespective of rank or wealth, and shall assign them such lessons as seem best adapted to their capacities, and render them all possible aid and assistance, without distinction and without partiality.

11. For the purpose of preserving that system and order so essential to a well regulated school, and securing to the pupils a thorough knowledge of the subjects pursued, there should be a specified time for every exercise and a certain portion of time devoted to it, and in no case should any one recitation interfere with the time appropriated to another; and whatever the exercise may be, it should receive, for the time, the immediate and, as far as practicable, the exclusive attention of the teacher.

12. No child under the age of four years shall be received as a scholar in a district school, unless there be an assistant teacher or a primary department.

13. Exercises in declamation and composition shall be practiced by the older and more advanced pupils, at the judgment of the teacher, under the advice of the committee.

14. Singing may be encouraged, and, as far as practicable, taught in all the schools, not only for its direct intellectual and moral uses, but as a healthy exercise of the lungs, an agreeable recreation to the pupils, and an auxiliary in good government.

15. Needle-work shall be allowed in the primary schools.

16. The teacher may employ the older scholars, under his direction, in the management of the school when it can be done without disadvantage to them or to the good order of the school.

17. No teacher shall use or encourage the use of any other books than those recommended by the committee, without their approbation. 18. There shall be a recess of at least fifteen minutes in the middle

of every half day; but the primary schools may have a recess of ten minutes every hour; at the discretion of the teacher.

19. It shall be the duty of teachers to see that fires are made in cold weather, in their respective school rooms, at a seasonable hour to render them warm and comfortable by school time; to take care that their rooms are properly swept and dusted; and that a due regard to neatness and order is observed, both in and around the sohool house.

20. As pure air of a proper temperature is indispensable to health and comfort, teachers cannot be too careful in giving attention to these things. If the room has no ventilator, the doors and windows should be opened before and after school, to permit a free and healthful circulation of air; and the temperature should be regulated by a thermometer suspended five or six feet from the floor, in such a position as to indicate as near as possible the average temperature, and should be kept at about 65 degrees Fahrenheit.

21. The teachers shall take care that the school houses, tables, desks, and apparatus in the same, and all the public property entrusted to their charge, be not cut, scratched, marked, or injured or defaced in any manner whatever. And it shall be the duty of the teachers to give prompt notice to one or more of the trustees, of any repairs that may be needed.

22. Every teacher shall keep a record of all the recitations of every class; and of the manner in which every member of the class shall acquit himself in his recitation-using figures or otherwise to mark degrees of merit. Also, every act of disobedience or violation of order, shall be noted; and the registers shall be at all times subject to the inspection of parents, trustees, and the school committee.

23. The following shall be the construction of teachers' engagements, unless otherwise specified in the written contract. They shall teach six hours every day, including the recess, and shall divide the day into two sessions, with at least one hour intermission. They shall teach every day in the week, except Saturday and Sunday, and four weeks for a month; and they may dismiss the school on the 4th of July, on Christmas, and on days of public fast and thanksgiving, and one day out of every month for the purpose of attending a Teacher's Institute, or for visiting schools.

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